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Interaction Of Introgression From Papilio Glaucus Canadensis And Diapause In Producing "Spring Form" Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterflies, P. Glaucus (Lepidoptera: Palilionidae), J. Mark Scriber 2017 Michigan State University

Interaction Of Introgression From Papilio Glaucus Canadensis And Diapause In Producing "Spring Form" Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterflies, P. Glaucus (Lepidoptera: Palilionidae), J. Mark Scriber

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The small early "spring form" of the eastern tiger swallowtail butterfly, Papilio glaucus has been described from Massachusetts and Illinois in the north, southward all the way into North Carolina. The wing size, shape, patterns, and color all resemble the northern subspecies, P.g. canadensis. The possibility was explored that the "spring form" could in fact be a reflection of genetic introgression from the northern subspecies into P.g. glaucus populations with laboratory hybrid and back­ cross studies between P.g. glaucus and P.g. canadensis under controlled environments on common foodplants. In addition, morphometric multivariate discriminant analyses of 18 ...


Two New Aberrant Forms Of Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly From The Great Lakes Hybrid/Transition Zone (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), J, Mark Scriber 2017 Michigan State University

Two New Aberrant Forms Of Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly From The Great Lakes Hybrid/Transition Zone (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), J, Mark Scriber

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Two aberrant forms of the tiger swallowtail butterfly. Papilio glaucus, are described. Both of these aberration types (one in a male, the other in females) are believed to be previously unreported and both are from the Great Lakes hybrid zone and plant transition zone (41 ° _44°N latitude). It is, therefore, possible that genetic introgression from the northern tiger swallowtail P. glaucus canadensis may have been involved in some way with these abnormalities.


Seasonal Flight Patterns Of Hemiptera (Excluding Miridae) In A Southern Illinois Black Walnut Plantation, J. E. McPherson, B. C. Weber 2017 Southern Illinois University

Seasonal Flight Patterns Of Hemiptera (Excluding Miridae) In A Southern Illinois Black Walnut Plantation, J. E. Mcpherson, B. C. Weber

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The seasonal flight patterns of 99 species and subspecies of Hemiptera collected in window traps in a southern Illinois black walnut plantation are compared with similar data from a North Carolina black walnut plantation. Flying height distributions and seasonal flight activities of Corythucha juglandis, Orius insidiosus, Piesma cinerea, Acanthocephala terminalis, Alydus eurinus, Sehirus cinctus cinctus, Acrosternum hilare, Brochymena quadripustutata, Euschistus servus, and Euschistus variolarius are considered in detail.


Eastern Range Extension Of Leptoglossus Occidentalis With A Key To Leptoglossus Species Of America North Of Mexico (Heteroptera: Coreidae), J. E. McPherson, R. J. Packauskas, S. J. Taylor, M. F. O'Brien 2017 Southern Illinois University

Eastern Range Extension Of Leptoglossus Occidentalis With A Key To Leptoglossus Species Of America North Of Mexico (Heteroptera: Coreidae), J. E. Mcpherson, R. J. Packauskas, S. J. Taylor, M. F. O'Brien

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Leptoglossus occidentalis is reported for the first time from Illinois and Michigan, and confirmed for Indiana. A key to the species of Leptoglossus occurring in America north of Mexico is presented.


Parasitoids Of Chionaspis Pinifoliae (Homoptera: Diaspididae) In Iowa, Daniel J. Burden, Elwood R. Hart 2017 Iowa State University

Parasitoids Of Chionaspis Pinifoliae (Homoptera: Diaspididae) In Iowa, Daniel J. Burden, Elwood R. Hart

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Three parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae: Aphelininae), Aphytis diaspidis, Coccobius varicornis, and Marietta pulchella, were recovered from field collections of the pine needle scale, Chionaspis pinifoliae, on Pinus sylvestris in central Iowa. Parasitoid mean time (± SEM) to emergence from overwintered scale mummies occurred at 46.6 (4.6) and 23.9 (1.3) days for C. varicornis and M. pulchella, respectively, using a 16L:8D photoperiod and a corresponding temperature regime of 22°C and 18°C. Growing-season parasitism level on field-collected female C. pinifoliae was 15%; parasitoid community composition was 86% A. diaspidis, 12% C. varicornis, and 2% M. pulchella.


Gyrinidae Of Wisconsin, With A Key To Adults Of Both Sexes And Notes On Distribution And Habitat, William L. Hilsenhoff 2017 University of Wisconsin

Gyrinidae Of Wisconsin, With A Key To Adults Of Both Sexes And Notes On Distribution And Habitat, William L. Hilsenhoff

The Great Lakes Entomologist

More than 25,000 adult gyrinids that include 24 species were studied from all areas of Wisconsin. Dineutus discolor, Gyrinus aeneolus, G. analis, G. bifarius, and G. marginellus are lotic; D. assimilis, G. aquiris, G. confinis, and G. dichrous apparently breed in both lotie and lentic habitats; and the remaining species probably breed primarily in deep ponds or littoral areas of lakes and impoundments. Most collections were from streams in late summer and autumn because adults of almost all lentic species fly to streams to overwinter and these overwintering aggregations were easily collected. A key to adults of Wisconsin species ...


Aggregation Behavior Of A Willow Flea Beetle, Altica Subplicata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Catherine E. Bach, Deborah S. Carr 2017 University of Michigan

Aggregation Behavior Of A Willow Flea Beetle, Altica Subplicata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Catherine E. Bach, Deborah S. Carr

The Great Lakes Entomologist

This study examined the aggregation behavior of a specialist insect herbivore, Altica subplicata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), on its host plant, Salix cordata. Mark-recapture experiments were conducted in patches of S. cordata growing along the shores of Lake Huron. Beetles aggregated on individual host plants, but did not aggregate in larger areas containing many host plants. Plants colonized by marked beetles had significantly higher abundances of unmarked beetles than did plants that were not colonized by marked beetles.

Experimental manipulations of the number of beetles present on plants showed that colonization rates by marked beetles were higher on plants with conspecifics than ...


Late Summer-Fall Solitary Wasp Fauna Of Central New York (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae, Pompilidae, Sphecidae), Frank E. Kurczewski, Robert E. Acciavatti 2017 State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Late Summer-Fall Solitary Wasp Fauna Of Central New York (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae, Pompilidae, Sphecidae), Frank E. Kurczewski, Robert E. Acciavatti

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Eighty-one species of primarily ground-nesting solitary wasps belonging to the families Tiphiidae, Pompilidae and Sphecidae were observed, collected and identified from six sandy and gravelly study areas in Cayuga and Onondaga Counties, New York. The observations and collections were made 1 September-3 November 1966,1 September-l November 1967 and 13 September-29 October 1984, with some species (Ammophila urnaria, Diodontus franclemonti) nesting through the entire months of September and October. An attempt to associate extended flight season with overnight resting site, geographic distribution, taxonomic affinity and prey type is made, but only the association with prey type appears to have any ...


The Lepidoptera Of Fowler Woods State Nature Preserve, Richland County, Ohio., Roy W. Rings, Eric H. Metzler 2017 Ohio State University

The Lepidoptera Of Fowler Woods State Nature Preserve, Richland County, Ohio., Roy W. Rings, Eric H. Metzler

The Great Lakes Entomologist

A survey of the Lepidoptera occurring at Fowler Woods State Nature Preserve in Richland County, Ohio was conducted from 1986 to 1988. Sampling was done by ultraviolet light traps, mercury vapor light and ultraviolet light and collecting sheet, bait traps, sugaring and netting. A total of 419 species and forms was identified and tabulated. It was estimated that the actual number of species at this site is 655. Representative specimens have been deposited in the Insect Reference Collection at the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State Univer- sity, Wooster, Ohio.


The Occurrence Of Ditylus Caeruleus In Michigan (Coleoptera: Oedemeridae), With Observations On Its Range, Daniel K. Young 2017 University of Wisconsin

The Occurrence Of Ditylus Caeruleus In Michigan (Coleoptera: Oedemeridae), With Observations On Its Range, Daniel K. Young

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The oedemerid beetle, Ditylus caeruleus, is recorded for the first time from Mar- quette County, Michigan. Bionomical data associated with the specimens represent the first such information for this species. Eight additional new Michigan county records for the species are also reported, including the first specimens from the Lower Peninsula. The distributional range of caeruleus is highly correlated with the Great Lakes, the 81. Lawrence River, and coastal Maine. Implications of this distribution pattern relating to possible development of larvae in driftwood and the potential significance of rafting as a dispersal mechanism are also discussed.


The Plant-Feeding Gall Midges Of North America. Raymond J. Gagne. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, Ny 14850. 1989. 356 Pp. $45.00 (Cloth)., Louis F. Wilson 2017 USDA Forest Service

The Plant-Feeding Gall Midges Of North America. Raymond J. Gagne. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, Ny 14850. 1989. 356 Pp. $45.00 (Cloth)., Louis F. Wilson

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt)

Every once in a while a reference book comes along that is a special pleasure to review. Such a tome is The Plant-Feeding Gall Midges of North America by Raymond J. Gagne. You can appreciate the scope of this book only by realizing that gall midges attack numerous families of gymnosperms and angiosperms; both monocots and dicots. Greatly needed by entomologists and botanists, Gagne's book not only updates Felt's and Barne's classic works of the forties and fifties, but it also supersedes them!


Spatial Distribution Of The Goldenrod Ball Gall Insects, John L. Confer 2017 Ithaca College

Spatial Distribution Of The Goldenrod Ball Gall Insects, John L. Confer

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The goldenrod ball gall fly, Eurosta solidaginis (Diptera: Tephritidae), is parasitized by two eurytomid wasps and preyed on by a mordellid beetle, and two bird species. The birds are known to prey most intensively near a forest edge. The proportion of fly larva parasitized and preyed on by insects was examined, and a decline in the proportional abundance of beetle larvae near the forest was noted. The possible role of birds as the selective force for this distribution is considered.


Residual Action Of Slow Release Systemic Insecticides On Rhopalosiphum Padi (Homoptera: Aphididae) On Wheat, J. E. Araya, J. E. Foster, M. M. Schreiber, R. E. Wing 2017 University de Chile

Residual Action Of Slow Release Systemic Insecticides On Rhopalosiphum Padi (Homoptera: Aphididae) On Wheat, J. E. Araya, J. E. Foster, M. M. Schreiber, R. E. Wing

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Slow release formulations of acephate and carbofuran encapsulated in pearl corn­ starch or corn flour granules were applied to the soil at seeding time of potted 'Caldwell' wheat in the laboratory. Dosages of these insecticides were adjusted to a standard of IO kg/ha of a 10"10 granular formulation of carbofuran. The residual action of these insecticide treatments against Rhopalosiphum padi were compared with those obtained with that of carbofuran 150 at corresponding dosages and foliar sprays of solutions of acephate (25"10 EC) at 0.2"10 and carbofuran (4F) at 1.25"10, applied 12 d after ...


Late Winter Foraging By Honeybees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) At Sapsucker Drill Holes, Charles E. Williams 2017 Washington and Lee University

Late Winter Foraging By Honeybees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) At Sapsucker Drill Holes, Charles E. Williams

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Observations of Apis mellifera foraging at sapsucker drill holes were made during February 1988 in southwestern Virginia. Foraging bouts were dependent upon temperature; more bees visited drill holes when ambient temperatures exceeded 10oC. Honeybees did not feed directly at drill holes but collected congealed sap from bark surfaces.


Marking Adult Colorado Potato Beetles, Leptinotarsa Decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Using Paper Labels, Michael A. Caprio, Deborah Miller, Edward Grafius 2017 Michigan State University

Marking Adult Colorado Potato Beetles, Leptinotarsa Decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Using Paper Labels, Michael A. Caprio, Deborah Miller, Edward Grafius

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The smooth elytra of adult Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, make this insect difficult to make efficiently for long-term field studies. Enamel paint marks fell off rapidly, and after 28 days, 25010 of marked beetles had lost all four original marks. Use of small paper labels glued to the elytra after an acetone wash and sanding pretreatment was the most effective method for long term marking of individual beetles. Mortality in labeled laboratory-reared and field-collected beetles did not increase when compared to unmarked beetles.


Survival And Longevity Of Otiorhynchus Ligustici (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) In Alfalfa Hay Bales In Eastern Ontario, D. G. Harcourt, K Bereza 2017 Agriculture Canada

Survival And Longevity Of Otiorhynchus Ligustici (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) In Alfalfa Hay Bales In Eastern Ontario, D. G. Harcourt, K Bereza

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The alfalfa snout beetle, Otiorhynchus ligustici, a pest of European origin, has recently spread into mainland Ontario. A two-year study showed that dispersing adults incorporated into bales of alfalfa during harvest can survive therein for up to 46 days of storage in a mow. Furthermore, they can remain fertile for most of this period. This has important implications with respect to the shipment of hay from infested areas.


Mass Rearing The Gypsy Moth Pupal Parasitoids Brachymeria Lasus And Brachymeria Intermedia (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae) For Small-Scale Laboratory Studies, S. D. Stowell, H. C. Coppel 2017 University of Wisconsin

Mass Rearing The Gypsy Moth Pupal Parasitoids Brachymeria Lasus And Brachymeria Intermedia (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae) For Small-Scale Laboratory Studies, S. D. Stowell, H. C. Coppel

The Great Lakes Entomologist

An economical technique was developed for mass rearing the gypsy moth para- sitoids Brachymeria lasus and B. intermedia using a factitious host, the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: pyralidae). Percentages of host pupae producing adult B. lusus and B. intermedia were 72.2 and 67.5, respectively. Percentages of adult wax moths emerging from groups of pupae exposed to populations of B. lasus and B. intermedia were 3.4 and 9.8, respectively. Mean emergence times of males and females from parasitized pupae incubated at 29° C. were 12.1 days and 13.8 days for B. lasus and ...


Distribution Of Pelecinus Polyturator In Wisconsin (Hymenoptera: Pelecinidae), With Speculations Regarding Geographical Parthenogenesis, Daniel K. Young 2017 University of Wisconsin

Distribution Of Pelecinus Polyturator In Wisconsin (Hymenoptera: Pelecinidae), With Speculations Regarding Geographical Parthenogenesis, Daniel K. Young

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The geographical distribution of Pelecinus polyturator in Wisconsin is summarized. Only five males have been recorded; a recently collected male from the University of Wisconsin Field Station in Ozaukee County represents the first male collected in the state in over 40 years. Speculations on the possible significance and implications of geographical parthenogenesis relative to Pelecinus are offered.


Vocal Individuality And Species Divergence In The Contact Calls Of Banded Penguins, Livio Favaro, Claudia Gili, Cristiano Da Rugna, Guido Gnone, Chiara Fissore, Daniel Sanchez, Alan G. McElligott, Marco Gamba, Daniela Pessani 2017 University of Turin

Vocal Individuality And Species Divergence In The Contact Calls Of Banded Penguins, Livio Favaro, Claudia Gili, Cristiano Da Rugna, Guido Gnone, Chiara Fissore, Daniel Sanchez, Alan G. Mcelligott, Marco Gamba, Daniela Pessani

Alan G. McElligott, Ph.D.

Penguins produce contact calls to maintain social relationships and group cohesion. Such vocalisations have recently been demonstrated to encode individual identity information in the African penguin. Using a source-filter theory approach, we investigated whether acoustic cues of individuality can also be found in other Spheniscus penguins and the acoustic features of contact calls have diverged within this genus. We recorded vocalisations from two ex-situ colonies of Humboldt penguin and Magellanic penguin (sympatric and potentially interbreeding in the wild) and one ex-situ group of African penguins (allopatric although capable of interbreeding with the other two species in captivity). We measured 14 ...


Goats Display Audience-Dependent Human-Directed Gazing Behaviour In A Problem-Solving Task, Christian Nawroth, Jemma M. Brett, Alan G. McElligott 2017 Queen Mary University of London

Goats Display Audience-Dependent Human-Directed Gazing Behaviour In A Problem-Solving Task, Christian Nawroth, Jemma M. Brett, Alan G. Mcelligott

Alan G. McElligott, Ph.D.

Domestication is an important factor driving changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to communicate in a referential and intentional way with humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication as a companion animal shaped the canid brain. However, the lack of comparison with other domestic animals makes general conclusions about how domestication has affected these important cognitive features difficult. We investigated human-directed behaviour in an ‘unsolvable problem’ task in a domestic, but non-companion species: goats. During the test, goats experienced a forward-facing or an away-facing person. They gazed towards the forward-facing person earlier ...


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