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Production Of Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag Cement: Energy And Carbon Reduction Efficiency Of Cement-Grinding System, Kuan-Hung Lin, Chung-Chia Yang 2023 Ph. D. Candidate, Harbor and River Engineering Department, National Taiwan Ocean University.

Production Of Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag Cement: Energy And Carbon Reduction Efficiency Of Cement-Grinding System, Kuan-Hung Lin, Chung-Chia Yang

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

This study used clinker, ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS), and gypsum in a cement-grinding system to produce GGBS cement (GCE). Gypsum was used as the alkaline activator to modify the surface area of GCE and increase its compressive strength. The results revealed that the use of the gypsum activator and the modification of the surface area of GCE effectively increased the formerly inadequate compressive strength of GCE (GGBS > 60%) in the early stage. In addition, energy consumption data were obtained during the production of GCE and Portland cement (PCE) by the cement-grinding system. The calculations concerning the production proportions indicated …


On The Rocks, Below The Rocks: A Study Of Intertidal Life In The Low, Middle And High Zones Of The Puerto Cabuyal – Punta San Clemente Marine Reserve During An El Niño Event, Juliana M. Ferrer 2023 SIT Study Abroad

On The Rocks, Below The Rocks: A Study Of Intertidal Life In The Low, Middle And High Zones Of The Puerto Cabuyal – Punta San Clemente Marine Reserve During An El Niño Event, Juliana M. Ferrer

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The rocky intertidal zone is one of the most difficult environments for organisms to survive in due to its harsh biotic and abiotic conditions. As such, it is also one of the best indicators of climate change and an important barrier to beach erosion. This study looked at the rocky intertidal zone of the Puerto Cabuyal-Punta San Clemente Marine Reserve in the Manabí province of Ecuador, with a focus on observing and identifying the organisms found in the area. Data was collected along 30 m transects at varying elevations along the shore using quadrants of two sizes: 50x50 cm for …


Flujos De Servicios Ecosistémicos En Un Área Marina Protegida Del Atlántico Sur: Perspectivas Desde El Análisis De La Teoría De Redes, Mitch Porter 2023 SIT Study Abroad

Flujos De Servicios Ecosistémicos En Un Área Marina Protegida Del Atlántico Sur: Perspectivas Desde El Análisis De La Teoría De Redes, Mitch Porter

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

En cuestiones de gestión de áreas protegidas, los servicios ecosistémicos se tienen cada vez más en cuenta junto con la conservación de la biodiversidad. Sin embargo, las decisiones que se toman sobre la conservación de los servicios ecosistémicos no suelen incluir los posibles efectos en cascada de la pérdida de biodiversidad sobre la provisión de servicios. Los conocimientos de la teoría de redes y los estudios de robustez pueden proporcionar una metodología para evaluar la vulnerabilidad de estos servicios frente la estructura trófica de los ecosistemas que los proveen. A través de una serie de simulaciones de extinción para la …


Reef Fish Wariness Behavior: Fish Flight Initiation Distance Mediated By Territoriality And Body Size In Three Reef Sites Off The Western Coast Of Isla Colón, Bocas Del Toro, Panamá, Alina G. Irvine 2023 SIT Study Abroad

Reef Fish Wariness Behavior: Fish Flight Initiation Distance Mediated By Territoriality And Body Size In Three Reef Sites Off The Western Coast Of Isla Colón, Bocas Del Toro, Panamá, Alina G. Irvine

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Coral reefs are highly productive and diverse underwater ecosystems, providing a variety of environmental services including sand generation, nutrient processing, fish supply, and tourism. However, coral reefs have been increasingly impacted by natural and anthropogenic disturbances, which has negatively affected fish security within their environment. A significant observation is the reduction in evasive behaviors among reef fish in marine reserves compared to those exposed to anthropogenic threats. The present research aims to investigate the factors mediating fish wariness behavior through an exploration of the roles of territoriality and body size on fish flight initiation distance (FID). FID is the distance …


South Coast Offshore Crustacean Resource Of Western Australia Harvest Strategy, Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, Western Australia 2023 Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, Western Australia

South Coast Offshore Crustacean Resource Of Western Australia Harvest Strategy, Department Of Primary Industries And Regional Development, Western Australia

Fisheries management papers

Harvest strategies for aquatic resources in Western Australia (WA) that are managed by the Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development (DPIRD, the Department) are formal documents that ensures decision-making processes are consistent with the principles of Ecologically Sustainable Development (ESD; Fletcher 2002) and Ecosystem Based Fisheries Management (EBFM; Fletcher et al. 2012). The objectives of ESD are reflected in the objects of the Fish Resources Management Act 1994 (FRMA) and the Aquatic Resources Management Act 2016 (ARMA), which is anticipated replace the FRMA once enacted. At this point, the Fish Resources Management Regulations 1995 (FRMR) is also anticipated to …


Self-Organization For Community Resilience In An Invisible Agricultural Community, Anna Erwin, Chelsea A. Silva, Zhao Ma 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Self-Organization For Community Resilience In An Invisible Agricultural Community, Anna Erwin, Chelsea A. Silva, Zhao Ma

School of Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study investigates how self-organizing efforts by residents of informal settlements, primarily migrant and informal farmworkers, shape community resilience in Majes, a water-scarce irrigation district in the Atacama Desert of Peru. We collected 45 semi-structured interviews with residents and authorities in Majes and analyzed findings through a framework of self-organizing. Analyses revealed that self-organizing by residents of informal settlements incorporated the three components of White’s theory of Community Agency and Community Resilience, which contends that marginalized communities increase resilience by fostering a commons praxis, practicing a prefigurative politics, and developing opportunities for economic autonomy. We also found …


Putative Photosensitivity In Internal Light Organs (Organs Of Pesta) Of Deep-Sea Sergestid Shrimps, Tamara Frank, Jamie Sickles, Danielle M. DeLeo, Patricia Blackwelder, Heather Bracken-Grissom 2023 Nova Southeastern University

Putative Photosensitivity In Internal Light Organs (Organs Of Pesta) Of Deep-Sea Sergestid Shrimps, Tamara Frank, Jamie Sickles, Danielle M. Deleo, Patricia Blackwelder, Heather Bracken-Grissom

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

Many marine species can regulate the intensity of bioluminescence from their ventral photophores in order to counterilluminate, a camoufage technique whereby animals closely match the intensity of the downwelling illumination blocked by their bodies, thereby hiding their silhouettes. Recent studies on autogenic cuticular photophores in deep-sea shrimps indicate that the photophores themselves are light sensitive. Here, our results suggest photosensitivity in a second type of autogenic photophore, the internal organs of Pesta, found in deep-sea sergestid shrimps. Experiments were conducted onboard ship on live specimens, exposing the animals to bright light, which resulted in ultrastructural changes that matched those seen …


Leafy Sea Dragon, Phycodurus Sp., Kennedi X. Light 2023 University of North Florida

Leafy Sea Dragon, Phycodurus Sp., Kennedi X. Light

PANDION: The Osprey Journal of Research and Ideas

Artist Statement

Leafy sea dragons, Phycodurus sp. are part of the Syngnathidae family. Syngnathidae is a genus made up of seahorses, pipefishes, and sea dragons. All three of the species are known to have beautiful patterning. However, leafy sea dragons got their name from their leafy appendages like their fins and limbs. The reason I chose to draw a leafy sea dragon is due to my own interest in astrobiology. Astrobiology is the study of life in the universe and astrobiologists look for signs of life within the universe. I would like to be an astrobiologist one day and focus …


Draft Genome Of Methanol-Oxidizing Methylobacterium Fujisawaense Strain Lac1, Jooho Chung, Jinha Kim, John C. Blazier, Myung Hwangbo, Kung-Hui Chu 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Draft Genome Of Methanol-Oxidizing Methylobacterium Fujisawaense Strain Lac1, Jooho Chung, Jinha Kim, John C. Blazier, Myung Hwangbo, Kung-Hui Chu

School of Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

We report the draft genome of Methylobacterium fujisawaense LAC1 isolated from an acidic aquifer in Indian Head, MD, USA. The genome contains 5,883,000 bp and has a GC content of 70% with 5,434 protein-encoding genes with functional assignments. This strain can grow on methanol with lanthanum, a rare earth element.


S&T Innovation Study For The Digital Belt And Road, Huadong GUO, Fang CHEN, Yu CHEN, Guozhuang SHEN, Chuansheng LIU, Yunwei TANG 2023 International Research Center of Big Data for Sustainable Development Goals, Beijing 100094, China Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China

S&T Innovation Study For The Digital Belt And Road, Huadong Guo, Fang Chen, Yu Chen, Guozhuang Shen, Chuansheng Liu, Yunwei Tang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Digital technology can promote the sustainable development of countries and regions along the route of Belt and Road Initiative and help enhance interconnectivity in technology, standards, rules, and digital infrastructure. Science and technology play a crucial role in the construction of the Digital Belt and Road. However, currently, some countries and regions along the route of Belt and Road Initiative lack sufficient digital infrastructure, and there is a shortage of critical core digital technology and challenges in its promotion. It is essential to build an innovative ecosystem for the Digital Belt and Road that includes facilities, technology, mechanisms, and capabilities …


Rapidly Developed, Optimized, And Applied Wastewater Surveillance System For Real-Time Monitoring Of Low-Incidence, High-Impact Mpox Outbreak, Chandler H. Wong, Zhihao Zhang, Walaa Eid, Julio Plaza-Diaz, Pervez Kabir, Shen Wan, Jian Jun Jia, Elisabeth Mercier, Ocean Thakali, Lakshmi Pisharody, Nada Hegazy, Sean E. Stephenson, Wanting Fang, Tram B. Nguyen, Nathan T. Ramsay, R. Michael McKay, Ryland Corchis-Scott, Alex E. MacKenzie 2023 University of Ottawa

Rapidly Developed, Optimized, And Applied Wastewater Surveillance System For Real-Time Monitoring Of Low-Incidence, High-Impact Mpox Outbreak, Chandler H. Wong, Zhihao Zhang, Walaa Eid, Julio Plaza-Diaz, Pervez Kabir, Shen Wan, Jian Jun Jia, Elisabeth Mercier, Ocean Thakali, Lakshmi Pisharody, Nada Hegazy, Sean E. Stephenson, Wanting Fang, Tram B. Nguyen, Nathan T. Ramsay, R. Michael Mckay, Ryland Corchis-Scott, Alex E. Mackenzie

Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research Publications

Recent MPOX viral resurgences have mobilized public health agencies around the world. Recognizing the significant risk of MPOX outbreaks, large-scale human testing, and immunization campaigns have been initiated by local, national, and global public health authorities. Recently, traditional clinical surveillance campaigns for MPOX have been complemented with wastewater surveillance (WWS), building on the effectiveness of existing wastewater programs that were built to monitor SARS-CoV-2 and recently expanded to include influenza and respiratory syncytial virus surveillance in wastewaters. In the present study, we demonstrate and further support the finding that MPOX viral fragments agglomerate in the wastewater solids fraction. Furthermore, this …


Advances And Perspectives Of Using Stable Isotope Probing (Sip)-Based Technologies In Contaminant Biodegradation, Jinha Kim, Myung Hwangbo, Chih-Hsuan Shih, Kung-Hui Chu 2023 Texas A & M University

Advances And Perspectives Of Using Stable Isotope Probing (Sip)-Based Technologies In Contaminant Biodegradation, Jinha Kim, Myung Hwangbo, Chih-Hsuan Shih, Kung-Hui Chu

School of Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Stable isotope probing (SIP) is a powerful tool to study microbial community structure and function in both nature and engineered environments. Coupling with advanced genomics and other techniques, SIP studies have generated substantial information to allow researchers to draw a clearer picture of what is occurring in complex microbial ecosystems. This review provides an overview of the advances of SIP-based technologies over time, summarizes the status of SIP applications to contaminant biodegradation, provides critical perspectives on ecological interactions within the community, and important factors (controllable and non-controllable) to be considered in SIP experimental designs and data interpretation. Current trend and …


Advances And Perspectives Of Using Stable Isotope Probing (Sip)-Based Technologies In Contaminant Biodegradation, Jinha Kim, Myung Hwangbo, Chih-Hsuan Shih, Kung-Hui Chu 2023 Texas A & M University

Advances And Perspectives Of Using Stable Isotope Probing (Sip)-Based Technologies In Contaminant Biodegradation, Jinha Kim, Myung Hwangbo, Chih-Hsuan Shih, Kung-Hui Chu

School of Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Highlights

  • Advances of SIP-based techniques/applications are comprehensively reviewed.

  • Varying stable isotopes types/numbers/ positions reinforce biodegradation studies.

  • SIP identifies microbes capable of co-metabolic degradation of contaminants.

  • Single-cell SIP.and qSIP are promising to overcome cross-feeding effects.

Abstract

Stable isotope probing (SIP) is a powerful tool to study microbial community structure and function in both nature and engineered environments. Coupling with advanced genomics and other techniques, SIP studies have generated substantial information to allow researchers to draw a clearer picture of what is occurring in complex microbial ecosystems. This review provides an overview of the advances of SIP-based technologies over time, summarizes the …


Alternate Day Feeding As A Cost-Effective Strategy For Tank Culture Of The Pacific Shortfin Eel Anguilla Bicolor Pacifica, Frolan A. Aya, John Carlo L. Unida, Maria Rowena R. Romana-Eguia, Nerissa D. Salayo 2023 Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Binangonan Freshwater Station, Binangonan, Rizal 1940, Philippines

Alternate Day Feeding As A Cost-Effective Strategy For Tank Culture Of The Pacific Shortfin Eel Anguilla Bicolor Pacifica, Frolan A. Aya, John Carlo L. Unida, Maria Rowena R. Romana-Eguia, Nerissa D. Salayo

The Philippine Agricultural Scientist

There is a growing interest in the aquaculture of tropical anguillid eels as an export commodity. However, studies on feeding strategies, and the present demand to reduce feed costs need to be addressed to ensure the economic viability of eel farming. In this study, the effects of daily (DF) and alternate day (ADF) feeding on growth, feed utilization, body composition, blood chemistry, liver and intestinal morphology, and economic viability in the Pacific shortfin eel Anguilla bicolor pacifica were examined. Each feeding group of 30 elvers (166.25 ± 16.23 g mean initial wt) were randomly stocked in triplicate 4 m3 …


Chloeia Rozbaczyloi, A New Species Of Polychaete (Archinominae: Amphinomidae) And First Record Of The Family For The Nazca Ridge, Southeastern Pacific Ocean, Juan I. Cañete, María S. Romero, Erin E. Easton, Ariadna Mecho, Javier Sellanes 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Chloeia Rozbaczyloi, A New Species Of Polychaete (Archinominae: Amphinomidae) And First Record Of The Family For The Nazca Ridge, Southeastern Pacific Ocean, Juan I. Cañete, María S. Romero, Erin E. Easton, Ariadna Mecho, Javier Sellanes

School of Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Highlights

  • A new species of amphinomid polychaete, Chloeia rozbaczyloi sp. nov. is described.

  • The new species inhabits poorly explored seamounts of the remote Nazca Ridge off Chile.

  • This finding constitutes the first report of the genus Chloeia for Chilean waters.

  • Genetic data for Chloeia rozbaczyloi sp. nov is provided.

  • The new species is reported for seamounts lying within the recently created Nazca Desventuradas Marine Park.

Abstract

The amphinomid polychaete Chloeia rozbaczyloi sp. nov., collected from seamounts of the Nazca Ridge (NR), northwest of Desventuradas islands, southeastern Pacific Ocean, is described. The new species was observed on only two of seven …


Population Genomics, Ecology And Conservation Of Asterias Sea Stars In The North Atlantic, Melenia I. Giakoumis 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Population Genomics, Ecology And Conservation Of Asterias Sea Stars In The North Atlantic, Melenia I. Giakoumis

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Uncovering how species respond to environmental change is a central question in biology (Ehrlén & Morris 2015; Habibullah et al. 2022). It is the key to elucidating the past, understanding the present and predicting the future of species’ population dynamics. This dissertation investigates the influence of environmental change on intertidal species’ distributions and genomics at several timescales, with implications for conservation.

Environmental changes have occurred throughout history, on a geological scale, and have shaped the global patterns of species’ distributions and population sizes. Biologists have long studied how geological history has shaped species distributions (Sanmartín 2012) in both terrestrial (Liu …


A Combined Microscopy And Single-Cell Sequencing Approach Reveals The Ecology, Morphology, And Phylogeny Of Uncultured Lineages Of Zoosporic Fungi, Kensuke Seto, D. Rabern Simmons, C. Alisha Quandt, Thijs Frenken, Alden C. Dirks, Rebecca A. Clemons, Katelyn M. McKindles, R. Michael L. McKay, Timothy Y. James 2023 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

A Combined Microscopy And Single-Cell Sequencing Approach Reveals The Ecology, Morphology, And Phylogeny Of Uncultured Lineages Of Zoosporic Fungi, Kensuke Seto, D. Rabern Simmons, C. Alisha Quandt, Thijs Frenken, Alden C. Dirks, Rebecca A. Clemons, Katelyn M. Mckindles, R. Michael L. Mckay, Timothy Y. James

Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research Publications

Environmental DNA analyses of fungal communities typically reveal a much larger diversity than can be ascribed to known species. Much of this hidden diversity lies within undescribed fungal lineages, especially the early diverging fungi (EDF). Although these EDF often represent new lineages even at the phylum level, they have never been cultured, making their morphology and ecology uncertain. One of the methods to characterize these uncultured fungi is a single-cell DNA sequencing approach. In this study, we established a large data set of single-cell sequences of EDF by manually isolating and photographing parasitic fungi on various hosts such as algae, …


Saturating Growth Rate Against Phosphorus Concentration Explained By Macromolecular Allocation, Gabrielle Armin, Jongsun Kim, Keisuke Inomura 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Saturating Growth Rate Against Phosphorus Concentration Explained By Macromolecular Allocation, Gabrielle Armin, Jongsun Kim, Keisuke Inomura

School of Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

The saturating relationship between phytoplankton growth rate and environmental nutrient concentration has been widely observed, yet the mechanisms behind the relationship remain elusive. Here, we use a mechanistic model of phytoplankton and show that the saturating relationship between growth rate and phosphorous concentration can be interpreted by intracellular macromolecular allocation. At low nutrient levels, the diffusive nutrient transport linearly increases with the phosphorous concentration, while the internal phosphorous requirement increases with the growth rate, leading to a non-linear increase in the growth rate with phosphorous. This increased phosphorous requirement is due to the increased allocation to biosynthetic and photosynthetic molecules. …


Cytokine Data For Cytokine Profile Assessment From Peruvian Pinniped (Arctocephalus Australis And Otaria Byronia) Plasma, Mykenzee Munaco, Milton Levin, Michael Adkesson, Susana Cárdenas-Alayzad, Dimitrios G. Giarikos, Amy C. Hirons 2023 University Of Connecticut

Cytokine Data For Cytokine Profile Assessment From Peruvian Pinniped (Arctocephalus Australis And Otaria Byronia) Plasma, Mykenzee Munaco, Milton Levin, Michael Adkesson, Susana Cárdenas-Alayzad, Dimitrios G. Giarikos, Amy C. Hirons

SECLER Data

Large colonies of two vulnerable, sympatric pinniped species, Peruvian fur seals (Arctocephalus australis Peruvian subpopulation; PFS) and South American sea lions (Otaria byronia; SASL), reside and reproduce in Punta San Juan, Peru (PSJ) where they are exposed to stressors such as contaminants and El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events. The use of cytokines as immune biomarkers can be indicative of an animal’s health and function by allowing for the assessment of an individual's cytokine balance as type I helper T cells (Th1) or type II helper T cells (Th2) dominant. Utilizing archived pinniped plasma samples from 2009-2019 …


Bsc 345 Southern Miss Gulf Scholars Program Module, Southern Miss Gulf Scholars Program 2023 University of Southern Mississippi

Bsc 345 Southern Miss Gulf Scholars Program Module, Southern Miss Gulf Scholars Program

Southern Miss Gulf Scholars

BSC 345 Southern Miss Gulf Scholars Program Curriculum

Throughout this course students will learn about important marine resources that drive the local seafood economy. On a field trip to the Maritime and Seafood Museum, students will learn about this historical seafood industry and industry practices. Student will also tour the USM Thad Cochran Marine Aquaculture Center to learn about modern aquaculture technologies and take an excursion at sea to observe the off-bottom aquaculture site next to Deer Island.


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