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Comparison Of Feeding Wet Distillers Grains In A Bunk Or On The Ground To Cattle Grazing Native Sandhills Winter Range, Jacqueline A. Musgrave, Leslie Aaron Stalker, Matthew C. Stockton, Terry J. Klopfenstein 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Comparison Of Feeding Wet Distillers Grains In A Bunk Or On The Ground To Cattle Grazing Native Sandhills Winter Range, Jacqueline A. Musgrave, Leslie Aaron Stalker, Matthew C. Stockton, Terry J. Klopfenstein

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Two experiments determined the effects of feeding wet distillers grains with solubles (WDGS), either on the ground or in a bunk, to cattle grazing native Sandhills winter range. In Exp. 1, frequency of supplementation had no effect on cow body weight (BW) or body condition score (BCS). BCS and BW of cows fed in a bunk were improved compared to cows fed on the ground. In Exp. 2, steers fed in a bunk had greater average daily gain than steers fed on the ground. Feeding WDGS on the ground resulted in 13-20% waste and cost between$0.03 and $0 ...


Comparison Of Revalor-Xs Vs. Two Common Implant Strategies In Finishing Steers, Cody A. Nichols, Galen E. Erickson, Judson T. Vasconcelos, Justin J. Sindt, Robert L. Botts, Bill D. Dicke, D.J. Jordon, Robert J. Cooper, Tony L. Scott, Terry J. Klopfenstein 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Comparison Of Revalor-Xs Vs. Two Common Implant Strategies In Finishing Steers, Cody A. Nichols, Galen E. Erickson, Judson T. Vasconcelos, Justin J. Sindt, Robert L. Botts, Bill D. Dicke, D.J. Jordon, Robert J. Cooper, Tony L. Scott, Terry J. Klopfenstein

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

A commercial feedlot experiment was performed to compare the effects of a Component TE-IS/TE-S with Tylan (TE-IS/S) implant strategy to a Component TE-200 with Tylan (TE-200) or a Revalor XS (Rev-XS) single implant strategy on performance and carcass characteristics of feedlot steers. Cattle receiving the TE-IS/S implants and the Rev-XS implant had greater (P < 0.05) final BW and lower F:G (P < 0.05) than the cattle that received the TE-200 treatment. Daily gain was improved (P = 0.04) when comparing TE-IS/S to TE-200, but intermediate for steers that received the Rev-XS treatment. Quality grade categories were unaffected by implant strategy. Cattle given TE-IS/TE-S had a greater number (P < 0.05) of yield grade 1 and 2 carcasses than other implant treatments, while cattle receiving TE-200 had greater (P < 0.01) yield grade 3 and 5 carcasses.


Comparison Of Revalor Xs To A Revalor Is / Revalor S Implant Strategy In Finishing Steers, Cody A. Nichols, Galen E. Erickson, Judson Vasconcelos, Marshall N. Streeter, Bill D. Dicke, D.J. Jordon, Robert J. Cooper, Tony L. Scott, Terry J. Klopfenstein 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Comparison Of Revalor Xs To A Revalor Is / Revalor S Implant Strategy In Finishing Steers, Cody A. Nichols, Galen E. Erickson, Judson Vasconcelos, Marshall N. Streeter, Bill D. Dicke, D.J. Jordon, Robert J. Cooper, Tony L. Scott, Terry J. Klopfenstein

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

A commercial feedlot study compared effects of Revalor IS/Revalor S (RevIS-S) implant strategy to a Revalor XS (RevX) single implant strategy on performance and carcass characteristics of feedlot cattle. There were no differences (P > 0.90) in DMI, final BW, ADG, or F:G. Hot carcass weight, marbling score, 12th rib fat, LM area and calculated yield grade also were unaffected (P > 0.10) by implant strategy. The RevX treatment resulted in a greater (P < 0.01) percentage of Choice carcasses than RevIS-S. Cattle receiving Revalor XS performed similar to cattle implanted with RevIS-S using a traditional reimplant program.


Evaluation Of A New Single Implant Strategy Vs. Two Common Implant Strategies In Beef Finishing Steers, Cody A. Nichols, Judson Vasconcelos, Galen E. Erickson, Stephanie A. Furman, Justin J. Sindt, Terry J. Klopfenstein 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Evaluation Of A New Single Implant Strategy Vs. Two Common Implant Strategies In Beef Finishing Steers, Cody A. Nichols, Judson Vasconcelos, Galen E. Erickson, Stephanie A. Furman, Justin J. Sindt, Terry J. Klopfenstein

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

A finishing trial was conducted to compare the response to three implant strategies on performance and carcasscharacteristics of feedlot steers: 1) ComponentTE-IS with Tylan followed with Component TE-S with Tylan (TE-IS/S); 2) Component TE-200 with Tylan (TE-200); or 3) Revalor XS (Rev-XS) single implant. Final BW, DMI and ADG were unaffected (P > 0.05) by implant strategy. Steers on the TE-IS/ S treatment had a lower (P < 0.01) feed:gain ratio (F:G) compared to those on the Rev-XS and TE-200 treatments. F:G calculated on a live basis was improved (P < 0.05) for reimplantedcattle compared to those on the TE-200 treatment; F:G for the Rev-XSwas intermediate. No differences (P > 0.05) were observed for HCW, 12th rib fat, percentage USDA Choice and calculated USDA yield grade among treatments. Cattle implanted with Rev-XS had greater (P < 0.05) marbling scores than those implanted with TE-IS/S. Carcasses from TE-IS/S implanted steers presented larger (P = 0.03) longissimus muscle areas than both the TE-200 and Rev-XS treatment groups. These results suggest that F:G was improved with reimplanting.


Comparing The Energy Value Of Wet Distillers Grains To Dry Rolled Corn In High Forage Diets, Brandon L. Nuttelman, Matt K. Luebbe, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Joshua R. Benton, Galen E. Erickson 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Comparing The Energy Value Of Wet Distillers Grains To Dry Rolled Corn In High Forage Diets, Brandon L. Nuttelman, Matt K. Luebbe, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Joshua R. Benton, Galen E. Erickson

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Sixty crossbred steers were used to compare the energy value of wet distillers grains (WDGS) to dry rolled corn (DRC) in high forage diets at three levels. DRC was included at 22.0, 41.0, and 60.0% of the diet (DM), and WDGS was included at 15.0, 25.0, and 35.0% of the diet (DM). Diets were formulated to meet degradable intake protein and metabolizable protein requirements. Cattle consuming WDGS gained more than DRC cattle. Average daily gain increased with increasing levels of DRC and WDGS. The energy value of WDGS was calculated using the National Research ...


Supplementing Wet Distillers Grains Mixed With Low Quality Forage To Grazing Cow/Calf Pairs, Brandon L. Nuttelman, William A. Griffin, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Walter H. Schacht, Leslie Aaron Stalker, Jacqueline A. Musgrave, Jerry D. Volesky 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Supplementing Wet Distillers Grains Mixed With Low Quality Forage To Grazing Cow/Calf Pairs, Brandon L. Nuttelman, William A. Griffin, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Walter H. Schacht, Leslie Aaron Stalker, Jacqueline A. Musgrave, Jerry D. Volesky

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Two studies were conducted over two years during the summer grazing season to determine the effect of grass intake when grazing cow/calf pairs were supplemented wet distillers grains (WDGS) with low quality forage. In 2007, a mixture of 45% WDGS and 55% grass hay was fed. In 2008, three blends of 50:50, 60:40, and 70:30 WDGS and wheat straw were fed. Supplemented cows and calves outgained non-supplemented groups in 2007. There were no differences in animal performance during 2008. Grazed forage intake was reduced by supplementing WDGS mixed with wheat straw without negatively affecting animal performance.


Steak-Quality Meat From The Beef Heel, Siroj Pokharel, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. de Mello Jr., Lasika S. Senaratne, Jeremy B. Hinkle 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Steak-Quality Meat From The Beef Heel, Siroj Pokharel, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. De Mello Jr., Lasika S. Senaratne, Jeremy B. Hinkle

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

This study was conducted to measure the shear force of beef heel (m. gastrocnemius) and to characterize the uncooked m. gastrocnemius for pH, water holding capacity, composition, and color. Ten heels were cut into steaks (for grilling) from the proximal to the distal end. Twenty additional heels were separated into lateral and medial portions; half were oven roasted and half were grilled as roasts. The proximal end steak was always less tender than the distal end steak. There were no differences in shear force between lateral and medial sides for any cooking treatment. The lateral side of heel has many ...


Feeding Fiber From Wet Corn Gluten Feed And Corn Silage In Feedlot Diets Containing Wet Distillers Grains Plus Solubles, Amy R. Rich, Matt K. Luebbe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Joshua R. Benton 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Feeding Fiber From Wet Corn Gluten Feed And Corn Silage In Feedlot Diets Containing Wet Distillers Grains Plus Solubles, Amy R. Rich, Matt K. Luebbe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Joshua R. Benton

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

A feedlot experiment evaluated the effect of increasing fiber in distillers grains diets on ADG, F:G, and nutrient mass balance. The treatments consisted of 1) 30% modified distillers grains plus solubles, no roughage (MDGS), and 2) 30% modified distillers grains plus solubles, 30% wet corn gluten feed, and 15% corn silage (MDGS+fiber). The remainder of each diet consisted of a 1:1 ratio of high moisture corn and dry rolled corn and 5% supplement. Feeding MDGS+fiber increased (P < 80.02) ADG, DMI, and HCW; however, it did not improve F:G compared to MDGS. By increasing the fiber content of the diet, more organic matter (OM) and N remained in the manure. Percentage N loss was not different between dietary treatments; however, amount of N lost increased with MDGS + fiber due to the greater N intake and excretion.


Supplementing Modified Wet Distillers Grains With Solubles To Long Yearling Steers Grazing Native Range, Kelsey Rolfe, Matt K. Luebbe, William A. Griffin, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, Dennis E. Bauer 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Supplementing Modified Wet Distillers Grains With Solubles To Long Yearling Steers Grazing Native Range, Kelsey Rolfe, Matt K. Luebbe, William A. Griffin, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, Dennis E. Bauer

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Modified wet distillers grains with solubles (MDGS) was supplemented on the ground to yearling steers with access to native range during summer grazing. Supplemented steers had greater ADG than non-supplemented steers and were heavier entering the feedlot. NRC energy equations determined that 1.0 lb supplementation of MDGS replaced 0.74 lb forage during summer grazing. Additionally, these data suggest response to MDGS may exceed response to dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) for gain during grazing, based on previous experiments.


Genetic And Phenotypic Parameter Estimates For Feed Intake And Other Traits In Growing Beef Cattle, Kelsey Rolfe, Merlyn K. Nielsen, Calvin L. Ferrell, Thomas G. Jenkins 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Genetic And Phenotypic Parameter Estimates For Feed Intake And Other Traits In Growing Beef Cattle, Kelsey Rolfe, Merlyn K. Nielsen, Calvin L. Ferrell, Thomas G. Jenkins

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

The goal of this study was to estimate genetic and phenotypic parameters for growth, feed intake, feed efficiency, and temperament traits in a mixed-breed composite population of growing beef cattle. Intake and gain:feed (G:F) were moderately heritable; however, residual feed intake (RFI) was more heritable than other measures of feed efficiency. Adjusting RFI and G:F for carcass fatness had little effect on heritability and correlations with remaining traits. Flight speed was moderately heritable and highly repeatable. Flight speed was not highly correlated with measures of intake or feed efficiency. Some small breed effects were observed. High heritability ...


Effects Of Using Wet Distillers Grains With Solubles To Adapt Cattle To Finishing Diets On Feed Intake, Ruminal Ph, And Ruminal Hydrogen Sulfide Concentration, Kelsey Rolfe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Judson Vasconcelos 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Effects Of Using Wet Distillers Grains With Solubles To Adapt Cattle To Finishing Diets On Feed Intake, Ruminal Ph, And Ruminal Hydrogen Sulfide Concentration, Kelsey Rolfe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Judson Vasconcelos

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

An adaptation strategy with wet distillers grains with solubles (WDGS) fed at decreasing levels (87.5 to 35%) was compared to a traditional grain adaptation with decreasing forage (45 to 7.5%) when adapting steers to a common finishing diet. Traditionally adapted steers had higher intake in steps one through three compared to steers adapted with distillers grains. However, DMI was not different between the two adaptation systems in step four, or when steers were on the finishing diet. Ruminal pH was higher for traditionally adapted steers compared to steers adapted to distillers grains in adaptation diets two and three ...


Plant And Animal Responses To Grazing Systems In The Nebraska Sandhills, Walter H. Schacht, Jerry D. Volesky, Mitchell B. Stephenson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Don C. Adams 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Plant And Animal Responses To Grazing Systems In The Nebraska Sandhills, Walter H. Schacht, Jerry D. Volesky, Mitchell B. Stephenson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Don C. Adams

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Short duration grazing (SDG) and deferred rotation (DR) were compared in a 10-year study conducted on uplandnativepastures in the northern NebraskaSandhills. Herbage production of cool-season grasses and sedges was less on the SDG pastures, although total herbage production (including warm and cool season herbage) did not differ consistently between the two grazing systems. The decline in diet quality (CP and IVOMD) through the 5-month grazing season did not differ consistently between the two systems, and ADG of spayed heifers was similar. The lack of increased forage production and animal performance responses to SDG indicate that the higher input costs associated ...


Wet Distillers Grains Diets Supplemented With Vitamin E Alter The Mineral Composition Of Beef M. Longissimus Lumborum And M. Psoas Major, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. de Mello Jr., Galen E. Erickson 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Wet Distillers Grains Diets Supplemented With Vitamin E Alter The Mineral Composition Of Beef M. Longissimus Lumborum And M. Psoas Major, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. De Mello Jr., Galen E. Erickson

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Crossbred yearlings (n = 90) were allotted to one of 10 diets containing 0, 20 or 40% wet distillers grains (WDG) with or without vitamin E supplementation and distillers solubles (DS). Strip loin and tenderloin steaks were obtained and tested for their mineral (Ca, P, K, Mg, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cu, S, and Na) compositions using atomic absorption spectroscopy. Cattle fed DS diets had higher (P ≤ 0.05) levels of Ca, Fe, P, Mn, and S in strip loins than cattle fed non-DS diets. Feeding DS significantly reduced Mg and Na in tenderloins. Neither WDG nor vitamin E diets significantly affected ...


Intramuscular Tenderness Mapping And Muscle Fiber Directions Of Small Muscles In The Beef Round, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. de Mello Jr., Jeremy H. Hinkle, Siroj Pokharel 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Intramuscular Tenderness Mapping And Muscle Fiber Directions Of Small Muscles In The Beef Round, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. De Mello Jr., Jeremy H. Hinkle, Siroj Pokharel

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

The intramuscular tenderness variation of m. pectineus (PT), m. sartorius (SR), m. gracilis (GL), m. vastus intermedius (VI), and m. vastus medialis (VM) was investigated. The PT, SR, VI, and VM muscles (n=10 each) were grilled as whole muscles, whereas the GL was grilled after cutting into anterior and posterior regions. Grilled muscles were cut into equal size sections perpendicular to the long axis from proximal to distal. Cores were prepared from each section and Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) was measured. The overall mean WBSF values for PT, SR, VI, GL, and VM were 8.29, 9.79, 10 ...


Wet Distillers Grains Diets Supplemented With Vitamin E Affect Sensory Attributes Of Beef M. Longissimus Lumborum, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. de Mello Jr., Galen E. Erickson 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Wet Distillers Grains Diets Supplemented With Vitamin E Affect Sensory Attributes Of Beef M. Longissimus Lumborum, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. De Mello Jr., Galen E. Erickson

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

The effects of feeding 0% or 40% wet distillers grains plus distillers solubles (WDGS) with or without vitamin E (E) supplementation on sensory attributes (tenderness, juiciness, connective tissue content, and off-flavor intensity) of 7-day and 28-day aged beef strip steaks during retail display were investigated by a trained panel. Feeding WDGS or E did not influence tenderness, juiciness, or connective tissue ratings. However, feeding WDGS significantly increased the off-flavor intensity of 7-day aged beef following retail display. Feeding WDGS increased the incidence of livery off-flavor. The protective ability of vitamin E supplementation against livery flavor production was significant in beef ...


Routine Hedging Of Fed Cattle Sales Price For Calf-Fed And Yearling Production Systems, Rebecca M. Small, Darrell R. Mark, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Routine Hedging Of Fed Cattle Sales Price For Calf-Fed And Yearling Production Systems, Rebecca M. Small, Darrell R. Mark, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Short futures hedges in the Chicago Mercantile Exchange live cattle futures contract were evaluated to determine if profit variability could be decreased for calf-fed and yearling production systems. Results indicated standard deviations of calf-fed profits could be reduced by $35-$47/head through routine hedging. Routine hedges of yearling cattle, however, resulted in profit declining nearly $50/head, but profit variability also decreased.


Routine Hedging Of Corn Price For Calf-Fed And Yearling Production Systems, Rebecca M. Small, Darrell R. Mark, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Routine Hedging Of Corn Price For Calf-Fed And Yearling Production Systems, Rebecca M. Small, Darrell R. Mark, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Several corn hedging scenarios involving a combination of cash and futures market transactions were evaluated for calf-fed and yearling production systems. All yearling corn hedging scenarios assessed were effective in only slightly reducing profit risk, while the calf-fed corn hedging scenario actually increased profit risk. Calf-fed and yearling corn hedging scenarios generally generated positive average returns to hedging by lowering net corn prices. The yearling corn hedging scenarios initiated closer to feedlot placement were associated with greater average profits as compared to those hedges initiated when yearlings were initially purchased.


Determinants Of Profit Variability In Calf-Fed And Yearling Production Systems, Rebecca M. Small, Darrell R. Mark, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Determinants Of Profit Variability In Calf-Fed And Yearling Production Systems, Rebecca M. Small, Darrell R. Mark, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Factors that were determinants of profit variability in calf-fed and yearling beef production systems were identified and ranked. The analysis indicated cattle prices have the greatest influence on profit variation for both systems and on all backgrounding and finishing phases of the yearling system. Prices of feedstuffs (i.e., corn prices, wet corn gluten feed prices, and pasture and cornstalk rental rates) were the next most important factors explaining profit risk. Cattle performance variables and interest rates had the smallest impact on profit variation.


Evaluation Of Proternative Stress Formula And Proternative Continuous Fed Formula In A High Energy Feedlot Diet, Sarah J. Vanness, Matt K. Luebbe, Joshua R. Benton Benton, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Justin Sindt 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Evaluation Of Proternative Stress Formula And Proternative Continuous Fed Formula In A High Energy Feedlot Diet, Sarah J. Vanness, Matt K. Luebbe, Joshua R. Benton Benton, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Justin Sindt

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Cross-bred yearling steers were used in a feeding trial to compare the use of two different direct fed microbials (DFM), ProTernative CF (DFM-CF) and ProTernative SF (DFM-SF). The treatment design was a 2x2 factorial with a control (no DFM), DFM-CF, DFM-SF, and both (CF+SF). Diets consisted of 40% WCGF with high moisture corn with no feed additives other than the DFM treatments. No differences were observed in feedlot performance or carcass characteristics.


Relating Hydrogen Sulfide Levels To Polioencephalomalacia, Sarah J. Vanness, William A. Griffin, Virgil R. Bremer Bremer, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Relating Hydrogen Sulfide Levels To Polioencephalomalacia, Sarah J. Vanness, William A. Griffin, Virgil R. Bremer Bremer, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Data from a finishing trial and a metabolism study were used to relate incidence of polioencephalomalacia (polio) with ruminal hydrogen sulfide gas concentration. The finishing trial included different inclusion levels of byproducts with differing alfalfa hay levels. Similar diets were used in the metabolism study. The feedlot trial had 12 cases of polio on a 75% byproduct diet with no alfalfa and no cases of polio when alfalfa was included at 7.5%. The metabolism study reported the highest concentration of H2S with the high byproduct diet with no grass hay, and lower concentrations when grass hay was included. These ...


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