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Precision Ag Technology Savings, Matthew J. Darr 2012 Iowa State University

Precision Ag Technology Savings, Matthew J. Darr

Integrated Crop Management News

The use of precision farming products continues to increase. With increasing input costs, producers are often looking for ways to adopt technology to make farming operations more efficient and productive. Two precision ag products, auto guidance and automatic section control, lead the way in cost savings while also enhancing the productivity of machinery operations.

Guidance systems reduce overlap in fields which leads to less passes across the field, less fuel and product use (i.e. seed, fertilizer, and herbicide), and fewer operator hours. These savings can be directly calculated if the amount of overlap is known. Additionally, swath control products ...


Insights Into Diterpene Cyclization From Structure Of Bifunctional Abietadiene Synthase From Abies Grandis, Ke Zhou, Yang Gao, Julie A. Hoy, Francis M. Mann, Richard B. Honzatko, Reuben J. Peters 2012 Iowa State University

Insights Into Diterpene Cyclization From Structure Of Bifunctional Abietadiene Synthase From Abies Grandis, Ke Zhou, Yang Gao, Julie A. Hoy, Francis M. Mann, Richard B. Honzatko, Reuben J. Peters

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

Abietadiene synthase from Abies grandis (AgAS) is a model system for diterpene synthase activity, catalyzing class I (ionization-initiated) and class II (protonation-initiated) cyclization reactions. Reported here is the crystal structure of AgAS at 2.3 Å resolution and molecular dynamics simulations of that structure with and without active site ligands. AgAS has three domains (α, β, and γ). The class I active site is within the C-terminal α domain, and the class II active site is between the N-terminal γ and β domains. The domain organization resembles that of monofunctional diterpene synthases and is consistent with proposed evolutionary origins of ...


Taylor, Amy Yvonne (Doyen) (Fa 73), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2012 Western Kentucky University

Taylor, Amy Yvonne (Doyen) (Fa 73), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 73. Interviews with tobacco auctioneers conducted by Amy Taylor for a folk studies class at Western Kentucky University.


Clay Fabric And Mass Physical Properties Of Surficial Marine Sediment Near The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, Andrew Head, Richard H. Bennett, Jessica R. Douglas, Kenneth J. Curry 2012 University of Southern Mississippi

Clay Fabric And Mass Physical Properties Of Surficial Marine Sediment Near The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, Andrew Head, Richard H. Bennett, Jessica R. Douglas, Kenneth J. Curry

Kenneth J. Curry

Surficial sediment was obtained on the RV Cape Hatteras Cruise (2010) from the seafloor at a water depth of 1570 meters located at latitude 28°44'20.16"N and longitude 88°20'24.96"W in close proximity to the Deepwater Horizon well, Gulf of Mexico. Preliminary clay nano- and microfabric observation using a transmission electron microscope (TEM) depicted a sediment rich in clays and organic matter (OM) especially in the upper 2 cm subbottom. Initial analysis of TEM micrographs depicted a high porosity clay sediment. Initial study of the mass physical properties revealed water content ωt = 67.32 ...


Cost-Saving Solutions: Controlling Workers' Compensation Costs Through Job Satisfaction, Pat Hosegood Martin 2012 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Cost-Saving Solutions: Controlling Workers' Compensation Costs Through Job Satisfaction, Pat Hosegood Martin

Pat Hosegood-Martin

In these times of shrinking educational budgets, universities across the country are seeking innovative means to increase revenue and decrease costs. Many are turning to campus auxiliaries to assist with funding; campus-auxiliaries are more vital than ever on their respective campuses and assist in ways both large and small to help the overall educational experience. A study conducted at one auxiliary demonstrates a novel way to decrease workers' compensation costs by increasing employee job satisfaction. Read further to learn how you can implement such changes on your campus as well.


Farmer Panel--Getting More From Your Alfalfa, Charles Powell 2012 Powell Farms

Farmer Panel--Getting More From Your Alfalfa, Charles Powell

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

Powell Farms started in 1996 with 15 acres of Alfalfa hay intended for cow/calf feed. A neighbor and his friends bought every bale that year. Over the next 14 years the only alfalfa hay our cows got to eat was when a cutting got wet and was rolled. Production per acre was good, demand exceeded production and price per bale continued to rise. Roundup Ready came on the market and we were finally able to produce clean pure high quality alfalfa. All was going well for our alfalfa business. Then came the 2008 challenge with the economic down turn ...


Farmer Panel--Managed Grazing And Profits, Bill Payne 2012 Knob Lick Farm LLC

Farmer Panel--Managed Grazing And Profits, Bill Payne

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

Profits are the goal of any business model and mine is no exception. My plan assumes that available natural resources are efficiently utilized in a responsible manner.I have chosen to implement that plan by producing, managing and marketing our forage resources by utilizing Management Intensive Grazing (MIG.)


Farmer Panel--Managing A Commercial Hay Farm, Clayton Geralds 2012 Geralds Farms

Farmer Panel--Managing A Commercial Hay Farm, Clayton Geralds

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

In his presentation Clayton will discuss equipment he utilizes for establishing, maintaining, and harvesting top quality horse hay. He will also provide an overview of his expectations for yield and quality of his product as well as proper input and storage requirements.


Role And Importance Of Alfalfa In Beef Diets, Jeff Lehmkuhler 2012 University of Kentucky

Role And Importance Of Alfalfa In Beef Diets, Jeff Lehmkuhler

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

Alfalfa is often referred to as the “Queen” of forage. Is this because of its high fertility needs and more finicky soil fertility needs along with greater management for optimal growth and persistency? Or is it because of it being on top of nearly all other forages for yield and quality? Truth be told, it is likely a combination of all these factors. Alfalfa is a versatile forage as it can be harvested for hay or silage and also grazed with proper management. For these reasons, this forage can fit well in beef operations.


Alfalfa Hay For Horses, Robert Coleman 2012 University of Kentucky

Alfalfa Hay For Horses, Robert Coleman

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

When horse owners consider hay for their horses, a number of criteria are generally considered. Of major importance is the hay must be free of mold and dust. It needs to contain nutrients needed by the horse and it must be palatable. If these criteria are met, the type of hay should not matter. However, that is not the case with many horse owners. When discussing the selection of hay, many owners first consider the type of hay. Can it be alfalfa or should it be a grass or how about a mix of grass and a legume. If a ...


National Alfalfa & Forage Alliance, Beth Nelson 2012 National Alfalfa & Forage Alliance

National Alfalfa & Forage Alliance, Beth Nelson

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

The National Alfalfa & Forage Alliance (NAFA) was formed on April 6, 2006. Its membership consists of state/regional seed associations, state/regional hay associations, genetic suppliers, seed marketers, allied industry, and research/extension affiliates. Each of these industry segments has representation on the NAFA board of directors.


Status And New Developments In Seed Coatings, Bill Talley 2012 Summit Seed Coating

Status And New Developments In Seed Coatings, Bill Talley

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

The acceptance and use of coated alfalfa seed has become the standard of how alfalfa seed is being sold. Coated seed, refers to a buildup in coating material of 10-34%. Seventy percent of proprietary alfalfa seed is now buildup coated, and 80 % of that amount is a 34% coating. The remaining is a 10% buildup and is usually only used as a carrier for inoculation and fungicide. The higher buildup coatings are able to carry more active ingredients that also enhance the agronomic benefit to the young seedling. The benefits to the young seedling, from the components of the coating ...


Kentucky Department Of Agriculture Hay Testing Program, Kim Field 2012 Kentucky Department of Agriculture

Kentucky Department Of Agriculture Hay Testing Program, Kim Field

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

The Kentucky Department of Agriculture offers a forage testing service which provides nutritional and energy value information. A Kentucky Department of Agriculture staff member will take sample(s) of hay and/or haylage at the farm and analyze them in the Kentucky Department of Agriculture Forage Laboratory located in Frankfort. Tested forages can mean higher profit, whether feeding cattle, horses, goats, sheep or other livestock. By knowing the nutritional and energy value, you can minimize your cost and maximize your production.


Marketing Quality Hay, Tom Keene 2012 University of Kentucky

Marketing Quality Hay, Tom Keene

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

When marketing quality alfalfa hay, you basically have two markets that you are going to try to target. First, you are going to be in the cash hay market, that’s where you will sell alfalfa hay to several different entities…..locally, statewide, nationally, or potentially internationally. Secondly, and more commonly, you will be marketing your hay to your own livestock enterprise on your farm. Several times every month, I have people call me and ask me what their hay is worth. I tell them very honestly I have no idea what their hay is worth; only by keeping track ...


How Are Roundup Ready Varieties Performing, S. Ray Smith 2012 University of Kentucky

How Are Roundup Ready Varieties Performing, S. Ray Smith

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

Roundup Ready® Alfalfa

The most significant new development in alfalfa varieties was the January 27, 2011 decision by USDA to deregulate Roundup Ready® Alfalfa (RRA) without conditions. This was the final step in an extensive environmental review process by the USDA that took place over a 4 year period of time. If you would like to know more about the safety of Roundup Ready® Alfalfa you can review the complete Environmental Impact Statement at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/biotechnology/downloads/alfalfa/gt_alfalfa%20_feis.pdf.

Most importantly, seed dealers in Kentucky and surrounding states now have Roundup varieties available for ...


Getting More From Your Alfalfa, Garry D. Lacefield 2012 University of Kentucky

Getting More From Your Alfalfa, Garry D. Lacefield

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

Today marks the 32nd consecutive year we have come together to discuss alfalfa and its role on your farm, in Kentucky, and our nation. Over these 32 years we have discussed many topics and seen many advances, unfortunately we aren’t making progress relative to acres, yield and quality that I would like to see. Maybe I am getting impatient as I am actually thinking about retirement. Now wait, you are one step ahead of me. I know you are thinking he has shown many graphs, tables and charts over the years showing how we have improved and yes, I ...


Foreword And Recipients Of Kentucky Alfalfa Awards [2012], Garry D. Lacefield, Christi L. Forsythe 2012 University of Kentucky

Foreword And Recipients Of Kentucky Alfalfa Awards [2012], Garry D. Lacefield, Christi L. Forsythe

Kentucky Alfalfa Conference

No abstract provided.


Bias During The Evaluation Of Animal Studies, Andrew Knight 2012 Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics

Bias During The Evaluation Of Animal Studies, Andrew Knight

Morality and Ethics of Animal Experimentation

My recent book entitled The Costs and Benefits of Animal Experiments seeks to answer a key question within animal ethics, namely: is animal experimentation ethically justifiable? Or, more precisely, is it justifiable within the utilitarian cost:benefit framework that fundamentally underpins most regulations governing animal experimentation? To answer this question I reviewed more than 500 scientific publications describing animal studies, animal welfare impacts, and alternative research, toxicity testing and educational methodologies. To minimise bias I focused primarily on large-scale systematic reviews that had examined the human clinical and toxicological utility of animal studies. Despite this, Dr. Susanne Prankel recently reviewed ...


The Chicken Challenge – What Contemporary Studies Of Fowl Mean For Science And Ethics, Carolynn L. Smith, Jane Johnson 2012 Macquarie University

The Chicken Challenge – What Contemporary Studies Of Fowl Mean For Science And Ethics, Carolynn L. Smith, Jane Johnson

Between the Species

Studies with captive fowl have revealed that they possess greater cognitive capacities than previously thought. We now know that fowl have sophisticated cognitive and communicative skills, which had hitherto been associated only with certain primates. Several theories have been advanced to explain the evolution of such complex behavior. Central to these theories is the enlargement of the brain in species with greater mental capacities. Fowl present us with a conundrum, however, because they show the behaviors anticipated by the theories but do not have the expected changes in the brain. Consequently fowl present two challenges of interest to us here ...


Siting Study For A Hydrokinetic Energy Project Located Offshore Southeastern Florida: Protocols For Survey Methodology For Offshore Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Projects, Charles Vinick, Charles Messing, Brian K. Walker, John K. Reed, Stephanie Rogers 2012 Dehlsen Associates, LLC

Siting Study For A Hydrokinetic Energy Project Located Offshore Southeastern Florida: Protocols For Survey Methodology For Offshore Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Projects, Charles Vinick, Charles Messing, Brian K. Walker, John K. Reed, Stephanie Rogers

Oceanography Faculty Reports

Dehlsen Associates, LLC was awarded a grant by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) Golden Field Office for a project titled “Siting Study Framework and Survey Methodology for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Project in Offshore Southeast Florida,” corresponding to DOE Grant Award Number DE-EE0002655 resulting from DOE funding Opportunity Announcement Number DE-FOA- 0000069 for Topic Area 2, and it is referred to herein as “the project.”

The purpose of the project was to enhance the certainty of the survey requirements and regulatory review processes for the purpose of reducing the time, efforts, and costs associated with initial siting efforts ...


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