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180,865 full-text articles. Page 3755 of 4434.

Estimation Of Relationships Between Mineral Concentration And Fatty Acid Composition Of Longissimus Muscle And Beef Palatability Traits, A. J. Garmyn, G. G. Hilton, R. G. Mateescu, J. B. Morgan, James M. Reecy, Richard G. Tait Jr., Donald C. Beitz, Qing Duan, Jon P. Schoonmaker, Mary S. Mayes, Mary E. Drewnoski, Q. Liu, D. L. VanOverbeke 2011 Oklahoma State University

Estimation Of Relationships Between Mineral Concentration And Fatty Acid Composition Of Longissimus Muscle And Beef Palatability Traits, A. J. Garmyn, G. G. Hilton, R. G. Mateescu, J. B. Morgan, James M. Reecy, Richard G. Tait Jr., Donald C. Beitz, Qing Duan, Jon P. Schoonmaker, Mary S. Mayes, Mary E. Drewnoski, Q. Liu, D. L. Vanoverbeke

Animal Science Publications

The objective of this study was to determine the influence of beef LM nutrient components on beef palatability traits and evaluate the impact of USDA quality grade on beef palatability. Longissimus muscle samples from related Angus cattle (n = 1,737) were obtained and fabricated into steaks for trained sensory panel, Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), lipid oxidation measured by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), fatty acid, and mineral composition analysis. Pearson phenotypic correlations were obtained by the correlation procedure of SAS. Beef palatability data were analyzed by the GLM procedure of SAS with USDA quality grade as the main effect. Specific ...


Type Ii Toxoplasma Gondii Ku80 Knockout Strains Enable Functional Analysis Of Genes Required For Cyst Development And Latent Infection, Barbara A. Fox, Alejandra Falla, Leah M. Rommereim, Tadakimi Tomita 2011 Dartmouth College

Type Ii Toxoplasma Gondii Ku80 Knockout Strains Enable Functional Analysis Of Genes Required For Cyst Development And Latent Infection, Barbara A. Fox, Alejandra Falla, Leah M. Rommereim, Tadakimi Tomita

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Type II Toxoplasma gondii KU80 knockouts (Δku80) deficient in nonhomologous end joining were developed to delete the dominant pathway mediating random integration of targeting episomes. Gene targeting frequency in the type II Δku80 Δhxgprt strain measured at the orotate (OPRT) and the uracil (UPRT) phosphoribosyltransferase loci was highly efficient. To assess the potential of the type II Δku80 Δhxgprt strain to examine gene function affecting cyst biology and latent stages of infection, we targeted the deletion of four parasite antigen genes (GRA4, GRA6, ROP7, and tgd057) that encode characterized CD8+ T cell epitopes that elicit ...


Changes In Twelve Homoeologous Genomic Regions In Soybean Following Three Rounds Of Polyploidy, Andrew J. Severin, Steven B. Cannon, Michelle Graham, David Grant, Randy C. Shoemaker 2011 Iowa State University

Changes In Twelve Homoeologous Genomic Regions In Soybean Following Three Rounds Of Polyploidy, Andrew J. Severin, Steven B. Cannon, Michelle Graham, David Grant, Randy C. Shoemaker

Agronomy Publications

With the advent of high-throughput sequencing, the availability of genomic sequence for comparative genomics is increasing exponentially. Numerous completed plant genome sequences enable characterization of patterns of the retention and evolution of genes within gene families due to multiple polyploidy events, gene loss and fractionation, and differential evolutionary pressures over time and across different gene families. In this report, we trace the changes that have occurred in 12 surviving homoeologous genomic regions from three rounds of polyploidy that contributed to the current Glycine max genome: a genome triplication before the origin of the rosids (;130 to 240 million years ago ...


Soil Assessment Of The Weaber Plain (Goomig) Farmlands, Henry Smolinski, Justin Laycock, Jim Dixon 2011 Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia

Soil Assessment Of The Weaber Plain (Goomig) Farmlands, Henry Smolinski, Justin Laycock, Jim Dixon

Resource management technical reports

In 2008, the Ord Irrigation Expansion Project was approved by the Western Australian Government to develop irrigated agriculture on the Weaber Plain (Goomig)

As part of the environmental planning and approvals process, the WA Government was required to prepare a groundwater management plan and a hydrodynamic plan.

As a result, the Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia (DAFWA) was requested to lead an investigative program to support a second phase of modelling. The project was divided into five components: two addressing deficiencies related to groundwater, two relating to soils and subsoils, and one addressing surface and groundwater quality aspects ...


Tips For Teaching Knife Skills, Karin E. Allen, Janet Smith 2011 Utah State University

Tips For Teaching Knife Skills, Karin E. Allen, Janet Smith

All Current Publications

This publication gives tips about teaching knife skills safely and effectively.


Peach Leaf Curl Disease, Claudia Nischwitz 2011 Utah State University

Peach Leaf Curl Disease, Claudia Nischwitz

All Current Publications

No abstract provided.


Eriophyid Mites, Bud, Blister, Gall, And Rust Mites, Ryan S. Davis, Taun Beddes 2011 Utah State University

Eriophyid Mites, Bud, Blister, Gall, And Rust Mites, Ryan S. Davis, Taun Beddes

All Current Publications

Eriophyid mites are translucent, cigar-shaped microscopic mites that cause deformities on many plants species. These mites are noticed when their feeding causes abnormalities of plant tissues such as erineum, galls, brooms, leaf curling, blisters, rusts, silvering, fruit rusetting, and deformed buds, catkins, fruits, etc. Fortunately, these mites rarely cause serious harm to plants, and control is seldom needed. In fact, eriophyid mites can serve as an alternative food source for predatory mites when their primary food source is absent.


Pear Sawfly, Vincent P. Jones, Ryan S. Davis 2011 Utah State University

Pear Sawfly, Vincent P. Jones, Ryan S. Davis

All Current Publications

The pear sawfly, which is actually a wasp, is a common pest on pear, cherry, and hawthorn in Utah. The slug-like appearance of the larval stage has prompted this insect to also be referred to as the pear or cherry slug in various parts of the country.


Utah’S Adaptive Resources Management Greater Sage-Grouse Local Working Groups Accomplishment Report, Utah State University Extension 2011 Utah State University

Utah’S Adaptive Resources Management Greater Sage-Grouse Local Working Groups Accomplishment Report, Utah State University Extension

All Current Publications

No abstract provided.


The Conservation Value Of Residential Landscapes For Native Bird Communities: Patterns, Processes, And Management Implications, Susannah Beth Lerman 2011 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Conservation Value Of Residential Landscapes For Native Bird Communities: Patterns, Processes, And Management Implications, Susannah Beth Lerman

Open Access Dissertations

Urbanization, as it transforms natural biotic systems into human-dominated landscapes, is recognized as one of the greatest threats to biodiversity throughout the world. Furthermore, urban dwellers are becoming increasingly disconnected with the natural world. Here I investigate whether residential landscape designs that mimic the natural environment can provide habitat for native birds. First I uncover some of the patterns of bird distribution in residential yards by incorporating habitat features, urbanization measurements and socioeconomic factors with bird monitoring data into a multivariate analysis. The results indicate that native birds associate with neighborhoods with native plants and shrubs, neighborhoods closer to desert ...


Phylogenics And Patterns Of Molecular Evolution In Amoebozoa, Daniel J.G. Lahr 2011 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Phylogenics And Patterns Of Molecular Evolution In Amoebozoa, Daniel J.G. Lahr

Open Access Dissertations

My dissertation explores several aspects of the relationship between morphological and molecular evolution in amoeboid lineages:

Chapter 1 - General Introduction: This chapter provides an overview of the most pressing issues in Amoebozoa phylogeny that are dealt with in the remainder of the thesis

Chapter 2 - Reducing the impact of PCR-mediated recombination in molecular evolution and environmental studies using a new generation high fidelity DNA polymerase: This chapter addresses the methodological difficulty in the study of large gene families, the generation of artifactual sequences by recombination during PCR.

Chapter 3 - Evolution of the actin gene family in testate lobose amoebae (Arcellinida ...


Evaluation Of Potential Fungal Species For The In Situ Simultaneous Saccharification And Fermentation (Ssf) Of Cellulosic Material, Micky A. Vincent, Anthony L. Pometto III, Johannes van Leeuwen 2011 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Potential Fungal Species For The In Situ Simultaneous Saccharification And Fermentation (Ssf) Of Cellulosic Material, Micky A. Vincent, Anthony L. Pometto Iii, Johannes Van Leeuwen

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Three fungal species were evaluated for their abilities to saccharify pure cellulose. The three species chosen represented three major wood-rot molds; brown rot (Gloeophyllum trabeum), white rot (Phanerochaete chrysosporium) and soft rot (Trichoderma reesei). After solid state fermentation of the fungi on the filter paper for four days, the saccharified cellulose was then fermented to ethanol by using Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The efficiency of the fungal species in saccharifying the filter paper was compared against a low dose (25 FPU/g cellulose) of a commercial cellulase. Total sugar, cellobiose and glucose were monitored during the fermentation period, along with ethanol, acetic ...


Brachypodium As A Model For The Grasses: Today And The Future, Jelena Brkljacic, Erich Grotewold, Randy Scholl, Todd Mockler, David F. Garvin, Philippe Vain, Thomas Brutnell, Richard Sibout, Michael Bevan, Hikmet Budak, Ana L. Caicedo, Caixia Gao, Yong Gu, Samuel P. Hazen, Ben F. Holt III, Shin-Young Hong, Antonio J. Manzaneda, Thomas Mitchell-Olds, Keiichi Mochida, Luis A. J. Mur, Chung-Mo Park, John Sedbrook, Michelle Watt, Shao Jian Zheng, John P. Vogel 2011 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Brachypodium As A Model For The Grasses: Today And The Future, Jelena Brkljacic, Erich Grotewold, Randy Scholl, Todd Mockler, David F. Garvin, Philippe Vain, Thomas Brutnell, Richard Sibout, Michael Bevan, Hikmet Budak, Ana L. Caicedo, Caixia Gao, Yong Gu, Samuel P. Hazen, Ben F. Holt Iii, Shin-Young Hong, Antonio J. Manzaneda, Thomas Mitchell-Olds, Keiichi Mochida, Luis A. J. Mur, Chung-Mo Park, John Sedbrook, Michelle Watt, Shao Jian Zheng, John P. Vogel

Samuel P Hazen

No abstract provided.


Structural Analysis Of The Hot Spots In The Binding Between H1n1 Ha And The 2di Antibody: Do Mutations Of H1n1 From 1918 To 2009 Affect Much On This Binding?, Qian LIU, Steven C. H. HOI, Chinh T. T. SU, Zhenhua LI, Chee-Keong KWOH, Limsoon WONG, Jinyan LI 2011 Nanyang Technological University

Structural Analysis Of The Hot Spots In The Binding Between H1n1 Ha And The 2di Antibody: Do Mutations Of H1n1 From 1918 To 2009 Affect Much On This Binding?, Qian Liu, Steven C. H. Hoi, Chinh T. T. Su, Zhenhua Li, Chee-Keong Kwoh, Limsoon Wong, Jinyan Li

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Worldwide and substantial mortality caused by the 2009 H1N1 influenza A has stimulated a new surge of research on H1N1 viruses. An epitope conservation has been learned in the HA1 protein that allows antibodies to cross-neutralize both 1918 and 2009 H1N1. However, few works have thoroughly studied the binding hot spots in those two antigen–antibody interfaces which are responsible for the antibody cross-neutralization. We apply predictive methods to identify binding hot spots at the epitope sites of the HA1 proteins and at the paratope sites of the 2D1 antibody. We find that the six mutations at the HA1's ...


Executive Summary, Cumberland County Foodshed Assessment, Report 1, Barbara Ives 2011 New England Environmental Finance Center

Executive Summary, Cumberland County Foodshed Assessment, Report 1, Barbara Ives

Local Food Systems

Like everyone else in these troubled economic times, Mainers are looking for ways to create jobs that will remain relevant and vital in a global economy, that cannot be outsourced, and that will regenerate rather than exploit our natural resources.

A growing number of people believe that a food system rooted in local farms, fisheries, and food production and distribution enterprises can strengthen Maine’s economy and its communities’ health, thereby increasing revenue and decreasing an expense that is crippling government agencies and individuals alike – healthcare. Business people who want to make a living related to food, and public and ...


Limits To Sexual Reproduction In Geothermal Bryophytes, Sarah M. Eppley, Todd N. Rosenstiel, Camille Brianne Graves, Estefanía Llaneza García 2011 Portland State University

Limits To Sexual Reproduction In Geothermal Bryophytes, Sarah M. Eppley, Todd N. Rosenstiel, Camille Brianne Graves, Estefanía Llaneza García

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Previous research suggests that while sexual reproduction generally increases with environmental stress it may decrease with extreme stress, at the edge of eukaryotic life. In this study, we explored the limits to sexual reproduction in an extremophile, bryophyte system to ultimately understand the processes that limit sexual reproduction. We used field data from geothermal sites at Lassen Volcanic National Park, California, to demonstrate that sexual reproduction, as measured by the number of sporophytes per shoot, decreases with increasing environmental stress. We found that the number of sporophytes per shoot is positively correlated with distance from geothermal features. When Pohlia nutans ...


Bioactive Properties And Clinical Safety Of A Novel Milk Protein Peptide, Richard B. Kreider, Mike Iosia, Matt Cooke, Geoffrey M. Hudson, Chris Rasmussen, Helen Chen, Olof Mollstedt, Men-Hwei Tsai 2011 Texas A&M University

Bioactive Properties And Clinical Safety Of A Novel Milk Protein Peptide, Richard B. Kreider, Mike Iosia, Matt Cooke, Geoffrey M. Hudson, Chris Rasmussen, Helen Chen, Olof Mollstedt, Men-Hwei Tsai

Faculty Publications

Background: Milk protein fractions and peptides have been shown to have bioactive properties. This preliminary study examined the potential mechanisms of action and clinical safety of novel milk protein peptide ( MP).

Findings: A novel MP mixture inhibits the tyrosine kinase activity of epidermal growth factor receptor ( EGFR), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), and insulin receptor (IR) with IC(50) of 9.85 mu M, 7.7 mu M, and 6.18 mu M respectively. In vitro, this multi-kinase inhibitor causes apoptosis in HT-29 colon cancer cells, and in a C. elegans worm study, showed a weak but significant ...


A New Species Of Diploid Quillwort (Isoetes, Isoetaceae, Lycophyta) From Lebanon, Jay F. Bolin, Rebecca D. Bray, Lytton John Musselman 2011 Old Dominion University

A New Species Of Diploid Quillwort (Isoetes, Isoetaceae, Lycophyta) From Lebanon, Jay F. Bolin, Rebecca D. Bray, Lytton John Musselman

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

A new species, Isoetes libanotica Musselman, Bolin & B. D. Bray (Isoetaceae, Lycophyta), is described from Akkar District of northern Lebanon. It is a seasonal terrestrial species of basaltic soils, diploid (2n = 22), with complete velum coverage. Megaspore diameter ranges from 338 to 477 mu m with remote, low tuberculate ornamentation and a low to obsolete equatorial girdle; microspore length ranges from 25 to 30 mu m, with echinate ornamentation. At the type locality of I. libanotica, two other Isoetes L. species occur sympatrically. These superficially similar Isoetes species can be differentiated from I. libanotica using megaspore characters; I. duriei Bory has larger alveolate megaspores and I. olympica A. Braun has a prominent equatorial girdle.


Shellfish Tissue Monitoring In Piscataqua Region Estuaries 2010: Final Report, Matthew A. Wood, Philip R. Trowbridge 2011 New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, Watershed Management Bureau

Shellfish Tissue Monitoring In Piscataqua Region Estuaries 2010: Final Report, Matthew A. Wood, Philip R. Trowbridge

PREP Reports & Publications

Gulfwatch examines the effects of decades of development and industrialization on the water quality of the Gulf as it relates to human health primarily through assessing contaminant exposure of marine organisms. Gulfwatch scientists collect blue mussels at over 60 US and Canadian sites Gulfwide, and analyze the organisms’ tissue for potentially harmful levels and concentrations of toxins including heavy metals, chlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). New Hampshire increased the number of Gulfwatch sampling locations from two sites per year in 1997 to an average of five sites per year from 1998-2010. The increased spatial coverage ...


Present Limits To Heat-Adaptability In Corals And Population-Level Responses To Climate Extremes, Bernhard Riegl, Samuel J. Purkis, Ashraf S. Al-Cibahy, Mohammed A. Abdel-Moati, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg 2011 Nova Southeastern University

Present Limits To Heat-Adaptability In Corals And Population-Level Responses To Climate Extremes, Bernhard Riegl, Samuel J. Purkis, Ashraf S. Al-Cibahy, Mohammed A. Abdel-Moati, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg

Oceanography Faculty Articles

Climate change scenarios suggest an increase in tropical ocean temperature by 1–3°C by 2099, potentially killing many coral reefs. But Arabian/Persian Gulf corals already exist in this future thermal environment predicted for most tropical reefs and survived severe bleaching in 2010, one of the hottest years on record. Exposure to 33–35°C was on average twice as long as in non-bleaching years. Gulf corals bleached after exposure to temperatures above 34°C for a total of 8 weeks of which 3 weeks were above 35°C. This is more heat than any other corals can survive ...


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