Cause Or Effect: Misregulation Of Microrna Pathways In Neurodegeneration, 2012 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Cause Or Effect: Misregulation Of Microrna Pathways In Neurodegeneration, Eduardo Gascon, Fen-Biao Gao
During normal aging or neurodegenerative diseases, neuronal survival and function depend on protein homeostasis, which is regulated by multiple mechanisms, including the microRNA (miRNA) pathway. In different cells types, the absence of Dicer, a key miRNA processing enzyme, leads to neurodegeneration through cell-autonomous and non-cell-autonomous mechanisms. Loss of certain miRNAs also causes neurodegeneration in some model organisms. On the other hand, miRNA expression is misregulated in patients with different neurodegenerative diseases. Thus, the miRNA pathway appears to be essential in the pathogenesis of several age-dependent neurodegenerative conditions; however, our understanding of the underlying mechanism remains rudimentary. The precise causal relationships ...
Cold Injury To Alfalfa, 2012 Iowa State University
Cold Injury To Alfalfa, Stephen K. Barnhart
Integrated Crop Management News
Alfalfa fields are growing well across most of Iowa. The next few nights have frost or freeze warnings, with predictions of night low temperatures as low as low 20s. Low temperatures, whether visible frost is present or not, may affect the growth of both established forage plants, as well as newly emerged seedlings.
A Streamlined Dna Tool For Global Identification Of Heavily Exploited Coastal Shark Species (Genus Rhizoprionodon), 2012 Sao Paolo State University - Brazil
A Streamlined Dna Tool For Global Identification Of Heavily Exploited Coastal Shark Species (Genus Rhizoprionodon), D. Pinhal, Mahmood S. Shivji, Pedro G. Nachtigall, Demian D. Chapman, Cesar Martins
Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles
Obtaining accurate species-specific landings data is an essential step toward achieving sustainable shark fisheries. Globally distributed sharpnose sharks (genus Rhizoprionodon) exhibit life-history characteristics (rapid growth, early maturity, annual reproduction) that suggests that they could be fished in a sustainable manner assuming an investment in monitoring, assessment and careful management. However, obtaining species-specific landings data for sharpnose sharks is problematic because they are morphologically very similar to one another. Moreover, sharpnose sharks may also be confused with other small sharks (either small species or juveniles of large species) once they are processed (i.e., the head and fins are removed). Here ...
Determining When To Harvest First Crop Alfalfa In A Warm Spring, 2012 Iowa State University
Determining When To Harvest First Crop Alfalfa In A Warm Spring, Brian J. Lang
Integrated Crop Management News
The exceptionally warm spring has alfalfa growth well ahead of normal, with some farmers expecting to harvest first crop in April. Those that normally harvest first crop alfalfa by calendar date, often harvest in mid to late May. Harvest should be much sooner this spring, but when? Consider using the Predictive Equations of Alfalfa Quality (PEAQ) to determine when to harvest. PEAQ is a simple management tool to estimate alfalfa quality in the field to help predict the best time to harvest first crop.
The Context Of Gene Expression Regulation, 2012 University of Massachusetts Medical School
The Context Of Gene Expression Regulation, Johan H. Gibcus, Job Dekker
Program in Gene Function and Expression Publications
Recent advances in sequencing technologies have uncovered a world of RNAs that do not code for proteins, known as non-protein coding RNAs, that play important roles in gene regulation. Along with histone modifications and transcription factors, non-coding RNA is part of a layer of transcriptional control on top of the DNA code. This layer of components and their interactions specifically enables (or disables) the modulation of three-dimensional folding of chromatin to create a context for transcriptional regulation that underlies cell-specific transcription. In this perspective, we propose a structural and functional hierarchy, in which the DNA code, proteins and non-coding RNAs ...
Pork Quality: Ph Decline And Pork Quality, 2012 Iowa State University
Pork Quality: Ph Decline And Pork Quality, Steven Lonergan
Animal Science White Papers, Technical Reports, & Fact Sheets
The properties of fresh and processed pork are dependent on factors related to composition of the product such as moisture, lipid and protein content. It is important to recognize, however, that it is not just the amount of these components, but rather the characteristics of protein, lipid and water that are responsible for differences in pork color, texture, water holding capacity and tenderness. In many cases, it is the proteins in pork that are primarily important in the variations that are observed in these traits. The state and nature of proteins are primarily responsible for pork color, pork texture, pork ...
Diversification Of Organic Cropping Systems With Cover Crop Mixtures: Influence On Weed Communities, Soil Microbial Community Structure, Soil Moisture And Nitrogen, And Crop Yield, 2012 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Diversification Of Organic Cropping Systems With Cover Crop Mixtures: Influence On Weed Communities, Soil Microbial Community Structure, Soil Moisture And Nitrogen, And Crop Yield, Samuel E. Wortman
Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture
Organic grain cropping systems typically depend on intensive mechanical cultivation for weed control and manure or compost applications to meet plant nutrient demands. However, cover crops may contribute to weed suppression and soil fertility, potentially increasing crop yield and sustainability of the system. The utility of individual cover crop species have been well documented, but the agronomic benefits of diverse cover crop mixtures have received less attention. Cover crop mixtures are an appealing option for farmers, as increasing species diversity has been shown to increase resource-use efficiency, stability, resiliency, and productivity of plant communities. Despite the growing interest in cover ...
The Genus Chimarra Stephens (Trichoptera: Philopotamidae) In Vietnam, 2012 University of Minnesota
The Genus Chimarra Stephens (Trichoptera: Philopotamidae) In Vietnam, Roger J. Blahnik, Tatiana I. Arefina-Armitage, Brian J. Armitage
Currently, the genus Chimarra Stephens (Trichoptera: Philopotamidae) is represented in the Oriental Region by 259 species. Of these, 61 species have been described or recorded from Vietnam. In this paper, 9 new species from Vietnam are described and illustrated (Chimarra aculeata, C. carinata, C. corneola, C. insolita, C. mina, C. prominens, C. rostrata, C. undulata, and C. ungula). In addition, 3 new country records are noted (Chimarra areli Malicky and Mey, Chimarra pipake Malicky and Chantaramongkol, and Chimarra suthepensis Chantaramongkol and Malicky), and 1 new species group (minuta Group) is proposed and populated. An additional species group (georgensis “Group”), with ...
Notes On Distribution And Hosts Of Hylesinus Mexicanus (Wood) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), A Pest On Olea Europaea Linnaeus, Jesús Rómero Napoles, Thomas H. Atkinson
Significant new host and distribution records are presented for Hylesinus mexicanus (Wood) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), including its pest potential on cultivated olives. Hylesinus mexicanus is similar to H. fasciatus LeConte and information presented here suggests that the distinctiveness of these two species needs to be re-examined.
Insecticidal Seed Treatments Can Harm Honey Bees, 2012 Iowa State University
Insecticidal Seed Treatments Can Harm Honey Bees, Erin W. Hodgson, Christian Krupke
Integrated Crop Management News
Neonicotinoids are a relatively new class of chemistry to control insects. They are now widely adopted because they are persistent and systemic in plant tissues. Most field crops in Iowa have a neonicotinoid seed treatment. Common examples of neonicotinoids include: clothianidin (Poncho ®), thiamethoxam (Cruiser ®), and imidacloprid (Gaucho ®). Active ingredient rates range from 0.25-1.25 milligrams per kernel (sold as 250-1,250 rates).
Description Of The Female Of Malukandra Heterostyla (Lameere, 1902) (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Parandrinae), 2012 Universidade de São Paulo
Description Of The Female Of Malukandra Heterostyla (Lameere, 1902) (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Parandrinae), Antonio Santos-Silva, Daniel Heffern
The female of Malukandra heterostyla (Lameere, 1902) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is described and figured for the first time. An identification key to Malukandra is provided.
Resumo. A fêmea de Malukandra heterostyla (Lameere, 1902) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) é descrita e figurada pela primeira vez. É fornecida uma chave de identificação para Malukandra.
Two Species Of Compsus Schoenherr, New Citrus Pests From Colombia (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Entiminae), 2012 Green Valley, Arizona
Two Species Of Compsus Schoenherr, New Citrus Pests From Colombia (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Entiminae), Charles W. O’Brien, Jorger Peña
Two species of the weevil genus Compsus Schoenherr (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Entiminae) from Colombia are redescribed: C. obliquatus Hustache and C.viridivittatus (Guérin-Méneville). A key by Hustache in 1938, to 33 of the 34 recognized species of Colombian Compsus then known, is modified to include the one additional species. Habitus illustrations of males and females of the two species and illustrations of selected parts of the male and female genitalia are included. Nearly all of the specimens of these two species were collected on various species or varieties of citrus, indicating their potential as citrus pests in the future.
Resumen. Se ...
A New Species Of Stenorrhachus Mclachlan From Chile (Neuroptera: Nemopteridae) With Biological Notes, 2012 Florida State Collection of Arthropods
A New Species Of Stenorrhachus Mclachlan From Chile (Neuroptera: Nemopteridae) With Biological Notes, Robert B. Miller, Lionel A. Stange
A new species of Stenorrhachus (McLachlan), S. chilensis (Neuroptera: Nemopteridae), is described from Chile with biological observations of Stenorrhachus walkeri (McLachlan). A key to the two species is provided as well as diagnoses of the adults and of the larva of Stenorrhachus walkeri.
Resumen: Se describe una especie nueva de Stenorrhachus (McLachlan), S. chilensis (Neuroptera: Nemopteridae), de Chile con notas biológicas sobre Stenorrhachus walkeri (McLachlan). Se da una clave para las dos especies además descripciones de los adultos y de la larva de S. walkeri.
Two New Species Of The Genus Pahamunaya Schmid (Trichoptera: Polycentropodidae) From Vietnam, 2012 Trichoptera, Inc., Columbus, OH
Two New Species Of The Genus Pahamunaya Schmid (Trichoptera: Polycentropodidae) From Vietnam, Tatiana I. Arefina-Armitage, Brian J. Armitage
Two new species of the genus Pahamunaya Schmid (Trichoptera: Polycentropodidae), P. talon sp. n. and P. spinifera sp. n., from Vietnam are described and illustrated. Examination of the holotype male of P. khoii Oláh and Johanson, in combination with an additional specimen of the same species, revealed new characters. New illustrations for this species are provided.
Systematic Revision Of Gonaphodiellus Taxa, With Description Of Two New Genera And Fourteen New Species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae), 2012 Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Università di Pisa
Systematic Revision Of Gonaphodiellus Taxa, With Description Of Two New Genera And Fourteen New Species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae), Marco Dellacasa, Giovanni Dellacasa, Robert D. Gordon
The American species belonging to the genus Gonaphodiellus Schmidt (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae) are redescribed and figured. Two new genera are described: Gonaphodioides and Gonaphodiopsis. Fourteen new species are described: Gonaphodiellus arcanus, G. cerropuntanus, G. manantlanicus, G. martinpierai, G. omiltemicus, G. sacatepequezis, Gonaphodioides newtoni, G. ratcliffei, G. skelleyi, Gonaphodiopsis deloyai, G. hypogea, G. montesdeocai, G. pachecoi, G. teopiscaensis. The lectotype of Aphodius columbicus (Harold, 1880) is designated. The following new combinations are proposed: Gonaphodiellus nigrinus (Schmidt, 1916), Gonaphodioides acutecernans (Balthasar, 1960), Gonaphodioides chapini (Hinton, 1934), Gonaphodioides columbicus (Harold, 1880), Gonaphodioides sincerus (Petrovitz, 1973). Aphodius (Gonaphodiellus) xalapensis Galante, Stebnicka and Verdú, 2003 ...
Description Of A New Species Of Paranthaclisis Banks From Florida (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae), 2012 Florida State Collection of Arthropods
Description Of A New Species Of Paranthaclisis Banks From Florida (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae), Lionel A. Stange, Robert B. Miller
A new species of Paranthaclisis Banks, P. floridensis (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae), is described from Florida and compared to the other described species in the genus. Keys to the adults and larvae are provided.
Resumen. Se describe una nueva especie de Paranthaclisis Banks, P. floridensis (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae), de Florida y se la incluye en una clave para las otras especies descriptas del género. Se da una descripción del adulto y de la larva.
New Species, Records, And A Synonymy Of African Sisyridae (Neuroptera), 2012 National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C.
New Species, Records, And A Synonymy Of African Sisyridae (Neuroptera), Oliver S. Flint Jr
Two species of the genus Sisyra Burmeister (Neuroptera: Sisyridae), S. cameroonensis, n. sp., and S. gruwelli, n. sp., are described from the African Republic of Cameroon. Sisyra pallida Meinander is synonymized with Sisyra delicata Smithers, new synonymy, after comparison of the types of the former with topotypic paratypes of the latter. Type material of Sisyra nilotica Tjeder appears to be lost. Examples of Sisyra are recorded from Nigeria, Ethiopia and Uganda. A second species of the endemic African genus, Sisyborina, Monserrat, S. scitula, n. sp., is described from Cameroon, Guinea, and Zambia.
Centipedes And Millipeds (Arthropoda: Diplopoda, Chilopoda) From Saba Island, Lesser Antilles, And A Consolidation Of Major References On The Myriapod Fauna Of “Lesser” Caribbean Islands, 2012 North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences
Centipedes And Millipeds (Arthropoda: Diplopoda, Chilopoda) From Saba Island, Lesser Antilles, And A Consolidation Of Major References On The Myriapod Fauna Of “Lesser” Caribbean Islands, Rowland M. Shelley, Derek S. Sikes
The chilopod, Cryptops hortensis (Donovan, 1810) (Scolopendromorpha: Cryptopidae), and the diplopods, Pseudospirobolellus avernus (Butler, 1876) (Spirobolida: Pseudospirobolellidae) and Oxidus gracilis (C. L. Koch, 1847) (Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae), are newly recorded from Saba Island, Lesser Antilles, which also harbors one additional scolopendromorph and four more chilognath millipeds. Except for the plausibly native scolopendrid centipede, Scolopendra alternans Leach, 1813, all are human introductions. Concentrated sampling is needed in the cloud/elfin forest atop Mt. Scenery, where indigenous millipeds may reside, and with extraction techniques throughout the island, to potentially document the diplopod subclass Penicillata. Nine small Caribbean islands in addition to Saba have ...
Analysis Of Integrin Α6Β4 Function In Breast Carcinoma: A Dissertation, 2012 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Analysis Of Integrin Α6Β4 Function In Breast Carcinoma: A Dissertation, Kristin D. Gerson
GSBS Dissertations and Theses
The development and survival of multicellular organisms depends upon the ability of cells to move. Embryogenesis, immune surveillance, wound healing, and metastatic disease are all processes that necessitate effective cellular locomotion. Central to the process of cell motility is the family of integrins, transmembrane cell surface receptors that mediate stable adhesions between cells and their extracellular environment. Many human diseases are associated with aberrant integrin function. Carcinoma cells in particular can hijack integrins, harnessing their mechanical and signaling potential to propagate cell invasion and metastatic disease, one example being integrin α6β4. This integrin, often referred to simply as β4, is ...
Massachusetts Agricultural Mediation Program, 2012 University of Massachusetts Boston
Massachusetts Agricultural Mediation Program, Courtney Breese, Massachusetts Office Of Public Collaboration, University Of Massachusetts Boston
Office of Community Partnerships Posters
The Massachusetts Agricultural Mediation Program is administered by the Massachusetts Office of Public Collaboration (MOPC) at UMass Boston and certified by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to provide mediation services to the farm community in Massachusetts. Through the Program, MOPC provides mediation services to farmers, their creditors, and the USDA, as well as conducts training and outreach to build the capacity of producer organizations and state and local officials to address conflicts.