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The Independent And Combined Effects Of Carbohydrate And Caffeine Ingestion On Cycling Performance, Tiffany L. Acker 2010 James Madison University

The Independent And Combined Effects Of Carbohydrate And Caffeine Ingestion On Cycling Performance, Tiffany L. Acker

Masters Theses

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the independent and combined effects of carbohydrate and caffeine ingestion on performance and physiological parameters during high-intensity aerobic cycling (~60 minutes). Methods: Ten cyclists (28 ± 3 yr, 73.2 ± 1.9 kg) performed 20 minutes of steady-state cycling (60% Wmax) followed by a simulated 20-km time trial (TT) under the following four treatment conditions: placebo (PLA), carbohydrate (CHO), caffeine (CAF), and a combination of CHO and CAF (CHO-CAF). One hour prior to exercise subjects ingested a placebo/caffeine capsule. Beverages (250 ml) were consumed immediately prior to the 20-min steady-state, immediately ...


Diet Reconstruction Of Bighorn Sheep (Ovis Canadensis) Using Stable Isotopes, Joshua M. Whitaker 2010 Brigham Young University - Provo

Diet Reconstruction Of Bighorn Sheep (Ovis Canadensis) Using Stable Isotopes, Joshua M. Whitaker

All Theses and Dissertations

We determined the diet contributions of grasses, forbs and shrubs for three herds of bighorn sheep along the Wasatch Front, Utah using stable isotope techniques and determined the electivity values for different forage species for four herds. Forbs were generally the most common forage eaten across all herds while shrubs were the least used forage resource. The Provo Peak and Mount Nebo herds used grasses, forbs and shrubs at proportions similar to other bighorn sheep populations across the west, while the Antelope Island herd used forbs at higher levels than any other local herd. Additionally, the herd on Antelope Island ...


Reproducibility Of Soil Moisture Ensembles When Representing Soil Parameter Uncertainty Using A Latin Hypercube–Based Approach With Correlation Control, Alejandro N. Flores, Dara Entekhabi, Rafael L. Bras 2010 Boise State University

Reproducibility Of Soil Moisture Ensembles When Representing Soil Parameter Uncertainty Using A Latin Hypercube–Based Approach With Correlation Control, Alejandro N. Flores, Dara Entekhabi, Rafael L. Bras

Alejandro N. Flores

Representation of model input uncertainty is critical in ensemble-based data assimilation. Monte Carlo sampling of model inputs produces uncertainty in the hydrologic state through the model dynamics. Small Monte Carlo ensemble sizes are desirable because of model complexity and dimensionality but potentially lead to sampling errors and correspondingly poor representation of probabilistic structure of the hydrologic state. We compare two techniques to sample soil hydraulic and thermal properties (SHTPs): (1) Latin Hypercube (LH) based sampling with correlation control and (2) random sampling from SHTP marginal distributions. A hydrology model is used to project SHTP uncertainty onto the soil moisture state ...


Trust In Social And Sensor Networks, Pramod Anantharam, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Cory Andrew Henson, Amit P. Sheth 2010 Wright State University - Main Campus

Trust In Social And Sensor Networks, Pramod Anantharam, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Cory Andrew Henson, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Trust can be defined as the perception of the trustor about the degree to which the trustee would satisfy an expectation about a transaction constituting risk. Trust plays a pivotal role when the risk in believing incorrect information is high. With Web 2.0 where user generated content and real time interactions dominate, the openness of data contribution may hinder the quality of information we can get.


Ecological Niche Modeling And Local Knowledge Predict New Populations Of Gymnocladus Assamicus A Critically Endangered Tree Species, Shaily Menon, Baharul I. Choudhury, M. Latif Khan, A. Townsend Peterson 2010 Grand Valley State University

Ecological Niche Modeling And Local Knowledge Predict New Populations Of Gymnocladus Assamicus A Critically Endangered Tree Species, Shaily Menon, Baharul I. Choudhury, M. Latif Khan, A. Townsend Peterson

Peer Reviewed Publications

Gymnocladus assamicus is a critically endangered tree species endemic to northeastern India. Local inhabitants traditionally used this species for a variety of purposes. However, rapid population declines led to the species being considered extinct, until fieldwork in 2004 to 2007 identified 14 discrete populations of 1 to 7 trees each. To overcome constraints on field surveys imposed by the region’s remoteness and rugged terrain, we targeted areas of further field inventories by estimating the potential distribution of the species. Ecological niche modeling enabled us to identify 26 sites which the model predicted to be highly suitable for the species ...


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr 2010 Iowa State University

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Rip2 Protein In The Nod Mediated Innate Immune Response: A Dissertation, Yibin Yang 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Role Of Rip2 Protein In The Nod Mediated Innate Immune Response: A Dissertation, Yibin Yang

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The Rip2 kinase contains a caspase recruitment domain (CARD) and has been implicated in the activation of the transcriptional factor NF-кB downstream of Nod-like receptors. However, how Rip2 mediates innate immune responses is still largely unclear. We show that Rip2 and IKK-γ become stably polyubiquitinated upon treatment of cells with the Nod2 ligand, muramyl dipeptide. We demonstrate a requirement for the E2 conjugating enzyme Ubc13, the E3 ubiquitin ligase Traf6 and the ubiquitin activated kinase Tak1 in Nod2-mediated NF-кB activation. We also show that M. tuberculosis infection stimulates Rip2 polyubiquitination. Collectively, this study revealed that the Nod2 pathway is ubiquitin ...


Claytonia Virginica L., Gordon C. Tucker 2010 Eastern Illinois University

Claytonia Virginica L., Gordon C. Tucker

Specimens by Name

No abstract provided.


Health Insurance Bills Are Now Law, Neil E. Harl 2010 Iowa State University

Health Insurance Bills Are Now Law, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

With the President’s signature to the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 20101 on March 30, 2010 following the approval of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act2 on March 23, 2010, the task that has eluded administrations for nearly 80 years was accomplished.3 The massive reform of the health care system, the most sweeping change in domestic policy in a generation, phases in over the next several years. Basically, the legislation expands health insurance coverage by requiring “minimal insurance coverage” for individuals and their dependents beginning by 2014, by obtaining coverage through their employers ...


Wright State University Celebration Of Research, Scholarship And Creative Activities 2010 Book Of Abstracts, Wright State University Office of Undergraduate Research and STEMM Activities 2010 Wright State University

Wright State University Celebration Of Research, Scholarship And Creative Activities 2010 Book Of Abstracts, Wright State University Office Of Undergraduate Research And Stemm Activities

Browse All Celebration of Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Materials

The student abstract booklet is a compilation of abstracts from students' oral and poster presentations at Wright State University's inaugural Celebration of Research, Scholarship and Creative Activities on April 16, 2010.


Neuroprotection With Anesthetics In Two Models Of Cerebral Ischemia, Rafael Eduardo Chaparro-Buitrago 2010 University of South Florida

Neuroprotection With Anesthetics In Two Models Of Cerebral Ischemia, Rafael Eduardo Chaparro-Buitrago

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Neuroprotection with anesthetics has been studied for many decades; important advances in this field have modified the way Anesthesiologists treat patients in the operating room. Animal models have played an important role in the study of ischemia in the operating room. Recent studies have demonstrated that the effect of anesthetics seems to be different in different animal models. We decided to evaluate anesthetics in a well-known model of cerebral ischemia and also in hypotensive models designed by us. We used a model of cerebral ischemia (MCAO) to test anesthetics neuroprotective effect in a two-week period. Then, we used a model ...


Gene Flow And Dispersal Of The Caddisfly, Neothremma Alicia, In The Rocky Mountains Of Utah: A Multiscale Analysis, Xioben Jiang 2010 Brigham Young University - Provo

Gene Flow And Dispersal Of The Caddisfly, Neothremma Alicia, In The Rocky Mountains Of Utah: A Multiscale Analysis, Xioben Jiang

All Theses and Dissertations

We determined genetic variance and gene flow across multiple scales (reaches, tributaries, and catchments) to examine the dispersal ability of the caddisfly, Neothremma alicia in streams along the Wasatch Range in the Rocky Mountains of Utah. Neothremma alicia is one of the most abundant caddisflies in this region. We generated DNA sequence data (mitochondrial COI) from 34 reaches, nested in 15 tributaries distributed across 3 adjacent catchments. We identified 47 haplotypes from a total of 486 individuals. The most abundant haplotype (H1) was found at all sites/reaches and comprised 44% of the total number of individuals sequenced. The remaining ...


Mechanism (S) Of Metal-Induced Apoptosis In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Amrita Mohan Nargund 2010 Georgia State University

Mechanism (S) Of Metal-Induced Apoptosis In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Amrita Mohan Nargund

Biology Dissertations

Heavy metals, such as copper and cadmium have been linked to a number of cellular dysfunctions in single and multicellular organisms that are associated with apoptosis. The yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, provides a valuable model for elucidating apoptosis mechanisms, and this study extends that capability to Cu and Cd-induced apoptosis. We demonstrate that S. cerevisiae undergoes a glucose-dependent, programmed cell death in response to low cadmium concentrations, which is initiated within the first hour of Cd exposure. The response was associated with induction of the yeast caspase, Yca1p, and was abolished in YCA1∆ mutant. Other apoptotic markers, including sub-G1 DNA fragmentation ...


Ecological Niche Modeling And Local Knowledge Predict New Populations Of Gymnocladus Assamicus A Critically Endangered Tree Species, Shaily Menon, Baharul I. Choudhury, M. Latif Khan, A. Townsend Peterson 2010 Grand Valley State University

Ecological Niche Modeling And Local Knowledge Predict New Populations Of Gymnocladus Assamicus A Critically Endangered Tree Species, Shaily Menon, Baharul I. Choudhury, M. Latif Khan, A. Townsend Peterson

Shaily Menon

Gymnocladus assamicus is a critically endangered tree species endemic to northeastern India. Local inhabitants traditionally used this species for a variety of purposes. However, rapid population declines led to the species being considered extinct, until fieldwork in 2004 to 2007 identified 14 discrete populations of 1 to 7 trees each. To overcome constraints on field surveys imposed by the region’s remoteness and rugged terrain, we targeted areas of further field inventories by estimating the potential distribution of the species. Ecological niche modeling enabled us to identify 26 sites which the model predicted to be highly suitable for the species ...


Assessing Invasive Plant Species As Threats In Mojave Desert Parks, Sara L. McPherson, Donovan J. Craig, Scott R. Abella 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Assessing Invasive Plant Species As Threats In Mojave Desert Parks, Sara L. Mcpherson, Donovan J. Craig, Scott R. Abella

Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA)

The invasion and persistence of exotic plant species threatens the natural features that national parks are designed to protect. For example, park managers have witnessed an increase in the frequency, extent and intensity of fires along with a reduction in native species richness and diversity. Many park managers are familiar with a suite of highly invasive plants, but lack a comprehensive and systematic way of prioritizing invasive plant species based on potential threats to the parks’ resources. We have entered into a collaborative project with the National Park Service’s Inventory and Monitoring program to develop an invasive plant early ...


29 Years Of Vegetation Community Change Across Environmental Gradients In A Mojave Desert Mountain Range, Christopher L. Roberts, James S. Holland, Scott R. Abella 2010 University of Nevada Las Vegas

29 Years Of Vegetation Community Change Across Environmental Gradients In A Mojave Desert Mountain Range, Christopher L. Roberts, James S. Holland, Scott R. Abella

Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA)

There is a great deal of uncertainty as to how biological communities respond to changes in land use and climate change, a situation particularly relevant in protected areas such as national parks that were designated to conserve specific biological features. Utilizing extant vegetation data sets with repeatable methodology can provide opportunities for insight into previous vegetation change and provide base line data for long-term monitoring projects useful for modeling vegetation community trajectories. We have relocated and resurveyed 106 sites from a vegetation community study initiated in 1979 in the Newberry Mountains, southern Nevada, within Lake Mead National Recreation Area managed ...


Bean Pod Mottle Virus Prediction Map Updated, Emmanuel Byamukama, Alison E. Robertson, Forrest W. Nutter Jr. 2010 Iowa State University

Bean Pod Mottle Virus Prediction Map Updated, Emmanuel Byamukama, Alison E. Robertson, Forrest W. Nutter Jr.

Integrated Crop Management News

The figure below has been updated in Predicted Risk of Bean Pod Mottle Virus in 2010 - an article first posted April 12. The original map had incomplete data for some counties. Data for those counties are now available and are reflected in the the map below. See complete article.


Patients Do Not Need Congressman Langevin’S Clone-To-Kill Bill, Nicanor Austriaco 2010 Providence College

Patients Do Not Need Congressman Langevin’S Clone-To-Kill Bill, Nicanor Austriaco

Theology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Dna-Binding Peroxiredoxin Of Coxiella Burnetii Is Involved In Countering Oxidative Stress During Exponential-Phase Growth, Linda D. Hicks, Rahul Raghavan, James M. Battisti, Michael F. Minnick 2010 University of Montana - Missoula

A Dna-Binding Peroxiredoxin Of Coxiella Burnetii Is Involved In Countering Oxidative Stress During Exponential-Phase Growth, Linda D. Hicks, Rahul Raghavan, James M. Battisti, Michael F. Minnick

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Coxiella burnetii is a Gram-negative, obligate intracellular bacterial pathogen that resides within the harsh, acidic confines of a lysosome-like compartment of the host cell that is termed a parasitophorous vacuole. In this study, we characterized a thiol-specific peroxidase of C. burnetii that belongs to the atypical 2-cysteine subfamily of peroxiredoxins, commonly referred to as bacterioferritin comigratory proteins (BCPs). Coxiella BCP was initially identified as a potential DNA-binding protein by two-dimensional Southwestern (SW) blots of the pathogen's proteome, probed with biotinylated C. burnetii genomic DNA. Confirmation of the identity of the DNA-binding protein as BCP (CBU_0963) was established by matrix-assisted ...


Viola Canadensis L., P. Harwood, Carol Woodin 2010 Eastern Illinois University

Viola Canadensis L., P. Harwood, Carol Woodin

Specimens by Name

No abstract provided.


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