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Wastewater-Informed Public Health Intervention Playbook, 2022 University of Louisville

Wastewater-Informed Public Health Intervention Playbook

Sustain Magazine

As the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic quickly spread from country to country and continent to continent in 2020, governments and scientists needed a way to track COVID-19 through populations in order to position public health interventions in the most impactful locations. Having a decision-based risk framework may help to guide policy creation that could minimize or prevent possible outbreaks and surges of infection within communities. The University of Louisville in partnership with Louisville’s Department of Public Health and Wellness tested this strategy in 2021 and 2022. This Wastewater-Informed Public Health Intervention Playbook describes the decisions and actions of that academic and ...


Webinars As A Tool For Increasing Awareness Of Diabetes Prevention And Management Programs, Cindy Jenkins, Carrie Durward, April Litchford, Catherine Hansen, Annette Prall, Caitlyn Jasumback 2022 Utah State University

Webinars As A Tool For Increasing Awareness Of Diabetes Prevention And Management Programs, Cindy Jenkins, Carrie Durward, April Litchford, Catherine Hansen, Annette Prall, Caitlyn Jasumback

Outcomes and Impact Quarterly

Stakeholders sought to reduce the burden of preventable diabetes among adults in Utah via a “Food as Medicine” webinar series. The “Food as Medicine” webinar series sought to increase awareness of and enrollment in public diabetes programs. Evaluation results from the webinar series indicated an increase in awareness of diabetes programs and nutrition information needed to improve personal diabetes management.


Teaching Educators Basic Fruit Tree Grafting Methods, Jeffrey C. Wilson, Wayne Porter, Casey Barickman 2022 Mississippi State University

Teaching Educators Basic Fruit Tree Grafting Methods, Jeffrey C. Wilson, Wayne Porter, Casey Barickman

The Journal of Extension

Hands-on education has proven to be successful in teaching basic grafting methods. MSU Extension developed and conducted eleven statewide workshops teaching Extension Agents and Master Gardeners preferred fruit tree grafting methods. The hands-on workshops provided specialists, agents, and Master Gardeners training on teaching fruit tree grafting classes for clientele. Each workshop consisted of a pre-test, a PowerPoint presentation, a post-test, and a grafting demonstration. Post-test scores showed a significant gain in knowledge over pre-test scores. This training can be replicated/adapted by other organizations to conduct educational outreach.


Engaging Farmers, Culinary Schools, And Communities In Value-Added Production To Strengthen Local Food Systems, Lauren B. Errickson, Ethan D. Schoolman, Virginia Quick, Sarah Davis, Anthony Capece 2022 Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Engaging Farmers, Culinary Schools, And Communities In Value-Added Production To Strengthen Local Food Systems, Lauren B. Errickson, Ethan D. Schoolman, Virginia Quick, Sarah Davis, Anthony Capece

The Journal of Extension

Value-added products can generate farm income and improve community food access, yet lack of available kitchen infrastructure and labor can limit farm production capacity. This project explored how community-based culinary schools might fill the gap. A unique “product share” model was identified and piloted, meeting the collective needs of farmers, a culinary school, and urban consumers. By researching farmer crop availability and business model preferences, and aligning value-added production with community food preferences, we demonstrate a successful pilot indicative that similar initiatives can be replicated in other metropolitan areas, with potential to engage cross-disciplinary extension professionals.


Weather Information And Decision-Support Tool Needs Assessment, Lily Calderwood, Glen Koehler, Sean Birkel, Erin H. Roche 2022 University of Maine Extension

Weather Information And Decision-Support Tool Needs Assessment, Lily Calderwood, Glen Koehler, Sean Birkel, Erin H. Roche

The Journal of Extension

University of Maine researchers developed three commodity-specific grower focus groups (lowbush blueberry, apple, mixed vegetable) to discuss and survey 1) current access to weather information, and 2) interest in weather-based decision support tools. NOAA National Weather Service (30%) (n=47) was most commonly cited as a weather information source. Growers ranked greater forecast accuracy (31%) and localization (19%) (n=48) as highest priorities. Only 34% of growers reported current use of weather-based decision support tools, but 86% expressed interest in future use (n=134). The project team is using grower input to improve weather data access and decision-support tools for ...


The Go Wild With Whole Grains! School-Based Program: Positive Impacts Among Children, Joshua Bailey, Sara Van Offelen, Hyunjun Kim, Marla Reicks 2022 University of Minnesota

The Go Wild With Whole Grains! School-Based Program: Positive Impacts Among Children, Joshua Bailey, Sara Van Offelen, Hyunjun Kim, Marla Reicks

The Journal of Extension

Whole grain foods have been associated with health benefits, yet are underconsumed by youth compared to recommendations. This study evaluated impacts of a school-based curriculum among children in grades 3-5 to address barriers to intake (2018-2019) (n = 1,748). Surveys before and after the program indicated youth were more willing to try and better able to identify whole grain foods. Open-ended responses confirmed findings regarding increased ability to identify whole grain foods, increased preferences and perceptions of availability. Together, these impacts could increase the likelihood that youth can meet whole grain intake recommendations to improve diet quality and health.


Protecting Cattle Feedyard Workers In The Central States Region: Exploring State, Regional, And National Data On Fatal And Nonfatal Injuries In Agriculture And The Beef Production Sector, Athena K. Ramos, Suraj Adhikari, Risto Rautiainen, Aaron Yoder 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Protecting Cattle Feedyard Workers In The Central States Region: Exploring State, Regional, And National Data On Fatal And Nonfatal Injuries In Agriculture And The Beef Production Sector, Athena K. Ramos, Suraj Adhikari, Risto Rautiainen, Aaron Yoder

The Journal of Extension

Working in agriculture can be dangerous. Despite ongoing efforts of Extension, animal production worker safety has not been adequately addressed. We present state, regional, and national counts and rates on fatal and nonfatal injuries in agriculture and animal production using publicly available data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. We found that animal production had a high number of fatal injuries and a higher rate of nonfatal injuries than the average within agriculture. More needs to be done to protect livestock workers from injury. Extension professionals can play a key role in increasing safety knowledge and changing behaviors.


Cooperative Extension’S Capacity To Address Food Insecurity By Supporting Food Recovery Organizations, H. Lester Schonberger, Lily L. Yang, Melissa Chase, Tiffany Drape, Sarah Misyak, Renee Boyer 2022 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Cooperative Extension’S Capacity To Address Food Insecurity By Supporting Food Recovery Organizations, H. Lester Schonberger, Lily L. Yang, Melissa Chase, Tiffany Drape, Sarah Misyak, Renee Boyer

The Journal of Extension

Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) educators are uniquely positioned to support the food recovery organizations (FROs) which address hunger-related needs resulting from food insecurity. Based on an online survey to measure how VCE educators have engaged with FROs and their experiences, respondents who previously supported FROs did so across multiple programming areas, and those who had not indicated an interest while also experiencing barriers. Respondents also reported the need for context- and audience-specific resources particular to the spectrum of food recovery. Addressing barriers and resource needs through a transdisciplinary eXtension Food Recovery Community of Practice may support educators in doing this ...


Broiler Vitamin Nutrition Guidelines, Nelson E. Ward 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Broiler Vitamin Nutrition Guidelines, Nelson E. Ward

Proceedings of the Arkansas Nutrition Conference

In a time of record feed prices, nutritionists and production managers continue to look for opportunities to lower growout costs. Even though their contribution seldom exceeds 1-2% of feed costs, vitamins are not immune to this cost-crunching scrutiny. Furthermore, in late 2017, an unparalleled drop in global vitamin supply resulted in sharply increased prices, and in some cases, outright shortages. Such events have placed pressure on vitamin fortification levels in broiler feeds. Nutritionists decide on the fortification rates based on a variety of criteria – bird age, production phase, field experience, research trials, and so forth. The rapid change in broiler ...


Student Motivations And Barriers Toward Online And In-Person Office Hours In Stem Courses, Jeremy L. Hsu, Melissa Rowland-Goldsmith, Elaine Benaksas Schwartz 2022 Chapman University

Student Motivations And Barriers Toward Online And In-Person Office Hours In Stem Courses, Jeremy L. Hsu, Melissa Rowland-Goldsmith, Elaine Benaksas Schwartz

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Office hours are one of the most common support mechanisms found in courses. Despite the prevalence of office hours in life sciences classes, there has been little investigation of how science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) students perceive office hours, particularly at non–research intensive universities or other institutions where a majority of students attend office hours. We surveyed more than 500 students, representing most life sciences majors at a comprehensive university, to investigate their motivations and barriers for attending office hours. We then compared instructors’ perceptions to students’ conceptions of office hours. We identified key themes in student and ...


Impact Of Major Emergencies On Food Security Risks, Cuihong YANG, Kang LIN, Xiang GAO 2022 Center for Forecasting Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China CAS Key Laboratory of Management, Decision and Information Systems, Beijing 100190, China School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Impact Of Major Emergencies On Food Security Risks, Cuihong Yang, Kang Lin, Xiang Gao

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

In recent years, the probability and frequency of international major emergencies are on the rise, which have threatened the global food security. The study decomposes the food supply chain into production section, consumption section, and circulation section; and then analyzes the risks of food security in each section when facing the major emergencies. In the production section, major emergencies restrict the inputs of labor and agricultural production materials, limiting food supply directly. In the consumption section, major emergencies usually increase the food price and decrease the resident income, and thus, decline the purchasing power of food and exacerbate the food ...


Discussion On Approaches To Improving Soybean Supply Capacity In China, Feng FENG, Zhinan ZHANG, Yongzhe GU, Junpeng HE, Zhixi TIAN 2022 College of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Discussion On Approaches To Improving Soybean Supply Capacity In China, Feng Feng, Zhinan Zhang, Yongzhe Gu, Junpeng He, Zhixi Tian

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Soybean is one of the most important crops for food and oil. The soybean demand has been increased in recent years in China. Since China has limited soybean production capacity, it has been importing increasing amount of soybean from abroad. It is a critical topic for China to develop the soybean production and expand the import channels to ensure food security. Based on the soybean demand-supply situation from 2011 to 2020, this paper discussed the problems including severely insufficient domestic production and supply, high level of reliance on international supply, and limited import channels. It put forward suggestions on approaches ...


Ecological Implications Of Intraspecific Behavioral Variation In A Small Mammal Community, Allison Brehm 2022 University of Maine

Ecological Implications Of Intraspecific Behavioral Variation In A Small Mammal Community, Allison Brehm

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Variation among individuals is at the root of all evolution by means of natural selection. However, only in recent years has intraspecific behavioral variation been embraced as a potential driver of community and ecosystem processes, rather than considered statistical noise. Animal personalities, or behavioral differences between conspecifics that are consistent across time and contexts, are one such form of variation that has received considerable attention in the last two decades. Investigations of the ecological and ecosystem consequences of personality variation is at the current forefront of the field, but much work on this topic remains conceptual. Here, I apply large-scale ...


Session 3b: Sediments, Kentucky Water Research Institute 2022 University of Kentucky

Session 3b: Sediments, Kentucky Water Research Institute

Kentucky Water Resources Annual Symposium

  • Sediment Degradation Experiments for a Low Gradient Stream Suggest the Watershed’s Connectivity Regime Exhibits Control on Stream Biogeochemistry
  • Does Sediment Organic Matter Content Mediate the Effects of Chironomid Larvae on Benthic Nitrous Oxide Flux
  • Drivers of Variability in Annual Sediment Accretion Rates Within Wetland Easements of Western Kentucky


Session 3a: Karst And Groundwater, Kentucky Water Research Institute 2022 University of Kentucky

Session 3a: Karst And Groundwater, Kentucky Water Research Institute

Kentucky Water Resources Annual Symposium

  • Examining the Utility of Tryptophan-Like Fluorescence As a Proxy for Fecal Contamination in Karst Basins, Inner Bluegrass Region, Kentucky
  • A Predictive Flood Model for Urban Karst Environments
  • Improving Best Management Practices for the Siting, Maintenance, and Design of Urban Karst Groundwater Injection Wells


Poster Session, Kentucky Water Research Institute 2022 University of Kentucky

Poster Session, Kentucky Water Research Institute

Kentucky Water Resources Annual Symposium

  • Evaluating the Effects of Beaver Dam Removal on the Hydrology, Water Quality, and Bioindicators of a Restored Wetland
  • Predictive Sediment Flux Modeling of a Karst Spring Using High Resolution Sensors and Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopes
  • Development and Validation of qPCR Assays for Use in eDNA Detection of Four Species of Semiaquatic Salamanders .
  • Analyzing Recent Spatio-Temporal Rainfall Erosivity Patterns and Trends Across Kentucky
  • Development of eDNA Protocols for Detection of Four Darter (Percidae: Etheostomatinae) Species in Central Kentucky Streams
  • Assessing Change in the Seasonality of Stable Isotopes δ18O and δ2H for Meteoric and Terrestrial Waters of Central Kentucky
  • Coupling Sediment ...


Deaths In Open Water Swimming Races In Brazil From 2009 To 2019, Fabrízio Di Masi, Gabriel Costa e Silva, Danielli Braga de Mello, David Szpilman, Mike Tipton 2022 Colégio Pedro II

Deaths In Open Water Swimming Races In Brazil From 2009 To 2019, Fabrízio Di Masi, Gabriel Costa E Silva, Danielli Braga De Mello, David Szpilman, Mike Tipton

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1295-1305, 2022. Since the inclusion in the Olympic Games (2008), open swimming races have attracted greater media attention and, therefore, have a greater number of practitioners, especially in Brazil, an extremely favorable country for this sport. However, increasing reports of fatal incidents in open water races brought the medical and scientific community to attention. The aim of this study was to review the characteristics of deaths in open waters events in Brazil from 2009 to 2019. The survey was divided into 3 steps: 1) contacting sports-related federations and companies, including swimming and triathlon ...


Session 2: Water And The Community, Kentucky Water Research Institute 2022 University of Kentucky

Session 2: Water And The Community, Kentucky Water Research Institute

Kentucky Water Resources Annual Symposium

  • Development of Human Health Criteria for Surface Waters of the Commonwealth of Kentucky
  • Kentucky Workforce Survey Results
  • Modeling, Managing, and Mitigating Stormwater Flooding using a Real-time Monitoring Network and Environmental Equity Approach


Session 1b: Contaminant Exposure And Treatment, Kentucky Water Research Institute 2022 University of Kentucky

Session 1b: Contaminant Exposure And Treatment, Kentucky Water Research Institute

Kentucky Water Resources Annual Symposium

  • Cyanobacteria, Cyanotoxin Synthetase Genes, and Cyanotoxin Occurrence Among Selected Large River Sites in the Lower Ohio River Basin, 2020–21
  • Emerging Contaminant Exposure Following WWTP Processes to Surface Waters
  • Reactive Membrane Synthesis for Capture and Degradation of Toxic Water Contaminants
  • Implications to Tap and Stream Water Chemistry Due to Variations in Sampling Location and Watershed Land Use
  • Examining Toxicity of 2D Nanomaterial Phosphorene, Free-Standing and Embedded onto Membranes, and Its Application for Removal of Per-and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS)


Session 1a: Watershed Management, Kentucky Water Research Institute 2022 University of Kentucky

Session 1a: Watershed Management, Kentucky Water Research Institute

Kentucky Water Resources Annual Symposium

  • Motivations and Barriers to the Implementation of Riparian Buffer Zones on Central Kentucky Horse Farms
  • Engaging Urban Watershed Stewards in Stormwater Management
  • Efficacy Examination of Urban Reforestation Efforts on Streams in Lexington, KY: Macroinvertebrates and Water Quality Assessments
  • Over a Decade of Monitoring Water Quality at McConnell Springs – What Have We Learned?
  • Glenns Creek Watershed Characterization Efforts


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