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Modified Oil Soybean Test—South, Kevin O. Scholbrock 2010 Iowa State University

Modified Oil Soybean Test—South, Kevin O. Scholbrock

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

The purpose of this test was to evaluate the experimental modified oil soybean lines adapted to southern Iowa. The 2009 Modified Oil Soybean Test included 1% linolenic, 2.5% linolenic, mid oleic, and low saturates, and for comparison of agronomic traits, commercially grown varieties released by Iowa State University. Oil from 1% linolenic, 2.5% linolenic, mid oleic, and low saturates soybean varieties grown in Iowa is used in the frying oil market. This oil is healthier for the consumer.


Impacts Of Crop, Biomass Harvest Systems, And Nutrient Management On Yield And Subsurface Drainage Water Quality, Matthew J. Helmers, Carl H. Pederson, Ann K. Staudt, Reid Christianson, Antonio P. Mallarino 2010 Iowa State University

Impacts Of Crop, Biomass Harvest Systems, And Nutrient Management On Yield And Subsurface Drainage Water Quality, Matthew J. Helmers, Carl H. Pederson, Ann K. Staudt, Reid Christianson, Antonio P. Mallarino

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

Grain-crop biomass and perennial grass biomass are of particular interest for their use in bioenergy production systems. Nutrient needs, particularly nitrogen and phosphorus, change with varying cropping systems, harvest systems, and rates of fertilizer application. Furthermore, manure generated from livestock production can be a viable nutrient source for cropping systems, reducing the need for commercial fertilizers. The primary focus of this study was to investigate nutrient loss, primarily nitrate-nitrogen loss, in subsurface drainage water under a variety of cropping, nutrient management, and harvest scenarios. Overall crop yields and biomass production were also evaluated.


On-Going Berry-Crop Production Research, Gail R. Nonnecke, Dennis N. Portz 2010 Iowa State University

On-Going Berry-Crop Production Research, Gail R. Nonnecke, Dennis N. Portz

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

Includes:

Cultivar Evaluation of Three New Primocane-fruiting Blackberry Selections in Iowa

Cultivar Evaluation of Six New Junebearing Strawberry Selections in Iowa


Molecular Genetic Assessment Of Chicken Macrophage Innate Immunity: Toll-Like Receptors, Mechanisms Of Action, And Kinetic Transcriptome Profile, Ceren Ciraci 2010 Iowa State University

Molecular Genetic Assessment Of Chicken Macrophage Innate Immunity: Toll-Like Receptors, Mechanisms Of Action, And Kinetic Transcriptome Profile, Ceren Ciraci

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Understanding the genetic regulation of host response governing disease resistance mechanisms is of primary importance for improving animal health and food safety. Many of the biological characteristics of the chicken make it an ideal organism for studies in immunology, evolution, agriculture, medicine and comparative functional analyses. Different cell lines or primary cells from the immune system generate different immune responses even though they are induced with the same stimulant, suggesting that it is important to dissect the immune system to understand the mechanisms that are shaping the host response. Therefore, we used chicken macrophages as a model to study these ...


Yersinia Pestis Virulence Factor Yopm Undermines The Function Of Distinct Ccr2+Gr1+ Cells In Spleen And Liver During Systemic Plague, Zhan Ye 2010 University of Kentucky

Yersinia Pestis Virulence Factor Yopm Undermines The Function Of Distinct Ccr2+Gr1+ Cells In Spleen And Liver During Systemic Plague, Zhan Ye

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

Yersinia pestis, the infective agent of bubonic and pneumonic plague, is classified as a category A agent of bioterrorism. YopM, a protein toxin of Y. pestis, is necessary for full virulence in a systemic plague mouse model with ambient-temperature grown bacteria. We used this model to identify the cells undermined by YopM. Natural killer (NK) cells were previously reported to be lost in spleen and blood in a YopM-associated way; however, NK cell depletion was found not to occur in liver, and ablation of NK cells had no effect on bacterial growth, indicating that NK cells are redundant for the ...


Survival And Inflammation In Patients With Heart Failure: The Impact Of Overweight, Obesity, Diabetes And Fruit And Vegetable Consumption, Heather Payne-Emerson 2010 University of Kentucky

Survival And Inflammation In Patients With Heart Failure: The Impact Of Overweight, Obesity, Diabetes And Fruit And Vegetable Consumption, Heather Payne-Emerson

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

Overweight and obesity are paradoxically associated with better survival in patients with heart failure (HF). This association is poorly understood, in part because the impact of diabetes (DM) on survival of overweight and obese HF patients has not been considered. Inflammation may contribute to worse survival in overweight and obese HF patients with DM, and levels of inflammation may be associated with fruit and vegetable consumption. However, neither of these relationships has been investigated in patients with HF.

The purposes of this dissertation were to a) examine the effect of DM on survival of overweight and obese patients with HF ...


Polychlorinated Biphenyl-Induced Endothelial Cell Dysfunction And Its Modulation By Dietary Lipids, Zuzana Majkova 2010 University of Kentucky

Polychlorinated Biphenyl-Induced Endothelial Cell Dysfunction And Its Modulation By Dietary Lipids, Zuzana Majkova

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

Cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death in Western societies. Endothelial dysfunction is an early event in the pathology of atherosclerosis, which is an underlying cause in the majority of cardiovascular events. Exposure to persistent environmental pollutants, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), is a risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis.

First, we tested a hypothesis that coplanar PCBs, dioxin-like chemicals with affinity for aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), can stimulate up-regulation of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), an endothelium-derived chemokine that attracts monocytes into sub-endothelial space in early stages of atherosclerosis. Coplanar PCBs 77 and 126 increased expression of ...


The Natural History & Distribution Of Riverine Turtles In West Virginia, Linh Diem Phu 2010 Marshall University

The Natural History & Distribution Of Riverine Turtles In West Virginia, Linh Diem Phu

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Turtles are unique evolutionary marvels that evolved from amphibians and developed their protective shelled form more than 200 million years ago. In West Virginia, there are 10 native species of turtles, 9 of which are aquatic. Most of these aquatic turtles feed on carrion and dead plant matter, in the water and essentially "clean" our water systems. Turtles are long-lived animals with sensitive life stages that can serve as both long-term and short-term bioindicators of environmental health. With the increase in commercial trade, habitat fragmentation, degradation, destruction, there has been a marked decline in turtle species. The need for well ...


"A Redescription Of Potamonautes Loveni, A Medically Important Feshwater Crab From Western Kenya And Eastern Uganda, East Africa" , Neil Cumberlidge, Paul F. Clark 2010 Northern Michigan University

"A Redescription Of Potamonautes Loveni, A Medically Important Feshwater Crab From Western Kenya And Eastern Uganda, East Africa" , Neil Cumberlidge, Paul F. Clark

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Two New Species Of Freshwater Crabs From Mt. Elgon, East Africa With A Redescription Of Potamonautes Niloticus And Notes On Their Natural History" , Neil Cumberlidge, Paul F. Clark 2010 Northern Michigan University

Two New Species Of Freshwater Crabs From Mt. Elgon, East Africa With A Redescription Of Potamonautes Niloticus And Notes On Their Natural History" , Neil Cumberlidge, Paul F. Clark

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


"An Extra Embryonic Phase In The True Freshwater Crab Sinopotamon Yangtsekiense Bott" , H X. Wu, J Z. Xue, Neil Cumberlidge 2010 Northern Michigan University

"An Extra Embryonic Phase In The True Freshwater Crab Sinopotamon Yangtsekiense Bott" , H X. Wu, J Z. Xue, Neil Cumberlidge

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Expression Of Hcmv Ie1 In The U87mg Cell Line Augments Resistance To Temozolomide , Richard A. Rovin, Johnathan Lawrence, Justin J. Segula, Robert J. Winn 2010 Northern Michigan University

Expression Of Hcmv Ie1 In The U87mg Cell Line Augments Resistance To Temozolomide , Richard A. Rovin, Johnathan Lawrence, Justin J. Segula, Robert J. Winn

Journal Articles

INTRODUCTION: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) DNA and protein are found in gliomas but not in normal brain or other primary brain tumors. The role of HCMV infection in glioma biology is unclear. While it is unlikely that HCMV infection causes glioma, viral proteins might impart a proliferative and antiapoptotic phenotype that confers a survival advantage. Does this oncomodulation translate into a clinically relevant effect in glioma cells? To answer this question, we compared the response of the U87IE1 and U87MG malignant glioma cell lines to temozolomide. U87IE1 cells are U87MG cells that have been genetically engineered to produce HCMV IE1 protein ...


First Report Of The Developmental Changes Inside The Eggs Of The Chinese Freshwater Crab , J Xue, Y Liu, Neil Cumberlidge, H X. Wu 2010 Northern Michigan University

First Report Of The Developmental Changes Inside The Eggs Of The Chinese Freshwater Crab , J Xue, Y Liu, Neil Cumberlidge, H X. Wu

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Impact And Shortfall Of Conservation On The Status Of The World's Vertebrates , M Hoffmann, C Hilton-Taylor, A Angulo, Monica Bohm PhD, SHM Bbutchart, K E. Carpenter, J Chanson, B Collen, N A. Cox, Neil Cumberlidge 2010 Zoological Society of London

The Impact And Shortfall Of Conservation On The Status Of The World's Vertebrates , M Hoffmann, C Hilton-Taylor, A Angulo, Monica Bohm Phd, Shm Bbutchart, K E. Carpenter, J Chanson, B Collen, N A. Cox, Neil Cumberlidge

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Potentials 'R'Us Web-Server For Protein Energy Estimations With Coarse-Grained Knowledge-Based Potentials, Yaping Feng, Andrzej Kloczkowski, Robert L. Jernigan 2010 Iowa State University

Potentials 'R'Us Web-Server For Protein Energy Estimations With Coarse-Grained Knowledge-Based Potentials, Yaping Feng, Andrzej Kloczkowski, Robert L. Jernigan

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

Background

Knowledge-based potentials have been widely used in the last 20 years for fold recognition, protein structure prediction from amino acid sequence, ligand binding, protein design, and many other purposes. However generally these are not readily accessible online.

Results

Our new knowledge-based potential server makes available many of these potentials for easy use to automatically compute the energies of protein structures or models supplied. Our web server for protein energy estimation uses four-body potentials, short-range potentials, and 23 different two-body potentials. Users can select potentials according to their needs and preferences. Files containing the coordinates of protein atoms in the ...


Courtship And Copulation In Glaucous-Winged Gulls, Larus Glaucescens, Kelly M. McWilliams 2010 Andrews University

Courtship And Copulation In Glaucous-Winged Gulls, Larus Glaucescens, Kelly M. Mcwilliams

Master's Theses

Using video recordings and scan counts, I examined the occurrence, sequences, and durations of behavior and environmental factors associated with courtship and copulation in glaucous-winged gulls, Larus glaucescens. Males and females in a pair had equivalent pre- and post-Mount behavior occurrences and durations. The main courtship sequence was Head Toss -- Courtship Beg/Respond -- Mounted/Mount, and felames appeared to initiate transitions between these pre-Mount behaviors. More Mounts occurred during the egg-laying stage of the breeding season, but copulation duration, wing-flag duration, and cloacal contacts per copulation showed no significant differences across sampling periods. Poisson analysis showed no significant grouping of ...


Relationships Between Jump Characteristics Of Collegiate Female Athletes Competing In Different Disciplines, Christopher J. MacDonalds, Hugh S. Lamont, John C. Garner, Jeremy A. Gentles, Ashley A. Kavanaugh, Michael H. Stone 2010 East Tennessee State University

Relationships Between Jump Characteristics Of Collegiate Female Athletes Competing In Different Disciplines, Christopher J. Macdonalds, Hugh S. Lamont, John C. Garner, Jeremy A. Gentles, Ashley A. Kavanaugh, Michael H. Stone

ETSU Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Food Consumption Trends And Drivers, John Kearney 2010 Technological University Dublin

Food Consumption Trends And Drivers, John Kearney

Articles

A picture of food consumption (availability) trends and projections to 2050, both globally and for different regions of the world along with the drivers largely responsible for these observed consumption trends are the subject of this review. Throughout the world, major shifts in dietary patterns are occurring, even in the consumption of basic staples towards more diversified diets. Accompanying these changes in food consumption at a global and regional level have been considerable health consequences. Populations in those countries undergoing rapid transition are experiencing nutritional transition. The diverse nature of this transition may be the result of differences in socio ...


An Evaluation Of Miru-Vntr Analysis And Spoligotyping For Genotyping Of Mycobacterium Bovis Isolates And A Comparison With Rflp Typing., Joanne McLernon, Eamonn Costello, Orla Flynn, Gillian Madigan, Fergus Ryan 2010 Technological University Dublin

An Evaluation Of Miru-Vntr Analysis And Spoligotyping For Genotyping Of Mycobacterium Bovis Isolates And A Comparison With Rflp Typing., Joanne Mclernon, Eamonn Costello, Orla Flynn, Gillian Madigan, Fergus Ryan

Articles

Strain typing of Mycobacterium bovis isolates based on the variable-number tandem repeats of mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units (MIRU-VNTR) and on spoligotyping was evaluated in this study and these typing methods were compared with restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) typing. A total of 386 M. bovis isolates from cattle, badgers and deer in the Republic of Ireland that had previously been typed by IS6110, polymorphic GC-rich sequence (PGRS) and direct repeat (DR) RFLP were included in the study. Spoligotyping and analysis of six VNTR loci (2163a, 2163b, 2165, 4052, 2996 and 1895) was performed on the samples. RFLP was the method ...


Genetic Connections Between Neurological Disorders And Cholesterol Metabolism, Ingemar Bjorkhem, Valerio Leoni, Steve Meaney 2010 Karolinska Institute

Genetic Connections Between Neurological Disorders And Cholesterol Metabolism, Ingemar Bjorkhem, Valerio Leoni, Steve Meaney

Articles

Cholesterol is an essential component of both the peripheral and central nervous systems of mammals. Over the last decade, evidence has accumulated that disturbances in cholesterol metabolism are associated with the development of various neurological conditions. In addition to genetically defined defects in cholesterol synthesis, which will be covered in another review in this Thematic Series, defects in cholesterol metabolism (cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis) and intracellular transport (Niemann Pick Syndrome) lead to neurological disease. A subform of hereditary spastic paresis (type SPG5) and Huntington's disease are neurological diseases with mutations in genes that are of importance for cholesterol metabolism. Neurodegeneration is ...


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