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Autumn Migration Of Myotis Septentrionalis In Nebraska: Documentation Of Fall Activity, Migratory Timing, And Distance Using Radio-Telemetry, Jeremy A. White, Patricia W. Freeman, Hans W. Otto, Brett R. Andersen, Jonathan Hootman, Cliff A. Lemen 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Autumn Migration Of Myotis Septentrionalis In Nebraska: Documentation Of Fall Activity, Migratory Timing, And Distance Using Radio-Telemetry, Jeremy A. White, Patricia W. Freeman, Hans W. Otto, Brett R. Andersen, Jonathan Hootman, Cliff A. Lemen

Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences and Affiliated Societies

Abstract.—Few studies have investigated autumn migration of the northern long-eared myotis (Myotis septentrionalis). We conducted a two-year radio-tracking study of M. septentrionalis in southeastern Nebraska to document migration dates, activity in autumn, and movements to wintering sites. We found evidence that M. septentrionalis are migrating as late as October and early November. Prior to migration, cold nights curtail flying times of M. septentrionalis. Two bats in this study did not emerge from their roost trees for seven consecutive nights during a period of colder weather. We monitored one bat leaving our research area on the night of 20 October ...


Chronic Hypobaric Hypoxia Modulates Primary Cilia Differently In Adult And Fetal Ovine Kidneys, Kiumars Shamloo, Juan Chen, Jasmine Sardar, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Kimberly F. Atkinson, William J. Pearce, Lubo Zhang, Surya M. Nauli 2017 Chapman University

Chronic Hypobaric Hypoxia Modulates Primary Cilia Differently In Adult And Fetal Ovine Kidneys, Kiumars Shamloo, Juan Chen, Jasmine Sardar, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Kimberly F. Atkinson, William J. Pearce, Lubo Zhang, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Hypoxic environments at high altitude have significant effects on kidney injury. Following injury, renal primary cilia display length alterations. Primary cilia are mechanosensory organelles that regulate tubular architecture. The effect of hypoxia on cilia length is still controversial in cultured cells, and no corresponding in vivo study exists. Using fetal and adult sheep, we here study the effect of chronic hypobaric hypoxia on the renal injury, intracellular calcium signaling and the relationship between cilia length and cilia function. Our results show that although long-term hypoxia induces renal fibrosis in both fetal and adult kidneys, fetal kidneys are more susceptible to ...


Suggested Reference Ranges In Clinical Chemistry For Apparently Healthy Males And Females Of Pakistan., Ayesha Molla, Mohammad Khurshid, William T. Manser, Rukhsana Lalani, Anis Alam, Zubaida Mohammad 2017 Agha Khan University

Suggested Reference Ranges In Clinical Chemistry For Apparently Healthy Males And Females Of Pakistan., Ayesha Molla, Mohammad Khurshid, William T. Manser, Rukhsana Lalani, Anis Alam, Zubaida Mohammad

Mohammad Khurshid

Abstract Seven hundred and eighty six apparently healthy males (418) and females (368) aged 0-69 years were randomly selected for estimation of reference ranges of 24 serum analytes at the clinical chemistry laboratory of The Ago Khon University Hospital (AKUH). Of the total study samples, 56% (439/786) were in the poediatric age group (0-14 years) and 44% (347/786) in the adult (1 5_60 years) group. Beckman Astra Ideal Autoanalyzer was used for all the estimations. Moon and standard deviations (SD) were calculated for each of the age groups. Reference ranges were calculated following standard methods of the International ...


Frequency Of Hereditary Thrombophilia: An Akuh Experience., Safoorah Khalid, Raihan Sajid, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Frequency Of Hereditary Thrombophilia: An Akuh Experience., Safoorah Khalid, Raihan Sajid, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

Abstract Objective: To determine the frequency of various causes of hereditary thrombophilia at a referral laboratory and the age and gender distribution. Methods: This is a descriptive study incorporating a retrospective analysis of requests for thrombophilia screening sent to Clinical laboratory, Aga Khan University Hospital from November 1995 to May 2002.Patients were screened for hereditary causes of thrombophilia including Protein C, Protein S, antithrombin III, Factor V Leiden and homocysteine. Frequency of each disorder; and age and sex distribution was determined. Results: All the patients suspected clinically for thrombophilia were screened. Of the 2825 patients, 70 were diagnosed to ...


Does Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (Rdw) Improve Evaluation Of Microcytic Anaemias?, Muhammad Sajjad Baqar, Mohammad Khurshid, A Molla 2017 Agha Khan University

Does Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (Rdw) Improve Evaluation Of Microcytic Anaemias?, Muhammad Sajjad Baqar, Mohammad Khurshid, A Molla

Mohammad Khurshid

Abstract The red cell distribution width (RDW) is an index of the variation in red cells size (anisocytosis). A study was conducted to examine the validity of using RDW in improving classification of microcytic anaemias. A total of 300 blood samples collected from a patient population aged 3 months to 55 years who were referred for haemoglobin electrophoresis were examined at The Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH). On complete blood count, initially 200 patients (66.6%) were found to have hypochromic microcytic anaemia. Following haemoglobin electrophoresis 41% (821200) patients were diagnosed to have thalassemia minor and 59% (1181200) had hypochromic ...


Chromosomal Abnormalities In Primary Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Anila Rashid, Mohammad Khurshid, Usman Shaikh, Salman Adil 2017 Aga Khan University

Chromosomal Abnormalities In Primary Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Anila Rashid, Mohammad Khurshid, Usman Shaikh, Salman Adil

Mohammad Khurshid

Objective: To determine the frequency of cytogenetic abnormalities in patients diagnosed as primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) using conventional karyotyping. Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: The Clinical Laboratory, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, between January 2006 - June 2012. Methodology: Patients of all ages and either gender who fulfilled WHO criteria for MDS were included. Cytogenetic analysis was conducted at the time of diagnosis. Patients who had secondary MDS were excluded from analysis. Chromosome identification and karyotype description was done according to the International System for Chromosome Nomenclature (ISCN, 1995) and described as frequency percentage. Results: Out ...


Coordinating Ipm Successes In Utah's Crops, Communities And Schools, Marion Murray 2017 Utah State University

Coordinating Ipm Successes In Utah's Crops, Communities And Schools, Marion Murray

Funded Research and Data

No abstract provided.


Do The Evolution: The Effect Of Ksr V. Teleflex On Biotechnology, Josh Harrison 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Do The Evolution: The Effect Of Ksr V. Teleflex On Biotechnology, Josh Harrison

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Managing Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Agricultural Fields, Mark S. Coyne, Wei Ren 2017 University of Kentucky

Managing Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Agricultural Fields, Mark S. Coyne, Wei Ren

Mark S. Coyne

Agriculture is a major contributor to atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) (Smith et al., 2014; Tian et al., 2015). Unfortunately, nitrous oxide destroys stratospheric ozone (O3) which protects us from ultraviolet radiation (Cicerone, 1989) and it increases ground level O3, whichis an air pollutant threatening human health and food production. Nitrous oxide is also 298 times more potent than an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in terms of trapping and absorbing reflected solar radiation (Forster et al., 2007). Basic chemistry and physics assure us that increased levels of N2O in the atmosphere are ...


Stem-Boring Caterpillars Of Switchgrass In The Midwestern United States, Jarrad R. Prasifka, Jennifer E. Buhay, Thomas W. Sappington, Emily A. Heaton, Jeffrey Bradshaw, Michael E. Gray 2017 University of Illinois

Stem-Boring Caterpillars Of Switchgrass In The Midwestern United States, Jarrad R. Prasifka, Jennifer E. Buhay, Thomas W. Sappington, Emily A. Heaton, Jeffrey Bradshaw, Michael E. Gray

Emily Heaton

Lepidopteran stem borers were collected from switchgrass, Panicum virgatum L., tillers showing symptoms of infestation at seven locations in Illinois and Iowa, with additional observations made on larval and adult activity. Blastobasis repartella (Dietz) (Coleophoridae), whose only known host is switchgrass, was common in plots grown for >5 yr, whereas the polyphagous stalk borer, Papaipema nebris (Guenée) (Noctuidae), was abundant in newly established (i.e., first- and second year) switchgrass. Haimbachia albescens Capps (Crambidae) was collected from two locations in Illinois, making switchgrass the first known host for this species. Entry holes made by B. repartella and H. albescens were ...


Potential For Sorghum Genotypes In A Double-Cropping System, Ben Michael Goff, Kenneth J. Moore, Steven L. Fales, Emily A. Heaton 2017 Iowa State University

Potential For Sorghum Genotypes In A Double-Cropping System, Ben Michael Goff, Kenneth J. Moore, Steven L. Fales, Emily A. Heaton

Emily Heaton

The majority of the ethanol currently produced in the United States is derived from the hydrolysis and fermentation of starch provided from corn (Zea mays) grain. Although this is a suitable temporary solution, there are some long-term issues associated with continued use of corn grain as an ethanol feedstock. It has been estimated that if the entire U.S. corn crop was used for ethanol production, it would only meet approximately 15 to 25% of the U.S. transportation fuel need. Thus ethanol produced from biomass is expected to help meet the energy needs that grain ethanol may not provide.


New Isu Research May Help Farmers Make More Informed Decisions About Land Use, Elke Brandes, Emily A. Heaton, Lisa A. Schulte-Moore, Fred Love 2017 Iowa State University

New Isu Research May Help Farmers Make More Informed Decisions About Land Use, Elke Brandes, Emily A. Heaton, Lisa A. Schulte-Moore, Fred Love

Emily Heaton

A new study from a multidisciplinary team led by Iowa State University agronomists shows that significant portions of Iowa farmland consistently lose money and could influence many farmers to change how they use some of the acres they devote to corn and soybeans.


Miscanthus Establishment And Survival, Nicholas N. Boersma, Emily A. Heaton 2017 Iowa State University

Miscanthus Establishment And Survival, Nicholas N. Boersma, Emily A. Heaton

Emily Heaton

Rising costs of petroleum fuels and increased awareness of the adverse effects of greenhouse gases have spurred interest in renewable fuels and other ‘green’ products. Recent legislation has set goals of approximately 20 billion gallons of renewable fuel produced from non-corn starch sources by the year 2022. These driving forces have increased interest in dedicated bioenergy crops. Among perennial grasses, which have received an exceptional amount of attention as dedicated energy crops, one stands out: Miscanthus (Miscanthus × giganteus).


Miscanthus Establishment And Survival, Nicholas N. Boersma, Emily A. Heaton 2017 Iowa State University

Miscanthus Establishment And Survival, Nicholas N. Boersma, Emily A. Heaton

Emily Heaton

Rising costs of petroleum fuels and increased awareness of the adverse effects of greenhouse gases have spurred interest in renewable fuels and other ‘green’ products. Recent legislation has set goals of approximately 20 billion gallons of renewable fuel produced from non-corn starch sources by the year 2022. These driving forces have increased interest in dedicated bioenergy crops. Among perennial grasses, which have received an exceptional amount of attention as dedicated energy crops, one stands out: Miscanthus (Miscanthus x giganteus).


Is It Too Late To Dig Miscanthus For Spring Planting?, Emily A. Heaton, Nicholas N. Boersma 2017 Iowa State University

Is It Too Late To Dig Miscanthus For Spring Planting?, Emily A. Heaton, Nicholas N. Boersma

Emily Heaton

Giant Miscanthus (Miscanthus × giganteus) is a perennial warm-season grass used for bioenergy, and is being planted on thousands of acres in Missouri and Arkansas this spring. Given the warm spring, and the high level of interest in Miscanthus this year, we have been getting lots of questions around propagation and planting.


Farm-Scale Costs And Returns For Second Generation Bioenergy Cropping Systems In The Us Corn Belt, Robert K. Manatt, Arne Hallam, Lisa A. Schulte, Emily A. Heaton, Theodore P. Gunther, Richard B. Hall, Kenneth J. Moore 2017 Iowa State University

Farm-Scale Costs And Returns For Second Generation Bioenergy Cropping Systems In The Us Corn Belt, Robert K. Manatt, Arne Hallam, Lisa A. Schulte, Emily A. Heaton, Theodore P. Gunther, Richard B. Hall, Kenneth J. Moore

Emily Heaton

While grain crops are meeting much of the initial need for biofuels in the US, cellulosic or second generation (2G) materials are mandated to provide a growing portion of biofuel feedstocks. We sought to inform development of a 2G crop portfolio by assessing the profitability of novel cropping systems that potentially mitigate the negative effects of grain-based biofuel crops on food supply and environmental quality. We analyzed farm-gate costs and returns of five systems from an ongoing experiment in central Iowa, USA. The continuous corn cropping system was most profitable under current market conditions, followed by a corn–soybean rotation ...


Infectious Disease And The Diversification Of The Human Genome, Jessica F. Brinkworth 2017 University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Infectious Disease And The Diversification Of The Human Genome, Jessica F. Brinkworth

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

The human immune system is under great pathogen-mediated selective pressure. A combination of divergent infectious disease pathogenesis across human populations, and the overrepresentation of “immune genes” in genomic regions with signatures of positive selection suggests that pathogens have significantly altered the human genome. However, important features of the human immune system can confound searches for and interpretations of signatures of pathogen-mediated evolution. Immune system redundancy, immune gene pleiotropy, host ability to acquire immunity and alter the immune repertoire of their offspring through “priming”, and host microbiome complicate evolutionary interpretations of host- pathogen interactions. The overall promiscuity and sensitivity of the ...


Seeds From Fresh Conventional Tomatoes Germinate Faster Than Dried Or Organic Seeds, Christopher G. Brown 7131483, Cameron Kilpatrick, Mary Vu, Mallory Weaver 2017 Georgia Gwinnett College

Seeds From Fresh Conventional Tomatoes Germinate Faster Than Dried Or Organic Seeds, Christopher G. Brown 7131483, Cameron Kilpatrick, Mary Vu, Mallory Weaver

Georgia Journal of Science

Conventionally-grown and organically-grown tomato seeds sourced from both fresh tomatoes and store-bought packages were germinated for seven days to evaluate the effect of seed source on germination rates. Seeds from fresh Roma tomatoes were prepared by allowing them to ferment in their own pulp for 24 hours, while commercially packaged dry seeds did not require any preparation. Once prepared, the seeds were spaced evenly on wet paper towels and stored in resealable plastic bags in groups of 10 for a total sample size of 100 seeds in each of four treatments. The number of germinated seeds and the length of ...


Illustrating, Quantifying, And Correcting For Bias In Post-Hoc Analysis Of Gene-Based Rare Variant Tests Of Association, Kelsey E. Grinde, Jaron Arbet, Alden Green, Michael O'Connell, Alessandra Valcarcel, Jason Westra, Nathan L. Tintle 2017 University of Washington - Seattle Campus

Illustrating, Quantifying, And Correcting For Bias In Post-Hoc Analysis Of Gene-Based Rare Variant Tests Of Association, Kelsey E. Grinde, Jaron Arbet, Alden Green, Michael O'Connell, Alessandra Valcarcel, Jason Westra, Nathan L. Tintle

Faculty Work: Comprehensive List

To date, gene-based rare variant testing approaches have focused on aggregating information across sets of variants to maximize statistical power in identifying genes showing significant association with diseases. Beyond identifying genes that are associated with diseases, the identification of causal variant(s) in those genes and estimation of their effect is crucial for planning replication studies and characterizing the genetic architecture of the locus. However, we illustrate that straightforward single-marker association statistics can suffer from substantial bias introduced by conditioning on gene-based test significance, due to the phenomenon often referred to as “winner's curse.” We illustrate the ramifications of ...


Mariam Meghdari Thesis.Docx, mariam meghdari 2017 CUNY Graduate Center

Mariam Meghdari Thesis.Docx, Mariam Meghdari

mariam meghdari

Mutations in the GLA gene that encodes the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase A (αGal) result in the sphingolipidoses named Fabry disease. This enzymatic defect is inherited as an X-linked recessive disorder and is associated with a progressive deposition of glycosphingolipids, including globotriaosylceramide (GB3), galabioasylceramide, and blood group B substance in the cell. In affected males, and in some females, this leads to early death due to occlusive disease of the heart, kidney, and brain.This disease is currently treated by infusions of αGal, prolonging patients’ lives but producing antibodies against the enzyme reducing the treatment efficacy. Treatment also causes numerous and ...


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