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222,267 full-text articles. Page 11 of 5873.

The Nature Of Genes Expressed Differently After Environmental Drug Exposure, Nicci Siffel 2020 Murray State University

The Nature Of Genes Expressed Differently After Environmental Drug Exposure, Nicci Siffel

Scholars Week

The Nature of Genes Expressed Differently after Environmental Drug Exposure

N. Siffel, S. Anderson, B. Subedi, D.R. Hammond-Weinberger

Drug use, of prescription or illicit varieties, alter bodily functions in different ways, especially in the nervous system. These drugs are found in sources of drinking water because they are not removed by wastewater treatment facilities. To investigate the effects of these drugs as they appear in mixtures, we exposed groups of zebrafish embryos to cocktails of drugs and screened for genes that were differentially expressed between the experimental and control groups and could thus give more insight into their biological ...


Evaluating The Impact Of Common Fertilizers On Soil Properties After Planting Tomatoes And Marigolds, Rachel Stuckey, Iin Handayani 2020 Murray State University, Hutson School of Agriculture

Evaluating The Impact Of Common Fertilizers On Soil Properties After Planting Tomatoes And Marigolds, Rachel Stuckey, Iin Handayani

Scholars Week

There are many name brand fertilizers that are used today in gardening in the state of Kentucky. Due to the standardization of name brand fertilizer production in factories, this can cause the fertilizers to compromise the nutrients of soil, while all-natural fertilizers are seen as better quality for the consumers, plants and soils. Alaska, Miracle Grow, Monty’s, Pure Gold, Tiger Bloom are the top five fertilizers sold in the state of Kentucky. This study aims to determine the impact of five top commercial fertilizers on soil quality indicators including organic matter, acidity level and moisture content. These fertilizers were ...


Thomas G. Abernethy Collection (Mum00001), 2020 University of Mississippi

Thomas G. Abernethy Collection (Mum00001)

Archives & Special Collections: Finding Aids

Thomas G. Abernethy represented Mississippi in the U.S. House of Representatives between 1943 and 1973. The 454 boxes in this collection contain files created during Abernethy's tenure in office.


Yield And Quality Of Italian Ryegrass As Affected By Supplemental Irrigation, M. E. V. L. Lourenço, P. M. M. Palma, L. L. Silva, Vitor M. L. Massa 2020 Universidade de Évora, Portugal

Yield And Quality Of Italian Ryegrass As Affected By Supplemental Irrigation, M. E. V. L. Lourenço, P. M. M. Palma, L. L. Silva, Vitor M. L. Massa

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Distribution And Sustainable Utilization Of Water Resources In Inner Mongolia Pastoral Area, Kezhen Guo, Changfu Tong, Bing Xu 2020 Ministry of Water Resources, China

Distribution And Sustainable Utilization Of Water Resources In Inner Mongolia Pastoral Area, Kezhen Guo, Changfu Tong, Bing Xu

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Infiltration And Surface Runoff In River Njoro Watershed Using A Rainfall Simulator, M. O. Okelo, J. O. Onyando, W. A. Shivoga, C. M. Gichaba, S. N. Miller 2020 Egerton University, Kenya

Analysis Of Infiltration And Surface Runoff In River Njoro Watershed Using A Rainfall Simulator, M. O. Okelo, J. O. Onyando, W. A. Shivoga, C. M. Gichaba, S. N. Miller

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Grazing Management Processes And Strategies For Riparian Wetland Areas, Sandra Wyman, Sherman Swanson 2020 Bureau of Land Management

Grazing Management Processes And Strategies For Riparian Wetland Areas, Sandra Wyman, Sherman Swanson

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


The Surface Water And Soil Quality By The Year‐Long Staying Management In Jeseniky Region, Marie Svozilova, J. Rzonca, P. Varekova 2020 Research Institute for Cattle Breeding, Ltd., Czech Republic

The Surface Water And Soil Quality By The Year‐Long Staying Management In Jeseniky Region, Marie Svozilova, J. Rzonca, P. Varekova

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Preventing Allergies In Infants: What Foods To Introduce And When, Annika Israelsen, Stacy Bevan, Mateja R. Savoie-Roskos 2020 Utah State University

Preventing Allergies In Infants: What Foods To Introduce And When, Annika Israelsen, Stacy Bevan, Mateja R. Savoie-Roskos

All Current Publications

Food allergies have become increasingly common over the past several years among children in the United States (Comberiati et al., 2019; Sicherer et al., 2017). Food allergies are a negative immune response occurring in the body after eating a specific food (Sicherer et al., 2017). Unlike food intolerances, such as lactose intolerance which causes uncomfortable symptoms in the stomach and intestines, allergic reactions to food can cause a wide range of serious and sometimes fatal symptoms (Konek & Becker, 2020). Food allergies can affect a child’s health and quality of life, while also impacting their caregivers’ lives (Sicherer et al ...


Functional Review And Macrostructure Of The Caecum In Ardeidae, Lola R. Mildren 2020 Nova Southeastern University

Functional Review And Macrostructure Of The Caecum In Ardeidae, Lola R. Mildren

All HCAS Student Capstones, Theses, and Dissertations

Situated on the lower digestive tract, caeca typically project cranially from the juncture of the small and large intestine. Recent studies have proposed that the role of caeca in the avian system is to act as fermentation chambers to synthesize vitamins, modulate gut microflora, and absorb nutrients; however, functionality differs with diet. Caeca are a typical characteristic of the avian gastrointestinal tract, with varying sizes and shapes, or even rudimentary or absent in some species. Caeca are notably singular and relatively small in Ardeids. Morphometric consistency in the number and presence of caeca on the lower intestinal tract of Ardeids ...


Tobacco Hornworm (Manduca Sexta) Oral Secretion Elicits Reactive Oxygen Species In Isolated Tomato Protoplasts, Akanksha Gandhi, Rupesh R. Kariyat, Cruz Chappa, Mandeep Tayal 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Tobacco Hornworm (Manduca Sexta) Oral Secretion Elicits Reactive Oxygen Species In Isolated Tomato Protoplasts, Akanksha Gandhi, Rupesh R. Kariyat, Cruz Chappa, Mandeep Tayal

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Plants are under constant attack by a suite of insect herbivores. Over millions of years of coexistence, plants have evolved the ability to sense insect feeding via herbivore-associated elicitors in oral secretions, which can mobilize defense responses. However, herbivore-associated elicitors and the intrinsic downstream modulator of such interactions remain less understood. In this study, we show that tobacco hornworm caterpillar (Manduca sexta) oral secretion (OS) induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) protoplasts. By using a dye-based ROS imaging approach, our study shows that application of plant-fed (PF) M. sexta OS generates significantly higher ROS while artificial diet-fed ...


Canagliflozin Extends Life Span In Genetically Heterogeneous Male But Not Female Mice., Richard A Miller, David E Harrison, David B Allison, Molly A. Bogue, Lucas Debarba, Vivian Diaz, Elizabeth Fernandez, Andrzej Galecki, W Timothy Garvey, Hashan Jayarathne, Navasuja Kumar, Martin A Javors, Warren C Ladiges, Francesca Macchiarini, James Nelson, Peter C. Reifsnyder, Nadia Rosenthal, Marianna Sadagurski, Adam B Salmon, Daniel L Smith, Jessica M Snyder, David B Lombard, Randy Strong 2020 The Jackson Laboratory

Canagliflozin Extends Life Span In Genetically Heterogeneous Male But Not Female Mice., Richard A Miller, David E Harrison, David B Allison, Molly A. Bogue, Lucas Debarba, Vivian Diaz, Elizabeth Fernandez, Andrzej Galecki, W Timothy Garvey, Hashan Jayarathne, Navasuja Kumar, Martin A Javors, Warren C Ladiges, Francesca Macchiarini, James Nelson, Peter C. Reifsnyder, Nadia Rosenthal, Marianna Sadagurski, Adam B Salmon, Daniel L Smith, Jessica M Snyder, David B Lombard, Randy Strong

Faculty Research 2020

Canagliflozin (Cana) is an FDA-approved diabetes drug that protects against cardiovascular and kidney diseases. It also inhibits the sodium glucose transporter 2 by blocking renal reuptake and intestinal absorption of glucose. In the context of the mouse Interventions Testing Program, genetically heterogeneous mice were given chow containing Cana at 180 ppm at 7 months of age until their death. Cana extended median survival of male mice by 14%. Cana also increased by 9% the age for 90th percentile survival, with parallel effects seen at each of 3 test sites. Neither the distribution of inferred cause of death nor incidental pathology ...


Prediction Of Mitochondrial Genome-Wide Variation Through Sequencing Of Mitochondrion-Enriched Extracts, Kelsey E. Fisher, Steven P. Bradbury, Brad S. Coates 2020 Iowa State University

Prediction Of Mitochondrial Genome-Wide Variation Through Sequencing Of Mitochondrion-Enriched Extracts, Kelsey E. Fisher, Steven P. Bradbury, Brad S. Coates

Entomology Publications

Although mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotype variation is often applied for estimating population dynamics and phylogenetic relationships, economical and generalized methods for entire mtDNA genome enrichment prior to high-throughput sequencing are not readily available. This study demonstrates the utility of differential centrifugation to enrich for mitochondrion within cell extracts prior to DNA extraction, short-read sequencing, and assembly using exemplars from eight maternal lineages of the insect species, Ostrinia nubilalis. Compared to controls, enriched extracts showed a significant mean increase of 48.2- and 86.1-fold in mtDNA based on quantitative PCR, and proportion of subsequent short sequence reads that aligned to ...


Regulation Of Mpcs And Kat8 During Adipogenesis And Nutritional Regulation, Jasmine Burrell 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Regulation Of Mpcs And Kat8 During Adipogenesis And Nutritional Regulation, Jasmine Burrell

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Obesity is a global epidemic characterized by an expansion of adipose tissue. Adipose tissue, composed of adipocytes and a stromal vascular fraction, is an endocrine organ that regulates whole body homeostasis. Obesity leads to the dysregulation of adipocytes and is often associated with increased susceptibility to metabolic diseases such as Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Understanding the mechanisms by which adipocyte function and development are regulated is crucial. Mitochondrial pyruvate carriers (MPCs) are transmembrane proteins that transport pyruvate from the cytosol into the mitochondrial matrix to generate acetyl CoA. Although MPCs have been studied extensively, their roles in adipocytes are ...


Effect Of Artificial Grassland On Soil And Water Conservation In Beijing, T. J. Sun, J. Y. Wu, W. J. Teng 2020 Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, China

Effect Of Artificial Grassland On Soil And Water Conservation In Beijing, T. J. Sun, J. Y. Wu, W. J. Teng

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Dynamics Of Post‐Wildfire Wind Erosion Of Soil In Semiarid Rangelands, Idaho, Usa, Joel Sankey, Matthew Germino, Nancy Glenn 2020 Idaho State University

Dynamics Of Post‐Wildfire Wind Erosion Of Soil In Semiarid Rangelands, Idaho, Usa, Joel Sankey, Matthew Germino, Nancy Glenn

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Investigation Of Effects Of Water Spreading On Improvement Of Iran's Rangelands, A. Salajeghe, B. Farokhzadeh, M. Souri 2020 University of Tehran, Iran

Investigation Of Effects Of Water Spreading On Improvement Of Iran's Rangelands, A. Salajeghe, B. Farokhzadeh, M. Souri

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Water Quality In Terms Of Metals During Flooding In Two Ecosystems Of The Conchos Watershed, Mexico: Rangeland‐Forest And Urban Areas, H. Rubio, J. Jiménez, K. Wood, M. Gutierrez 2020 Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Mexico

Water Quality In Terms Of Metals During Flooding In Two Ecosystems Of The Conchos Watershed, Mexico: Rangeland‐Forest And Urban Areas, H. Rubio, J. Jiménez, K. Wood, M. Gutierrez

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Modelling Deficit Irrigation Strategies For Dairy Regions Of Australia, Richard P. Rawnsley, Brendan R. Cullen, L. R. Turner, Karen Christie 2020 University of Tasmania, Australia

Modelling Deficit Irrigation Strategies For Dairy Regions Of Australia, Richard P. Rawnsley, Brendan R. Cullen, L. R. Turner, Karen Christie

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Seasonal Forecast Based Preharvest Hedging, Eric D. Hunt, Cory Walters, Toni Klemm, Iyore Eronmwon 2020 Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc.

Seasonal Forecast Based Preharvest Hedging, Eric D. Hunt, Cory Walters, Toni Klemm, Iyore Eronmwon

Cornhusker Economics

Given the immense effect of weather on agriculture, skillful weather forecasts are of importance to agricultural producers for effective decision making. Weather forecasts affect operational decisions such as whether or not to irrigate (where applicable), when to apply fertilizer, when to spray herbicide and pesticide, and certainly the timing of planting and harvesting. At the seasonal time scale, say in the spring, just before planting, weather forecasts may be used for strategic decision making on outcomes, say from preharvest hedging (hereafter referred to hedging), that will not be realized until the fall or harvest. Historically, the lack of skill in ...


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