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Effect Of Nitrogen Supplementation On Urea Recycling In Steers Consuming Corn-Based Diets, D.W. Drake, M.L. Jones, David E. Anderson, Evan C. Titgemeyer 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effect Of Nitrogen Supplementation On Urea Recycling In Steers Consuming Corn-Based Diets, D.W. Drake, M.L. Jones, David E. Anderson, Evan C. Titgemeyer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Nitrogen absorbed in the small intestine of cattle can be recycled to the rumen and incorporated into microbially synthesized amino acids. This is an advantage when dietary protein is low or when ruminally available nitrogen is limited by poor ruminal protein degradation. In a survey, consulting feedlot nutritionists reported that 83% of their clients used ethanol coproducts in finishing diets. Ruminal availability of nitrogen in dried distillers grains with solubles is low (i.e., 25% of total nitrogen). Thus, urea recycling may be of greater relative importance when distillers grains are used to supplement protein to cattle. The goals of ...


Cornstalk Round Bale Processing Method Does Not Influence Feeding Characteristics Or Feed Refusals, S.Q. Jones, T.T. Marston, T.J. Kraus, Joel M. DeRouchey, Justin W. Waggoner, Ryan M. Breiner 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Cornstalk Round Bale Processing Method Does Not Influence Feeding Characteristics Or Feed Refusals, S.Q. Jones, T.T. Marston, T.J. Kraus, Joel M. Derouchey, Justin W. Waggoner, Ryan M. Breiner

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Nutritionists and producers often assume that ingredients in a total mixed ration are uniformly mixed. However, many factors can affect ration homogeneity, including particle size, particle shape, differences in density of feed ingredients, and relative point at which the mixture is discharged from a mixer batch. Forages often are ground prior to mixing in a total mixed ration to reduce variation in forage particle length. Preprocessing forages during baling may facilitate particle length reduction, eliminating the need to grind forages prior to mixing. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of forage processing on (1) uniformity of ...


Effects Of Supplemental Protein And Energy On Digestion And Urea Kinetics In Beef Cattle, E.A. Bailey, D.W. Brake, David E. Anderson, M.L. Jones, Evan C. Titgemeyer, K. C. Olson 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effects Of Supplemental Protein And Energy On Digestion And Urea Kinetics In Beef Cattle, E.A. Bailey, D.W. Brake, David E. Anderson, M.L. Jones, Evan C. Titgemeyer, K. C. Olson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Previous research at Kansas State University has shown that providing supplemental energy when protein is deficient will cause a decrease in digestion of low-quality forage. Our project examined the effects of supplemental glucose on low-quality forage intake and digestion. Urea recycling is a mechanism by which cattle preserve nitrogen when faced with a deficiency. Young, growing cattle receiving sufficient protein recycle large amounts of nitrogen to the rumen. Our goal was to explore the effects of providing supplemental energy and protein to cattle that are on the downward side of their growth curve. Specifically, we measured intake, digestion, and urea ...


Flaxlic Supplementation Improves Growth Performance Of Angus Bulls, A.C. Pesta, James S. Drouillard 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Flaxlic Supplementation Improves Growth Performance Of Angus Bulls, A.C. Pesta, James S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Nutrition can affect bull fertility. Omega-3 fatty acids such as α linolenic, eicosapentaenoic, and docosahexaenoic acids can affect motility and morphology of sperm. Flaxseed is an excellent source of α linolenic acid and has been shown to increase tissue concentrations of both α linolenic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid, which are involved in synthesis of important reproductive hormones. Flax can be difficult to transport, process, and store, but the FlaxLic block (New Generation Feeds, Belle Fourche, SD) is stable and easy to handle, contains high levels of omega-3 fatty acids, and may be a useful supplement for developing beef bulls. In ...


Effects Of Morinda Citrifolia On Growth Performance And Health Of High-Risk Calves, L.R. Hibbard, R.G. Godbee, M.P. Epp, Brandon E. Oleen, Dale A. Blasi, K. C. Olson 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effects Of Morinda Citrifolia On Growth Performance And Health Of High-Risk Calves, L.R. Hibbard, R.G. Godbee, M.P. Epp, Brandon E. Oleen, Dale A. Blasi, K. C. Olson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Bovine respiratory disease continues to be the most costly disease affecting productivity and profitability in the stocker segment. Long-acting injectable antimicrobials are presently used to reduce the incidence and severity of bovine respiratory disease. However, future use of antimicrobial treatment may be significantly curtailed in light of an increasing negative perception of antibiotic usage in food animals by consumers and governmental agencies. Consequently, preconditioning and enhanced nutrition programs that may include nutraceuticals could become more prevalent. MorindaMax (Morinda International, Provo, UT) is a natural product manufactured from the Morinda citrifolia fruit (i.e., Noni). Published literature suggests this plant extract ...


Needle-Free Injection Enhancement Of Beef Strip Loins With Phosphate And Salt Has Potential To Improve Yield, Tenderness, And Juiciness But Harm Texture And Flavor, B.A. Crow, Michael E. Dikeman, A.N. Ray, Terry A. Houser, J.P. Grobbel, Larry C. Hollis, Randall K. Phebus 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Needle-Free Injection Enhancement Of Beef Strip Loins With Phosphate And Salt Has Potential To Improve Yield, Tenderness, And Juiciness But Harm Texture And Flavor, B.A. Crow, Michael E. Dikeman, A.N. Ray, Terry A. Houser, J.P. Grobbel, Larry C. Hollis, Randall K. Phebus

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Meat tenderness is the most important palatability attribute affecting consumers' overall eating experience. Injection enhancement and blade tenderization have long been used to improve this important trait. Injection enhancement has been shown to improve tenderness, juiciness, color stability, and cooking yield, but not all solutions have been adequately evaluated. Thus, there is a need to conduct research on the effectiveness of common enhancement solutions. We published results from an extensive study comparing a solution of phosphate, salt, and rosemary with a solution of calcium lactate and rosemary injected by using traditional needle injection. There were no differences in Warner-Bratzler shear ...


Packaging Systems And Storage Times Serve As Post-Lethality Treatments For Listeria Monocytogenes On Whole Muscle Beef Jerky, A. Lobaton-Sulabo, T. Axman, Kelly J.K. Getty, Elizabeth A.E. Boyle, N. Harper, K. Uppal, B. Barry, James J. Higgins 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Packaging Systems And Storage Times Serve As Post-Lethality Treatments For Listeria Monocytogenes On Whole Muscle Beef Jerky, A. Lobaton-Sulabo, T. Axman, Kelly J.K. Getty, Elizabeth A.E. Boyle, N. Harper, K. Uppal, B. Barry, James J. Higgins

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Following several outbreaks involving Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat meat and poultry products, the United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service required that processors of these products implement post-processing intervention strategies for controlling L. monocytogenes. The USDA defines a postlethality treatment as a process that reduces L. monocytogenes by at least 1 log. Research has shown that packaging can generate a 1 log L. monocytogenes reduction following 1 or more weeks of storage at room temperature. The objective of our study was to determine the effect of packaging system and storage time on reducing L. monocytogenes on shelf-stable ...


Packaging Systems And Storage Times Serve As Post-Lethality Treatments For Listeria Monocytogenes On Kippered Beef Steaks, A. Lobaton-Sulabo, K. Uppal, Kelly J.K. Getty, Elizabeth A.E. Boyle, N. Harper, B. Barry, James J. Higgins 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Packaging Systems And Storage Times Serve As Post-Lethality Treatments For Listeria Monocytogenes On Kippered Beef Steaks, A. Lobaton-Sulabo, K. Uppal, Kelly J.K. Getty, Elizabeth A.E. Boyle, N. Harper, B. Barry, James J. Higgins

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Following several outbreaks involving Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat meat and poultry products, the United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service required that processors of these products implement post-processing intervention strategies for controlling L. monocytogenes. The USDA defines a postlethality treatment as a process that reduces L. monocytogenes by at least 1 log. Research has shown that packaging can generate a 1 log L. monocytogenes reduction following 1 or more weeks of storage at room temperature. The objective of our study was to determine the effect of packaging system and storage time on reducing L. monocytogenes in shelf-stable ...


Comparison Of Medicinal Feed Additives On Health And Growth Performance Of Beef Calves Grazing Native Grass Pasture, M.P. Epp, B. Greenwood, Dale A. Blasi 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Comparison Of Medicinal Feed Additives On Health And Growth Performance Of Beef Calves Grazing Native Grass Pasture, M.P. Epp, B. Greenwood, Dale A. Blasi

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Optimizing growth rate is an important contributor to overall profitability for stocker cattle grazing native Flint Hills pasture. Disease challenges from pinkeye and foot rot have traditionally been problems that compromise health and productivity of stocker cattle in this grazing region. Use of medicinal feed additives as a part of a supplementation program may prevent health problems and improve overall productivity during a spring/summer grazing season.


Feed-Based Metaphylaxis Programs Did Not Affect Health Or Performance Of High-Risk Calves Mass Medicated With Draxxin On Arrival, M.P. Epp, R. Derstein, Dale A. Blasi 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Feed-Based Metaphylaxis Programs Did Not Affect Health Or Performance Of High-Risk Calves Mass Medicated With Draxxin On Arrival, M.P. Epp, R. Derstein, Dale A. Blasi

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Bovine respiratory disease continues to be the most costly disease affecting productivity and profitability in the stocker segment. Despite their high cost, longer-acting, injectable therapeutic antimicrobials such as Draxxin (Tulathromycin; Pfizer Animal Health, New York, NY) can extend the window of treatment duration, thereby reducing the incidence and severity of bovine respiratory disease. Use of feed-based metaphylaxis programs, such as therapeutic administration of multiple 5-day pulses of Aureomycin (αrma, Inc., Bridgewater, NJ), in conjunction with an injectable metaphylaxis program may be a cost-effective way to improve bovine respiratory disease therapy without having to physically handle and stress cattle.


Round Bale Alfalfa Processing Method Does Not Influence Feeding Or Mixing Characteristics In A Total Mixed Ration, S.Q. Jones, T.T. Marston, T.J. Kraus, Joel M. DeRouchey, Justin W. Waggoner, Ryan M. Breiner 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Round Bale Alfalfa Processing Method Does Not Influence Feeding Or Mixing Characteristics In A Total Mixed Ration, S.Q. Jones, T.T. Marston, T.J. Kraus, Joel M. Derouchey, Justin W. Waggoner, Ryan M. Breiner

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Nutritionists and producers often assume that ingredients in a total mixed ration are uniformly mixed. However, many factors may affect ration homogeneity, including particle size, shape, and density and mixer discharge location. Forages are often ground prior to mixing in a total mixed ration to reduce variation in forage particle length. However, preprocessing forages while baling may facilitate particle length reduction and eliminate the need to grind forages prior to mixing. Objectives of this study were to determine the effects of forage processing method on uniformity and particle length of the total mixed ration at different discharge locations throughout mixing.


The Effects Of Feeder Design And Changing The Availability Of Water From A Wet-Dry Feeder At 4 And 8 Weeks Prior To Marketing On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Growing-Finishing Pigs, J R. Bergstrom, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. DeRouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

The Effects Of Feeder Design And Changing The Availability Of Water From A Wet-Dry Feeder At 4 And 8 Weeks Prior To Marketing On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Growing-Finishing Pigs, J R. Bergstrom, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,296 pigs (PIC, 337 x 1050) were used to evaluate the effects on growth performance and carcass characteristics of feeder design (conventional dry feeder vs. wet-dry feeder) and changing availability of water from a wet-dry feeder at 4 and 8 wk prior to marketing. There were 27 pigs per pen (14 barrows and 13 gilts) and 24 pens per feeder-type. Pigs were fed identical corn-soybean meal diets with 15% dried distillers' grains with solubles (DDGS). Pens with a wet-dry feeder had a separate cup waterer, but the feeder provided the sole water source until d 69 ...


Arkansas Soybean Performance Tests 2009, D. G. Dombeck, R. D. Bond, I. L. Eldridge, R. M. Pryor 2010 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Arkansas Soybean Performance Tests 2009, D. G. Dombeck, R. D. Bond, I. L. Eldridge, R. M. Pryor

Research Series

Soybean variety and strain performance tests are conducted each year in Arkansas by the University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture Arkansas Crop Variety Improvement Program. The tests provide information to companies developing varieties and/or marketing seed within the state, and aid the Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service in formulating variety recommendations for soybean producers.


The Returns And Volatility Of Agribusiness Stocks: How Do They Measure Up To Non-Agribusiness Stocks?, Benjamin Michael Clark 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Returns And Volatility Of Agribusiness Stocks: How Do They Measure Up To Non-Agribusiness Stocks?, Benjamin Michael Clark

LSU Master's Theses

Little literature exists that analyzes the historical risk and return associated with investing in the US agricultural sector. However, several observable trends have recently made investing in the US agricultural sector an area of interest among investors. Stock price indexes are a commonly used tool for summarizing the historical performance of a specific sector. A market-capitalization weighted stock price index is created to represent the largest US agribusiness firms since 1970, using the US Census Standard Industrial Classification system and the Economic Research Service’s definition of agribusiness. Geometric returns, standard deviation, Sharpe Ratio, and beta values are calculated for ...


Development Of A Fluorescent Anti-Factor Xa Assay To Monitor Unfractionated And Low Molecular Weight Heparins, Leanne Harris, Vanessa Castro-Lopez, Nissrin Hammadi, James S. O'Donnell, Tony Killard 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Development Of A Fluorescent Anti-Factor Xa Assay To Monitor Unfractionated And Low Molecular Weight Heparins, Leanne Harris, Vanessa Castro-Lopez, Nissrin Hammadi, James S. O'Donnell, Tony Killard

Articles

Fluorogenic assays have many potential advantages over traditional clot-based and chromogenic assays such as the absence of interference from a range of factor deficiencies as well as offering the possibility of assays in platelet rich plasma or whole blood. A fluorogenic anti-factor Xa (anti-FXa) assay has been developed for the determination of heparin-like anticoagulants including unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular weight heparins (LMWHs), namely enoxaparin and tinzaparin, and the synthetic heparinoid danaparoid, in commercial human pooled plasma. The assay was based on the complexation of heparin-spiked plasmas with exogenous FXa at a concentration of 4 nM in the presence of 0 ...


Comparative Study Of Factor Xa Fluorogenic Substrates And Their Influence On The Quantification Of Lmwhs, Vanessa Castro-Lopez, Leanne F. Harris, James S. O'Donnell, Anthony J. Killard 2010 CIC microGUNE

Comparative Study Of Factor Xa Fluorogenic Substrates And Their Influence On The Quantification Of Lmwhs, Vanessa Castro-Lopez, Leanne F. Harris, James S. O'Donnell, Anthony J. Killard

Articles

Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) are recognised as the preferred anticoagulants in the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism. Anti-Factor Xa (anti-FXa) levels are used to monitor the anticoagulant effect of LMWHs and such assays are routinely employed in hospital diagnostic laboratories. In this study, a fluorogenic anti-FXa assay was developed using a commercially available fluorogenic substrate with an attached 6-amino-1- naphthalene-sulfonamide (ANSN) fluorophore and was used for the determination of two LMWHs, enoxaparin and tinzaparin and the heparinoid, danaparoid. The assay was based on the complexation of heparinised plasma with 100 nM exogenous FXa and 25 μM of the ...


Food Consumption Trends And Drivers, John Kearney 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Food Consumption Trends And Drivers, John Kearney

Articles

A picture of food consumption (availability) trends and projections to 2050, both globally and for different regions of the world along with the drivers largely responsible for these observed consumption trends are the subject of this review. Throughout the world, major shifts in dietary patterns are occurring, even in the consumption of basic staples towards more diversified diets. Accompanying these changes in food consumption at a global and regional level have been considerable health consequences. Populations in those countries undergoing rapid transition are experiencing nutritional transition. The diverse nature of this transition may be the result of differences in socio ...


Genetic Connections Between Neurological Disorders And Cholesterol Metabolism, Ingemar Bjorkhem, Valerio Leoni, Steve Meaney 2010 Karolinska Institute

Genetic Connections Between Neurological Disorders And Cholesterol Metabolism, Ingemar Bjorkhem, Valerio Leoni, Steve Meaney

Articles

Cholesterol is an essential component of both the peripheral and central nervous systems of mammals. Over the last decade, evidence has accumulated that disturbances in cholesterol metabolism are associated with the development of various neurological conditions. In addition to genetically defined defects in cholesterol synthesis, which will be covered in another review in this Thematic Series, defects in cholesterol metabolism (cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis) and intracellular transport (Niemann Pick Syndrome) lead to neurological disease. A subform of hereditary spastic paresis (type SPG5) and Huntington's disease are neurological diseases with mutations in genes that are of importance for cholesterol metabolism. Neurodegeneration is ...


Balance Training Reduces Falls Risk In Older Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes, Steven Morrison, Sheri R. Colberg, Mita Mariano, Henri K. Parson, Arthur I. Vinik 2010 Old Dominion University

Balance Training Reduces Falls Risk In Older Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes, Steven Morrison, Sheri R. Colberg, Mita Mariano, Henri K. Parson, Arthur I. Vinik

Physical Therapy and Athletic Training Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVE - This study assessed the effects of balance/strength training on falls risk and posture in older individuals with type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Sixteen individuals with type 2 diabetes and 21 age-matched control subjects (aged 50-75 years) participated. Postural stability and falls risk was assessed before and after a 6-week exercise program.

RESULTS - Diabetic individuals had significantly higher falls risk score compared with control subjects. The diabetic group also exhibited evidence of mild-to-moderate neuropathy, slower reaction times, and increased postural sway. Following exercise, the diabetic group showed significant improvements in leg strength, faster reaction times, decreased sway ...


Genetic Diversity, Micro Propagation, And Cold Hardiness Of Ilex Glabra (L.) A. Gray, Youping Sun 2010 The University of Maine

Genetic Diversity, Micro Propagation, And Cold Hardiness Of Ilex Glabra (L.) A. Gray, Youping Sun

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ilex glabra (L.) A.Gray (inkberry) is a native evergreen shrub with dark green foliage and compact habit. This shrub has gained popularity in the northern landscapes of the United States and more nursery growers would like to produce it. To better understand genetic relationships among inkberry cultivars and breed cold-hardy cultivars for northern nursery growers and landscape specialists, the following projects were conducted. A group of 48 inkberry accessions and two other Ilex species (Ilex crenata Thunb. and I. mutchagara Makino) were studied using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. A total of 229 markers between 50 and 500 ...


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