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The Effects Of An Erotic Video On Exercise, Joey Durgin 2010 Ithaca College

The Effects Of An Erotic Video On Exercise, Joey Durgin

Ithaca College Theses

This study investigated how an erotic video affects submaximal and maximal exercise in heterosexual college-aged men.

[This is an excerpt from the abstract. For the complete abstract, please see the document.]


Energy Expenditure Of Structural Firefighters During A Typical Work Shift, Kimberly J. Affeldt 2010 Ithaca College

Energy Expenditure Of Structural Firefighters During A Typical Work Shift, Kimberly J. Affeldt

Ithaca College Theses

This study examined the energy expenditure and heart rate of structural firefighters. Subjects included nine (N=9) full-time firefighters from Ithaca, NY, ranging in age from 21-48 years. All subjects completed four test days. Test day 1 included measurement of VO2max and anthropometric data. During test days 2-4, activity count to estimate energy expenditure (EE) and heart rate (HR) were measured simultaneously using an Actiheart Monitor. During each shift (test days 2-4), subjects were required to document all activity at 15 minute increments. Activities were subsequently classified as emergency response (ER), simulation training (ST) or other shift activities (SA ...


Manipulating The Extent Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Ankita Dubey 2010 Ithaca College

Manipulating The Extent Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Ankita Dubey

Ithaca College Theses

Purpose: The purpose of study was to determine if three discrete levels of soreness can be identified using various magnitudes of eccentric triceps exercise in non-resistance trained, college-aged students. Methods: Male (n=12) and female (n=12) subjects were recruited and randomly assigned to a 20-, 40-, or 60-repetition group (n=8). Subjects performed maximal eccentric triceps contraction at 90''s-1 on a Cybex isokinetic dynamometer. Measurement of peak torque (PT), arm circumference (2, 6, and 9 cm), relaxed arm angle (RANG), elbow range of motion (ROM), descriptor differential scale (DDS) (sensation and unpleasantness), and creatine kinase (CK) were done ...


Heavy Elastic Vs. White Tape: The Effect Of Ankle Taping On Ankle Range Of Motion, Laura B. Grambo 2010 Western Washington University

Heavy Elastic Vs. White Tape: The Effect Of Ankle Taping On Ankle Range Of Motion, Laura B. Grambo

WWU Graduate School Collection

Previous research has found that with exercise, athletic tape loses some of its restricting properties. Different kinds of tape have been developed in order to decrease this change in restriction. The effects of heavy elastic tape were compared with white tape after fifteen minutes of multi-directional exercise. Twenty-seven volunteers participated in the study. Subject's ankle range of motion (ROM) was measured and a manual goniometer before the application of the tape, immediately after application of tape and after 15 minutes of multi-directional exercise. Range of motion was measured in four directions: plantar flexion, dorsiflexion, eversion, and inversion. Data collected ...


Comparison Of Linear And Daily Undulating Periodization In Resistance Training Using Simple Measures Of Overreaching, Matt Sweeny 2010 Western Washington University

Comparison Of Linear And Daily Undulating Periodization In Resistance Training Using Simple Measures Of Overreaching, Matt Sweeny

WWU Graduate School Collection

This study was conducted in an effort to determine if a linear or nonlinear periodized resistance training program had a greater tendency to contribute to a state of overreaching over 8 weeks. Simple outcome measures were used in an effort to determine the onset of overreaching. These measures included average sleeping heart rate, standing broad jump, 10- yard dash, seated medicine ball throw, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), one repetition maximum (1RM) back squat, and 1RM bench press. The participants were 25 (18 female and 7 male) college students in the Kinesiology major at Western Washington University. Subjects were separated ...


The Relationship Between Bat Velocity, Upper And Lower Extremity Power And The Rotational Kinetic Chain In Ncaa Division Ii Softball Players, Liza S. Teichler 2010 Western Washington University

The Relationship Between Bat Velocity, Upper And Lower Extremity Power And The Rotational Kinetic Chain In Ncaa Division Ii Softball Players, Liza S. Teichler

WWU Graduate School Collection

Fastpitch softball has undergone a relative resurgence in popularity in the NCAA in recent years as marked by a greater than two fold increase in participating teams and athletes. This trend has coincided with rises in NCAA employment of strength and conditioning professionals as well as attention paid to the generation of maximal bat velocity. The development of bat velocity positively affects the hitter's decision-making time, ability to make solid contact with the ball, increase hit distance and velocity. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine if there were significant correlations between lower extremity power, upper extremity ...


The Interrater And Intrarater Reliability Of The Functional Movement Screen, Jason Dudley 2010 Western Washington University

The Interrater And Intrarater Reliability Of The Functional Movement Screen, Jason Dudley

WWU Graduate School Collection

The purpose of this study was to determine the interrater and intrarater reliability of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS). Forty]Four Western Washington University athletes from various athletic teams volunteered. Twenty]one of the athletes tested volunteered to participate in a second testing session. Each athlete performed the seven components of the FMS while being evaluated by two separate testing teams. Each testing team was comprised of two members, with one member assigned to assess the sagittal plane, and the other, the frontal plane. The scores of the two members of each testing team were combined to form the total ...


Effects Of Fatigue On Muscle Activation And Shock Attenuation During Barefoot Running, Carl Q. (Carl Quinn) Newton 2010 Western Washington University

Effects Of Fatigue On Muscle Activation And Shock Attenuation During Barefoot Running, Carl Q. (Carl Quinn) Newton

WWU Graduate School Collection

Lately, barefoot running has received attention from many acknowledged researchers and athletes alike. If alterations in running mechanics related to fatigue are found to be different while running barefoot, it may help to identify the practicality and efficacy of barefoot running in terms of injury prevention. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of global fatigue on muscle activation and the rate of shock attenuation during barefoot (BFT) and shod (SHD) running in habitually shod runners. METHODS: Eleven well-trained runners were recruited from the community to complete protocols in two different footwear conditions (BFT and SHD ...


The Effects Of Training Status And Exercise Intensity On Plyometric Exercise Volume, Kevin J. (Kevin James) Cronin 2010 Western Washington University

The Effects Of Training Status And Exercise Intensity On Plyometric Exercise Volume, Kevin J. (Kevin James) Cronin

WWU Graduate School Collection

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of training status and exercise intensity on the volume of repetitions completed before propulsive force output decreases below 90 percent of maximum force output. We also examined the effect of training status and exercise intensity on the change in eccentric rate of force development (E-RFD) and contact time (CT) across exercise repetitions (depicted as the slope of the regression line relating the E-RFD and repetitions, and the slope relating CT for each repetition completed). Thirty subjects were recruited from the university population (15 plyometrically trained and 15 recreationally trained ...


Comparing The Effects Of Inspiratory Muscle Training And Core Training On Core Muscle Function, Teresa J. Hahn 2010 Western Washington University

Comparing The Effects Of Inspiratory Muscle Training And Core Training On Core Muscle Function, Teresa J. Hahn

WWU Graduate School Collection

This study was designed to test the effects of inspiratory muscle training on core function compared to a typical core training program. One group performed inspiratory muscle training for six weeks while another performed a core training program of the same duration. A third group served as controls. Core function was assessed pre and post training using a side bridge, prone extension and Stabilizer test of transversus abdominis contraction. Maximal inspiratory pressure was also assessed before and after the six week training period. A two-way repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the significance of inspiratory muscle ...


Biomechanical And Neuromuscular Adaptations In Those With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction During Functional Movements, Michelle Hall 2010 Iowa State University

Biomechanical And Neuromuscular Adaptations In Those With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction During Functional Movements, Michelle Hall

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Individuals with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are at increased risk to develop knee osteoarthritis (OA). Gait analysis including kinetics and electromyography of walking and stair use can provide insight to everyday knee joint dynamic loading. Previously, those with ACL rupture have shown altered gait patterns up to one year post-surgery.

PURPOSE: To compare lower extremity gait patterns of those with ACL reconstruction (>1yr) to a control group. We hypothesized that the ACL group would have 1) reduced knee extensor strength, 2) reduced knee flexion angles, 3) reduced knee extensor moments, 4) increased hip extensor moments, 5) increased external knee ...


The Blunted Insulin Release After Exercise And The Relationship With Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide And Glucagon-Like Peptide-1, Alison Rae Glidden 2010 Iowa State University

The Blunted Insulin Release After Exercise And The Relationship With Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide And Glucagon-Like Peptide-1, Alison Rae Glidden

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: During exercise training, an increase in insulin sensitivity is accompanied by a decrease in plasma insulin concentrations during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The purpose of this study was to investigate the role incretin hormones play in the blunted insulin release after exercise. Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) and Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are incretin hormones that cause insulin release after glucose ingestion. We hypothesized that insulin, GLP-1, and GIP concentrations during an OGTT would be lower after exercise compared to after 7 days of inactivity. Methods: Nine healthy men (n = 5) and women (n = 4) currently engaged in endurance ...


Effects Of Inspiratory Muscle Training On Heart Rate Variability, Anuja Choudhari 2010 Western Washington University

Effects Of Inspiratory Muscle Training On Heart Rate Variability, Anuja Choudhari

WWU Graduate School Collection

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of six weeks of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on heart rate variability (HRV) in young and older adults. Twelve young (age 22.25 + 2.13 years) and 14 older adults (age 72.5 + 6.44 years) participated in the study. The training protocol included using IMT device set at a resistance equivalent to 80% of maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), five days per week. HRV data were obtained by electrocardiogram prior to and following six weeks of IMT, along with pulmonary function measures (vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in one second ...


Effect Of Resistance Training On Body Composition Of Persons With Type Ii Diabetes, Eric R. Spickler 2010 Western Washington University

Effect Of Resistance Training On Body Composition Of Persons With Type Ii Diabetes, Eric R. Spickler

WWU Graduate School Collection

The current study was designed to measure the effect of an eight week resistance training program on the body composition of persons with type II diabetes. To assess the effectiveness of the program, body composition was measured before and immediately following the training period. Forty-one subjects (female = 25, male = 16) participated in the study. Seventeen were randomly assigned to the resistance training group and eighteen were assigned to the control group. Resistance training was performed under supervision three days a week for eight weeks on eleven different exercises (triceps press, bicep curl, lat row, bench press, hip flexion, hip extension ...


The Effects Of Imagery And Positive Self-Review On The Performance Of Intercollegiate Basketball Players, Jonathan Rylaarsdam 2010 Western Washington University

The Effects Of Imagery And Positive Self-Review On The Performance Of Intercollegiate Basketball Players, Jonathan Rylaarsdam

WWU Graduate School Collection

Coaches frequently seek new methods to improve performance. The mental skills training of imagery combined with positive self-review has emerged as a possible device to improve athletic performance. This study was designed to examine the effectiveness of imagery and positive self-review on basketball game performance. Four male intercollegiate basketball players were chosen to participate in a single-subject, multiple baseline across subjects design. Baseline percentages of correct performance were compared to post-intervention percentages. Evidence indicated that the intervention was effective across all four participants. Results indicated a mean Win Score (Berri, Schmidt, & Brooks, 2006) increase of .74 across the four athletes ...


Length Of Exercise History And Depressive Symptoms In Community Dwelling Older Adults, Kelly M. (Kelly McGrorey) Broderick 2010 Western Washington University

Length Of Exercise History And Depressive Symptoms In Community Dwelling Older Adults, Kelly M. (Kelly Mcgrorey) Broderick

WWU Graduate School Collection

Depression is a serious illness that causes suffering in all aspects of one's life. Exercise has previously shown to decrease depressive symptoms in adults. This study investigated the length of exercise history and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults. Subjects were grouped, according to length of exercise history, into five groups: non-exercisers; started exercise within the past year; exercise history between one and five years; exercise history between five and ten years; exercise history longer than ten years. Subjects completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), the UCLA Loneliness ...


Medial Longitudinal Arch Mechanics Before And After A Prolonged Run, Elizabeth Rose Hageman 2010 Iowa State University

Medial Longitudinal Arch Mechanics Before And After A Prolonged Run, Elizabeth Rose Hageman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Collapse and reformation of the medial longitudinal arch during gait is controlled passively and actively. If either tissue group fatigues over the duration of a run, the change in arch mechanics may increase risk of running injuries. However, a 3-dimensional kinematic analysis of the medial longitudinal arch after a prolonged run has not been performed. Additionally, rarely has arch collapse been quantified for walking and running in the same study. PURPOSE: To compare arch mechanics before and after a 45 minute run and to compare walking and running arch deformation. METHODS: Thirty runners performed barefoot walking and running trials before ...


Methods Of Physical Activity Assessment For Older Adults, Patrick Mcintyre 2010 Iowa State University

Methods Of Physical Activity Assessment For Older Adults, Patrick Mcintyre

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: The goal of this study was to evaluate the convergent validity of physical activity (PA) assessment methods widely used with older adults with an accelerometer-based pattern recognition monitor, the Sensewear Pro 3 Armband (SP3). The ActiGraph (ACT) accelerometer and the Seven Day Physical Activity Recall (7DAY) physical activity questionnaires (PAQ) are two of the most popular methods of PA assessment; however the understanding of their use with an older adult population is limited. PAQs designed specifically for older adults such as the Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS), Yale Physical Activity Survey (YPAS), Physical Activity Survey for ...


The Effect Of Heel Height On Frontal Plane Joint Moments, Impact Accelertion, And Shock Attenuation During Walking, Danielle Barkema 2010 Iowa State University

The Effect Of Heel Height On Frontal Plane Joint Moments, Impact Accelertion, And Shock Attenuation During Walking, Danielle Barkema

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Wearing high heels alters walking kinematics and kinetics and can create potentially adverse effects on the body. Our purpose was to determine how heel height affects frontal plane joint moments at the hip, knee, and ankle, with a specific focus on the external knee moment due to its importance in medial loading and knee osteoarthritis. In addition, this study examined the effect of heel height on impact acceleration of tibia and head and shock attenuation of the body. Fifteen women completed overground walking trials in three different heel height conditions (1, 5, and 9 cm) for a fixed walking speed ...


Physical Activity Levels And Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among U.S. Adults: Comparison Between Self-Reported And Objectively Measured Physical Activity, Jared Tucker 2010 Iowa State University

Physical Activity Levels And Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among U.S. Adults: Comparison Between Self-Reported And Objectively Measured Physical Activity, Jared Tucker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Background: In 2008, the US Department of Health and Human Services released the first set of official US physical activity guidelines (Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans - PAGA). These guidelines are based on numerous studies that have linked self-reported PA to substantial health benefits. However, levels of PA among US adults remain relatively low, and differ substantially depending upon whether measured subjectively or objectively. Therefore, a better understanding between these measures is needed. Additional evidence linking objective PA to health outcomes is also needed. Furthermore, no study has examined the proportion of Americans achieving the PAGA using an objective measure. Purpose ...


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