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198,320 full-text articles. Page 4949 of 5015.

Gene Delivery In The Equine Cornea: A Novel Therapeutic Strategy, Dylan G. Buss, Ajay Sharma, Elizabeth A. Giuliano, Rajiv R. Mohan 2010 University of Missouri, Columbia

Gene Delivery In The Equine Cornea: A Novel Therapeutic Strategy, Dylan G. Buss, Ajay Sharma, Elizabeth A. Giuliano, Rajiv R. Mohan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Objective—To determine if hybrid adeno-associated virus serotype 2/5 (AAV5) vector can effectively deliver foreign genes into the equine cornea without causing adverse side effects. The aims of this study were to: (i) evaluate efficacy of AAV5 to deliver therapeutic genes into equine corneal fibroblasts (ECFs) using enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) marker gene and (ii) establish the safety of AAV5 vector for equine corneal gene therapy.

Animal Material—Primary ECF cultures were harvested from healthy donor equine corneas. Cultures were maintained at 370C in humidified atmosphere with 5% CO2.

Procedure—AAV5 vector expressing EGFP under control of hybrid ...


Growth And Yield Of Cultivated Grape With Native Perennial Grasses Nodding Needlegrass Or California Barley As Cover Crops, Michael J. Costello 2010 University of California Cooperative Extension - Fresno

Growth And Yield Of Cultivated Grape With Native Perennial Grasses Nodding Needlegrass Or California Barley As Cover Crops, Michael J. Costello

Wine and Viticulture

Two California native perennial grasses, nodding needlegrass [Nassella cernua (Stebbins & R.M. Love) Barkworth] and California barley [Hordeum brachyantherum Nevski ssp. californicum (Covas & Stebbins) Bothmer, N. Jacobsen & Seberg], were compared with a conventional grass cover crop, ‘Blando’ brome (Bromus hordeaceus L.), as well as resident (weedy) vegetation and a clean cultivated control for effects on growth and yield of cultivated grape (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Barbera). Statistical analyses did not reveal yield differences between treatments with floor vegetation (the native grasses, ‘Blando’ brome, and resident vegetation) and clean cultivation, the cover crop treatments (the native grasses and ‘Blando brome’) and ...


Genome Size Is A Strong Predictor Of Root Meristem Growth Rate, Adam Gruner, Nathan Hoverter, Tylia Smith, Charles A. Knight 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Genome Size Is A Strong Predictor Of Root Meristem Growth Rate, Adam Gruner, Nathan Hoverter, Tylia Smith, Charles A. Knight

Biological Sciences

Variation in genome size (GS) has been linked to several facets of the plant phenotype. Recently it was shown that GS is significantly correlated with cell size and the duration of the cell cycle. Here we test the hypothesis that GS might also be a predictor of apical root meristem growth rate (RMGR). We studied eight species of eudicots with varying GS using time-lapse microscopic image analysis. A significant negative exponential relationship was observed between GS and RMGR. Our results show significantly decreased RMGR for large genome species. This relationship represents a significant consequence of GS expansion in plants and ...


The Metabolic Demands Of Swimming Behavior Influence The Evolution Of Skeletal Muscle Fiber Design In The Brachyuran Crab Family Portunidae, Kristin M. Hardy, Sean C. Lema, Stephen T. Kinsey 2010 University of North Carolina - Wilmington

The Metabolic Demands Of Swimming Behavior Influence The Evolution Of Skeletal Muscle Fiber Design In The Brachyuran Crab Family Portunidae, Kristin M. Hardy, Sean C. Lema, Stephen T. Kinsey

Biological Sciences

We investigated the influence of intracellular diffusion on muscle fiber design in several swimming and non-swimming brachyuran crabs. Species with sustained swimming behavior had aerobic dark fibers subdivided into small metabolic functional units, creating short diffusion distances necessary to support the high rates of aerobic ATP turnover associated with endurance activity. This dark fiber design was observed in all swimming species including Ovalipes ocellatus, which has apparently evolved swimming behavior independently of other Portunidae. In addition, we observed fiber and subdivision size-dependent differences in organelle distribution. Mitochondria, which rely on oxygen to function, were uniformly distributed in small fibers/subdivisions ...


How Should I Calculate And Make Additions Of Grape Concentrate To Juice, Musts And Wines?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

How Should I Calculate And Make Additions Of Grape Concentrate To Juice, Musts And Wines?, Geraldine S. P. Ritchie

Food Science and Nutrition

No abstract provided.


Using Landscape Genetics To Assess Population Connectivity In A Habitat Generalist, Tyler Duncan Hether 2010 University of Central Florida

Using Landscape Genetics To Assess Population Connectivity In A Habitat Generalist, Tyler Duncan Hether

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Understanding the nature of genetic variation in natural populations is an underlying theme of population genetics. In recent years population genetics has benefited from the incorporation of landscape and environmental data into pre-existing models of isolation by distance (IBD) to elucidate features influencing spatial genetic variation. Many of these landscape genetics studies have focused on populations separated by discrete barriers (e.g., mountain ridges) or species with specific habitat requirements (i.e., habitat specialists). One difficulty in using a landscape genetics approach for taxa with less stringent habitat requirements (i.e., generalists) is the lack of obvious barriers to gene ...


Expression And Characterization Of Antimicrobial Peptides Retrocyclin-101 And Protegrin-1 In Chloroplasts To Control Viral And Bacterial Infections, Baichuan Li 2010 University of Central Florida

Expression And Characterization Of Antimicrobial Peptides Retrocyclin-101 And Protegrin-1 In Chloroplasts To Control Viral And Bacterial Infections, Baichuan Li

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Retrocyclin-101 (RC101) and Protegrin-1 (PG1) are two important antimicrobial peptides that can be used as therapeutic agents against bacterial and/or viral infections, especially those caused by the HIV-1 or sexually-transmitted bacteria. Because of their antimicrobial activity and complex secondary structures, they have not yet been produced in microbial systems and their chemical synthesis is prohibitively expensive. Therefore, we created chloroplast transformation vectors with the RC101 or PG1 coding sequence, fused with GFP to confer stability, furin or Factor Xa cleavage site to liberate the mature peptide from their fusion proteins and a His-tag to aid in their purification. Stable ...


Identification Of Novel Antimalarials From Marine Natural Products For Lead Discovery, Stephenie M. Alvarado 2010 University of Central Florida

Identification Of Novel Antimalarials From Marine Natural Products For Lead Discovery, Stephenie M. Alvarado

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

An estimated 500 million cases of malaria occur each year. The increasing prevalence of drug resistant strains of Plasmodium in most malaria endemic areas has significantly reduced the efficacy of current antimalarial drugs for prophylaxis and treatment of this disease. Therefore, discovery of new, inexpensive, and effective drugs are urgently needed to combat this disease. Marine biodiversity is an enormous source of novel chemical entities and has been barely investigated for antimalarial drug discovery. In an effort to discover novel therapeutics for malaria, we studied the antimalarial activities of a unique marine-derived peak fraction library provided by Harbor Branch Oceanographic ...


Characterizing The Vertical Structure And Structural Diversity Of Florida Oak Scrub Vegetation Using Discrete-Return Lidar, James J. Angelo 2010 University of Central Florida

Characterizing The Vertical Structure And Structural Diversity Of Florida Oak Scrub Vegetation Using Discrete-Return Lidar, James J. Angelo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Vertical structure, the top-to-bottom arrangement of aboveground vegetation, is an important component of forest and shrubland ecosystems. For many decades, ecologists have used foliage height profiles and other measures of vertical structure to identify discrete stages in post-disturbance succession and to quantify the heterogeneity of vegetation. Such studies have, however, required resource-intensive field surveys and have been limited to relatively small spatial extents (e.g.,


An Assessment Of Sea Turtle Nesting Behavior In Relation To Hurricane- And Restoration-Induced Beach Morphodynamics, Tonya Michele Long 2010 University of Central Florida

An Assessment Of Sea Turtle Nesting Behavior In Relation To Hurricane- And Restoration-Induced Beach Morphodynamics, Tonya Michele Long

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Coastal habitats are highly dynamic and vulnerable to landscape-level disturbances such as storms and restoration projects. Along the east coast of Florida these areas are particularly valuable as they provide significant nesting habitat for two sea turtle species, the threatened loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and the endangered green turtle (Chelonia mydas). This coast was heavily impacted by three major hurricanes in 2004 and in some areas by large restoration projects in 2005. Recent remote sensing methods allow for broad evaluation of the shoreline and thus the ability to assess sea turtle nesting habitat at a landscape scale. I collected nesting data ...


Abiotic Differences Between Green Turtle (Chelonia Mydas) Nests In Natural Beach And Engineered Dunes: Effects On Hatching Success, Martha Balfour 2010 University of Central Florida

Abiotic Differences Between Green Turtle (Chelonia Mydas) Nests In Natural Beach And Engineered Dunes: Effects On Hatching Success, Martha Balfour

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Habitat loss is among the biggest threats to conservation worldwide, so habitat restoration plays an increasing role in endangered species management. This is especially true for species with high site fidelity, such as nesting marine turtles. Sand replenishment is commonly used to restore coastal beaches after severe erosion events, and may affect marine turtles and other species that live or reproduce in that habitat. I investigated how abiotic characteristics of sand used in a dune restoration project at Archie Carr National Wildlife Refuge, Florida, affected reproduction of the federally-endangered green turtle (Chelonia mydas). Sand structure and composition can affect egg ...


Treefrog (Hyla Squirella) Responses To Rangeland And Management In Semi-Tropical Florida, Usa, Kathryn Windes 2010 University of Central Florida

Treefrog (Hyla Squirella) Responses To Rangeland And Management In Semi-Tropical Florida, Usa, Kathryn Windes

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As urban areas expand, agricultural lands become increasingly important habitat for many species. Compared to some types of agricultural land-use, ranchlands provide vast expanses of minimally modified habitat that support many threatened and endangered species. Conservation biologists can promote ecologically sound management approaches by quantifying the effects of agricultural practices on resident species. I examined the effects of pasture management, cattle grazing, and landscape characteristics on both adult and larval treefrogs in a ranchland in south-central Florida. I experimentally determined optimal deployment of artificial treefrog shelters constructed of polyvinylchloride (PVC) pipe to efficiently sample adult treefrogs (Chapter 1). Seventy-two shelters ...


Physical Activity And Hormonal Regulation Of Appetite: Sex Differences And Weight Control, Todd A. Hagobian, Barry Braun 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Physical Activity And Hormonal Regulation Of Appetite: Sex Differences And Weight Control, Todd A. Hagobian, Barry Braun

Kinesiology

Physical activity is an important contributor to regulation of energy balance and body composition. In this article, we separate the impact of exercise from the confounding influence of energy imbalance and highlight sex differences in hormonal and appetite responses to physical activity. The evolving story may influence our thinking regarding the use of physical activity to manage body composition.


Structural Basis For Feedback And Pharmacological Inhibition Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Glutamate Cysteine Ligase, Ekaterina I Biterova, Joseph J. Barycki 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Structural Basis For Feedback And Pharmacological Inhibition Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Glutamate Cysteine Ligase, Ekaterina I Biterova, Joseph J. Barycki

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Structural characterization of glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL), the enzyme that catalyzes the initial, rate-limiting step in glutathione biosynthesis, has revealed many of the molecular details of substrate recognition. To further delineate the mechanistic details of this critical enzyme, we have determined the structures of two inhibited forms of Saccharomyces cerevisiae GCL (ScGCL), which shares significant sequence identity with the human enzyme. In vivo, GCL activity is feedback regulated by glutathione. Examination of the structure of ScGCL-glutathione complex (2.5 A ; R = 19.9%, Rfree = 25.1%) indicates that the inhibitor occupies both the glutamate- and the presumed cysteine- binding ...


Impact Of Central And Peripheral Trpv1 And Ros Levels On Proinflammatory Mediators And Nociceptive Behavior, Karin N. Westlund, Mikhail Y. Kochukov, Ying Lu, Terry A. McNearney 2010 University of Kentucky

Impact Of Central And Peripheral Trpv1 And Ros Levels On Proinflammatory Mediators And Nociceptive Behavior, Karin N. Westlund, Mikhail Y. Kochukov, Ying Lu, Terry A. Mcnearney

Physiology Faculty Publications

Background: Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels are important membrane sensors on peripheral nerve endings and on supportive non-neuronal synoviocytes in the knee joint. TRPV 1 ion channels respond with activation of calcium and sodium fluxes to pH, thermal, chemical, osmotic, mechanical and other stimuli abundant in inflamed joints. In the present study, the kaolin/carrageenan (k/c) induced knee joint arthritis model in rats, as well as primary and clonal human synoviocyte cultures were used to understand the reciprocal interactions between reactive nitroxidative species (ROS) and functional TRPV1 channels. ROS generation was monitored with ROS sensitive dyes using ...


Cns Connections, Winter 2010-11, University of Northern Iowa. College of Natural Sciences. 2010 University of Northern Iowa

Cns Connections, Winter 2010-11, University Of Northern Iowa. College Of Natural Sciences.

CNS Connections

Inside this issue:

-- Message from the Dean
-- Wind-solar hybrid power station in operation
-- Carver grants strengthen Biology, Chemistry and Biochemistry
--Google-funded workshop for teachers held at UNI
-- Applause
-- Transitions
-- CNS News in Short
-- CNS Students in the News
-- Conversation with a UNI graduate
-- Faculty Research
-- Three CNS grads awarded NSF Graduate Research Fellowships
-- North American Prairie Conference hosted by Tallgrass Prairie Center
-- Physics Department partners with Ankeny High School
-- From one generation to another...
-- Alumni News
-- Clifford McCollum, first CNS Dean, dies
-- CNS Advisory Board


Mzm1 Influences A Labile Pool Of Mitochondrial Zinc Important For Respiratory Function, Aaron Atkinson, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Pamela Smith, Hana Sabic, David Eide, Dennis R. Winge 2010 University of Utah Health Sciences

Mzm1 Influences A Labile Pool Of Mitochondrial Zinc Important For Respiratory Function, Aaron Atkinson, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Pamela Smith, Hana Sabic, David Eide, Dennis R. Winge

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Zinc is essential for function of mitochondria as a cofactor for

several matrix zinc metalloproteins. We demonstrate that a

labile cationic zinc component of low molecular mass exists in

the yeast mitochondrial matrix. This zinc pool is homeostatically

regulated in response to the cellular zinc status. This pool

of zinc is functionally important because matrix targeting of a

cytosolic zinc-binding protein reduces the level of labile zinc

and interferes with mitochondrial respiratory function. We

identified a series of proteins that modulate the matrix zinc

pool, one of which is a novel conserved mitochondrial protein

designated Mzm1. Mutant mzm1∆ cells have ...


Formation Of The Redox Cofactor Centers During Cox1 Maturation In Yeast Cytochrome Oxidase, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Megan Bestwick, Brigitte Meunier, Talina C. Watts, Dennis R. Winge 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Formation Of The Redox Cofactor Centers During Cox1 Maturation In Yeast Cytochrome Oxidase, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Megan Bestwick, Brigitte Meunier, Talina C. Watts, Dennis R. Winge

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

The biogenesis of cytochrome c oxidase initiates with synthesis and maturation of the mitochondrionencoded Cox1 subunit prior to the addition of other subunits. Cox1 contains redox cofactors, including the low-spin heme a center and the heterobimetallic heme a3:CuB center. We sought to identify the step in the maturation of Cox1 in which the redox cofactor centers are assembled. Newly synthesized Cox1 is incorporated within one early assembly intermediate containing Mss51 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Subsequent Cox1 maturation involves the progression to downstream assembly intermediates involving Coa1 and Shy1. We show that the two heme a cofactor sites in ...


Front Matter, 2010 University of Northern Iowa

Front Matter

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


The Vascular Flora Of Boone County, Iowa (2005-2008), Jimmie D. Thompson 2010 University of Northern Iowa

The Vascular Flora Of Boone County, Iowa (2005-2008), Jimmie D. Thompson

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

A vascular plant survey of Boone County, Iowa was conducted from 2005 to 2008 during which 1016 taxa (of which 761, or 75%, are native to central Iowa) were encountered (vouchered and/or observed). A search of literature and the vouchers of Iowa State University's Ada Hayden Herbarium (ISC) revealed 82 additional taxa (of which 57, or 70%, are native to Iowa), unvouchered or unobserved during the current study, as having occurred in the county. This total of 1098 taxa (979 species, 57 varieties, 39 subspecies, 23 hybrids) places Boone County first in vascular plant richness among 18 published ...


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