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Temporal Trends And Factors Associated With Extent Of Delay To Hospital Arrival In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: The Worcester Heart Attack Study, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg, Joel Gore, Joseph Alpert 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Temporal Trends And Factors Associated With Extent Of Delay To Hospital Arrival In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: The Worcester Heart Attack Study, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg, Joel Gore, Joseph Alpert

Jorge L. Yarzebski

Factors associated with delay to hospital arrival after the onset of symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were examined in the late 1960s and 1970s, but recent data concerning these characteristics are limited. The purpose of the present study was to examine overall and temporal distributions of the extent of patients' delay from the time of onset of AMI symptoms to hospital arrival and factors associated with delay in seeking medical care from a multihospital, population-based perspective. Review of medical records was undertaken of patients hospitalized with a discharge diagnosis of AMI in 16 teaching and community hospitals in ...


Twenty Year Trends (1975-1995) In The Incidence, In-Hospital And Long-Term Death Rates Associated With Heart Failure Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Community-Wide Perspective, Frederick Spencer, Theo Meyer, Robert Goldberg, Jorge Yarzebski, Mark Hatton, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Twenty Year Trends (1975-1995) In The Incidence, In-Hospital And Long-Term Death Rates Associated With Heart Failure Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Community-Wide Perspective, Frederick Spencer, Theo Meyer, Robert Goldberg, Jorge Yarzebski, Mark Hatton, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

OBJECTIVES: To describe from a population-based perspective, recent and temporal (1975-1995) trends in the incidence, in-hospital and postdischarge case-fatality rates of heart failure (HF) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Extremely limited data are available describing the incidence and case-fatality rates associated with HF complicating AMI from a community-wide perspective. METHODS: The medical records of 6,798 residents of the Worcester, Massachusetts metropolitan area with validated MI and without previous HF hospitalized in 10 annual periods between 1975 and 1995 were reviewed. RESULTS: The proportion of AMI patients developing HF during hospitalization declined between 1975-1978 (38%) and 1993-1995 (33%) (p ...


A Community-Wide Survey Of Physician Practices And Attitudes Toward Cholesterol Management In Patients With Recent Acute Myocardial Infarction, Jorge Yarzebski, Carmen Bujor, Robert Goldberg, Frederick Spencer, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Community-Wide Survey Of Physician Practices And Attitudes Toward Cholesterol Management In Patients With Recent Acute Myocardial Infarction, Jorge Yarzebski, Carmen Bujor, Robert Goldberg, Frederick Spencer, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: Physicians' current attitudes and practices toward the management of high cholesterol levels in patients with recent acute myocardial infarction are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: To examine threshold levels of serum cholesterol and other factors that influence physicians' decision to prescribe lipid-lowering drugs and initiate dietary therapy in patients with recent acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: Community-wide questionnaire survey of general internists, cardiologists, and family physicians practicing in the Worcester, Mass, metropolitan area. RESULTS: Among the 257 responding physicians, lipid-lowering drug therapy was more likely to be initiated in younger patients at lower total serum and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels ...


Patient Delay And Receipt Of Thrombolytic Therapy Among Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction From A Community-Wide Perspective, Robert Goldberg, Jerry Gurwitz, Jorge Yarzebski, J. Landon, Joel Gore, Joseph Alpert, P. Dalen, James Dalen 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Patient Delay And Receipt Of Thrombolytic Therapy Among Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction From A Community-Wide Perspective, Robert Goldberg, Jerry Gurwitz, Jorge Yarzebski, J. Landon, Joel Gore, Joseph Alpert, P. Dalen, James Dalen

Jorge L. Yarzebski

The duration of patient delay from the time of onset of symptoms of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to hospital presentation, and the relation of delay time and various patient characteristics to receipt of thrombolytic therapy were examined as part of a community-based study of patients hospitalized with AMI in the Worcester, Massachusetts, metropolitan area. In all, 800 patients with validated AMI hospitalized at 16 hospitals in the Worcester metropolitan area in 1986 and 1988 constituted the study sample. Patients delayed on average 4 hours between noting symptoms suggestive of AMI and presenting to area-wide emergency departments with no significant change ...


Temporal Trends (1986-1997) In Cholesterol Level Assessment And Management Practices In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Population-Based Perspective, Jorge Yarzebski, Frederick Spencer, Robert Goldberg, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Temporal Trends (1986-1997) In Cholesterol Level Assessment And Management Practices In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Population-Based Perspective, Jorge Yarzebski, Frederick Spencer, Robert Goldberg, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: Elevated serum cholesterol levels are associated with increased risk for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and adverse patient outcomes. It is unclear what proportion of patients have their serum cholesterol levels measured during hospitalization for AMI and are given hypolipidemic therapy. OBJECTIVE: To examine decade-long trends in measurement of serum cholesterol levels during hospitalization for AMI and use of hypolipidemic therapy. METHODS: Observational study of 5204 residents of the Worcester, Mass, metropolitan area hospitalized with validated AMI in all greater Worcester hospitals in seven 1-year periods from 1986 through 1997. RESULTS: Increases in the measurement of serum cholesterol levels during ...


Long-Term Trends In The Use Of Coronary Reperfusion Strategies In Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Community-Wide Perspective, Robert Goldberg, Frederick Spencer, Joseph Okolo, Darleen Lessard, Jorge Yarzebski, Joel Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Long-Term Trends In The Use Of Coronary Reperfusion Strategies In Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Community-Wide Perspective, Robert Goldberg, Frederick Spencer, Joseph Okolo, Darleen Lessard, Jorge Yarzebski, Joel Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: The objectives of our study were to examine long-term (1986-2003) trends in the use of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and thrombolytic therapy in the management of patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) while our secondary study goal was to examine factors associated with use of these coronary reperfusion strategies. While there have been considerable changes in the management of patients hospitalized with AMI over time, limited contemporary data are available about changing trends in the use of different coronary reperfusion strategies, particularly from the more generalizable perspective of a population-based investigation. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 9 ...


Temporal Trends And Factors Associated With Pulmonary Artery Catheterization In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg, Joel Gore, Joseph Alpert 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Temporal Trends And Factors Associated With Pulmonary Artery Catheterization In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg, Joel Gore, Joseph Alpert

Jorge L. Yarzebski

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine changes over time in the utilization of and factors associated with pulmonary artery (PA) catheterization in patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: Nonconcurrent prospective study carried out in 16 teaching and community hospitals in Worcester, Mass, in seven time periods between 1975 and 1990. A total of 5,480 patients hospitalized with validated AMI comprised the study sample. RESULTS: Use of PA catheterization increased from 1975 to 1984 with a consistent decline thereafter in all patients with AMI studied. Among the 2,441 patients with complicated AMI, use of PA catheterization increased from 1975 ...


Changes Over Time In The Incidence And Case-Fatality Rates Of Primary Ventricular Fibrillation Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction: Perspectives From The Worcester Heart Attack Study, Craig Thompson, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore, James Dalen 2010 Lown Cardiovascular Research Foundation

Changes Over Time In The Incidence And Case-Fatality Rates Of Primary Ventricular Fibrillation Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction: Perspectives From The Worcester Heart Attack Study, Craig Thompson, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore, James Dalen

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: Limited population-based data are available that describe temporal and recent trends in the incidence and case-fatality rates in patients with primary ventricular fibrillation (VF) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The purpose of this study was to describe changes over a 22-year period (1975 through 1997) in the incidence and hospital case-fatality rates of primary VF complicating AMI from a multihospital, community-wide perspective. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was an observational study of metropolitan Worcester residents hospitalized with a validated uncomplicated AMI (n = 5020) in all hospitals in the Worcester, Massachusetts, metropolitan area (1990 census population = 437,000) during 11 1-year ...


Sex Differences In 2-Year Mortality After Hospital Discharge For Myocardial Infarction, Viola Vaccarino, Harlan Krumholz, Jorge Yarzebski, Joel Gore, Robert Goldberg 2010 Emory University

Sex Differences In 2-Year Mortality After Hospital Discharge For Myocardial Infarction, Viola Vaccarino, Harlan Krumholz, Jorge Yarzebski, Joel Gore, Robert Goldberg

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: An interaction between sex and age is thought to affect hospital mortality after myocardial infarction; younger, but not older, women have been shown to have higher mortality rates than men. It is currently unknown whether findings are similar after hospital discharge. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an interaction between sex and age affects 2-year mortality after myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Community-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: 16 community hospitals serving the Worcester, Massachusetts, metropolitan area. PATIENTS: 6826 patients who survived hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction during ten 1-year periods between 1975 and 1995. MEASUREMENTS: Mortality 2 years after hospital discharge. RESULTS: The ...


Prehospital Transport Of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Community-Wide Perspective, Robert Goldberg, Daniel Kramer, Jorge Yarzebski, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Prehospital Transport Of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Community-Wide Perspective, Robert Goldberg, Daniel Kramer, Jorge Yarzebski, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this population-based study were to examine the use of emergency medical services (EMS) in greater Worcester, Massachusetts, residents (2000 census = 478,000) hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at all metropolitan Worcester medical centers in four biennial periods between 1997 and 2003. A secondary study aim was to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with AMI transported to metropolitan Worcester hospitals by EMS, compared with those transported by other means, and their hospital outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 3805 patients hospitalized for confirmed AMI at 11 greater Worcester medical centers during ...


A Community-Wide Perspective Into Changing Trends In The Utilization Of Diagnostic And Interventional Procedures In Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Jessica Hahn, Darleen Lessard, Jorge Yarzebski, Jordan Goldberg, Sean Pruell, Frederick Spencer, Joel Gore, Robert Goldberg 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Community-Wide Perspective Into Changing Trends In The Utilization Of Diagnostic And Interventional Procedures In Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Jessica Hahn, Darleen Lessard, Jorge Yarzebski, Jordan Goldberg, Sean Pruell, Frederick Spencer, Joel Gore, Robert Goldberg

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available describing contemporary trends in the utilization of diagnostic and interventional procedures in patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The objectives of our population-based investigation were to examine long-term trends (1986-2003) in the utilization of cardiac catheterization, percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in a community sample of patients hospitalized with AMI. We examined the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients who received these diagnostic and interventional procedures and determined whether the profile of patients undergoing these procedures had changed over time. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 9422 greater ...


Twenty-Two Year (1975 To 1997) Trends In The Incidence, In-Hospital And Long-Term Case Fatality Rates From Initial Q-Wave And Non-Q-Wave Myocardial Infarction: A Multi-Hospital, Community-Wide Perspective, Mark Furman, Harold Dauerman, Robert Goldberg, Jorge Yarzebski, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Twenty-Two Year (1975 To 1997) Trends In The Incidence, In-Hospital And Long-Term Case Fatality Rates From Initial Q-Wave And Non-Q-Wave Myocardial Infarction: A Multi-Hospital, Community-Wide Perspective, Mark Furman, Harold Dauerman, Robert Goldberg, Jorge Yarzebski, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine long-term trends in the incidence, in-hospital and long-term mortality patterns in patients with an initial non-Q-wave myocardial infarction (NQWMI) as compared with those with an initial Q-wave myocardial infarction (QWMI). BACKGROUND: Limited data are available describing trends in the incidence and mortality from an initial QWMI and NQWMI from a multi-hospital community-wide perspective. METHODS: Our study was an observational study of 5,832 metropolitan Worcester, Massachusetts residents (1990 census = 437,000) hospitalized with validated initial acute MI in all greater Worcester hospitals during 11 annual periods between 1975 and 1997. RESULTS ...


Leukocytosis And Adverse Hospital Outcomes After Acute Myocardial Infarction, Vandana Menon, Darleen Lessard, Jorge Yarzebski, Mark Furman, Joel Gore, Robert Goldberg 2010 Tufts University School of Medicine

Leukocytosis And Adverse Hospital Outcomes After Acute Myocardial Infarction, Vandana Menon, Darleen Lessard, Jorge Yarzebski, Mark Furman, Joel Gore, Robert Goldberg

Jorge L. Yarzebski

An elevated white blood cell (WBC) count at the time of hospital presentation is associated with increased mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The association between WBC count and the development of clinically significant complications of AMI and death during hospitalization for AMI is, however, less clear. The objectives of this observational study were to examine the association between baseline WBC count, the development of heart failure, cardiogenic shock, and death during hospitalization for AMI from a more generalizable community-wide perspective. The study sample consisted of adult residents of all ages from the Worcester, Massachusetts, metropolitan area (1990 census estimate ...


Recent And Temporal Trends (1975 To 1999) In The Treatment, Hospital, And Long-Term Outcomes Of Hispanic And Non-Hispanic White Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Population-Based Perspective, Jorge Yarzebski, Carmen Bujor, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore, Robert Goldberg 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Recent And Temporal Trends (1975 To 1999) In The Treatment, Hospital, And Long-Term Outcomes Of Hispanic And Non-Hispanic White Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Population-Based Perspective, Jorge Yarzebski, Carmen Bujor, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore, Robert Goldberg

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: Extremely limited population-based data are available describing recent and temporal trends in the characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of Hispanic and non-Hispanic white patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS: This was a community-based, observational study of 9649 greater Worcester residents hospitalized in all hospitals serving the Worcester, Massachusetts, metropolitan area in 12 one-year periods between 1975 and 1999. In the total study sample, 171 (2%) patients were Hispanic. Hispanic patients were matched with 395 non-Hispanic white patients on the basis of age, sex, and year of hospitalization.

RESULTS: Hispanics were more likely to present to greater Worcester hospitals ...


Delays In Seeking Medical Care In Hospitalized Patients With Decompensated Heart Failure, Robert Goldberg, Jordan Goldberg, Sean Pruell, Jorge Yarzebski, Darleen Lessard, Frederick Spencer, Joel Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Delays In Seeking Medical Care In Hospitalized Patients With Decompensated Heart Failure, Robert Goldberg, Jordan Goldberg, Sean Pruell, Jorge Yarzebski, Darleen Lessard, Frederick Spencer, Joel Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

PURPOSE: The magnitude of, and factors associated with, prolonged delay in seeking medical care in patients with acute myocardial infarction has been well described. It is unknown, however, what the extent of, and factors associated with, prehospital delay are in patients hospitalized with acute heart failure. The purpose of this study was to examine patterns of prehospital delay, and factors associated with delay in seeking medical care, in patients hospitalized with acute heart failure at all 11 medical centers in the Worcester, Massachusetts metropolitan area. METHODS: The medical records of 2587 greater Worcester residents with decompensated heart failure who were ...


Trends In The Use Of Echocardiography And Left Ventriculography To Assess Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction In Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Samuel Joffe, Armen Chalian, Dennis Tighe, Gerard Aurigemma, Jorge Yarzebski, Joel Gore, Darleen Lessard, Robert Goldberg 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Trends In The Use Of Echocardiography And Left Ventriculography To Assess Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction In Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Samuel Joffe, Armen Chalian, Dennis Tighe, Gerard Aurigemma, Jorge Yarzebski, Joel Gore, Darleen Lessard, Robert Goldberg

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: Although current guidelines strongly recommend the measurement of ejection fraction (EF) in all patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), there are limited data available describing trends in the use of diagnostic modalities to assess EF in these patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate trends in the use of ventriculography and echocardiography to measure EF in a community sample of patients hospitalized with AMI. METHODS: The medical records of 5,380 residents of the Worcester (MA) metropolitan area hospitalized with AMI at 11 greater Worcester medical centers between 1997 and 2005 were reviewed. RESULTS: Between 1997 ...


Gender Differences In The Treatment Of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction. A Multihospital, Community-Based Perspective, Paul Pagley, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg, Z. Chen, David Chiriboga, Priscilla Dalen, Jerry Gurwitz, Joseph Alpert, Joel Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Gender Differences In The Treatment Of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction. A Multihospital, Community-Based Perspective, Paul Pagley, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg, Z. Chen, David Chiriboga, Priscilla Dalen, Jerry Gurwitz, Joseph Alpert, Joel Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

OBJECTIVE: As part of a community-wide study examining temporal trends in the incidence and survival rates of acute myocardial infarction, we examined differences between the sexes in overall utilization rates and changes over time, therein, of various therapies used in the management of acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Nonconcurrent prospective study. PATIENTS: Three thousand three hundred sixty-one men and 2119 women hospitalized with validated acute myocardial infarction in 16 hospitals in the Worcester, Mass, metropolitan area during 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, 1986, 1988, and 1990. RESULTS: After controlling, by means of a logistic regression analysis, for a variety of patient-related factors ...


A Two-Decades (1975 To 1995) Long Experience In The Incidence, In-Hospital And Long-Term Case-Fatality Rates Of Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Community-Wide Perspective, Robert Goldberg, Jorge Yarzebski, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Two-Decades (1975 To 1995) Long Experience In The Incidence, In-Hospital And Long-Term Case-Fatality Rates Of Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Community-Wide Perspective, Robert Goldberg, Jorge Yarzebski, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study is to describe changes over two decades (1975 to 1995) in the incidence, in-hospital and long-term case-fatality rates associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from a multihospital community-wide perspective.

BACKGROUND: Despite the magnitude of, and mortality associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), relatively limited population-based data are available to describe recent and temporal trends in the attack and case-fatality rates associated with AMI from a representative population-based perspective.

METHODS: The community-based study included 5,270 residents of the Worcester, Massachusetts, metropolitan area hospitalized with confirmed initial AMI in all metropolitan Worcester, Massachusetts, hospitals ...


Temporal Trends In Cardiogenic Shock Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction, Robert J. Goldberg, Navid A. Samad, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Carol Bigelow, Joel M. Gore 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Temporal Trends In Cardiogenic Shock Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction, Robert J. Goldberg, Navid A. Samad, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Carol Bigelow, Joel M. Gore

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: Limited information is available on trends in the incidence of and mortality due to cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. We studied the incidence of cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction and in-hospital death rates among patients with this condition in a single community from 1975 through 1997. METHODS: We conducted an observational study of 9076 residents of metropolitan Worcester, Massachusetts, who were hospitalized with confirmed acute myocardial infarction in all local hospitals during 11 one-year periods between 1975 and 1997. Our study included periods before and after the advent of reperfusion therapy. RESULTS: The incidence of cardiogenic shock ...


Changing Trends In The Evaluation Of Ejection Fraction In Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction: The Worcester Heart Attack Study, Paul Santolucito, Dennis Tighe, Darleen Lessard, Rovshan Ismailov, Joel Gore, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Changing Trends In The Evaluation Of Ejection Fraction In Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction: The Worcester Heart Attack Study, Paul Santolucito, Dennis Tighe, Darleen Lessard, Rovshan Ismailov, Joel Gore, Jorge Yarzebski, Robert Goldberg

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: Extent of left ventricular dysfunction in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an important predictor of subsequent morbidity and mortality. It is unclear, however, how often ejection fraction (EF) findings are evaluated in the setting of AMI, and the characteristics of patients who do not have their EF evaluated, particularly from the more generalizable perspective of a population-based investigation.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine nearly 3 decade long trends (1975-2003) in the evaluation of EF in patients admitted with confirmed AMI (n = 12,760) to all greater Worcester (Massachusetts) hospitals during 14 annual periods ...


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