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General Biology 1 Lab Manual (Bio1101l), Jeremy Seto 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

General Biology 1 Lab Manual (Bio1101l), Jeremy Seto

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Genetic Diversity In An Invasive Clonal Plant? A Historical And Contemporary Perspective, Elliot D. Weidow 2018 University of New Orleans

Genetic Diversity In An Invasive Clonal Plant? A Historical And Contemporary Perspective, Elliot D. Weidow

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Introduced populations of Eichhornia crassipes (Pontederiaceae) possess extremely low levels of genetic diversity due to severe bottleneck events and clonal reproduction. While populations elsewhere have been well studied, North American populations of E. crassipes remain understudied. We used Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism markers to assess genetic diversity and population structure in North American E. crassipes populations. Patterns of diversity over the past fifty years were analyzed using herbarium specimens. Furthermore, we sampled populations across the Gulf Coast of the United States throughout a year to determine contemporary genetic diversity and assess potential seasonal effects. Genetic diversity was found to be ...


Analysis Of Temperature And Salinity Effects On Growth And Mortality Of Oysters (Crassostrea Virginica) In Louisiana, Troy Sehlinger 2018 University of New Orleans

Analysis Of Temperature And Salinity Effects On Growth And Mortality Of Oysters (Crassostrea Virginica) In Louisiana, Troy Sehlinger

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Salinity (S) and temperature (T) control every facet of the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) life cycle, principally reproduction, development, growth, and mortality. Previous studies conducted in in the Breton Sound (BR) and Barataria (BA) estuaries have reported differences in growth and mortality rates between the basins. In the present study, environmental conditions were synchronized to compare growth and mortality rates between basins at similar combinations of T and S. Results indicate that when T and S are the same (synchronized), seasonal oyster growth and mortality rates differ between BR and BA. Seasonal analyses revealed that as salinities increased in both ...


Zooplankton Community Composition In Natural And Artificial Estuarine Passes Of Lake Pontchartrain, Louisiana, Arnaud Kerisit 2018 University of New Orleans

Zooplankton Community Composition In Natural And Artificial Estuarine Passes Of Lake Pontchartrain, Louisiana, Arnaud Kerisit

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

I assessed the composition of zooplankton communities at the three tidal inlets connecting Lake Pontchartrain to Lake Borgne and subsequently to the Gulf of Mexico. The objectives of my research were to better understand the factors contributing to both spatial and temporal differences in zooplankton communities at the three locations. Monthly samplings of the neuston were conducted from September 2009 until April 2011 and then again from September 2012 until May 2013. Sampling consisted of triplicate tows using SeaGear “Bongo” nets. Water quality data along with water turbidity were recorded at each site and during each sampling effort. All specimens ...


The Navy Physical Fitness Test: A Proposed Revision To The Navy Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

The Navy Physical Fitness Test: A Proposed Revision To The Navy Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

The Department of Defense mandates that each branch of the Armed Forces develop and use annual Physical Fitness Tests to assess the physical readiness of their service-members. In an attempt to improve test validity and better predict battlefield performance, most of the services have made significant changes in recent years to their physical fitness tests. However, the Navy's Physical Readiness Test has remained relatively unchanged since 1986. This article introduces a revised Physical Fitness Test, the Navy Physical Fitness Test, that offers significantly improved validity and operational relevance.


The Reliability And Predictive Ability Of The Movement Competency Screen In A Military Population, E. J. Milbank, David D. Peterson, S. M. Henry 2018 Cedarville University

The Reliability And Predictive Ability Of The Movement Competency Screen In A Military Population, E. J. Milbank, David D. Peterson, S. M. Henry

David Peterson, Ed.D.

Purpose: Musculoskeletal injuries in the United States Armed Forces impacts operational readiness. Therefore, a reliable, valid screening tool that identifies injury risk and predicts performance is needed. The purpose of this study was to: (1) establish the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the Movement Competency Screen (MCS) using a cohort of United States Naval Academy fourth class Midshipmen, (2) identify if a correlation exists between average total MCS scores and injury rates during training, and (3) identify if a correlation exists between 1/16 average total MCS score and performance on the Physical Readiness Test (PRT).

Methods: Five raters independently ...


Proposed Revisions To The Navy Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

Proposed Revisions To The Navy Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


Proposed Performance Standards For The Plank For Inclusion Consideration Into The Navy's Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

Proposed Performance Standards For The Plank For Inclusion Consideration Into The Navy's Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

Since 1982, the U.S. Navy has used the curl-up as part of its semiannual physical readiness test (PRT) to assess core muscular endurance. Although no formal study has been conducted yet, there is speculation that the incorporation of the curl-up into the PRT has contributed to the navy's lower back injury rate. Therefore, there has been considerable interest as of late to identify a safer (and more operationally relevant) alternative to the curl-up. The following article takes a formal look at the standard front plank as a possible replacement for the curl-up for incorporation into the Navy's ...


Field Test Design Considerations For Military Populations, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

Field Test Design Considerations For Military Populations, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


A Practical Approach For Assessing Physical Fitness, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

A Practical Approach For Assessing Physical Fitness, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


A Proposed Revision To The U.S. Navy’S Body Composition Program, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

A Proposed Revision To The U.S. Navy’S Body Composition Program, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


Navy Physical Readiness Test Research, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

Navy Physical Readiness Test Research, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


Comparing Performance Category Criteria For U.S. Navy Alternate Physical Readiness Tests, A. Latour, David D. Peterson, M. Rittenhouse, D. Riner 2018 Cedarville University

Comparing Performance Category Criteria For U.S. Navy Alternate Physical Readiness Tests, A. Latour, David D. Peterson, M. Rittenhouse, D. Riner

David Peterson, Ed.D.

The current Navy Physical Readiness Test (PRT) allows for several alternative methods, in lieu of the 1.5-mile run, with which to assess aerobic fitness. Two of these methods (elliptical trainer and stationary bike) and two additional devices (2-Km rower and 5-Km bike) were evaluated to determine if maximal effort on all devices produced the same performance category as the 1.5-mile run. One hundred thirty-two active-duty military and midshipmen were recruited from the United States Naval Academy and Naval Support Activity Annapolis. Subjects participated in six testing sessions over a six-week period. Subjects performed a 1.5-mile run (n ...


Occurrence Of Camponotus Pennsylvanicus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) In Trees Previously Infested With Enaphalodes Rufulus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) In The Ozark Mountains Of Arkansas, Robin M. Verble-Pearson, Fred M. Stephen 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Occurrence Of Camponotus Pennsylvanicus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) In Trees Previously Infested With Enaphalodes Rufulus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) In The Ozark Mountains Of Arkansas, Robin M. Verble-Pearson, Fred M. Stephen

Robin M. Verble

Black carpenter ants, Camponotus pennsylvanicus (DeGeer), are nearly ubiquitous in North American forests. These ants are documented as predators of red oak borer, Enaphalodes rufulus (Haldeman), a native longhorn beetle that experienced an unprecedented population increase synonymous with an oak decline event in the oak hickory forests of the Ozark Mountains of Arkansas from the late 1990s until 2005. We examined previous red oak borer emergence holes, tree crown conditions, and site aspects in 13 pre-established vegetation monitoring plots and correlated these forest and tree attributes with the presence or absence of black carpenter ants. At each site, all red ...


Genetically Modified Foods And Organisms: What In The World ...?, Bridget M. Lyons, Teresa Ralabate, Marion Calabrese, Linda Hadfield 2018 Sacred Heart University

Genetically Modified Foods And Organisms: What In The World ...?, Bridget M. Lyons, Teresa Ralabate, Marion Calabrese, Linda Hadfield

Bridget Lyons

This paper examines the current controvery over genetically modified organisms and foods and compares the regulatory response in the United States, European Union and United Kingdom.


The Pathology Of Cancer, Chi Young Ok, Bruce A. Woda, Elizabeth Kurian 2018 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

The Pathology Of Cancer, Chi Young Ok, Bruce A. Woda, Elizabeth Kurian

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

Patients and physicians depend on pathologists to make the diagnosis of cancer and of the specific type of cancer. Pathologists are expert in pattern recognition and in the natural history of diseases, including cancers. This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist will describe the pathology of cancer.


Herbarium Records Reveal Earlier Bloom Times In Three Southern Appalachian Plant Species, Melanie Flood, Mark Davis, Ashlee McCaskill 2018 University of North Georgia, Dahlonega

Herbarium Records Reveal Earlier Bloom Times In Three Southern Appalachian Plant Species, Melanie Flood, Mark Davis, Ashlee Mccaskill

Georgia Journal of Science

Plant phenology, especially the onset of flowering in angiosperms, is a useful tool for studying the effects of climate change on native flora because it is influenced by temperatures. Numerous studies in different biomes have provided evidence of earlier bloom times in response to increasing temperatures. We examined herbarium specimen data to determine whether three spring-blooming species (Sanguinaria canadensis, Iris cristata, and Trillium rugelii) at the southern terminus of the Appalachians exhibit a similar change in onset of flowering over several decades. All three species exhibited significantly earlier flower onset during the past 120 years, a change that could have ...


Reporter Bacteriophage T7nlc Utilizes A Novel Nanoluc::Cbm Fusion For The Ultrasensitive Detection Of Escherichia Coli In Water., T.C. Hinkley, S. Garing, S. Singh, A-L. M. Le Ny, K.P. Nichols, J.E. Peters, Joey N. Talbert, S.R. Nugen 2018 Cornell University

Reporter Bacteriophage T7nlc Utilizes A Novel Nanoluc::Cbm Fusion For The Ultrasensitive Detection Of Escherichia Coli In Water., T.C. Hinkley, S. Garing, S. Singh, A-L. M. Le Ny, K.P. Nichols, J.E. Peters, Joey N. Talbert, S.R. Nugen

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Rapid detection of bacteria responsible for foodborne diseases is a growing necessity for public health. Reporter bacteriophages (phages) are robust biorecognition elements uniquely suited for the rapid and sensitive detection of bacterial species. The advantages of phages include their host specificity, ability to distinguish viable and non-viable cells, low cost, and ease of genetic engineering. Upon infection with reporter phages, target bacteria express reporter enzymes encoded within the phage genome. In this study, the T7 coliphage was genetically engineered to express the newly developed luceriferase, NanoLuc (NLuc), as an indicator of bacterial contamination. While several genetic approaches were employed to ...


Cost-Effective Paper-Based Diagnostic Using Split Proteins To Detect Yeast Infections, Zachary R. Berglund, Kevin V. Solomon, Mohit S. Verma, Moiz Rasheed, Zachary Hartley, Kevin Fitzgerald, Kok Zhi Lee, Janice Chan, Julianne Dejoie, Makayla Schacht, Alex Zavala 2018 Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Purdue University

Cost-Effective Paper-Based Diagnostic Using Split Proteins To Detect Yeast Infections, Zachary R. Berglund, Kevin V. Solomon, Mohit S. Verma, Moiz Rasheed, Zachary Hartley, Kevin Fitzgerald, Kok Zhi Lee, Janice Chan, Julianne Dejoie, Makayla Schacht, Alex Zavala

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The common yeast infection, vulvovaginal candidiasis, affects three out of four women throughout their lifetime and can be spread to their child in the form of oral candidiasis (thrush). This disease is caused by the fungal pathogen Candida albicans, which is also a major cause of systemic candidiasis, a rarer but deadly disease with up to a 49% lethality rate. Current widely-used diagnostic methods include cell cultures, pH tests, and antibody detection, to assist effective treatment. Despite availability of various diagnostic methods, there is no inexpensive, rapid, and accurate way to detect C. albicans infection. This project aims to develop ...


Neural Coding Of An Auditory Pitch Illusion, Maria Alejandra Barrera, Mark Sayles, Ravinderjit Singh 2018 University of Los Andes, Colombia

Neural Coding Of An Auditory Pitch Illusion, Maria Alejandra Barrera, Mark Sayles, Ravinderjit Singh

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Pitch is an important perceptual dimension in audition, supporting auditory object segregation, melody recognition and lexical distinction. Huggins’ pitch, for example, is a phenomenon evoked by two sources of broadband noise presented binaurally with an inter-aural phase shift over a narrow frequency band. Huggins’ pitch and other dichotic pitches have been studied extensively using perceptual experiments. Several models have been proposed to explain and predict the perception of pitch; however, no studies have tried to record in vivo neuron responses to Huggins’ pitch (HP) nor have tried to explain how the HP is coded by neurons. The existence of pitches ...


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