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Evaluation Of Proternative Stress Formula And Proternative Continuous Fed Formula In A High Energy Feedlot Diet, Sarah J. Vanness, Matt K. Luebbe, Joshua R. Benton, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Justin Sindt 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Evaluation Of Proternative Stress Formula And Proternative Continuous Fed Formula In A High Energy Feedlot Diet, Sarah J. Vanness, Matt K. Luebbe, Joshua R. Benton, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Justin Sindt

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Cross-bred yearling steers were used in a feeding trial to compare the use of two different direct fed microbials (DFM), ProTernative CF (DFM-CF) and ProTernative SF (DFM-SF). The treatment design was a 2x2 factorial with a control (no DFM), DFM-CF, DFM-SF, and both (CF+SF). Diets consisted of 40% WCGF with high moisture corn with no feed additives other than the DFM treatments. No differences were observed in feedlot performance or carcass characteristics.


Feeding Fiber From Wet Corn Gluten Feed And Corn Silage In Feedlot Diets Containing Wet Distillers Grains Plus Solubles, Amy R. Rich, Matt K. Luebbe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Joshua R. Benton 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Feeding Fiber From Wet Corn Gluten Feed And Corn Silage In Feedlot Diets Containing Wet Distillers Grains Plus Solubles, Amy R. Rich, Matt K. Luebbe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Joshua R. Benton

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

A feedlot experiment evaluated the effect of increasing fiber in distillers grains diets on ADG, F:G, and nutrient mass balance. The treatments consisted of 1) 30% modified distillers grains plus solubles, no roughage (MDGS), and 2) 30% modified distillers grains plus solubles, 30% wet corn gluten feed, and 15% corn silage (MDGS+fiber). The remainder of each diet consisted of a 1:1 ratio of high moisture corn and dry rolled corn and 5% supplement. Feeding MDGS+fiber increased (P < 80.02) ADG, DMI, and HCW; however, it did not improve F:G compared to MDGS. By increasing the fiber content of the diet, more organic matter (OM) and N remained in the manure. Percentage N loss was not different between dietary treatments; however, amount of N lost increased with MDGS + fiber due to the greater N intake and excretion.


Robust Relationships For Simple Plantation Growth Models Based On Sparse Data, Jerome K. Vanclay 2010 Southern Cross University

Robust Relationships For Simple Plantation Growth Models Based On Sparse Data, Jerome K. Vanclay

School of Environment, Science and Engineering Papers

Three equations predicting height H = β1(t − 0.5)0.5, diameter D = β2(H − 1.3)/ln N, and mortality dN/N = −2(G/Gmax)3dD/D from plantation age (t), stocking (N) and basal area (G) can be calibrated with few data (even a single observation) for plantations in which re-measured data and growth models are unavailable. Despite having only three parameters to be estimated, these equations extrapolate reliably and allow objective forecasts of future plantation growth performance that may serve as useful first approximations until more precise growth models can be developed.


The Economic Effects Of Sorting Cattle By Weight And Time Of Year Into Different Production Systems1, D. R. Adams, T. J. Klopfenstein, G. E. Erickson, D. R. Mark, Matt K. Luebbe, W. A. Griffin 2010 University of Nebraska, Lincoln

The Economic Effects Of Sorting Cattle By Weight And Time Of Year Into Different Production Systems1, D. R. Adams, T. J. Klopfenstein, G. E. Erickson, D. R. Mark, Matt K. Luebbe, W. A. Griffin

Faculty Papers and Publications in Animal Science

A 2-yr study using 288 steers each year was conducted to determine the economic effects of sorting and feeding genetically similar cattle in different production systems. Steers were purchased at weaning in November and assigned randomly into sorted or unsorted groups. Unsorted steers were assigned randomly to 1 of 3 production systems: calf-fed steers (enter feedlot after weaning), summer yearling, or fall yearling; n = 48 steers per system yearly. For sorted steers, the heaviest third were calf fed and the remaining steers grazed cornstalks during winter. After winter grazing, the heaviest half of those steers were fed as summer yearlings ...


Reliability Of Muscle Function And Sensory Perception Measurements Of The Wrist Extensors, Peanchai Khamwong, Kazunori Nosaka, Ubon Pirunsan, Aatit Paungmali 2010 Edith Cowan University

Reliability Of Muscle Function And Sensory Perception Measurements Of The Wrist Extensors, Peanchai Khamwong, Kazunori Nosaka, Ubon Pirunsan, Aatit Paungmali

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

This study determined the reliability of muscle function and sensory perception measures of the wrist extensors. The test-retest reliability of the measurements was determined by an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), coefficient of variation (CV), standard error of measurements (SEMs), and one-way repeated measures ANOVA using the values collected from 25 young (20.6 ± 1.3 years) healthy male volunteers on two occasions separated by 1 day. The measures consisted of grip strength, wrist extension strength (WES), range of motion in active and passive wrist flexion and extension, choice reaction time (CRT), vibration sense (VIB), joint position error sense (JPE), cold ...


Potential Applications Of Randomised Graph Sampling To Invasive Species Surveillance And Monitoring., Mark J. Ducey, Kathleen M. O'Brien 2010 University of New Hampshire

Potential Applications Of Randomised Graph Sampling To Invasive Species Surveillance And Monitoring., Mark J. Ducey, Kathleen M. O'Brien

Natural Resources and the Environment Scholarship

Abstract

Many invasive plants and animals disperse preferentially through linear networks in the landscape, including road networks, riparian corridors, and power transmission lines. Unless the network of interest is small, or the budget for surveillance is large, it may be necessary to draw inferences from a sample rather than a complete census on the network. Desired features of a surveillance system to detect and quantify invasion include: (1) the ability to make unbiased statements about the spatial extent of invasion, the abundance of the invading organism, and the degree of impact; (2) the ability to quantify the uncertainty associated with ...


Analysing The Effects Of Loss Of Sin3 In Drosophila Melanogaster, Aishwarya Swaminathan 2010 Wayne State University

Analysing The Effects Of Loss Of Sin3 In Drosophila Melanogaster, Aishwarya Swaminathan

Wayne State University Dissertations

Sin3A has been previously shown to be an essential gene for Drosophila viability and is implicated in the regulation of cell cycle. In this study, we show that SIN3 is not only required for embryonic viability but also for post-embryonic development. Genetic analysis suggests that the different isoforms of SIN3 may regulate unique sets of genes during development. The developmental lethality occurring due to ubiquitous knock down of SIN3 is hypothesized to be to the result of defects in cell proliferation. Conditional knock down of SIN3 in the wing discs results in a curly wing phenotype in the adult fly ...


Neural And Humoral Control Of Regional Vascular Beds Via A1 Adenosine Receptors Located In The Nucleus Of The Solitary Tract, Joseph Martin Mcclure 2010 Wayne State University

Neural And Humoral Control Of Regional Vascular Beds Via A1 Adenosine Receptors Located In The Nucleus Of The Solitary Tract, Joseph Martin Mcclure

Wayne State University Dissertations

Previous studies from our laboratory showed that activation of NTS A1 adenosine

receptors yields variable hemodynamic responses with prevailing pressor and iliac

vasoconstrictor responses. These responses are accompanied with differential

activation of regional sympathetic activity (adrenal>>renal≥lumbar) and inhibition of

baroreflex mechanisms at the level of the NTS. The variability of the hemodynamic

responses was a result of simultaneous Β-adrenergic vasodilation counteracted with

sympathetic and unknown humoral vasoconstriction. Among many potential

vasoconstrictors vasopressin, angiotensin II and circulating norepinephrine were

considered. Therefore, blood pressure and iliac vascular responses evoked by

selective stimulation of NTS A1 adenosine receptors (CPA ...


Characterization Of Arsd: An Arsenic Chaperone For The Arsab As(Iii)-Translocating Atpase, Jianbo Yang 2010 Wayne State University

Characterization Of Arsd: An Arsenic Chaperone For The Arsab As(Iii)-Translocating Atpase, Jianbo Yang

Wayne State University Dissertations

Arsenic is a metalloid toxicant that is widely distributed throughout the earth's crust and causes a variety of health and environment problems. As an adaptation to arsenic-contaminated environments, organisms have developed resistance systems. In bacteria and archaea various ars operons encode ArsAB ATPases that pump the trivalent metalloids As(III) or Sb(III) out of cells. In these operons, an arsD gene is almost always adjacent to the arsA gene, suggesting a related function. ArsA is the catalytic subunit of the pump that hydrolyzes ATP in the presence of arsenite or antimonite. ArsB is a membrane protein which containing ...


Vigilance And Antipredator Responses Of Caribbean Reef Squid, Jennifer A. Mather 2010 University of Lethbridge

Vigilance And Antipredator Responses Of Caribbean Reef Squid, Jennifer A. Mather

SEN

Antipredator responses, especially those of open-ocean squid, have been seldom studied in the natural environment. Sepioteuthis sepioidea, observed by snorkellers near the shore in early morning/late afternoon, produced an average of eight moves of over 1m per hour, apparently mostly antipredator behaviours. Close approaches by herbivorous parrotfish elicited no response in 74% of encounters; otherwise, squid produced agonistic zebra stripes or startle-mantle-dots skin patterns. Predatory bar jack fish caused flight but not zebra displays, and squid usually paled and fled quickly (66%) from snapper. The speed of approach was the best predictor for flight and display responses to snapper ...


Behavior Of A Solitary Sociable Female Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops Truncatus) Off The Coast Of Kent, Southeast England, Sonja Eisfeld, Mark P. Simmonds, Laura R. Stansfield 2010 Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society

Behavior Of A Solitary Sociable Female Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops Truncatus) Off The Coast Of Kent, Southeast England, Sonja Eisfeld, Mark P. Simmonds, Laura R. Stansfield

ETH

This article provides a report of the behavior of a solitary sociable dolphin studied on the southeast coast of England in 2007. This is the first study of its kind in which behavior of such a nonhuman animal was systematically studied. By the time of this study, this young female was highly interactive with people in the water. People accompanied the dolphin for 18.4% of the 100 hr of observation, and their presence changed her behavior. The study recorded 39 different behaviors; feeding and resting behaviors declined in frequency in the presence of people. In addition, the dolphin exhibited ...


In The News, Joe N. Caudell 2010 Purdue University

In The News, Joe N. Caudell

Human–Wildlife Interactions

No abstract provided.


Estimating Relative Distribution Of Raccoons, Opossums, Skunks, And Foxes Using Animal Control Data, Christine Klinkowski-Clark, Michael J. Kutilek, John O. Matson, Paula Messina, Kevin Earley, Shannon M. Bros-Seemann 2010 San José State University

Estimating Relative Distribution Of Raccoons, Opossums, Skunks, And Foxes Using Animal Control Data, Christine Klinkowski-Clark, Michael J. Kutilek, John O. Matson, Paula Messina, Kevin Earley, Shannon M. Bros-Seemann

Human–Wildlife Interactions

We used indices of animal control reports per capita and areas of land covers to assess the relative habitat-use of raccoons (Procyon lotor), opossums (Didelphis virginiana), skunks (Spilogale putorius and Mephitis mephitis), and foxes (Vulpes vulpes and Urocyon cinereoargenteus). We used confirmed (hereafter, verified) calls made to Brevard Animal Services, Florida, and assessed potential human demographic influences associated with unconfirmed (hereafter, unverified) reports where it was uncertain whether or not an animal was present. To estimate habitat use, we performed quadrat sampling using a geographic information system (GIS) and obtained areas of land cover within each quadrat. We evaluated numbers ...


Soap Box Immunocontraception To Control Rabies In Dog Populations, Giovanna Massei, Lowell A. Miller, Gary J. Killian 2010 Food and Environment Research Agency

Soap Box Immunocontraception To Control Rabies In Dog Populations, Giovanna Massei, Lowell A. Miller, Gary J. Killian

Human–Wildlife Interactions

No abstract provided.


Techniques Demers Draw Station System, Steve DeMers 2010 USDA/Wildlife Services

Techniques Demers Draw Station System, Steve Demers

Human–Wildlife Interactions

No abstract provided.


Meiotic Dna Re-Replication And The Recombination Checkpoint, Nicole Ann Najor 2010 Wayne State University

Meiotic Dna Re-Replication And The Recombination Checkpoint, Nicole Ann Najor

Wayne State University Dissertations

Progression through meiosis occurs through a strict sequence of events, so that one round of DNA replication precedes programmed recombination and two nuclear divisions. Cyclin dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1) is required for meiosis, and any disruption in its activity leads to meiotic defects. The Cdk1 inhibitor, Sic1, regulates the G1-S transition in the mitotic cell cycle and the analogous transition in meiosis. We have employed a form of Sic1, Sic1deltaPHA, that is mutated at multiple phosphorylation sites and resistant to degradation. Meiosis specific expression of Sic1deltaPHA disrupts Cdk1 activity and leads to significant accumulation of over replicated DNA ...


Post-Transcriptional Regulation Of Vibrio Cholerae Virulence Activator Toxt, Basel Hanna Abuaita 2010 Wayne State University

Post-Transcriptional Regulation Of Vibrio Cholerae Virulence Activator Toxt, Basel Hanna Abuaita

Wayne State University Dissertations

Vibrio cholera, the causative agent of the severe diarreal illness cholera, uses a complex array of gene regulation to induce its virulence determinants. During the early stage of infection, and upon response to unknown signals, virulence genes are turned on. ToxT protein is the primary virulence gene transcription activator. Once ToxT is produced, it amplifies its own expression through an auto-regulatory loop and directly binds and activates expression of various virulence factors including the toxin-coregulated pilus (TCP) and cholera toxin (CT). During the late stage of infection, virulence genes are turned off and the bacteria escape the host to resume ...


Immunomodulatory Effect Of Host And Fungal Eicosanoids During Host-Pathogen Interactions With Candida Albicans, Gitanjali Kundu 2010 Wayne State University

Immunomodulatory Effect Of Host And Fungal Eicosanoids During Host-Pathogen Interactions With Candida Albicans, Gitanjali Kundu

Wayne State University Dissertations

Candida albicans, an opportunistic fungal pathogen, poses a significant clinical threat to immunocompromised patients. Diseases associated with this fungus ranges from superficial mucosal infection to life-threatening systemic candidiasis. The mechanisms by which Candida persists at mucosal surfaces in the face of an adaptive response are unclear. Candida produces immunomodulatory oxylipins that cross-react functionally with host eicosanoids, which are considered to play important role in regulating innate and adaptive immune responses. Our objective was to characterize the role of prostaglandins produced by the host and this fungus during host pathogen interactions, both in vitro with dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages, and ...


Tracking Profiles Of Genomic Instability In Spontaneous Transformation And Tumorigenesis, Lesley Lawrenson 2010 Wayne State University

Tracking Profiles Of Genomic Instability In Spontaneous Transformation And Tumorigenesis, Lesley Lawrenson

Wayne State University Dissertations

The dominant paradigm for cancer research focuses on the identification of specific genes for cancer causation and for the discovery of therapeutic targets. Alternatively, the current data emphasize the significance of karyotype heterogeneity in cancer progression over specific gene-based causes of cancer. Variability of a magnitude significant to shift cell populations from homogeneous diploid cells to a mosaic of structural and numerical chromosome alterations reflects the characteristic low-fidelity genome transfer of cancer cell populations. This transition marks the departure from micro-evolutionary gene-level change to macro-evolutionary change that facilitates the generation of many unique karyotypes within a cell population. Considering cancer ...


Regulatory And Functional Aspects Of Foxo3a Transcription Factor And Their Implications In Prostate Cancer, Melissa Elise Dobson 2010 Wayne State University

Regulatory And Functional Aspects Of Foxo3a Transcription Factor And Their Implications In Prostate Cancer, Melissa Elise Dobson

Wayne State University Dissertations

The P13K/Akt pathway is a critical mediator of growth factor signaling involving many cellular functions. The deregulation of this pathway has been shown to be involved in the development of various cancers. One of the main targets of this pathway is FoxO3a, a transcription factor whose target genes are involved in important cellular processes such as apoptosis, cell cycle control, and glucose metabolism. FoxO3a is regulated by various post translational modifications including acetylation, ubiquitination and phosphorylation. The transcription factor is directly phosphorylated by Akt on 3 residues: Threonine 32, Serine 253 and Serine 315. Phosphorylation by Akt generates binding ...


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