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The Giver: Vision & Memory, Alexander J. Dontre 2021 Franklin University

The Giver: Vision & Memory, Alexander J. Dontre

All Faculty and Staff Scholarship

A memory hole is the banishment of problematic thoughts. We exile that which we prefer not to exist. Enter the perilous Memory Hole: The Psychology of Dystopia, to explore a legion of social and psychological themes through the lens of dystopian literature. The crushing fist of 1984 annihilating thoughts from existence as a means of persuasion. The exquisite seduction of addiction as an agent of control in Brave New World. Incineration of the written word to bask in the embers of peace of mind in Fahrenheit 451. Each chapter weaves in and out of the dystopian realms forged by the ...


Physiological Processes, Chirag B. Raval 2021 CUNY City College

Physiological Processes, Chirag B. Raval

Open Educational Resources

Physiological Processes is designed to introduce fundamental concepts of physiology to biomedical engineering learners. Areas covered include: neural, muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory and renal system function; bioelectrical signals, capillary-level transport, organ-level exchange. Whenever possible, analysis will be quantitative in order to fulfill the course goals and to build the foundation for the subsequent biomedical engineering curriculum. This course is for Biomedical Engineering majors only.


Influence Of A Hydrocarbon Side Chain On The Performance Of Physaria Fendleri-Castor Oil Polyurethane Packaging Adhesives, Alexandra Ivey, Joey Talbert, Roque Evangelista, Keith Vorst, Greg Curtzwiler 2021 Iowa State University

Influence Of A Hydrocarbon Side Chain On The Performance Of Physaria Fendleri-Castor Oil Polyurethane Packaging Adhesives, Alexandra Ivey, Joey Talbert, Roque Evangelista, Keith Vorst, Greg Curtzwiler

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Polyurethanes (PU) are an important class of materials used in various applications across industries. With increased global interest in sustainable and environmentally benign packaging, there is high demand to replace traditional petroleum-based materials with renewable, bio-derived sources. This research developed PU adhesives for multilayer flexible food packaging using Physaria fendleri oil (formerly Lesquerella fendleri) and Ricinus communis (Castor oil), each possessing naturally occurring hydroxyl functional groups. Physaria oil has, on average, hydroxyl functionality on two of the three fatty acids compared to all three for Castor oil; therefore systematically varying the concentration of each oil and maintaining a constant crosslink ...


Fall 2021 Schedule Of Sustainability Events, Georgia Southern University 2021 Georgia Southern University

Fall 2021 Schedule Of Sustainability Events, Georgia Southern University

Calendar of Events

The Fall 2021 Calendar of Events for Sustain Southern.


Impact Of Overseeding Cool-Season Annual Forages On Spring Regrowth Of Tifton 85 Bermudagrass, Ricardo A. Reis, Lynn E. Sollenberger, D. Urbano 2021 Universidade Estadual Paulista, Brazil

Impact Of Overseeding Cool-Season Annual Forages On Spring Regrowth Of Tifton 85 Bermudagrass, Ricardo A. Reis, Lynn E. Sollenberger, D. Urbano

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Field observations have shown stand reduction and slow spring regrowth of Tifton 85 bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.) pastures overseeded with temperate forages for grazing during the cool season. This experiment compared the effect of cool-season management programs, including overseeding and use of different grazing treatments, on productivity of Tifton 85 the following warm season. There were seven treatments: four were bermudagrass overseeded with a cool-season annual forage mixture (two grasses and two legumes) and grazed differentially, and three were bermudagrass controls with differences in amount of residual stubble remaining at beginning of autumn. There was only a slight delay in initiation ...


Influence Of Grazing Frequency On Biomass Production Using Several Selected Tropical Grasses, P. Mislevy, F. G. Martin, F. M. Pate, N. F. G. Rethman 2021 University of Florida

Influence Of Grazing Frequency On Biomass Production Using Several Selected Tropical Grasses, P. Mislevy, F. G. Martin, F. M. Pate, N. F. G. Rethman

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

To provide commercial growers with forage grasses that produce well throughout the year, there is a constant need for screening and testing new germplasm. Two rhodesgrasses (Chloris gayana cv. Rhods and Callide), four stargrasses (Cynodon nlemfuensis Vanderyst var. nlemfuensis cv. Florona, Zimbabwe, Okeechobee, and Rhodesian No. 2), one bermudagrass (C. dactylon var. dactylon cv. Jiggs), and one creeping signalgrass (Brachiaria humidicola CIAT 6369) were tested under a mob-grazing system. Dry biomass yield increased linearly as grazing frequency (GF) was delayed from 2 to 7 weeks. The cultivars, Florona, Zimbabwe and Okeechobee stargrasses and Jiggs bermudagrass, yielded best during the warm ...


Variation Of Herbage Intake (Hi) From Upland Pasture, As Influenced By The Grazing Initiation Date (Gid), D. Maæešiæ, M. Kneževiæ, Z. Štafa, J. Leto 2021 University of Zagreb, Croatia

Variation Of Herbage Intake (Hi) From Upland Pasture, As Influenced By The Grazing Initiation Date (Gid), D. Maæešiæ, M. Kneževiæ, Z. Štafa, J. Leto

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Studies were conducted on an experimental pasture belonging to the Arrhenatherethum medioeur. and Lolio-Cynosureth. assoc. with D. glomerata, L. perenne and T. repens as main species, at an altitude of 680 m. Four equally sized paddocks (0.3 ha) were grazed by 10 Charolais heifers. The differences in total herbage dry matter intake (HDMI) between the four paddocks with different grazing initiation dates (GID) were significant (P < 0.05). The results of this experiment show that in order to achieve a higher HDMI and better herbage utilization an earlier initiation of grazing is recommended. That is, grazing should commence when the sward height is about 15 cm.


Results For The 2021 Vims Industry Cooperative Surveys Of The Mid-Atlantic, Nantucket Lightship, Closed Area I, And Closed Area Ii Resource Areas, Sally Roman, David Rudders 2021 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Results For The 2021 Vims Industry Cooperative Surveys Of The Mid-Atlantic, Nantucket Lightship, Closed Area I, And Closed Area Ii Resource Areas, Sally Roman, David Rudders

Reports

The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) conducted high resolution sea scallop dredge surveys of the Mid-Atlantic (MAB), the Nantucket Lightship (NLCA), Closed Area I (CAI), and Closed Area II (CAII) during May - July 2021 (Figure 1). These surveys were funded by the Sea Scallop Research Set-Aside Program (RSA). Exploitable biomass for each survey is shown in Table 1 for each SAMS Area (Scallop Area Management Simulator). SAMS Areas represent management relevant spatial subunits of the resource and explicitly account for differences in recruitment, vital rates, and fishing effort in the forward projection of survey information. This information is used ...


Autoradiographic Localization Of [3h]-Nisoxetine Binding Sites In The Cns Of Male And Female Japanese Quail, Shannon E. Eaton, James R. Pauly, Deann M. Hopkins, Chana K. Akins 2021 University of Kentucky

Autoradiographic Localization Of [3h]-Nisoxetine Binding Sites In The Cns Of Male And Female Japanese Quail, Shannon E. Eaton, James R. Pauly, Deann M. Hopkins, Chana K. Akins

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

In the central nervous system of mammals, transporters localized on the presynaptic nerve terminals regulate the reuptake of neurotransmitters. These transporters are selective for a specific neurotransmitter such as dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE). Specifically in the synapse, the dopamine transporter (DAT) reuptakes DA and the norepinephrine transporter (NET) reuptakes NE. However previous research has found that avian species do not have a gene for DAT, and therefore, birds may be using the NET to clear both NE and DA from the synapse. The current study aimed to extend this finding by localizing NET expression in male and female ...


Nutritive Value Of Double Cropped Corn For Ruminant Production, D. Vaz Martins, A. Fassio 2021 INIA, Uruguay

Nutritive Value Of Double Cropped Corn For Ruminant Production, D. Vaz Martins, A. Fassio

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

The viability of double cropping corn (Zea mays L.) in Uruguay, germplasm combination, dry matter yield and nutritive value were evaluated. An early (E) maturing hybrid, an early to medium (E-M) one and an E-M variety were planted as spring crops. One E-M hybrid, one medium to late (M-L) hybrid and a late (L) variety were planted as a second crop. PVC laboratory scale silo of the spring crop and the whole plant of the summer crop were chemically analyzed. The nutritive value of the silages were related to plant maturity stage. No differences were detected in nutritive value among ...


Two-Dimensional Monitoring Of Spatial Distribution Of Herbage Mass Under Grazing, S. Ogura, Masahiko Hirata 2021 University of Miyazaki, Japan

Two-Dimensional Monitoring Of Spatial Distribution Of Herbage Mass Under Grazing, S. Ogura, Masahiko Hirata

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Spatial distribution of herbage mass (HM) was monitored two-dimensionally during the grazing season (from May to November) in a bahiagrass pasture rotationally grazed by cattle. An electronic capacitance probe was used to estimate HM in 1464 permanent positions (50 × 50 cm) whose centres formed 1.5 × 1.5 m grids in the central 90 × 34.5 m area of the pasture. The highest mean HM was in September and October, while coefficient of variation in November. The two-dimensional charting of HM showed almost stable spatial patterns throughout the grazing season, with some patches of high HM appearing and disappearing. The ...


The Effect Of Herbage Mass Of A Pasture On The Spatially Heterogeneous Grazing By Cattle, S. Ogura, Masahiko Hirata 2021 University of Miyazaki, Japan

The Effect Of Herbage Mass Of A Pasture On The Spatially Heterogeneous Grazing By Cattle, S. Ogura, Masahiko Hirata

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

To obtain information on spatially heterogeneous grazing by large herbivores at different time scales, spatial distribution of herbage mass and rate of defoliation was investigated on a bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flügge) pasture grazed by cattle during 4 to 5-day grazing periods in May, August and October. Pre-grazing herbage mass (Mpre) showed decreasing mean values and increasing spatial heterogeneity with the progress of grazing in all grazing periods, while the rate of defoliation showed inconsistent changes with season. Spatial distribution of the rate of defoliation was always more heterogeneous than that of Mpre. The correlation coefficient between Mpre ...


Relationships Between Spatial Distributions Of Herbage Mass And Utilization In A Pasture Progressively Grazed By Cattle, Masahiko Hirata, S. Ogura 2021 University of Miyazaki, Japan

Relationships Between Spatial Distributions Of Herbage Mass And Utilization In A Pasture Progressively Grazed By Cattle, Masahiko Hirata, S. Ogura

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

To obtain some information about the mechanisms behind the spatially heterogeneous grazing of a pasture by large herbivores, the relationships between the spatial distributions of herbage mass, herbage consumption and ingestive behavior were investigated on a bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flügge) pasture during a 6-day grazing period with cattle. The animals almost always consumed more herbage from locations with higher pre-grazing herbage masses, which was attributed to greater bite weights. It was suggested that the high spatial heterogeneity in the rate of defoliation was caused mainly by the spatial heterogeneity in both the bite weight and the number of visits when ...


Insect Developmental Plasticity: The Role In A Changing Environment, Lindsey A. Barnes 2021 University of Louisville

Insect Developmental Plasticity: The Role In A Changing Environment, Lindsey A. Barnes

The Cardinal Edge

Climate change has been recognized as a severe threat to biodiversity. In the rapidly growing collection of literature on the consequences of global change, researchers have recently noticed a dramatic decrease in insect populations in a wide range of habitats. Insects are extremely susceptible to climatic change, especially with regard to fluctuations in moisture and temperature. However, insects often exhibit phenotypic plasticity, where organisms will express different phenotypes when presented with a specific environmental stimulus. In developmental plasticity, environmental stimuli at the larval stage can determine adult phenotypes. This review focuses on case studies of developmental plasticity in insects, with ...


A Literature Review On The Development Of Upper Limbs In Humans, Anh T. Phan 2021 University of Louisville

A Literature Review On The Development Of Upper Limbs In Humans, Anh T. Phan

The Cardinal Edge

The development of tetrapod upper limbs shares an evolutionary origin and has been adapted and specialized for different functions for different species, such as flight in birds, swimming and balance in sea mammals, and coordination and grabbing objects in humans. The basis of tetrapod limb development has common developmental patterns, starting with the formation of the limb bud via Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling, where later developmental steps are modified for specialized functions. This review covers the basic developmental patterns of mammalian tetrapod development seen in humans, beginning with the formation of the limb bud, to the axis development of the ...


Dentinogenesis Imperfecta: The Genetic Causes And Outcomes, Sydney P. Johnson Ms. 2021 University of Louisville

Dentinogenesis Imperfecta: The Genetic Causes And Outcomes, Sydney P. Johnson Ms.

The Cardinal Edge

Dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI) is a genetic disorder characterized by dentin discoloration, tooth development irregularities, and decreased tooth strength. This autosomal dominant disorder is identified in individuals of all ages. There are three classifications of dentinogenesis imperfecta, each with varying presentations and causes. This report covers normal tooth development (odontogenesis), DI development, DI classifications, and the genes involved in this genetic disorder.


Inner Ear Development And Advances In Inner Ear Organoid Formation, Paige Avery 2021 University of Louisville

Inner Ear Development And Advances In Inner Ear Organoid Formation, Paige Avery

The Cardinal Edge

The inner ear houses the cochlea which contains hair cells responsible for the transduction of sound waves. The process of forming these hair cells responsible for hearing is a complicated process consisting of many signaling factors that allow ectoderm to form into the otic placode, the otic vesicle, and finally prosensory cells such as hair cells (Schlosser, 2006). Loss of these hair cells contributes to deafness and hearing loss throughout life, and regeneration of these cells may serve as a therapeutic agent for those with irreversible damage. This review looks at the development of the otic placode and hair cells ...


Mechanisms Of Prenatal Ethanol Exposure On Causing Developmental Defects Associated With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorders, Jordan M. Powell 2021 University of Louisville

Mechanisms Of Prenatal Ethanol Exposure On Causing Developmental Defects Associated With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorders, Jordan M. Powell

The Cardinal Edge

No abstract provided.


Metamorphosis In Amphibians And The Role Of Thyroid Hormone, Hallie Maxwell 2021 University of Louisville

Metamorphosis In Amphibians And The Role Of Thyroid Hormone, Hallie Maxwell

The Cardinal Edge

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Alcohol On The Developing Drosophila Nervous System, Erica E. Hassoun, Erica E. Hassoun 2021 University of Louisville

The Effects Of Alcohol On The Developing Drosophila Nervous System, Erica E. Hassoun, Erica E. Hassoun

The Cardinal Edge

Ethanol is the most common human teratogen, contributing to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) when effects are the most severe. Key effects of fetal alcohol syndrome are observed in the nervous system. The high prevalence of prenatal alcohol exposure necessitates novel treatment and prevention methods. However, ethical issues prevent researching humans in utero. For this reason, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has emerged as a model organism for studying FAS. Because Drosophila is a small and non-placental organism, its environment can be easily controlled, allowing for specific doses and time periods of ethanol exposure to be studied. This review discusses findings ...


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