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Is Evolutionary Biology Infected With Invalid Teleological Reasoning? Invited Review Essay Of John Reiss, Retiring Darwin’S Watchmaker., David Depew 2009 University of Iowa

Is Evolutionary Biology Infected With Invalid Teleological Reasoning? Invited Review Essay Of John Reiss, Retiring Darwin’S Watchmaker., David Depew

David J Depew

No abstract provided.


Echolocation Behavior Of Brazilian Free-Tailed Bats During Dense Emergence Flights, E. Gillam, N. Hristov, Gary McCracken 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Echolocation Behavior Of Brazilian Free-Tailed Bats During Dense Emergence Flights, E. Gillam, N. Hristov, Gary Mccracken

Gary F. McCracken

Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) emerge from cave roosts in dense columns in which adjacent bats are separated by only small distances. We describe and quantify variation in the structure of echolocation calls produced by these emerging bats and determine if call structure changes in relation to the rate of emergence measured using thermal infrared imaging. We recorded emergence calls at 2 roosts, 1 housing approximately 200,000 bats and the other approximately 17,000 bats. We found that Brazilian free-tailed bats emit distinct frequency-modulated (FMstart) and constant frequency (CFstart) calls during emergence that are significantly different from echolocation calls ...


Understanding Stem Cell Research: Controversy And Promise, Father Nicanor Austriaco 2009 Providence College

Understanding Stem Cell Research: Controversy And Promise, Father Nicanor Austriaco

Rev. Nicanor Austriaco, O.P.

What are embryonic stem cells, why are they so exciting and yet controversial, and what can be done to move our society beyond the current moral and political impasse? To provide answers to these questions, we will begin with a basic introduction to the science behind stem cell research. We will then move to a description of the emerging field of regenerative medicine, the main reason why stem cell research has generated so much excitement in the scientific community. As we will see, the drive to develop stem cells for regenerative medicine has linked stem cell research with the controversy ...


Pathology In Practice. Ranavirus Infection., M. Ruder, A. Allison, Debra Miller, M. Keel 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Pathology In Practice. Ranavirus Infection., M. Ruder, A. Allison, Debra Miller, M. Keel

Debra L Miller

No abstract provided.


Video: Body Languages: Choreographing Biology, Katja Kolcio 2009 Wesleyan University

Video: Body Languages: Choreographing Biology, Katja Kolcio

Katja Kolcio Ph.D.

Co-taught by professors Manju Hingorani and Katja Kolcio at Wesleyan University, this course was an introduction to human biology. From scientific and choreographic perspectives, students practiced movement awareness and learned basic principles of choreography, and applied these skills to the exploration of human biology. Manju Hingorani, Professor of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Katja Kolcio, Associate Professor of Dance and Environmental Studies


The Genus Xerula, Ronald Petersen, Karen Hughes 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Genus Xerula, Ronald Petersen, Karen Hughes

Karen Hughes

No abstract provided.


The Biology Of Reality Testing - Implications For Cognitive Education, Neil Greenberg 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Biology Of Reality Testing - Implications For Cognitive Education, Neil Greenberg

Neil Greenberg

• This report explores the proposition that teaching effectiveness can be enhanced by accommodating the key differences between two complementary and deeply engrained modes of reality testing, each predominantly centered in different hemispheres of the brain. • (1) Correspondence involves “reality-testing” of a percept, the cerebral representation of an experience in the world. • (2) Coherence involves “textualizing”, that is, reality-testing of a percept by how easily it relates to previous and ongoing parallel and collateral experiences. • Confidence in the validity of any percept throughout development is related to the interplay of these key processes. • As organisms develop, the “reference base” of previous ...


Sport In Canada: A History, Donald Morrow, Kevin Wamsley 2009 Western University Canada

Sport In Canada: A History, Donald Morrow, Kevin Wamsley

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


Recovery Of Sasajiscymnus Tsugae, Released Against Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, Adelges Tsugae, In The Southern Appalachians, Abdul Hakeem 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Recovery Of Sasajiscymnus Tsugae, Released Against Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, Adelges Tsugae, In The Southern Appalachians, Abdul Hakeem

Abdul Hakeem

Eastern hemlock in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is currently threatened by the hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae Annand (Hemiptera: Adelgidae). As part of a management plan against this invasive insect pest, about 350,000 adults of the predatory beetle Sasajiscymnus tsugae (Sasaji and McClure) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) were released at ca. 150 sites in the Park from 2002 to 2007. Of these adult release sites, 33 were sampled in 2008 and 2009 using beatsheet sampling for 4 man-hours. Sasajiscymnus tsugae adults (n=78) and/or larvae (n=145) were recovered from seven sites (21.2% of the release sites ...


Characterization Of Nutritionally Important Carotenoids In Bunching Onion, Dean Kopsell, Carl Sams, Dennis Deyton, Kristin Abney, David Kopsell, Larry Robertson 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Characterization Of Nutritionally Important Carotenoids In Bunching Onion, Dean Kopsell, Carl Sams, Dennis Deyton, Kristin Abney, David Kopsell, Larry Robertson

Dean A. Kopsell

Members of the Allium genus are consumed for their culinary flavor attributes, but also contain antioxidant and anticarcinogenic phytochemicals. Bunching onions (Allium fistulosum L.) are commonly used in Asian cuisine, in which both leaves and pseudostems are consumed. Carotenoids and chlorophylls are important classes of phytochemicals gaining attention for their health attributes. The goal of our study was to characterize carotenoids and chlorophylls and identify possible genetic and environmental influences on carotenoid concentrations among A. fistulosum accessions. Twelve USDA-ARS accessions were field grown in Knoxville, TN, and Geneva, NY, during the summer of 2007. After harvest, carotenoid and chlorophyll pigments ...


Distributed Representations Of Dynamic Facial Expressions In The Superior Temporal Sulcus., Chris Said, Chris Moore, Andrew Engell, Alex Todroov, James Haxby 2009 Kenyon College

Distributed Representations Of Dynamic Facial Expressions In The Superior Temporal Sulcus., Chris Said, Chris Moore, Andrew Engell, Alex Todroov, James Haxby

Andrew Engell

n/a


T Competency: A Simple Metric For Measuring Multidisciplinarity., Peter August 2009 University of Rhode Island

T Competency: A Simple Metric For Measuring Multidisciplinarity., Peter August

Peter August

No abstract provided.


Expression Of Hcmv Ie1 In The U87mg Cell Line Augments Resistance To Temozolomide, Richard Rovin, Johnathan Lawrence, Justin Segula, Robert Winn 2009 Northern Michigan University

Expression Of Hcmv Ie1 In The U87mg Cell Line Augments Resistance To Temozolomide, Richard Rovin, Johnathan Lawrence, Justin Segula, Robert Winn

Johnathan Lawrence

INTRODUCTION: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) DNA and protein are found in gliomas but not in normal brain or other primary brain tumors. The role of HCMV infection in glioma biology is unclear. While it is unlikely that HCMV infection causes glioma, viral proteins might impart a proliferative and antiapoptotic phenotype that confers a survival advantage. Does this oncomodulation translate into a clinically relevant effect in glioma cells? To answer this question, we compared the response of the U87IE1 and U87MG malignant glioma cell lines to temozolomide. U87IE1 cells are U87MG cells that have been genetically engineered to produce HCMV IE1 protein ...


Spatiotemporal Variation Of Fruit Digestible-Nutrient Production In Florida's Uplands, J. Layne, W. Abrahamson 2009 Selected Works

Spatiotemporal Variation Of Fruit Digestible-Nutrient Production In Florida's Uplands, J. Layne, W. Abrahamson

Warren G. Abrahamson, II

We examined annual total digestible nutrient (TDN) production by fruits of eight species (Quercus chapmanii, Q. geminata, Q. inopina, Q. laevis, Q. myrtifolia, Carya floridana, Sabal etonia, Serenoa repens) that account for the major proportion of TDN production by fruits and seeds in Florida’s xeric upland associations (southern ridge sandhill, sand pine scrub, scrubby flatwoods). Mean annual fruit TDN of all species combined over a 27-year span in sandhill and scrub and 24 years in scrubby flatwoods was highest (45.4 kg/ha) in sandhill, intermediate in scrubby flatwoods (28.8 kg/ha), and lowest in scrub (14.2 ...


The Delimitation Of Flammulina Fennae, Soňa Ripková, Karen Hughes, Slavomír Adamčík, Viktor Kučera, Katarína Adamčíková 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Delimitation Of Flammulina Fennae, Soňa Ripková, Karen Hughes, Slavomír Adamčík, Viktor Kučera, Katarína Adamčíková

Karen Hughes

Multivariate morphometric analyses of micromorphological characters measured on 35 specimens of Flammulina fennae and related species show that only a combination of spore dimensions and ixohyphidia characters are suitable for delimitation of this species. In order to confirm species identifications based on micromorphology, ribosomal ITS DNA sequences were obtained and compared with those previously deposited in GenBank, and phylogenetic analyses were performed using an ITS dataset of all known Flammulina species. All six specimens morphologically determined as F. fennae were identified by molecular data. Two of twelve specimens morphologically assigned to F. velutipes had F. elastica sequences. One ITS sequence ...


Influence Of Perinatal Exposure To A Polychlorinated Biphenyl Mixture On Learning And Memory, Hippocampal Size, And Estrogen Receptor-Beta Expression, Howard Cromwell 2009 Bowling Green State University

Influence Of Perinatal Exposure To A Polychlorinated Biphenyl Mixture On Learning And Memory, Hippocampal Size, And Estrogen Receptor-Beta Expression, Howard Cromwell

Howard Casey Cromwell

Abstract. Perinatal exposure to PCB has been reported to cause a variety of health effects including endocrine disruption, and immunologic, reproductive, neurologic, and behavioral deficits. In the present study, a mixture of two PCB congeners, one non-coplanar (PCB 47) and one coplanar (PCB 77), were administered to young female Sprague-Dawley rats by route of maternal dietary consumption (either 12.5 ppm or 25.0 ppm, w/w). Impact on learning and memory were examined by radial arm maze on postnatal day 24-27. After behavioral tests were completed, the rats were transcardially perfused, and brains were excised. Immunohistochemistry for ER- β ...


Solution-Phase Submonomer Diversification Of Aza-Dipeptide Building Blocks And Their Application In Aza-Peptide And Aza-Diketopiperazine Synthesis, Carine Bourguet, Caroline Proulx, Sophie Klocek, David Sabatino, William Lubell 2009 Seton Hall University

Solution-Phase Submonomer Diversification Of Aza-Dipeptide Building Blocks And Their Application In Aza-Peptide And Aza-Diketopiperazine Synthesis, Carine Bourguet, Caroline Proulx, Sophie Klocek, David Sabatino, William Lubell

David Sabatino

No abstract provided.


Ans Binding Reveals Common Features Of Cytotoxic Amyloid Species, Benedetta Bolognesi, Janet Kumita, Teresa Barros, Elin Esbjorner, Leila Luheshi, Damian Crowther, Mark Wilson, Christopher Dobson, Giorgio Favrin, Justin Yerbury 2009 University of Cambridge

Ans Binding Reveals Common Features Of Cytotoxic Amyloid Species, Benedetta Bolognesi, Janet Kumita, Teresa Barros, Elin Esbjorner, Leila Luheshi, Damian Crowther, Mark Wilson, Christopher Dobson, Giorgio Favrin, Justin Yerbury

Mark R Wilson

Oligomeric assemblies formed from a variety of disease-associated peptides and proteins have been strongly associated with toxicity in many neurodegenerative conditions, such as Alzheimer's disease. The precise nature of the toxic agents, however, remains still to be established. We show that prefibrillar aggregates of E22G (arctic) variant of the A beta(1-42) peptide bind strongly to 1-anilinonaphthalene 8-sulfonate and that changes in this property correlate significantly with changes in its cytotoxicity. Moreover, we show that this phenomenon is common to other amyloid systems, such as wild-type A beta(1-42), the 159T variant of human lysozyme and an SH3 domain ...


In Vitro Anti-Proliferative Activity Of Alcoholic Stem Extract Of Coscinium Fenestratum In Human Colorectal Cancer Cells, P Rojsanga, M Sukthankar, C Krisanapun, W Gritsanapan, D Lawson, Seung Baek 2009 The University of Tennessee

In Vitro Anti-Proliferative Activity Of Alcoholic Stem Extract Of Coscinium Fenestratum In Human Colorectal Cancer Cells, P Rojsanga, M Sukthankar, C Krisanapun, W Gritsanapan, D Lawson, Seung Baek

Seung J Baek

Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr. is traditionally used for the treatment of cancer, arthritis and diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to determine the molecular mechanisms by which this plant shows beneficial effects. An 80% ethanolic extract of C. fenestratum (80ET) was separated by its polarity into dichloromethane (DCM) and aqueous fractions (WF), and the anti-proliferative effects of 80ET, DCM and WF were investigated. Berberine, one of the major components of C. fenestratum, was used as a control. The 80ET, DCM, WF and berberine showed anti-proliferative activity as assessed by cell growth assay. Subsequently, the pro-apoptotic proteins NAG-1 and ...


Towardssustainablecellulosicbioenergy, Randall Gentry, Gary Sayler, ZHUANG Jie 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Towardssustainablecellulosicbioenergy, Randall Gentry, Gary Sayler, Zhuang Jie

Gary S. Sayler

Abstract: Biomass is an abundant, domestically available source of clean energy that has the potential to greatly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Production of biofuels from cellulosic biomass is attractive because of its low fossil energy-to-carbon ratio compared to corn and other grain-based technologies. However, biofuel production systems are not simple. They are subject to multiple factors: energy supply, economic development in rural communities, land and ecosystem protection, potential for reduction of greenhouse gas emission, and social training. This paper provides a brief overview of the environmental and economic impacts of bioenergy development. Different regions should have their own optimized portfolio ...


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