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Landmark Use By Clark’S Nutcrackers (Nucifraga Columbiana): Influence Of Disorientation And Cue Rotation On Distance And Direction Estimates, Debbie M. Kelly, Alan Kamil, Ken Cheng 2010 University of Saskatchewan

Landmark Use By Clark’S Nutcrackers (Nucifraga Columbiana): Influence Of Disorientation And Cue Rotation On Distance And Direction Estimates, Debbie M. Kelly, Alan Kamil, Ken Cheng

Papers in Behavior and Biological Sciences

Many species have been shown to encode multiple sources of information to orient. To examine what kinds of information animals use to locate a goal we manipulated cue rotation, cue availability, and inertial orientation when the food-storing Clark’s nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) was searching for a hidden goal in a circular arena. Three groups of birds were used, each with a different goal–landmark distance. As the distance between the goal and the landmark increased, nutcrackers were less accurate in finding the correct direction to the goal than they were at estimating the distance (Experiment 1). To further examine what ...


Inhibitors Of Pyruvate Carboxylase, Tonya N. Zeczycki, Martin St. Maurice, Paul V. Attwood 2010 University of Wisconsin - Madison

Inhibitors Of Pyruvate Carboxylase, Tonya N. Zeczycki, Martin St. Maurice, Paul V. Attwood

Biological Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

This review aims to discuss the varied types of inhibitors of biotin-dependent carboxylases, with an emphasis on the inhibitors of pyruvate carboxylase. Some of these inhibitors are physiologically relevant, in that they provide ways of regulating the cellular activities of the enzymes e.g. aspartate and prohibitin inhibition of pyruvate carboxylase. Most of the inhibitors that will be discussed have been used to probe various aspects of the structure and function of these enzymes. They target particular parts of the structure e.g. avidin – biotin, FTP – ATP binding site, oxamate – pyruvate binding site, phosphonoacetate – binding site of the putative carboxyphosphate ...


Prediction Of Indoor Climate And Long-Term Air Quality Using The Bta-Aqp Model: Part Ii. Overall Model Evaluation And Application, Gang Sun, Steven J. Hoff 2010 Iowa State University

Prediction Of Indoor Climate And Long-Term Air Quality Using The Bta-Aqp Model: Part Ii. Overall Model Evaluation And Application, Gang Sun, Steven J. Hoff

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The objective of this research was to develop a building thermal analysis and air quality predictive (BTA-AQP) model to predict indoor climate and long-term air quality (NH3, H2S, and CO2 concentrations and emissions) for swine deep-pit buildings. This article presents part II of this research, in which the performance of the BTA-AQP model is evaluated using typical meteorological year (TMY3) data in predicting long-term air quality trends. The good model performance ratings (MAE/SD < 0.5, CRM ˜ 0; IoA ˜ 1; and NSEF > 0.5 for all the predicted parameters) and the graphical presentations reveal that the BTA-AQP model was able to accurately forecast indoor climate and gas concentrations ...


Soil Loading Effects Of Planter Depth-Gauge Wheels On Early Corn Growth, H. Mark Hanna, Brian L. Steward, Landon Aldinger 2010 Iowa State University

Soil Loading Effects Of Planter Depth-Gauge Wheels On Early Corn Growth, H. Mark Hanna, Brian L. Steward, Landon Aldinger

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Final soil manipulation before seed germination occurs during the planting operation. Contact force of depth-gauge wheels adjacent to the seed opener potentially alters the environment for corn seed germination and early plant growth. A field experiment was conducted measuring seed spacing, spacing variability, seed depth, emergence rate, plant dry matter, final stand, crop growth stage, and extended leaf height with different soil contact loads [light, 180 to 490 N (40 to 110 lb); medium, 490 to 890 N (110 to 200 lb); and heavy, over 890 N (200 lb)] and a range of three soil moistures (dry, moist, wet). A ...


Using Spatial Uncertainty Of Prior Measurements To Design Adaptive Sampling Of Elevation Data, Samsuzana Abd Aziz, Brian L. Steward, Manoj Karkee 2010 Universiti Putra Malaysia

Using Spatial Uncertainty Of Prior Measurements To Design Adaptive Sampling Of Elevation Data, Samsuzana Abd Aziz, Brian L. Steward, Manoj Karkee

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Field sampling can be a major expense for planning within-field management in precision agriculture. An efficient sampling strategy should address knowledge gaps, rather than exhaustively collect redundant data. Modification of existing schemes is possible by incorporating prior knowledge of spatial patterns within the field. In this study, spatial uncertainty of prior digital elevation model (DEM) estimates was used to locate adaptive re-survey regions in the field. An agricultural vehicle equipped with RTK-DGPS was driven across a 2.3 ha field area to measure the field elevation in a continuous fashion. A geostatistical simulation technique was used to simulate field DEMs ...


Detection And Identification Of Microorganisms In Mixed Cultures By Nanoparticle-Induced Nanospr Enhanced Ftir Spectroscopy And Chemometrics, Qi Wang, Nan Xiao, Chenxu Yu 2010 Iowa State University

Detection And Identification Of Microorganisms In Mixed Cultures By Nanoparticle-Induced Nanospr Enhanced Ftir Spectroscopy And Chemometrics, Qi Wang, Nan Xiao, Chenxu Yu

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Routine identification of pathogenic microorganisms predominantly based on nutritional and biochemical tests is a time-consuming process, but delay may lead to fatal consequences at times. In this work, nanoparticle-induced nanoSPR enhanced IR spectroscopy was used in conjunction with a background elimination data processing algorithm to directly identify microorganisms in mixed cultures. It was demonstrated that the microbial composition of mixtures of different E. coli strains could be accurately identified using our method, at a concentration level of 103 CFU mL-1. The procedure was also applied to determine the presence or absence of pathogenic microorganisms in a simple but real food ...


Use Of The Soil-Plant-Air-Water Model To Predict Hydraulic Performance Of Vegetative Treatment Areas Controlling Open Lot Runoff, Daniel S. Andersen, Robert T. Burns, Lara B. Moody, Matthew J. Helmers, Robert Horton Jr., Carl H. Pederson 2010 Iowa State University

Use Of The Soil-Plant-Air-Water Model To Predict Hydraulic Performance Of Vegetative Treatment Areas Controlling Open Lot Runoff, Daniel S. Andersen, Robert T. Burns, Lara B. Moody, Matthew J. Helmers, Robert Horton Jr., Carl H. Pederson

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Alternative treatment systems to control runoff from open beef feedlots may enhance environmental security and protect water quality. Several Midwestern states have issued National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permits allowing beef feedlots to use vegetative treatment systems (VTSs) to control and treat feedlot runoff. Monitoring VTSs has provided data to validate performance modeling strategies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of the Soil-Plant-Air-Water (SPAW) model to predict the hydraulic performance of vegetative treatment areas (VTAs). Two approaches, one using the field module and the other the pond module of the SPAW model, were investigated. The model ...


Severe Multidirectional Instability Of The Gleno-Humeral Joint, L. J. Ziaks, T. Freeman, K. A. Wise, Suanne Maurer-Starks 2010 Bridgewater State University

Severe Multidirectional Instability Of The Gleno-Humeral Joint, L. J. Ziaks, T. Freeman, K. A. Wise, Suanne Maurer-Starks

Movement Arts, Health Promotion and Leisure Studies Faculty Publications

The article presents a case study of a 22 year-old female college athlete with multidirectional instability (MDI) of the glen-humeral (GH) joint. The athlete participated in overhead sports activities such as softball, basketball and swimming, and her presenting symptoms included decreased function, crepitus and spontaneous subluxation. Clinical management and range of motion (ROM) measurement are also discussed.


Improving Predicted Protein Loop Structure Ranking Using A Pareto-Optimality Consensus Method, Yaohang Li, Ionel Rata, See-Wing Chiu, Erik Jakobsson 2010 Old Dominion University

Improving Predicted Protein Loop Structure Ranking Using A Pareto-Optimality Consensus Method, Yaohang Li, Ionel Rata, See-Wing Chiu, Erik Jakobsson

Computer Science Faculty Publications

Background

Accurate protein loop structure models are important to understand functions of many proteins. Identifying the native or near-native models by distinguishing them from the misfolded ones is a critical step in protein loop structure prediction.

Results

We have developed a Pareto Optimal Consensus (POC) method, which is a consensus model ranking approach to integrate multiple knowledge- or physics-based scoring functions. The procedure of identifying the models of best quality in a model set includes: 1) identifying the models at the Pareto optimal front with respect to a set of scoring functions, and 2) ranking them based on the fuzzy ...


The 3rd Computational Structural Bioinformatics Workshop, Jing He, Di Wu 2010 Old Dominion University

The 3rd Computational Structural Bioinformatics Workshop, Jing He, Di Wu

Computer Science Faculty Publications

As many other domains in biology, molecular structures have proposed challenging but interesting computational problems. The unique challenge of the 3-dimensional molecular structures comes from the combination of the fundamental concepts of physics, chemistry, biology and geometry, and it is often computationally intensive to search for the correct structure. The Computational Structural Bioinformatics Workshop (CSBW) is a workshop that focuses on the fundamental computational work that is related to 3-dimensional molecular structures. This workshop aims to bring together researchers with expertise in bioinformatics, computational biology, structural biology, data mining, optimization and high performance computing to discuss recent results, new techniques ...


Robust Relationships For Simple Plantation Growth Models Based On Sparse Data, Jerome K. Vanclay 2010 Southern Cross University

Robust Relationships For Simple Plantation Growth Models Based On Sparse Data, Jerome K. Vanclay

School of Environment, Science and Engineering Papers

Three equations predicting height H = β1(t − 0.5)0.5, diameter D = β2(H − 1.3)/ln N, and mortality dN/N = −2(G/Gmax)3dD/D from plantation age (t), stocking (N) and basal area (G) can be calibrated with few data (even a single observation) for plantations in which re-measured data and growth models are unavailable. Despite having only three parameters to be estimated, these equations extrapolate reliably and allow objective forecasts of future plantation growth performance that may serve as useful first approximations until more precise growth models can be developed.


Comparison Of Broiler Litter And Commercial Fertilizer At Equivalent N Rates On Soil Properties, Ardeshir Adeli, Haile Tewolde, Karamat Sistani, Dennis Rowe 2010 USDA-ARS

Comparison Of Broiler Litter And Commercial Fertilizer At Equivalent N Rates On Soil Properties, Ardeshir Adeli, Haile Tewolde, Karamat Sistani, Dennis Rowe

Publications from USDA-ARS / UNL Faculty

A 3-year study was conducted to determine the effects of broiler litter relative to inorganic fertilizer on soil nutrient content and quality in an upland Loring silt loam soil. Treatments included annual broiler litter rates of 0, 2.2, 4.5, 5.6, 6.7, 10.1, and 13.4 Mg ha−1 y−1 and commercial fertilizer rates of 34, 68, 90, 112, 134, and 168 kg nitrogen (N) ha−1 y−1. Broiler litter application linearly increased soil total carbon (C), microbial biomass C, extractable soil phosphorus (P), potassium (K), soil cation exchange capacity (CEC), and the stability ...


Swine Producer Appraisal Of The Community Assessment Model For Odor Dispersion (Cam), John C. Tyndall, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff 2010 Iowa State University

Swine Producer Appraisal Of The Community Assessment Model For Odor Dispersion (Cam), John C. Tyndall, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The community assessment model (CAM) for odor dispersion is a tool to assist in the siting of swine production facilities. CAM considers the size and type of a swine production system, local historical weather conditions, and odor control implementation. It predicts the number of hours of exposure to various levels of odor, by month, for each receptor in a given community. A follow-up survey of all CAM users since 2005 was conducted. The survey was designed to provide: 1) formative feedback for programming adjustments to improve Extension efficiency, usability, and reduce costs; and 2) summative feedback used to provide an ...


Evaluation Of Ultrasonic Pretreatment On Anaerobic Digestion Of Different Animal Manures, Wei Wu-haan, Robert T. Burns, Lara B. Moody, David A. Grewell, D. Raj Raman 2010 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Ultrasonic Pretreatment On Anaerobic Digestion Of Different Animal Manures, Wei Wu-Haan, Robert T. Burns, Lara B. Moody, David A. Grewell, D. Raj Raman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

This article addresses the effect of ultrasonication as a pretreatment to anaerobic digestion of four types of animal manure, including swine slurry, beef feedlot manure, dairy manure slurry, and separated dairy manure effluent. The effect of ultrasonication on soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) and biochemical methane potential (BMP) were determined, and the energy efficiency of ultrasonic pretreatment was evaluated. Ultrasonic pretreatment was applied at two amplitudes (80 and 160 µmpp) and at two time settings (15 and 30 s) to each of the four manure types. The SCOD of each manure sample was determined before and after ultrasonic pretreatment. In ...


Effect Of Ammonia Soaking Pretreatment And Enzyme Addition On Biochemical Methane Potential Of Switchgrass, Jennifer Nicole Himmelsbach, D. Raj Raman, Robert P. Anex, Robert T. Burns, Carol Rose Faulhaber 2010 Iowa State University

Effect Of Ammonia Soaking Pretreatment And Enzyme Addition On Biochemical Methane Potential Of Switchgrass, Jennifer Nicole Himmelsbach, D. Raj Raman, Robert P. Anex, Robert T. Burns, Carol Rose Faulhaber

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

This article presents the biochemical methane potential (BMP) results from the anaerobic digestion (AD) of switchgrass. Triplicate BMP assays were performed on: untreated switchgrass, aqueous ammonia soaking (AAS) pretreated switchgrass (soaked in 29.5% reagent-grade aqueous ammonia at 5 L kg-1 switchgrass for 5 d), and AAS-pretreated switchgrass plus cellulytic enzymes at 12.5, 25, 62.5, and 125 filter paper units (FPU) enzyme g-1 volatile solids (VS). Biogas production and biogas methane content were measured daily in all treatments for 21 d. Both biogas and corrected methane production varied significantly among treatments, especially during the first 7 d of ...


Hydrologic Modeling Of Runoff From A Livestock Manure Windrow Composting Site With A Fly Ash Pad Surface And Vegetative Filter Strip Buffers, David F. Webber, Steven K. Mickelson, Larry W. Wulf, Thomas L. Richard, Heekwon Ahn 2010 Iowa State University

Hydrologic Modeling Of Runoff From A Livestock Manure Windrow Composting Site With A Fly Ash Pad Surface And Vegetative Filter Strip Buffers, David F. Webber, Steven K. Mickelson, Larry W. Wulf, Thomas L. Richard, Heekwon Ahn

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Windrow composting of livestock manure materials provides a strategy for converting organic wastes into a recyclable soil fertility product that is less hazardous to the environment. Although outdoor windrow composting can produce runoff that is detrimental to surface water quality, vegetative filter strip (VFS) buffers were reported to significantly reduce runoff and contaminants from a windrow composting research site. To estimate the efficacy of VFS buffers and other best management practices on runoff from future windrow composting facilities, a computer hydrologic model may provide a valuable tool for predicting runoff losses from these proposed sites. This research evaluated a windrow ...


Autoimmune Dysfunction And Subsequent Renal Insufficiency In A Collegiate Female Athlete: A Case Report, James E. Leone, Amie Kern, Joshua D. Williamson, Robert M. Colandreo 2010 Bridgewater State University

Autoimmune Dysfunction And Subsequent Renal Insufficiency In A Collegiate Female Athlete: A Case Report, James E. Leone, Amie Kern, Joshua D. Williamson, Robert M. Colandreo

Movement Arts, Health Promotion and Leisure Studies Faculty Publications

Objective: To present the case of a female collegiate basketball player who was diagnosed with Wegener granulomatosis of the eyes and immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy.

Background: A 19-year-old female collegiate basketball player presented to a rheumatologist, urologist, and nephrologist with severe eye pain and was diagnosed with Wegener granulomatosis and IgA nephropathy. At age 20, during routine follow-up testing, urine protein levels were found to be 3 times normal values (0-8 mg/dL), prompting the need for a kidney biopsy, which showed IgA nephropathy, another autoimmune disorder.

Differential Diagnosis: Sinus infection, scleritis, lymphomatoid granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, lupus erythematosus, general granulomatosis ...


Endocrine Disruptors And Obesity: An Examination Of Selected Persistent Organic Pollutants In The Nhanes 1999-2002 Data, Mai A. Elobeid, Miguel A. Padilla, David W. Brock, Douglas M. Ruden, David B. Allison 2010 Old Dominion University

Endocrine Disruptors And Obesity: An Examination Of Selected Persistent Organic Pollutants In The Nhanes 1999-2002 Data, Mai A. Elobeid, Miguel A. Padilla, David W. Brock, Douglas M. Ruden, David B. Allison

Psychology Faculty Publications

Recent evidence suggests that endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may cause perturbations in endogenous hormonal regulation that predispose to weight gain. Using data from NHANES (1999-2002), we investigated the association between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and selected persistent organic pollutants (POPs) via multiple linear regressions. Consistent interaction was found between gender, ln oxychlordane and ln p,p' DDT. Also, we found an association between WC and ln oxychlordane and ln hpcdd in subjects with detectable levels of POPs, whereas an association between WC and ln p,p' DDT was observed in all subjects. Furthermore, ln Ocdd showed an ...


Analysis Of Eurycea Hybrid Zone In Eastern Missouri, Bonnie Jean Beasley 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Analysis Of Eurycea Hybrid Zone In Eastern Missouri, Bonnie Jean Beasley

Masters Theses

"Evolutionary mechanisms are often difficult to observe in action because evolution generally works slowly over time. Hybrid zones provide a unique opportunity to observe many evolutionary processes, such as reinforcement, because of the rapid changes that tend to occur in these zones. Salamanders provide an ideal model for examining the rapid changes in populations that result from hybridization because many closely-related species lack reproductive barriers. In Missouri, a well-documented hybridization zone exists among the two subspecies Eurycea longicauda longicauda (long-tailed salamander) and E. L. melanopleura (dark-sided salamander). These salamanders inhabit caves, limestone creek beds, and abandoned mine shafts. A closely ...


Laboratory Scale Evaluation Of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions As Indication Of Swine Carcass Degradation Inside Biosecure Composting Units, Neslihan Akdeniz, Jacek A. Koziel, Hee-Kwon Ahn, Thomas D. Glanville, Benjamin P. Crawford, D. Raj Raman 2010 Iowa State University

Laboratory Scale Evaluation Of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions As Indication Of Swine Carcass Degradation Inside Biosecure Composting Units, Neslihan Akdeniz, Jacek A. Koziel, Hee-Kwon Ahn, Thomas D. Glanville, Benjamin P. Crawford, D. Raj Raman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Biosecure livestock mortality composting systems have been used to dispose of diseased livestock mortalities. In those types of system, visual inspection of carcass degradation is not possible and monitoring VOCs (volatile organic compounds) released by carcasses is a new approach to assess progress of the composting process. In this study, field-scale livestock mortality composting systems were simulated and a laboratory scale composting system with aerobic and anaerobic test units was designed to collect VOC samples from the headspace of decaying plant materials (70 g dry weight) and swine tissues (70 g dry weight) at controlled operating temperatures. Headspace samples were ...


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