Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

160508 Full-Text Articles 186391 Authors 26392014 Downloads 355 Institutions

All Articles in Life Sciences

Faceted Search

160508 full-text articles. Page 3615 of 3736.

Sustainability Potential Of Suburban Gardens: Review And New Directions, Sumita Ghosh 2010 University of Wollongong

Sustainability Potential Of Suburban Gardens: Review And New Directions, Sumita Ghosh

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Gardens, as important elements of Australian suburban residential environments, could have significant sustainability potential similar to that of dwellings. Research to identify the cumulative (social, cultural, environmental and ecological) sustainability values of suburban domestic gardens has been very limited. Australian suburbs are likely to retain their typical characteristics for a considerable period of time as their rapid intensification is not likely. Therefore, it is immensely important to understand the role and performance of the suburban garden in this discourse. This article reviews the sustainability potential of domestic gardens and their links to suburban forms, sustainable design, social processes, and environmental ...


Coastal Reservoirs Can Harness Stormwater, Shu-qing Yang, Scott Ferguson 2010 University of Wollongong

Coastal Reservoirs Can Harness Stormwater, Shu-Qing Yang, Scott Ferguson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Coastal Dams Are An Alternative To Desalination, Shu-qing Yang 2010 University of Wollongong

Coastal Dams Are An Alternative To Desalination, Shu-Qing Yang

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Distribution Of Class 1 Integrons With Is26-Mediated Deletions In Their 3'-Conserved Segments In Escherichia Coli Of Human And Animal Origin., Fay E. Dawes, Alexander Kuzevski, Karl A Bettelheim, Michael A Hornitzky, Steven P Djordjevic, Mark J. Walker 2010 University of Wollongong

Distribution Of Class 1 Integrons With Is26-Mediated Deletions In Their 3'-Conserved Segments In Escherichia Coli Of Human And Animal Origin., Fay E. Dawes, Alexander Kuzevski, Karl A Bettelheim, Michael A Hornitzky, Steven P Djordjevic, Mark J. Walker

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Class 1 integrons play a role in the emergence of multi-resistant bacteria by facilitating the recruitment of gene cassettes encoding antibiotic resistance genes. 512 E. coli strains sourced from humans (n = 202), animals (n = 304) and the environment (n = 6) were screened for the presence of the intI1 gene. In 31/79 integron positive E. coli strains, the gene cassette regions could not be PCR amplified using standard primers. DNA sequence analysis of 6 serologically diverse strains revealed atypical integrons harboured the dfrA5 cassette gene and only 24 bp of the integron 3'-conserved segment (CS) remained, due to the ...


Genetic Tests Of The Isolation Of Rare Coastal Dwarf Populations Of Banksia Spinulosa, Eleanor K. O'Brien, Lucia A. Aguilar, David J. Ayre, Robert J. Whelan 2010 University of Wollongong

Genetic Tests Of The Isolation Of Rare Coastal Dwarf Populations Of Banksia Spinulosa, Eleanor K. O'Brien, Lucia A. Aguilar, David J. Ayre, Robert J. Whelan

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

In southern New South Wales, a suite of widespread plant species exhibit short-statured 'dwarf' growth forms on coastal headlands. It is unclear whether such populations are genetically distinct or whether dwarfism is a plastic response to the environment. We used four microsatellite markers to assess genetic differentiation among populations from coastal and inland sites for Banksia spinulosa var. spinulosa. We sampled plants from six locations, including from three 'dwarf' and three 'normal' populations. Mean levels of genetic diversity were slightly higher in the forest (Na≤7. 07±0.25; He≤0.80±0.09) than on the coast (N a ...


Managing The Ground Parrot In Its Fiery Habitat In South-Eastern Australia, Jack Baker, Robert J. Whelan, Lyn Evans, Stephen Moore, Melinda Norton 2010 University of Wollongong

Managing The Ground Parrot In Its Fiery Habitat In South-Eastern Australia, Jack Baker, Robert J. Whelan, Lyn Evans, Stephen Moore, Melinda Norton

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The Ground Parrot (Pezoporus wallicus) is a rare and iconic endemic of heathlands in southern Australia. It is threatened by frequent and widespreadfire. The species has been an integral element in the development of our understanding of the impacts offire regimes in heathlands and is an integral part of conservation management of thesefire-prone ecosystems. This long-term study documents the densities of Ground Parrots in three areas of long-unburnt habitat in southernNewSouth Wales. Using area searches and aural surveys, we estimated densities of Ground Parrots at Barren Grounds Nature Reserve–Budderoo National Park (1983–2009), Beecroft Weapons Range (1997–2008) and ...


Catchments And Waterways, Bob Bourman, Nick Harvey, Simon Bryars 2010 University of Wollongong

Catchments And Waterways, Bob Bourman, Nick Harvey, Simon Bryars

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Management Of Amphibian Populations In Booderee National Park, South-Eastern Australia, Trent D. Penman, Traecey Brassil 2010 University of Wollongong

Management Of Amphibian Populations In Booderee National Park, South-Eastern Australia, Trent D. Penman, Traecey Brassil

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Often land set aside for conservation becomes a multiple use area, which forces land managers to balance biodiversity values against competing needs. Booderee National Park is an important conservation reserve for a range of amphibian species in south-eastern Australia. The Park includes a number of townships, defence facilities, and recreation areas, as well as land for conservation. We examined amphibian communities in the area and related these to broad habitat features and identified potential threats to the long term viability of these populations. Two distinct assemblages occurred within the Park that could be related to broad habitat features of the ...


The Nature Of Flooding, Robert P. Bourman 2010 University of Wollongong

The Nature Of Flooding, Robert P. Bourman

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Soil Geochemistry And Pathfinder Element Distribution Associated With The Hillgrove Antimony-Gold-Tungsten Deposit, New England Orogen, Nsw, R Ellsmore, Solomon Buckman, C Simpson 2010 University of Wollongong

Soil Geochemistry And Pathfinder Element Distribution Associated With The Hillgrove Antimony-Gold-Tungsten Deposit, New England Orogen, Nsw, R Ellsmore, Solomon Buckman, C Simpson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Silica-Carbonate (Listwanites) Related Gold Mineralisation Associated With Epithermal Alteration Of Serpentinite Bodies, Solomon Buckman, P Ashley 2010 University of Wollongong

Silica-Carbonate (Listwanites) Related Gold Mineralisation Associated With Epithermal Alteration Of Serpentinite Bodies, Solomon Buckman, P Ashley

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


A Petrological, Mineralogical And Geochemical Analysis Of Listwaenite Alteration At Spring Creek Bingara In The Great Serpentinite Belt, New England, Nsw, E Holcroft, Solomon Buckman, I Neuss 2010 University of Wollongong

A Petrological, Mineralogical And Geochemical Analysis Of Listwaenite Alteration At Spring Creek Bingara In The Great Serpentinite Belt, New England, Nsw, E Holcroft, Solomon Buckman, I Neuss

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Waterlogging Increases The Infestation Level Of The Pest Psyllid Creiis Lituratus On Eucalyptus Dunnii, Christine Stone, Kathryn Chestnut, Trent Penman, Doland Nichols 2010 University of Wollongong

Waterlogging Increases The Infestation Level Of The Pest Psyllid Creiis Lituratus On Eucalyptus Dunnii, Christine Stone, Kathryn Chestnut, Trent Penman, Doland Nichols

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The lerp-forming psyllid, Creiis lituratus Froggatt, is the most damaging pest of Eucalyptus dunnii Maiden plantations growing in north-eastern New South Wales. During the past 10 years there have been numerous reports that stands of E. dunnii planted on low-lying areas that were prone to waterlogging were also prone to infestation by C. lituratus. The objective of this shadehouse study was to determine whether C. lituratus prefers young E. dunnii exposed to intermittent waterlogging compared with other treatments (drought, normal watering and a control using normal watering plus an insecticide). Also we assessed whether the nutritional status of E. dunnii ...


Calibration Of The Total Carbon Column Observing Network Using Aircraft Profile Data, Debra Wunch, G C Toon, Paul O. Wennberg, Steven C. Wofsy, Robert S. Stephens, M K.R. Fischer, O Uchino, J Abshire, P Bernath, S C Biraud, J-F Blavier, C Boone, K P. Bowman, E V. Browell, T Campos, B Connor, Bruce C. Daube, Nicholas M. Deutscher, M Diao, J W. Elkins, Christoph Gerbig, E Gottlieb, David W. Griffith, D F. Hurst, Rodrigo Jimenez, Gretchen Keppel-Aleks, E A. Kort, Ronald Macatangay, T Machidda, H Matsueda, F Moore, I Morino, S Park, J Robinson, C M. Roehl, Y Sawa, V Sherlock, C Sweeney, T Tanaka, M A. Zondlo 2010 California Institute of Technology

Calibration Of The Total Carbon Column Observing Network Using Aircraft Profile Data, Debra Wunch, G C Toon, Paul O. Wennberg, Steven C. Wofsy, Robert S. Stephens, M K.R. Fischer, O Uchino, J Abshire, P Bernath, S C Biraud, J-F Blavier, C Boone, K P. Bowman, E V. Browell, T Campos, B Connor, Bruce C. Daube, Nicholas M. Deutscher, M Diao, J W. Elkins, Christoph Gerbig, E Gottlieb, David W. Griffith, D F. Hurst, Rodrigo Jimenez, Gretchen Keppel-Aleks, E A. Kort, Ronald Macatangay, T Machidda, H Matsueda, F Moore, I Morino, S Park, J Robinson, C M. Roehl, Y Sawa, V Sherlock, C Sweeney, T Tanaka, M A. Zondlo

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) produces precise measurements of the column average dry-air mole fractions of CO2, CO, CH4, N2O and H2O at a variety of sites worldwide. These observations rely on spectroscopic parameters that are not known with sufficient accuracy to compute total columns that can be used in combination with in situ measurements. The TCCON must therefore be calibrated to World Meteorological Orga-nization (WMO) in situ trace gas measurement scales. We present a calibration of TCCON data using WMO-scale instrumentation aboard aircraft that measured profiles over four TCCON stations during 2008 and 2009. These calibrations are ...


Co-Located Column And In Situ Measurements Of Co2 In The Tropics Compared With Model Simulations, T Warneke, A K. Petersen, C Gerbig, A Jordan, C Rodenbeck, M Rothe, Ronald Macatangay, J Norholt, O Schrems 2010 University of Bremen

Co-Located Column And In Situ Measurements Of Co2 In The Tropics Compared With Model Simulations, T Warneke, A K. Petersen, C Gerbig, A Jordan, C Rodenbeck, M Rothe, Ronald Macatangay, J Norholt, O Schrems

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The first ground-based remote sensing measurements of the column averaged volume mixing ratio of CO2 (XCO2) in tropical South America have been obtained at Paramaribo, Suriname (5.8 N, 55.2 W). The remote sensing observations are complemented by surface air-samples collected at the site, analyzed for CO2 and 13CO2. The surface in-situ measurements are strongly influenced by local sources. From the isotopic composition of the air samples the local source component is suggested to be dominated by the terrestrial biosphere. Using 13C from the NOAA/ESRL stations Ascension Is. (ASC), 7.9 S, 14.4W, and Ragged Point (RPB ...


Photochemical Tissue Bonding With Chitosan Adhesive Films, A Lauto, Damia Mawad, Matthew Barton, Abhishek Gupta, Sabine Piller, James Hook 2010 University of Wollongong

Photochemical Tissue Bonding With Chitosan Adhesive Films, A Lauto, Damia Mawad, Matthew Barton, Abhishek Gupta, Sabine Piller, James Hook

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Background: Photochemical tissue bonding (PTB) is a promising sutureless technique for tissue repair. PTB is often achieved by applying a solution of rose bengal (RB) between two tissue edges, which are irradiated by a green laser to crosslink collagen fibers with minimal heat production. In this study, RB has been incorporated in chitosan films to create a novel tissue adhesive that is laser-activated. Methods: Adhesive films, based on chitosan and containing ~0.1 wt% RB were manufactured and bonded to calf intestine by a solid state laser (l = 532 nm, Fluence~110 J/cm2, spot size~0.5 cm). A ...


Preliminary Validation Of Column-Averaged Volume Mixing Ratios Of Carbon Dioxide And Methane Retrieved From Gosat Short-Wavelength Infrared Spectra, I Morino, O Uchino, M Inoue, Y Yoshida, T Yokota, P Wennberg, G C Toon, Debra Wunch, C M. Roehl, J Notholt, T Warneke, Janina Messerschmidt, David W. Griffith, Nicholas M. Deutscher, V Sherlock, B Connor, J Robinson, R Sussmann, M Rettinger 2010 National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japa

Preliminary Validation Of Column-Averaged Volume Mixing Ratios Of Carbon Dioxide And Methane Retrieved From Gosat Short-Wavelength Infrared Spectra, I Morino, O Uchino, M Inoue, Y Yoshida, T Yokota, P Wennberg, G C Toon, Debra Wunch, C M. Roehl, J Notholt, T Warneke, Janina Messerschmidt, David W. Griffith, Nicholas M. Deutscher, V Sherlock, B Connor, J Robinson, R Sussmann, M Rettinger

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Column-averaged volume mixing ratios of carbon dioxide and methane retrieved from the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) Short-Wavelength InfraRed observation (GOSAT SWIR XCO2 and XCH4) were compared with the reference data ob- 5 tained by ground-based high-resolution Fourier Transform Spectrometers (g-b FTSs) participating in the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON). Through calibrations of g-b FTSs with airborne in-situ measurements, the uncertainty of XCO2 and XCH4 associated with the g-b FTS was determined to be 0.8 ppm (0.2%) and 4 ppb (0.2%), respectively. The GOSAT products are validated with 10 these calibrated g-b FTS data. Preliminary results ...


Disruption Of Recruitment In Two Endemic Palms On Lord Howe Island By Invasive Rats, Tony D. Auld, Ian Hutton, Mark Ooi, Andrew J. Denham 2010 University of Wollongong

Disruption Of Recruitment In Two Endemic Palms On Lord Howe Island By Invasive Rats, Tony D. Auld, Ian Hutton, Mark Ooi, Andrew J. Denham

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Invasive species may have negative impacts on many narrow range endemics and species restricted to oceanic islands. Predicting recent impacts of invasive species on long-lived trees is difficult because the presence of adult plants may mask population changes. We examined the impact of introduced black rats (Rattus rattus) on two palm species restricted to cloud forests and endemic to Lord Howe Island, a small oceanic island in the southern Pacific. We combined estimates of the standing size distribution of these palms with the proximal impacts of rats on fruit survival in areas baited to control rats and in unbaited areas ...


Quasielastic And Elastic Scattering Studies Of Aligned Dmpc Multilayers At Different Hydrations, Marcus Trapp, Thomas Gutberlet, Fanni Juranyi, Moeava Tehei, Lambert van Eijck, T Unruh, Judith Peters 2010 University of Wollongong

Quasielastic And Elastic Scattering Studies Of Aligned Dmpc Multilayers At Different Hydrations, Marcus Trapp, Thomas Gutberlet, Fanni Juranyi, Moeava Tehei, Lambert Van Eijck, T Unruh, Judith Peters

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Lipid model membranes such as 1,2-Dimyristoyl-sn-Glycero-3-Phosphocholine (DMPC) serve as role models for their more complex counterparts in biological systems. Quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) [1-3], inelastic neutron scattering (INS) [4] and neutron spin echo spectroscopy (NSE) [5] have been employed to study local as well as collective dynamics of these membranes on a ps-ns time scale. Most of these studies lack a systematic investigation of the behavior of the model membranes in dependence on their hydration. We now started a detailed investigation of hydration effect on model membrane systems. The complexity of the dynamics can be further reduced by selective ...


In Vivo Measurement Of Plant Respiration, Miquel Ribas-Carbo, Jaume Flexas, Sharon A. Robinson, Guillaume G. B Tcherkez 2010 Universitat de les Illes Baliears, Spain

In Vivo Measurement Of Plant Respiration, Miquel Ribas-Carbo, Jaume Flexas, Sharon A. Robinson, Guillaume G. B Tcherkez

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Respiration is vital; it is the essence of life. Respiration is the mechanism by which energy obtained during the photosynthesis process is transformed into biochemical energy, in the form of ATP. This transformation of energy keeps all cells in all organisms alive. While energy conversion is the main function of respiration in animals, respiration has several other functions in plants. Among them, interactions with photosynthesis such as photorespiration and the production of carbon skeletons for the many compounds synthesized in plants (e.g., pigments, proteins and secondary metabolites). Therefore, it comes as no surprise that such a key role of ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress