Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Genomics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

987 Full-Text Articles 3,656 Authors 92,108 Downloads 97 Institutions

All Articles in Genomics

Faceted Search

987 full-text articles. Page 4 of 41.

Selfish Mitochondrial Dna Proliferates And Diversifies In Small, But Not Large, Experimental Populations Of Caenorhabditis Briggsae, Wendy S. Phillips, Anna Luella Coleman-Hulbert, Emily S. Weiss, Dana K. Howe, Sita Ping, Riana I. Wernick, Suzanne Estes, Dee R. Denver 2017 Oregon State University

Selfish Mitochondrial Dna Proliferates And Diversifies In Small, But Not Large, Experimental Populations Of Caenorhabditis Briggsae, Wendy S. Phillips, Anna Luella Coleman-Hulbert, Emily S. Weiss, Dana K. Howe, Sita Ping, Riana I. Wernick, Suzanne Estes, Dee R. Denver

Suzanne Estes

Evolutionary interactions across levels of biological organization contribute to a variety of fundamental processes including genome evolution, reproductive mode transitions, species diversification, and extinction. Evolutionary theory predicts that so-called “selfish” genetic elements will proliferate when the host effective population size (Ne) is small, but direct tests of this prediction remain few. We analyzed the evolutionary dynamics of deletion-containing mitochondrial DNA (ΔmtDNA) molecules, previously characterized as selfish elements, in six different natural strains of the nematode Caenorhabditis briggsae allowed to undergo experimental evolution in a range of population sizes (N = 1, 10, 100, and 1,000) for a maximum of 50 ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti

Konstantin Läufer

As sequencing technologies continue to drop in price and increase in throughput, new challenges emerge for the management and accessibility of genomic sequence data. We have developed a pipeline for facilitating the storage, retrieval, and subsequent analysis of molecular data, integrating both sequence and metadata. Taking a polyglot approach involving multiple languages, libraries, and persistence mechanisms, sequence data can be aggregated from publicly available and local repositories. Data are exposed in the form of a RESTful web service, formatted for easy querying, and retrieved for downstream analyses. As a proof of concept, we have developed a resource for annotated HIV-1 ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer

Konstantin Läufer

RNA-interference has potential therapeutic use against HIV-1 by targeting highly-functional mRNA sequences that contribute to the virulence of the virus. Empirical work has shown that within cell lines, all of the HIV-1 genes are affected by RNAi-induced gene silencing. While promising, inherent in this treatment is the fact that RNAi sequences must be highly specific. HIV, however, mutates rapidly, leading to the evolution of viral escape mutants. In fact, such strains are under strong selection to include mutations within the targeted region, evading the RNAi therapy and thus increasing the virus’ fitness in the host. Taking a phylogenetic approach, we ...


Defining A Registry Of Candidate Regulatory Elements To Interpret Disease Associated Genetic Variation, Jill E. Moore 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Defining A Registry Of Candidate Regulatory Elements To Interpret Disease Associated Genetic Variation, Jill E. Moore

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Over the last decade there has been a great effort to annotate noncoding regions of the genome, particularly those that regulate gene expression. These regulatory elements contain binding sites for transcription factors (TF), which interact with one another and transcriptional machinery to initiate, enhance, or repress gene expression. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) consortium has generated thousands of epigenomic datasets, such as DNase-seq and ChIP-seq experiments, with the goal of defining such regions. By integrating these assays, we developed the Registry of candidate Regulatory Elements (cREs), a collection of putative regulatory regions across human and mouse. In total, we ...


Bioinformatic Analysis Of The Evolution And Function Of Parasitoid Wasp Venom, Nathan T. Mortimer 2017 Illinois State University

Bioinformatic Analysis Of The Evolution And Function Of Parasitoid Wasp Venom, Nathan T. Mortimer

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


G-Onramp: Create Genome Browsers That Enable Undergraduate Students To Participate In Collaborative Genome Annotations, Wilson Leung, Yating Liu, Luke Sargent, Jeremy Goecks, Sarah C.R. Elgin 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

G-Onramp: Create Genome Browsers That Enable Undergraduate Students To Participate In Collaborative Genome Annotations, Wilson Leung, Yating Liu, Luke Sargent, Jeremy Goecks, Sarah C.R. Elgin

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Chromosome Conformation In Context, James Taylor 2017 Illinois State University

Chromosome Conformation In Context, James Taylor

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Cage: A Tool For Identifying Genes With Correlated Spatiotemporal Expression, Basheer Becerra 2017 Illinois State University

Cage: A Tool For Identifying Genes With Correlated Spatiotemporal Expression, Basheer Becerra

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Functional Characteristics And Genomic Sequencing Of Antarctic Environmental Isolates, Amanda Kemper, Christina Aigner, Michelle Tigges, Sara Anderson 2017 Minnesota State University Moorhead

Functional Characteristics And Genomic Sequencing Of Antarctic Environmental Isolates, Amanda Kemper, Christina Aigner, Michelle Tigges, Sara Anderson

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Adaptive Variation In Tiger Salamander Populations, Meghan Parsley 2017 Western Kentucky University

Adaptive Variation In Tiger Salamander Populations, Meghan Parsley

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Amphibians face an unknown future in a time of rapid environmental change due to global climate perturbations. Since amphibians are perceived to be indicators of ecosystem health, understanding the causes of their declines can improve our perception of threats to other species. Molecular techniques have allowed us to explore how environmental change affects genetic variation and to predict evolutionary adaptive potential of amphibian populations. The identification of populations with the greatest potential to respond to changing environmental variables may be an important conservation strategy to aid in future management efforts. I utilized targeted exon capture sequencing to identify adaptive variation ...


Phagephisher: A Pipeline For The Discovery Of Covert Viral Sequences In Complex Genomic Datasets, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Siobhan C. Watkins, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Phagephisher: A Pipeline For The Discovery Of Covert Viral Sequences In Complex Genomic Datasets, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Siobhan C. Watkins, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

Obtaining meaningful viral information from large sequencing datasets presents unique challenges distinct from prokaryotic and eukaryotic sequencing efforts. The difficulties surrounding this issue can be ascribed in part to the genomic plasticity of viruses themselves as well as the scarcity of existing information in genomic databases. The open-source software PhagePhisher (http://www.putonti-lab.com/phagephisher) has been designed as a simple pipeline to extract relevant information from complex and mixed datasets, and will improve the examination of bacteriophages, viruses, and virally related sequences, in a range of environments. Key aspects of the software include speed and ease of use; PhagePhisher ...


Finding Function In The Unknown, Kelly Boyd, Emma Highland, Amanda Misch, Amber Hu, Sushma Reddy, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Finding Function In The Unknown, Kelly Boyd, Emma Highland, Amanda Misch, Amber Hu, Sushma Reddy, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

Through high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNAseq), transcriptomes for a single cell, tissue, or organism(s) can be ascertained at a high resolution. While a number of bioinformatic tools have been developed for transcriptome analyses, significant challenges exist for studies of non-model organisms. Without a reference sequence available, raw reads must first be assembled de novo followed by the tedious task of BLAST searches and data mining for functional information. We have created a pipeline, PyRanger, to automate this process. The pipeline includes functionality to assess a single transcriptome and also facilitate comparative transcriptomic studies.


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

As sequencing technologies continue to drop in price and increase in throughput, new challenges emerge for the management and accessibility of genomic sequence data. We have developed a pipeline for facilitating the storage, retrieval, and subsequent analysis of molecular data, integrating both sequence and metadata. Taking a polyglot approach involving multiple languages, libraries, and persistence mechanisms, sequence data can be aggregated from publicly available and local repositories. Data are exposed in the form of a RESTful web service, formatted for easy querying, and retrieved for downstream analyses. As a proof of concept, we have developed a resource for annotated HIV-1 ...


Hash-Map-Eradicator: Filtering Non-Target Sequences From Next Generation Sequencing Reads, Jonathon Brenner, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Hash-Map-Eradicator: Filtering Non-Target Sequences From Next Generation Sequencing Reads, Jonathon Brenner, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

Contemporary DNA sequencing technologies are continuously increasing throughput at ever decreasing costs. Moreover, due to recent advances in sequencing technology new platforms are emerging. As such computational challenges persist. The average read length possible has taken a giant leap forward with the PacBio and Nanopore solutions. Regardless of the platform used, impurities within the DNA preparation of the sample - be it from unintentional contaminants or pervasive symbiots - remains an issue. We have developed a new tool, HAsh-MaP-ERadicator (HAMPER), for the detection and removal of non-target, contaminating DNA sequences. Integrating hash-based and mapping-based strategies, HAMPER is both memory and time efficient ...


Genome Sequences And Annotation Of Two Urinary Isolates Of E. Coli, Travis Kyle Price, Arya Mehtash, Laurynas Kalesinskas, Kema Malki, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Genome Sequences And Annotation Of Two Urinary Isolates Of E. Coli, Travis Kyle Price, Arya Mehtash, Laurynas Kalesinskas, Kema Malki, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe

Catherine Putonti

The genus Escherichia includes pathogens and commensals. Bladder infections (cystitis) result most often from colonization of the bladder by uropathogenic E. coli strains. In contrast, a poorly defined condition called asymptomatic bacteriuria results from colonization of the bladder with E. coli strains without symptoms. As part of an on-going attempt to identify and characterize the newly discovered female urinary microbiota, we report the genome sequences and annotation of two urinary isolates of E. coli: one (E78) was isolated from a female patient who self-reported cystitis; the other (E75) was isolated from a female patient who reported that she did not ...


Draft Genome For A Urinary Isolate Of Lactobacillus Crispatus, Travis Kyle Price, Majed Shaheen, Laurynas Kalesinskas, Kema Malki, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Draft Genome For A Urinary Isolate Of Lactobacillus Crispatus, Travis Kyle Price, Majed Shaheen, Laurynas Kalesinskas, Kema Malki, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe

Catherine Putonti

While Lactobacillus crispatus contributes to the stability of normal vaginal microbiota, its role in urinary health remains unclear. As part of an on-going attempt to characterize the female urinary microbiota, we report the genome sequence of an L. crispatus strain isolated from a woman displaying no lower urinary tract symptoms.


Draft Genome Sequence For A Urinary Isolate Of Nosocomiicoccus Ampullae, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Travis Kyle Price, Katherine Diebel, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Draft Genome Sequence For A Urinary Isolate Of Nosocomiicoccus Ampullae, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Travis Kyle Price, Katherine Diebel, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe

Catherine Putonti

A draft genome sequence for a urinary isolate of Nosocomiicoccus ampullae (UMB0853) was investigated. The size of the genome was 1,578,043 bp, with an observed G+C content of 36.1%. Annotation revealed 10 rRNA sequences, 40 tRNA genes, and 1,532 protein-coding sequences. Genome coverage was 727× and consisted of 32 contigs, with an N50 of 109,831 bp.


Genomes Of Gardnerella Strains Reveal An Abundance Of Prophages Within The Bladder Microbiome, Kema Malki, Jason W. Shapiro, Travis Kyle Price, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Krystal Thomas-White, Trina Sircar, Amy B. Rosenfeld, Michael J. Zilliox, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Genomes Of Gardnerella Strains Reveal An Abundance Of Prophages Within The Bladder Microbiome, Kema Malki, Jason W. Shapiro, Travis Kyle Price, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Krystal Thomas-White, Trina Sircar, Amy B. Rosenfeld, Michael J. Zilliox, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

Bacterial surveys of the vaginal and bladder human microbiota have revealed an abundance of many similar bacterial taxa. As the bladder was once thought to be sterile, the complex interactions between microbes within the bladder have yet to be characterized. To initiate this process, we have begun sequencing isolates, including the clinically relevant genus Gardnerella. Herein, we present the genomic sequences of four Gardnerella strains isolated from the bladders of women with symptoms of urgency urinary incontinence; these are the first Gardnerella genomes produced from this niche. Congruent to genomic characterization of Gardnerella isolates from the reproductive tract, isolates from ...


Bacteriophages Isolated From Lake Michigan Demonstrate Broad Host-Range Across Several Bacterial Phyla, Kema Malki, Alex Kula, Katherine Bruder, Emily Sible, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Stephanie Steidel, Siobhan C. Watkins, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Bacteriophages Isolated From Lake Michigan Demonstrate Broad Host-Range Across Several Bacterial Phyla, Kema Malki, Alex Kula, Katherine Bruder, Emily Sible, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Stephanie Steidel, Siobhan C. Watkins, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

BACKGROUND: The study of bacteriophages continues to generate key information about microbial interactions in the environment. Many phenotypic characteristics of bacteriophages cannot be examined by sequencing alone, further highlighting the necessity for isolation and examination of phages from environmental samples. While much of our current knowledge base has been generated by the study of marine phages, freshwater viruses are understudied in comparison. Our group has previously conducted metagenomics-based studies samples collected from Lake Michigan - the data presented in this study relate to four phages that were extracted from the same samples. FINDINGS: Four phages were extracted from Lake Michigan on ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer

Catherine Putonti

RNA-interference has potential therapeutic use against HIV-1 by targeting highly-functional mRNA sequences that contribute to the virulence of the virus. Empirical work has shown that within cell lines, all of the HIV-1 genes are affected by RNAi-induced gene silencing. While promising, inherent in this treatment is the fact that RNAi sequences must be highly specific. HIV, however, mutates rapidly, leading to the evolution of viral escape mutants. In fact, such strains are under strong selection to include mutations within the targeted region, evading the RNAi therapy and thus increasing the virus’ fitness in the host. Taking a phylogenetic approach, we ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress