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Using Computer Technology To Provide Decision Support For Species And Site Selection, Kristin den Exter, Sumith Pathirana, Alison Specht 2010 Southern Cross University

Using Computer Technology To Provide Decision Support For Species And Site Selection, Kristin Den Exter, Sumith Pathirana, Alison Specht

Dr Kristin den Exter

No abstract provided.


Warm Fall Temperatures, Scn And Winter Annual Weeds, Gregory L. Tylka 2010 Iowa State University

Warm Fall Temperatures, Scn And Winter Annual Weeds, Gregory L. Tylka

Integrated Crop Management News

We have had a wonderfully sunny, warm, dry fall so far this year. How could anyone complain about the weather? Leave it to a nematologist. Yesterday's ICM News article reminded growers and agronomists to delay application of anhydrous ammonia fertilizer until soil temperatures drop below 50F. It turns out that 50F is also an important temperature to consider for soybean cyst nematode (SCN).


Complement Factor H-Related Proteins Cfhr2 And Cfhr5 Represent Novel Ligands For The Infection-Associated Crasp Proteins Of Borrelia Burgdorferi, Corinna Siegel, Teresia Hallström, Christine Skerka, Hannes Eberhardt, Barbara Uzonyi, Tobias Beckhaus, Michael Karas, Reinhard Wallich, Brian Stevenson, Peter F. Zipfel, Peter Kraiczy 2010 University Hospital of Frankfurt, Germany

Complement Factor H-Related Proteins Cfhr2 And Cfhr5 Represent Novel Ligands For The Infection-Associated Crasp Proteins Of Borrelia Burgdorferi, Corinna Siegel, Teresia Hallström, Christine Skerka, Hannes Eberhardt, Barbara Uzonyi, Tobias Beckhaus, Michael Karas, Reinhard Wallich, Brian Stevenson, Peter F. Zipfel, Peter Kraiczy

Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: One virulence property of Borrelia burgdorferi is its resistance to innate immunity, in particular to complement-mediated killing. Serum-resistant B. burgdorferi express up to five distinct complement regulator-acquiring surface proteins (CRASP) which interact with complement regulator factor H (CFH) and factor H-like protein 1 (FHL1) or factor H-related protein 1 (CFHR1). In the present study we elucidate the role of the infection-associated CRASP-3 and CRASP-5 protein to serve as ligands for additional complement regulatory proteins as well as for complement resistance of B. burgdorferi.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To elucidate whether CRASP-5 and CRASP-3 interact with various human proteins, both borrelial ...


Sorghum And Pearl Millet Improved Seed Value Chains In Zambia: Challenges And Opportunities For Smallholder Farmers, Priscilla Hamukwala, Gelson Tembo, Don Larson, Mark Erbaugh 2010 University of Zambia

Sorghum And Pearl Millet Improved Seed Value Chains In Zambia: Challenges And Opportunities For Smallholder Farmers, Priscilla Hamukwala, Gelson Tembo, Don Larson, Mark Erbaugh

INTSORMIL Scientific Publications

Sorghum and millet are a very important source of food and farm income for smallholder farmers, which can be enhanced especially if linked to new markets. These two crops have been widely viewed as minor traditional crops in the Zambian food systems. The two crops were displaced by maize in the 1900s with the opening of the copper mines. However, they remain important food crops for semi-arid areas of the country. In recent years, there have also been new market developments requiring farmers to increase productivity and production. Unfortunately significant productivity enhancements are impeded by low access to improved technologies ...


A Dominant Mutation In A Neuronal Acetylcholine Receptor Subunit Leads To Motor Neuron Degeneration In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Belinda Barbagallo, Hilary A. Prescott, Patrick Boyle, Jason Climer, Michael M. Francis 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Dominant Mutation In A Neuronal Acetylcholine Receptor Subunit Leads To Motor Neuron Degeneration In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Belinda Barbagallo, Hilary A. Prescott, Patrick Boyle, Jason Climer, Michael M. Francis

GSBS Student Publications

Inappropriate or excessive activation of ionotropic receptors can have dramatic consequences for neuronal function and, in many instances, leads to cell death. In Caenorhabditis elegans, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits are highly expressed in a neural circuit that controls movement. Here, we show that heteromeric nAChRs containing the acr-2 subunit are diffusely localized in the processes of excitatory motor neurons and act to modulate motor neuron activity. Excessive signaling through these receptors leads to cell-autonomous degeneration of cholinergic motor neurons and paralysis. C. elegans double mutants lacking calreticulin and calnexin-two genes previously implicated in the cellular events leading to necrotic-like ...


Clopidogrel Discontinuation And Platelet Reactivity Following Coronary Stenting., Darren Mylotte, Aaron Peace, Tony Tedesco, Fabio Mangiacapra, Patrick Dicker, Dermot Kenny, David Foley 2010 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Clopidogrel Discontinuation And Platelet Reactivity Following Coronary Stenting., Darren Mylotte, Aaron Peace, Tony Tedesco, Fabio Mangiacapra, Patrick Dicker, Dermot Kenny, David Foley

Molecular and Cellular Therapeutics Articles

Aims: Antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel are recommended for 1 year after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation or myocardial infarction. However, the discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy has become an important issue as recent studies have suggested a clustering of ischaemic events within 90 days of clopidogrel withdrawal. The objective of this investigation was to explore the hypothesis that there is a transient "rebound" increase in platelet reactivity within three months of clopidogrel discontinuation. Methods and Results: In this prospective study, platelet function was assessed in patients taking aspirin and clopidogrel for at least 1 year following DES implantation. Platelet aggregation ...


Wait Until Soil Temps Drop Before Applying Anhydrous Ammonia, John E. Sawyer, Barbara Stewart, William Ehm 2010 Iowa State University

Wait Until Soil Temps Drop Before Applying Anhydrous Ammonia, John E. Sawyer, Barbara Stewart, William Ehm

Integrated Crop Management News

With the early harvest, Iowa’s conservation leaders are encouraging farmers to wait until soil temperatures lower before applying anhydrous ammonia (NH3) this fall. Anhydrous ammonia applied before daily soil temperatures remain below 50 degrees Fahrenheit and continue trending lower can result in the nitrogen loss that can impact crop development and have negative environmental impacts, such as enhanced leaching into groundwater and streams once converted to nitrate.


Comparison Of Bacteroides Human Markers For Pollution Diagnostics In Recreational Waters, Asli Aslan, Joan B. Rose 2010 Georgia Southern University

Comparison Of Bacteroides Human Markers For Pollution Diagnostics In Recreational Waters, Asli Aslan, Joan B. Rose

Environmental Health Sciences Faculty Presentations

This presentation was given during the Great Lakes Beach Association Annual Conference.


Adenovirus-5 Infection Affects Lipid Metabolism In Hepatic And Adipose Tissues, Marianna Sukholutsky 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Adenovirus-5 Infection Affects Lipid Metabolism In Hepatic And Adipose Tissues, Marianna Sukholutsky

Theses and Dissertations

Our recent studies have shown a link between Adenovirus-5 (Ad-5) and elevated lipids, which prompted the hypothesis that Ad-5 infection might augment hepatic and/or adipose tissue lipid metabolism. To test our hypothesis, mice were infected with Ad-5 and screened for changes in lipogenesis and plasma markers associated with the metabolic syndrome. We observed increased expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP-1) in infected liver tissues, but not in adipose tissues and this correlated with elevated plasma and hepatic triglyceride levels. Elevated expression of adiponectin was seen in Ad-5 infected adipose tissues and this correlated with phosphorylated AMPK ...


Dynamic Evolution Of Precise Regulatory Encodings Creates The Clustered Site Signature Of Enhancers, Justin Crocker, Nathan Potter, Albert Erives 2010 Dartmouth College

Dynamic Evolution Of Precise Regulatory Encodings Creates The Clustered Site Signature Of Enhancers, Justin Crocker, Nathan Potter, Albert Erives

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Concentration gradients of morphogenic proteins pattern the embryonic axes of Drosophila by activating different genes at different concentrations. The neurogenic ectoderm enhancers (NEEs) activate different genes at different threshold levels of the Dorsal (Dl) morphogen, which patterns the dorsal/ventral axis. NEEs share a unique arrangement of highly constrained DNA-binding sites for Dl, Twist (Twi), Snail (Sna) and Suppressor of Hairless (Su(H)), and encode the threshold variable in the precise length of DNA that separates one well-defined Dl element from a Twi element. However, NEEs also possess dense clusters of variant Dl sites. Here, we show that these increasingly ...


Quantitative Trait Loci Mapping Reveals Candidate Pathways Regulating Cell Cycle Duration In Plasmodium Falciparum, Heather B. Reilly Ayala, Mark A. Wacker, Geoffrey Siwo, Michael T. Ferdig 2010 George Fox University

Quantitative Trait Loci Mapping Reveals Candidate Pathways Regulating Cell Cycle Duration In Plasmodium Falciparum, Heather B. Reilly Ayala, Mark A. Wacker, Geoffrey Siwo, Michael T. Ferdig

Faculty Publications - Department of Biology and Chemistry

Background: Elevated parasite biomass in the human red blood cells can lead to increased malaria morbidity. The genes and mechanisms regulating growth and development of Plasmodium falciparum through its erythrocytic cycle are not well understood. We previously showed that strains HB3 and Dd2 diverge in their proliferation rates, and here use quantitative trait loci mapping in 34 progeny from a cross between these parent clones along with integrative bioinformatics to identify genetic loci and candidate genes that control divergences in cell cycle duration. Results: Genetic mapping of cell cycle duration revealed a four-locus genetic model, including a major genetic effect ...


The Us Preventive Service Taskforce And The Guide To Clinical Preventive Services., F. Douglas Scutchfield MD 2010 University of Kentucky

The Us Preventive Service Taskforce And The Guide To Clinical Preventive Services., F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health Presentations

No abstract provided.


Combination Of Adhesive-Tape-Based Sampling And Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization For Rapid Detection Of Salmonella On Fresh Produce, Bledar Bisha, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher 2010 Colorado State University

Combination Of Adhesive-Tape-Based Sampling And Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization For Rapid Detection Of Salmonella On Fresh Produce, Bledar Bisha, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

This protocol describes a simple approach for adhesive-tape-based sampling of tomato and other fresh produce surfaces, followed by on-tape fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for rapid culture-independent detection of Salmonella spp. Cell-charged tapes can also be placed facedown on selective agar for solid-phase enrichment prior to detection. Alternatively, low-volume liquid enrichments (liquid surface miniculture) can be performed on the surface of the tape in non-selective broth, followed by FISH and analysis via flow cytometry. To begin, sterile adhesive tape is brought into contact with fresh produce, gentle pressure is applied, and the tape is removed, physically extracting microbes present on ...


Climate Change Alters Seedling Emergence And Establishment In An Old-Field Ecosystem, Aimée T. Classen, Richard J. Norby, Courtney E. Campany, Katherine E. Sides, Jake F. Weltzin 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Climate Change Alters Seedling Emergence And Establishment In An Old-Field Ecosystem, Aimée T. Classen, Richard J. Norby, Courtney E. Campany, Katherine E. Sides, Jake F. Weltzin

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Background

Ecological succession drives large-scale changes in ecosystem composition over time, but the mechanisms whereby climatic change might alter succession remain unresolved. Here, we asked if the effects of atmospheric and climatic change would alter tree seedling emergence and establishment in an old-field ecosystem, recognizing that small shifts in rates of seedling emergence and establishment of different species may have long-term repercussions on the transition of fields to forests in the future.

Methodology/Principal Findings

We introduced seeds from three early successional tree species into constructed old-field plant communities that had been subjected for 4 years to altered temperature, precipitation ...


Feasibility Of Re-Using Pete Soda Bottles To Exclude Oxygen During Storage Of Low Moisture Foods, Sarah Broderick, Michelle A. Lloyd, Lynn V. Ogden, Oscar A. Pike 2010 Brigham Young University

Feasibility Of Re-Using Pete Soda Bottles To Exclude Oxygen During Storage Of Low Moisture Foods, Sarah Broderick, Michelle A. Lloyd, Lynn V. Ogden, Oscar A. Pike

Faculty Publications

Many consumers are beginning to store grain on their own creating a need for easy disinfestation methods that can be accomplished in the home. Oxygen deprivation has proven to be an effective method for grain disinfestation when kept below 1% for 12 days. Re-using PETE soda bottles is an easy way many consumers can store their grains. The purpose of this study was to determine if using oxygen absorber packets in used PETE soda bottles will keep the oxygen percent low enough to disinfest the grain stored in them. Experiments were carried out to determine how long oxygen absorber packets ...


Can Grain Be Disinfested In 5-Gal Hdpe Buckets Containing Oxygen Absorber Packets?, Lynn V. Ogden, C. Griffin 2010 Brigham Young University

Can Grain Be Disinfested In 5-Gal Hdpe Buckets Containing Oxygen Absorber Packets?, Lynn V. Ogden, C. Griffin

Faculty Publications

Effective methods of grain disinfestation include freezing, the use of carbon dioxide gas, and the use of pesticides. Oxygen deprivation has also been shown to be an effective method of disinfestation when the oxygen content is held below 1% for at least 12 days (d). High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) 5 gallon (gal) buckets have become a popular and convenient storage container for dry foods such as wheat, rice and beans. Oxygen absorber packets are an effective way to remove the oxygen in high-barrier sealed containers to prolong the life of many of these foods. It is hypothesized that sealed HDPE ...


The Us Preventive Service Taskforce And The Guide To Clinical Preventive Services., F. Douglas Scutchfield MD 2010 University of Kentucky

The Us Preventive Service Taskforce And The Guide To Clinical Preventive Services., F. Douglas Scutchfield Md

F. Douglas Scutchfield MD

No abstract provided.


Indian Sport Policy,Their Implementations And Its Loopholes, Biplab kumar Lenin 2010 Indian institute of technology, Kharagpur

Indian Sport Policy,Their Implementations And Its Loopholes, Biplab Kumar Lenin

Biplab kumar Lenin

Sport is no longer confined to proverb like “all work no play makes Jack a dull boy” rather it’s a tool to extend international diplomacy, showcasing economic might and maintain youth culture in the society. Common Wealth Games 2010 put India in the same League of Nations capable of organizing mega sporting events showcasing their economic muscle power. No doubt CWG has made the billion populations proud after the spectacular closing event. But consider this: The amount spent games related infrastructure is whooping Rs 55,398 crore of which only Rs 638 crore was spent for training sportspersons. Of ...


Evaluation Of School Wellness Policies In North San Luis Obispo County (Final Report), Ann Yelmokas McDermott, David W. Hey, Laurie Pugh, Rosanna Taylor, Arlene Grant-Holcomb, Stephanie F. Teaford 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Evaluation Of School Wellness Policies In North San Luis Obispo County (Final Report), Ann Yelmokas Mcdermott, David W. Hey, Laurie Pugh, Rosanna Taylor, Arlene Grant-Holcomb, Stephanie F. Teaford

Kinesiology

A two year grant (October 2008-2010) was awarded to the San Luis Obispo County Public Health Department (SLO-PHD) so that outside agencies could engage in school wellness policy (SWP) advocacy and community activities to aid in combating the growing epidemic of obesity among the county‘s high risk populations. Under SLO-PHD oversight, Healthy Eating Active Living (HEAL-SLO) proposed school district outcomes, objectives, and indicators. (Attachment A provides the SWP rationale while Attachment B contains the HEAL-SLO/TCE purpose and goals.) In March 2009, a research team from newly formed STRIDE at California Polytechnic State University was contracted to review and ...


Development Of A Methodology And Guidebook For The Identification Of Ephemeral, Intermittent And Perennial Streams In South Carolina, William R. Wenerick 2010 SCDHEC

Development Of A Methodology And Guidebook For The Identification Of Ephemeral, Intermittent And Perennial Streams In South Carolina, William R. Wenerick

S.C. Water Resources Conference

2010 South Carolina Water Resource Conference. Informing strategic water planning to address natural resource, community and economic challenges.


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