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Biomechanics Commons

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Novel Algorithms For Merging Computational Fluid Dynamics And 4d Flow Mri, Ali Bakhshinejad 2018 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Novel Algorithms For Merging Computational Fluid Dynamics And 4d Flow Mri, Ali Bakhshinejad

Theses and Dissertations

Time-resolved three-dimensional spatial encoding combined with three-directional velocity-encoded phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (termed as 4D flow MRI), can provide valuable information for diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of vascular diseases. The accuracy of this technique, however, is limited by errors in flow estimation due to acquisition noise as well as systematic errors. Furthermore, available spatial resolution is limited to 1.5mm - 3mm and temporal resolution is limited to 30-40ms. This is often grossly inadequate to resolve flow details in small arteries, such as those in cerebral circulation. Recently, there have been efforts to address the limitations of the spatial and ...


Compensatory Hip And Knee Mechanics In Transtibial Amputees During Stair Descent And Directional Task, Mindie Clark 2018 Northern Michigan University

Compensatory Hip And Knee Mechanics In Transtibial Amputees During Stair Descent And Directional Task, Mindie Clark

All NMU Master's Theses

This study compared lower limb mechanics in unilateral transtibial amputees and able bodied controls during strenuous activities of daily living (ADL). Seven unilateral transtibial amputee and five matched-abled bodied control participants executed stair descent on a four-step rehabilitation staircase followed by one of two anticipated directional tasks. Force, kinematics and gait parameters were chosen to compare mechanics and stride characteristics between the residual limb, intact limb and able-bodied dominant limb between a straight walking condition and a non linear directional movement (wide-step cutting task). Results indicated that significant compensatory mechanisms occurred in the intact limb, perhaps from decreased load tolerance ...


A Single High‐Fat Meal Alters Human Soluble Rage Profiles And Pbmc Rage Expression With No Effect Of Prior Aerobic Exercise, Kelly N.Z. Fuller, Rudy J. Valentine, Edwin R. Miranda, Prabhakaran Kumar, Bellur S. Prabhakar, Jacob M. Haus 2018 University of Illinois at Chicago

A Single High‐Fat Meal Alters Human Soluble Rage Profiles And Pbmc Rage Expression With No Effect Of Prior Aerobic Exercise, Kelly N.Z. Fuller, Rudy J. Valentine, Edwin R. Miranda, Prabhakaran Kumar, Bellur S. Prabhakar, Jacob M. Haus

Kinesiology Publications

A high‐fat diet can induce inflammation and metabolic diseases such as diabetes and atherosclerosis. The receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) plays a critical role in metabolic disease pathophysiology and the soluble form of the receptor (sRAGE) can mitigate these effects. However, little is known about RAGE in the postprandial condition and the effect of exercise in this context. Thus, we aimed to determine the effects of a single high‐fat meal (HFM) with and without prior exercise on peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) RAGE biology. Healthy males (n = 12) consumed a HFM on two occasions, one without prior ...


Control Of Redundant Pointing Movements Involving The Wrist And Forearm, Garrett R. Dorman, Kevin C. Davis, Allan W. Peaden, Steven K. Charles 2018 Brigham Young University Neuroscience

Control Of Redundant Pointing Movements Involving The Wrist And Forearm, Garrett R. Dorman, Kevin C. Davis, Allan W. Peaden, Steven K. Charles

All Faculty Publications

The musculoskeletal system can move in more ways than are strictly necessary, allowing many tasks to be accomplished with a variety of limb configurations. Why some configurations are preferred has been a focus of motor control research, but most studies have focused on shoulder-elbow or whole-arm movements. This study focuses on movements involving forearm pronation-supination (PS), wrist flexion-extension (FE), and wrist radial-ulnar deviation (RUD), and elucidates how these three degrees of freedom (DOF) combine to perform the common task of pointing, which only requires two DOF. Although pointing is more sensitive to FE and RUD than to PS and could ...


Biomimetic Design And Construction Of A Bipedal Walking Robot, Alexander Gabriel Steele 2018 Portland State University

Biomimetic Design And Construction Of A Bipedal Walking Robot, Alexander Gabriel Steele

Dissertations and Theses

Human balance and locomotion control is highly complex and not well understood. To understand how the nervous system controls balance and locomotion works, we test how the body responds to controlled perturbations, the results are analyzed, and control models are developed. However, to recreate this system of control there is a need for a robot with human-like kinematics. Unfortunately, such a robotic testbed does not exist despite the numerous applications such a design would have in mobile robotics, healthcare, and prosthetics.

This thesis presents a robotic testbed model of human lower legs. By using MRI and CT scans, I designed ...


Hook Of Hamate Removal In A Collegiate Baseball Player, Tori Dalessandro 2018 Kent State University

Hook Of Hamate Removal In A Collegiate Baseball Player, Tori Dalessandro

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In volume 4, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional Research Abstracts, as well as Bachelor Student Research Abstracts and Case Reports.

Thank you for viewing this 4th Annual OATA Special Edition


Collegiate Football Player Suffering From Non-Traumatic Hemoptysis, Lauryn Lanzer, Ryan Moore, Kelly Ferian, Elizabeth Walters, Karyn Gentile 2018 Bowling Green State University

Collegiate Football Player Suffering From Non-Traumatic Hemoptysis, Lauryn Lanzer, Ryan Moore, Kelly Ferian, Elizabeth Walters, Karyn Gentile

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In volume 4, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional Research Abstracts, as well as Bachelor Student Research Abstracts and Case Reports.

Thank you for viewing this 4th Annual OATA Special Edition


Experimental Measurement Of Dolphin Thrust Generated During A Tail Stand Using Dpiv, Frank E. Fish, Terrie M. Williams, Erica Sherman, Yae Eun Moon, Vicki Wu, Timothy Wei 2018 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Experimental Measurement Of Dolphin Thrust Generated During A Tail Stand Using Dpiv, Frank E. Fish, Terrie M. Williams, Erica Sherman, Yae Eun Moon, Vicki Wu, Timothy Wei

Biology Faculty Publications

: Estimation of force generated by dolphins has long been debated. The problem was that indirect estimates of force production for dolphins resulted in low values that could not be validated. Bubble digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV) measured hydrodynamic force production for swimming dolphins and demonstrated high force production. To validate the bubble DPIV and reconcile force production measurements, two bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) performing tail stands were measured with bubble DPIV. Microbubbles were generated from a finely porous hose and compressed air source. Displacement of the bubbles by the propulsive motions of the dolphin was tracked with a high-speed video ...


Gait Stability Has Phase-Dependent Dual-Task Costs In Parkinson’S Disease, Peter C. Fino, Martina Mancini, Carolin Curtze, John G. Nutt, Fay B. Horak 2018 Oregon Health and Science University

Gait Stability Has Phase-Dependent Dual-Task Costs In Parkinson’S Disease, Peter C. Fino, Martina Mancini, Carolin Curtze, John G. Nutt, Fay B. Horak

Journal Articles

Dual-task (DT) paradigms have been used in gait research to assess the automaticity of locomotion, particularly in people with Parkinson’s disease (PD). In people with PD, reliance on cortical control during walking leads to greater interference between cognitive and locomotor tasks. Yet, recent studies have suggested that even healthy gait requires cognitive control, and that these cognitive contributions occur at specific phases of the gait cycle. Here, we examined whether changes in gait stability, elicited by simultaneous cognitive DTs, were specific to certain phases of the gait cycle in people with PD. Phase-dependent local dynamic stability (LDS) was calculated ...


Biomechanical Gait Variable Estimation Using Wearable Sensors After Unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty, Ik-Hyun Youn, Jong-Hoon Youn, Joseph A. Zeni, Brian A. Knarr 2018 Mokpo National Maritime University

Biomechanical Gait Variable Estimation Using Wearable Sensors After Unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty, Ik-Hyun Youn, Jong-Hoon Youn, Joseph A. Zeni, Brian A. Knarr

Journal Articles

Total knee arthroplasty is a common surgical treatment for end-stage osteoarthritis of the knee. The majority of existing studies that have explored the relationship between recovery and gait biomechanics have been conducted in laboratory settings. However, seamless gait parameter monitoring in real-world conditions may provide a better understanding of recovery post-surgery. The purpose of this study was to estimate kinematic and kinetic gait variables using two ankle-worn wearable sensors in individuals after unilateral total knee arthroplasty. Eighteen subjects at least six months post-unilateral total knee arthroplasty participated in this study. Four biomechanical gait variables were measured using an instrumented split-belt ...


Digging Biomechanics In Geomyoid Rodents, Alexis Moore Crisp 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Digging Biomechanics In Geomyoid Rodents, Alexis Moore Crisp

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Subterranean digging behaviors provide opportunities for protection, access to prey, and predator avoidance for a diverse array of vertebrates, yet studies of the biomechanics of burrowing have been limited by the technical challenges of measuring kinetics and kinematics of animals moving within a substrate. Prior studies of burrowing have recorded a single axis of x-ray video and/or force. However, empirical observations show that burrowing is not restricted to a single axis or plane. I describe a new system called a ‘tunnel-tube’ for measuring 3D reaction force during burrowing. This tunnel-tube has two separate tubes, one ‘entry tube’ that has ...


Biomechanical Analysis Of Jumping: The Influence Of External Load And Countermovement Depth On Deceleration Strategies And Performance, Leland Adam Barker 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Biomechanical Analysis Of Jumping: The Influence Of External Load And Countermovement Depth On Deceleration Strategies And Performance, Leland Adam Barker

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Jumping performance has traditionally been measured by jump height alone. In recent years, the reactive strength index (RSI = Jump height / jump time)) has been used as another measure of jump performance. According to RSI, which was developed to assess eccentric force production, jump performance can improve by increasing jump height, decreasing jump time, or both simultaneously. However, it is not clear how force production correlates to RSI variables. If RSI is meant to be a practical measure of eccentric force production, it should correlate strongly to eccentric and amortization force production during jumping. Thus, the purpose of the first study ...


Move Your Dna: Movement Ecology And The Difference Between Exercise And Movement, Katy Bowman 2018 California State University, Northridge

Move Your Dna: Movement Ecology And The Difference Between Exercise And Movement, Katy Bowman

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


A Letter From The President, Siobahn E. Fagan 2018 Bowling Green State University

A Letter From The President, Siobahn E. Fagan

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Thank you for viewing this Special Edition of the Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences. As we continue to grow and continue to provide a platform for excellent scholarship your continued support is greatly appreciated.


Nfl Wide Receiver With Paroxysmal Dystonia/Dyskinesia, Chad Rairdon, Brian Dykuhuizen, Paul Sparling, Erika Smith-Goodwin 2018 Bowling Green State University

Nfl Wide Receiver With Paroxysmal Dystonia/Dyskinesia, Chad Rairdon, Brian Dykuhuizen, Paul Sparling, Erika Smith-Goodwin

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In volume 4, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional Research Abstracts, as well as Bachelor Student Research Abstracts and Case Reports.

Thank you for viewing this 4th Annual OATA Special Edition


Chronic Subluxation And Relocation Of The Shoulder In A Collegiate Dodgeball Player, Victoria Stupecki, Nathan Doles 2018 Bowling Green State University

Chronic Subluxation And Relocation Of The Shoulder In A Collegiate Dodgeball Player, Victoria Stupecki, Nathan Doles

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In volume 4, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional Research Abstracts, as well as Bachelor Student Research Abstracts and Case Reports.

Thank you for viewing this 4th Annual OATA Special Edition


Scapular Fracture In A Collegiate Football Player: A Case Study, Taylor Lipinsky, Aaron Himmler 2018 Bowling Green State University

Scapular Fracture In A Collegiate Football Player: A Case Study, Taylor Lipinsky, Aaron Himmler

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In volume 4, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional Research Abstracts, as well as Bachelor Student Research Abstracts and Case Reports.

Thank you for viewing this 4th Annual OATA Special Edition


Changes In Sebt Scores In College Basketball Players Participating In A Preventative Ankle Program, Haley Potters, Jennifer Miller, Kurt Wilson 2018 Bowling Green State University

Changes In Sebt Scores In College Basketball Players Participating In A Preventative Ankle Program, Haley Potters, Jennifer Miller, Kurt Wilson

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In volume 4, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional Research Abstracts, as well as Bachelor Student Research Abstracts and Case Reports.

Thank you for viewing this 4th Annual OATA Special Edition


Athletic Trainers' Knowledge And Treatment Of Athletes With Paroxysmal Dystonia/Dyskinesia, Chad Rairdon, Brian Dykhuizen, Erika Smith-Goodwin, Paul Sparling 2018 Bowling Green State University

Athletic Trainers' Knowledge And Treatment Of Athletes With Paroxysmal Dystonia/Dyskinesia, Chad Rairdon, Brian Dykhuizen, Erika Smith-Goodwin, Paul Sparling

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In volume 4, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional Research Abstracts, as well as Bachelor Student Research Abstracts and Case Reports.

Thank you for viewing this 4th Annual OATA Special Edition


Perceived Understanding Of Athletic Training Students' And Education Students' Field Experience By The Campus Community, Megan Weiloch, Jennifer Walker, Erika Smith-Goodwin 2018 Bowling Green State University

Perceived Understanding Of Athletic Training Students' And Education Students' Field Experience By The Campus Community, Megan Weiloch, Jennifer Walker, Erika Smith-Goodwin

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In volume 4, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional Research Abstracts, as well as Bachelor Student Research Abstracts and Case Reports.

Thank you for viewing this 4th Annual OATA Special Edition


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