A Comparison Of The Taxonomic Composition Of Medial Miocene Equids (Mammalia: Perissodactyla) From The Mission Pit, South Dakota And Ashfall Fossil Beds, Nebraska, 2009 South Dakota School of Mines and Technology
A Comparison Of The Taxonomic Composition Of Medial Miocene Equids (Mammalia: Perissodactyla) From The Mission Pit, South Dakota And Ashfall Fossil Beds, Nebraska, Nicholas Famoso, Darrin Pagnac
Nicholas A Famoso
No abstract provided.
Cell Adhesion Property Affected By Cyclooxygenase And Lipoxygenase: Opto-Electric Approach (With Chang Kyoung Choi, Mugdha Sukhthankar, Chul-Ho Kim, Seong-Ho Lee, Anthony English, Kenneth D. Kihm., 2009 The University of Tennessee
Cell Adhesion Property Affected By Cyclooxygenase And Lipoxygenase: Opto-Electric Approach (With Chang Kyoung Choi, Mugdha Sukhthankar, Chul-Ho Kim, Seong-Ho Lee, Anthony English, Kenneth D. Kihm., Seung Baek
Seung J Baek
Expression of cyclooxygenases (COX) and lipoxygenases (LOX) has been linked to many pathophysiological phenotypes, including cell adhesion. However, many current approaches to measure cellular changes are performed only in a fixed-time point. Since cells dynamically move in conjunction with the cell matrix, there is a pressing need for dynamic or time-dependent methods for the investigation of cell properties. In the presented study, we used stable human colorectal cancer cell lines ectopically expressing COX-1, COX-2, and 15LOX-1, to investigate whether expression of COX-1, COX-2, or 15LOX-1 would affect cell adhesion using our opto-electric methodology. In a fixed-time point experiment, only COX-1- ...
The Tick Saliva Protein, Salp15, Contributes To Th17-Induced Pathology During Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis, 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
The Tick Saliva Protein, Salp15, Contributes To Th17-Induced Pathology During Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis, Juan Anguita, I.J. Juncadella, T.C. Bates, R. Suleiman, A. Monteagudo-Mera, C.M. Olson, N. Navasa, E.R. Olivera, C. Teuscher, B.A. Osborne
No abstract provided.
The River Discontinuum: Applying Beaver Modifications To Baseline Conditions For Restoration Of Forested Headwaters, 2009 University of Connecticut
The River Discontinuum: Applying Beaver Modifications To Baseline Conditions For Restoration Of Forested Headwaters, Denise Burchsted, Melinda Daniels, Robert Thorson, Jason Vokoun
Billions of dollars are being spent in the United States to restore rivers to a desired, yet often unknown, reference condition. In lieu of a known reference, practitioners typically assume the paradigm of a connected watercourse. Geological and ecological processes, however, create patchy and discontinuous fluvial systems. One of these processes, dam building by North American beavers (Castor canadensis), generated discontinuities throughout precolonial river systems of northern North America. Under modern conditions, beaver dams create dynamic sequences of ponds and wet meadows among free-flowing segments. One beaver impoundment alone can exceed 1000 meters along the river, flood the valley laterally ...
Sleep From Neuroscience And Islamic Perspectives: Comprehension And Practices Of Muslims With Science Background In Malaysian Education System, Mohd Tumiran
Mohd Amzari Tumiran
Incongruence of sleep activities from the neuroscience perspectives and the Islamic view have resulted in confusion and conflicts in the concept of sleep and related issues among Muslims. This research analyzed sleep from both perspectives, determined the level of comprehension of sleep related concept by Muslims with science background in the Malaysian education system and consequently correlated their understanding to sleep related practices. The need for sleep is a well documented fact from both perspectives. The level of comprehension of sleep from both neuroscience and Islamic perspectives among science teachers and students is low. The findings suggest the importance of ...
Naturally Confused: Consumers’ Perceptions Of All-Natural And Organic Pork Products, 2009 University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Naturally Confused: Consumers’ Perceptions Of All-Natural And Organic Pork Products, Katie Abrams
Katie M Abrams
Consumers are bombarded with labels and claims that are intended to address their concerns about how food products are produced, processed, and regulated. Among those are the natural or all-natural claims and the certified organic label. In this study, two focus groups were conducted to explore consumers’ attitudes toward all-natural and organic pork and to gather their reactions to the USDA organic standards for meat, and the policy for natural claims. Results indicated that participants had positive associations with the terms “organic” and “all-natural” with exceptions regarding the trustworthiness of all-natural claims. Participants perceived the “no” labeling theme (no antibiotics ...
Delineation Of Precursors In Murine Spleen That Develop In Contact With Splenic Endothelium To Give Novel Dendritic-Like Cells., 2009 Australian National University
Delineation Of Precursors In Murine Spleen That Develop In Contact With Splenic Endothelium To Give Novel Dendritic-Like Cells., Jonathan Tan, Pravin Periasamy, Helen O'Neill
Hematopoietic cell lineages are best described in terms of distinct progenitors with limited differentiative capacity. To distinguish cell lineages, it is necessary to define progenitors and induce their differentiation in vitro. We previously reported in vitro development of immature dendritic-like cells (DCs) in long-term cultures (LTCs) of murine spleen, and in cocultures of spleen or bone marrow (BM) over splenic endothelial cell lines derived from LTCs. Cells produced are phenotypically distinct CD11b(hi)CD11c(lo)CD8(-)MHC-II(-) cells, tentatively named L-DCs. Here we delineate L-DC progenitors as different from known DC progenitors in BM and DC precursors in spleen. The ...
Not Just How One Feels, But What One Images? The Effects Of Imagery Use On Affective Responses To Moderate Exercise, 2009 University of Wolverhampton
Not Just How One Feels, But What One Images? The Effects Of Imagery Use On Affective Responses To Moderate Exercise, Damian Stanley, Jennifer Cumming
Previous research has highlighted a need for identifying the psychological strategies which best maximize the affective responses to exercise (e.g., Blanchard, Rodgers, & Gauvin, 2004). The present study compared the effects on affective responses of using different imagery types while exercising. Participants (N = 75, mean age = 20.2 years, SD = 1.33) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 imagery conditions (i.e., enjoyment imagery, energy imagery, or technique imagery). Affect was recorded before and after 20 min of moderate intensity cycle ergometry (50% Heart Rate Reserve) using the Exercise-Induced Feeling Inventory (EFI; Gauvin & Rejeski, 1993) and the Feeling Scale (Hardy & Rejeski, 1989). Controlling for affect reported before the exercise bout, the enjoyment imagery group reported significantly higher levels of postexercise valence than the energy and technique imagery groups and higher revitalization than the technique imagery group. These findings indicate that enjoyment imagery could be used to further improve the affective benefits associated with exercise.
Are We Having Fun Yet? Testing The Effects Of Imagery Use On The Affective And Enjoyment Responses To Acute Moderate Exercise, Damian Stanley, Jennifer Cumming
Objectives The present study investigated whether using imagery during acute moderate exercise evokes more positive affective and enjoyment responses than exercising without an assigned strategy.
Design Laboratory experiment.
Methods Participants (N = 88, mean age = 19.81 years) were randomly allocated to 1 of 4 conditions (enjoyment imagery, energy imagery, technique imagery, or exercise alone). Affect was measured before, during, and after 20 min of moderate intensity (50% of Heart Rate Reserve) cycle ergometry. A single-item measure of enjoyment was developed for use during exercise.
Results Enjoyment and energy imagery brought about significant increases in valence from pre- to postexercise, and ...
A Rapid Direct Solvent Extraction Method For The Extraction Of 2-Dodecylcyclobutanone From Irradiated Ground Beef Patties Using Acetonitrile., Amit Kumar
Amit Kumar, DVM, MS, PhD
The amount of irradiated beef in the U.S. market is growing, and a reliable, rapid method is needed to detect irradiated beef and quantify the irradiation dose. The official analytical method (BS EN 1785 2003) that has been adopted by the European Union is time consuming. The objective of this study was to develop a rapid method for the analysis of 2-dodecylcyclobutanone (2-DCB) in irradiated beef. A 5 g sample of commercially irradiated ground beef patty (90/10) was extracted with n-hexane using a Soxhlet apparatus or with acetonitrile via direct solvent extraction. The Soxhlet hexane extract was evaporated ...
The Development Of An Interdisciplinary Model To Examine Environmental Factors On Child Health And Development, Lynn Brann, Ambika Krishnakumar
Lynn S. Brann, Ph.D., R.D.
Few interdisciplinary studies have incorporated nutrition, family processes, health related behaviors, and child development within one conceptual framework. The purpose of this study was to gather pilot data to examine potential environmental factors related to child health and development. Variables included maternal and child nutrition (using 24-hour recalls), anthropometric measurements, maternal and child physical health and access to health care, cognitive development, maternal psychological health, and parenting. In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 mother-child pairs. Children’s diets fell below the recommended range for vegetables, milk, and meats and beans; whereas, mothers’ diets fell below the recommended range for vegetables ...
Early Cranial Patterning In The Direct-Developing Frog Eleutherodactylus Coqui Revealed Through Gene Expression, Ryan Kerney, Joshua Gross, James Hanken
Genetic and developmental alterations associated with the evolution of amphibian direct development remain largely unexplored. Specifically, little is known of the underlying expression of skeletal regulatory genes, which may reveal early modifications to cranial ontogeny in direct-developing species. We describe expression patterns of three key skeletal regulators (runx2, sox9, and bmp4) along with the cartilage-dominant collagen 2a1 gene (col2a1) during cranial development in the direct- developing anuran, Eleutherodactylus coqui. Expression patterns of these regulators reveal transient skeletogenic anlagen that correspond to larval cartilages, but which never fully form in E. coqui. Suprarostral anlagen in the frontonasal processes are detected through ...
Bioelectronics, 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Bioelectronics, J. Fleming, Steven Ripp
The Encyclopedia of Industrial Biotechnology was published in order to help readers make sense of the vast amounts of information that have been published around the world across a broad array of ournals, books, and websites. With its comprehensive coverage, Encyclopedia of Industrial Biotechnology is the ideal starting point for research projects involving any aspect of industrial biological processes, including fermentation, biocatalysis, bioseparation, and biofabrication
Science And Natural History Museums, 2009 Macalester College
Science And Natural History Museums, Kristi Curry Rogers
Kristi Curry Rogers
No abstract provided.
Intensive Exploitation Of Amphibians By Eurasian Otter (Lutra Lutra) In The Wołosaty Stream, Southeastern Poland, 2009 Museum and Institute of Zoology PAS
Intensive Exploitation Of Amphibians By Eurasian Otter (Lutra Lutra) In The Wołosaty Stream, Southeastern Poland, Stanisław Pagacz, Julia Witczuk
Julia Judyta Witczuk
No abstract provided.
Parents' And Boys' Perceptions Of Boys' Body Size For Average And High Bmi Boys., 2009 Syracuse University
Parents' And Boys' Perceptions Of Boys' Body Size For Average And High Bmi Boys., Lynn Brann
Lynn S. Brann, Ph.D., R.D.
No abstract provided.
Fitness Variation Due To Sexual Antagonism And Linkage Disequilibrium, 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Fitness Variation Due To Sexual Antagonism And Linkage Disequilibrium, Manus Patten, David Haig, Fransisco Úbeda De Torres
Francisco Úbeda de Torres
Extensive fitness variation for sexually antagonistic characters has been detected in nature. However, current population genetic theory suggests that sexual antagonism is unlikely to play a major role in the maintenance of variation. We present a twolocus model of sexual antagonism that is capable of explaining greater fitness variance at equilibrium than previous single-locus models. The second genetic locus provides additional fitness variance in two complementary ways. First, linked loci can maintain gene variants that are lost in single-locus models of evolution, expanding the opportunity for polymorphism. Second, linkage disequilibrium results between any two sexually antagonistic genes, producing an excess ...
Bacteriophage Probe-Based Biosensors, 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Bacteriophage Probe-Based Biosensors, M. Zourob, Steven Ripp
This book presents a significant and up-to-date review of various recognition receptors, their immobilization, and an overview of surface characterization techniques. Distinguished scientists from key institutions worldwide have contributed chapters that provide a deep analysis of their particular subjects; at the same time, each topic is framed within the context of this integrated approach. This work explores comprehensively the field of recognition receptors, presenting a thorough review of the subject and effective integration of these receptors on sensor surfaces in order to appropriately convey state-of the-art fundamentals and applications of the most innovative approaches.
Biosensors As Environmental Monitors, 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Biosensors As Environmental Monitors, S. Ripp, M. Diclaudio, Gary Sayler
Gary S. Sayler
This is the long-awaited and much-anticipated revision of the bestselling text and reference. Based on the latest information and investigative techniques from molecular biology and genetics, this Second Edition offers an in-depth examination of the role of microbiological processes related to environmental deterioration with an emphasis on the detection and control of environmental contaminants. Its goal is to further our understanding of the complex microbial processes underlying environmental degradation, its detection and control, and ultimately, its prevention.
Diagnostic Exercise: Chronic Vomiting In A Dog., 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Diagnostic Exercise: Chronic Vomiting In A Dog., Debra Miller
Debra L Miller
An approximately one-and-a-half-year-old, neutered male, mixed-breed dog was presented for a chronic history of vomiting. Profuse diarrhea was also noted during examination. An exploratory laparotomy was performed, bone chips were removed from the stomach, and a raised, circular area of gastric mucosa was biopsied. Histologically, there was severe gastric cryptosporidiosis as well as numerous spiral bacteria, consistent with Helicobacter spp. Polymerase chain reaction revealed visible bands for the 18S ribosomal RNA gene for Cryptosporidium spp. The polymerase chain reaction product was sequenced and was found to be most similar to Cryptosporidium muris. Both the gastric location and the species of ...