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Current And Future Molecular Approaches To Investigate The White Pine Blister Rust Pathosystem, B. A. Richardson, A. K. M. Ekramoddoulah, J.-J. Liu, M.-S. Kim, N. B. Klopfenstein 2010 USDA Forest Service

Current And Future Molecular Approaches To Investigate The White Pine Blister Rust Pathosystem, B. A. Richardson, A. K. M. Ekramoddoulah, J.-J. Liu, M.-S. Kim, N. B. Klopfenstein

USDA Forest Service / UNL Faculty Publications

Molecular genetics is proving to be especially useful for addressing a wide variety of research and management questions on the white pine blister rust pathosystem. White pine blister rust, caused by Cronartium ribicola, is an ideal model for studying biogeography, genetics, and evolution because: (1) it involves an introduced pathogen; (2) it includes multiple primary and alternate hosts occurring in large, relatively undisturbed ecosystems; (3) some hosts exhibit endemic resistance; and (4) the disease interaction is long enduring. Molecular techniques are used to investigate population genetics, phylogenetics, hybrids, and proteomics in white pine (Pinus, subgenus Strobus) and blister rust (Cronartium ...


Impact Of Revised And Potential Future Albedo Estimates On Ccsm3 Simulations Of Growing-Season Surface Temperature Fields For North America, Warren E. Heilman, David Y. Hollinger, Xiuping Li, Xindi Bian, Shiyuan Zhong 2010 USDA Forest Service

Impact Of Revised And Potential Future Albedo Estimates On Ccsm3 Simulations Of Growing-Season Surface Temperature Fields For North America, Warren E. Heilman, David Y. Hollinger, Xiuping Li, Xindi Bian, Shiyuan Zhong

USDA Forest Service / UNL Faculty Publications

Recently published albedo research has resulted in improved growing-season albedo estimates for forest and grassland vegetation. The impact of these improved estimates on the ability of climate models to simulate growing-season surface temperature patterns is unknown. We have developed a set of current-climate surface temperature scenarios for North America using the Community Climate System Model – Version 3 (CCSM3). Simulation results suggest that modifications to the default CCSM3 radiative parameters that are consistent with more recent accurate measurements of albedo values for grasslands and needle-leaf deciduous trees (NDTs) can reduce the overall growing-season surface temperature bias over North America in CCSM3 ...


Blister Rusts In China: Hosts, Pathogens, And Management, X. Y. Zhang, Q. Lu, R. A. Sniezko, R. Q. Song, G. Man 2010 Chinese Academy of Forestry

Blister Rusts In China: Hosts, Pathogens, And Management, X. Y. Zhang, Q. Lu, R. A. Sniezko, R. Q. Song, G. Man

USDA Forest Service / UNL Faculty Publications

China has 12 taxa of white pines (subgenus Strobus), including species of wide distribution valuable to plantation forestry and species of rare endemics only distantly related to other white pines. The most important forest diseases of these white pines are caused by the blister rust fungi of the genus Cronartium that alternate to telial host species of Ribes and Pedicularis. The most serious infestations have occurred in southwestern China on Pinus armandii and in northeastern China on P. koraiensis. The blister rust pathogen on P. armandii has usually been identified as Cronartium ribicola. Several lines of evidence, however, imply this ...


Urban And Community Forests Of The North Central West Region, David J. Nowak, Eric J. Greenfield 2010 United States Department of Agriculture

Urban And Community Forests Of The North Central West Region, David J. Nowak, Eric J. Greenfield

USDA Forest Service / UNL Faculty Publications

This report details how land cover and urbanization vary within the states of Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota by community (incorporated and census designated places), county subdivision, and county. Specifically this report provides critical urban and community forestry information for each state including human population characteristics and trends, changes in urban and community lands, tree canopy and impervious surface cover characteristics, distribution of land-cover classes, a relative comparison of urban and community forests among local government types, determination of priority areas for tree planting, and a summary of urban tree benefits. Report information can improve ...


Population Trends In Northern Spotted Owls: Associations With Climate In The Pacific Northwest, Elizabeth M. Glenn, Robert G. Anthony, Eric D. Forsman 2010 Oregon State University

Population Trends In Northern Spotted Owls: Associations With Climate In The Pacific Northwest, Elizabeth M. Glenn, Robert G. Anthony, Eric D. Forsman

USDA Forest Service / UNL Faculty Publications

We used reverse time capture-mark-recapture models to describe associations between rate of population change (λ) and climate for northern spotted owls (Strix occidentalis caurina) at six long-term study areas in Washington and Oregon, USA. Populations in three of six areas showed strong evidence of declining populations, while populations in two additional areas were likely declining as well. At four areas, λ was positively associated with wetter-than-normal conditions during the growing season, which likely affects prey availability. Lambda was also negatively associated with cold, wet winters and nesting seasons, and the number of hot summer days. The amount of annual variation ...


Family Ties: Mainstream Environmentalists' Understanding Of Radical Environmentalism In America, Zachary W. Ezor 2010 Colby College

Family Ties: Mainstream Environmentalists' Understanding Of Radical Environmentalism In America, Zachary W. Ezor

Honors Theses

Environmentalism in the United States manifests itself in numerous ways. While American environmentalists have been grouped into broad camps over the years, observers have struggled to accurately classify the different components of the movement. Lately, environmentalists have been characterized based on their chosen modus operandi. Environmentalists who employ typical interest group tactics of policy advocacy and accept the notion of political compromise can generally be called 'mainstream.' Alternatively, those environmentalists who employ non-conventional strategies like direct action and take a no-compromise stance on environmental issues are typically described as 'radical.' Despite these distinctions, both radical and mainstream environmentalists are parts ...


Mill Creek Management Plan, Joey A. Gentry 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Mill Creek Management Plan, Joey A. Gentry

Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences

The goal of this study is to conduct a management plan for the Mill Creek property. This will be obtained through meeting the landowner objectives concerning: wildlife with habitat enhancements, recreation locations, and the forest growth potential pertaining to different areas of the property. This plan will also offer suggestions and guidelines to maximize the use of the property. Including a collection of flora, fauna, and health related issues in the appendices for identification. The site condition on the property is very poor, and as a result the growth rate for this area is slow. It is recommended that the ...


Exotic Invasive Plants In Kentucky, Yu Liang 2010 University of Kentucky

Exotic Invasive Plants In Kentucky, Yu Liang

University of Kentucky Master's Theses

Invasion of exotic species is a significant problem in natural ecosystems, reaching epidemic proportions and resulting in significant economic losses. However, insufficient knowledge of explicit spatial distribution of invasive species hinders our ability to prevent and/or mitigate future invasion. In this study, we demonstrate the use of existing voluntary data to survey invasive plant species in Kentucky. We also reconstructed the historical distribution of 16 exotic invasive plants typical to Kentucky using herbarium records. We found that Kentucky is facing a large threat from exotic invasive plants as they are reported throughout most counties. The distribution maps for four ...


Examining The Compatibility Between Forestry Incentive Programs In The Us And The Practice Of Sustainable Forest Management, Steven E. Daniels, Michael A. Kilgore, Michael G. Jacobsen, John L. Greene, Thomas J. Straka 2010 Utah State University

Examining The Compatibility Between Forestry Incentive Programs In The Us And The Practice Of Sustainable Forest Management, Steven E. Daniels, Michael A. Kilgore, Michael G. Jacobsen, John L. Greene, Thomas J. Straka

Sociology, Social Work and Anthropology Faculty Publications

This research explores the intersection between the various federal and state forestry incentive programs and the adoption of sustainable forestry practices on non-industrial private forest (NIPF) lands in the US. The qualitative research reported here draws upon a series of eight focus groups of NIPF landowners (two each in Minnesota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina). Despite minor regional variations, the dominant theme that emerged is that these landowners’ purchase and management decisions are motivated by the “trilogy” of forest continuity, benefit to the owner, and doing the “right thing.” This trilogy is quite consistent with notions of sustainable forestry, but ...


Molecular Analysis Of Primary Vapor And Char Products During Stepwise Pyrolysis Of Poplar Biomass, Roger W. Jones, Tonu Reinot, John Frederick McClelland 2010 Iowa State University

Molecular Analysis Of Primary Vapor And Char Products During Stepwise Pyrolysis Of Poplar Biomass, Roger W. Jones, Tonu Reinot, John Frederick Mcclelland

Ames Laboratory Publications

Pyrolysis of biomass produces both pyrolysis oil and solid char. In this study, poplar has been pyrolyzed in a stepwise fashion over a series of temperatures from 200 to 500 °C, and both the primary products contributing to pyrolysis oil and the changes in the pyrolyzing poplar surface leading toward char have been characterized at each step. The primary products were identified by direct analysis in real time (DART) mass spectrometry, and the changes in the poplar surface were monitored using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) photoacoustic spectroscopy, with a sampling depth of a few micrometers. The primary products from pyrolyzing ...


Mp761: Considerations And Recommendations For Retaining Woody Biomass On Timber Harvest Sites In Maine, Jeffrey G. Benjamin 2010 The University of Maine

Mp761: Considerations And Recommendations For Retaining Woody Biomass On Timber Harvest Sites In Maine, Jeffrey G. Benjamin

Miscellaneous Publications

This report and associated guidelines focus on the amount and type of woody biomass that should be retained in the forest after a harvest operation to protect soil productivity, water quality, and site-level biodiversity. Woody biomass, defined from a forest operations perspective, is comprised of logging residues, previously unmerchantable stems, and other such woody material harvested directly from the forest typically for the purposes of energy production. In the broadest sense woody biomass is the total mass of roots, stem, branches, bark and leaves of all tree and shrub species (live and dead) in the forest. Under the broad definition ...


Introduction: Knowing The Wild, Etienne S. Benson 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Introduction: Knowing The Wild, Etienne S. Benson

Departmental Papers (HSS)

The argument that wildlife conservation and the science that supports it are contentious and politicized is, of course, not new. American wildlife managers and biologists have been complaining about "biopolitics"—understood as political interference into decisions properly left to experts—since at least as far back as the 1930s, when they first established the journals, conferences, professional associations, degree programs, and financial supporters that allowed them to lay claim to the status of an autonomous, self-accrediting profession. Conservation activists have regularly protested the manipulation of policy by (other) special interests. New administrations in Washington have brought sudden reversals in supposedly ...


Building A Comprehensive Collection Of Ash Germplasm, Mark P. Widrlechner 2010 United States Department of Agriculture

Building A Comprehensive Collection Of Ash Germplasm, Mark P. Widrlechner

NCRPIS Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

This paper summarizes a presentation from the Congress Symposium, “The Introduction of the Emerald Ash Borer in North America, A Case Study of Invasive Species Epidemiology and Conservation of the Host Species.” It briefly discusses the state of Fraxinus (ash) taxonomy, ash as a landscape and forest tree, some of its specialized uses, including those by Native Americans, and its role in supporting other organisms. The devastation caused to native, North American ash populations by the introduction of Agrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer; EAB) to the Detroit, Michigan area has already led to the loss of tens of millions of ...


Letter From The Dean, Michael Vayda 2010 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Letter From The Dean, Michael Vayda

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

No abstract provided.


Guidelines For Aspen Restoration On The National Forests In Utah, Mary O'Brien, Paul Rogers, Kevin Mueller, Rob MacWhorter, Allen Rowley, Bill Hopkin, Bill Christensen, Paul Dremann 2010 Utah State University

Guidelines For Aspen Restoration On The National Forests In Utah, Mary O'Brien, Paul Rogers, Kevin Mueller, Rob Macwhorter, Allen Rowley, Bill Hopkin, Bill Christensen, Paul Dremann

Aspen Bibliography

These guidelines are a working document and will be tested within the Utah National Forests on dif- ferent aspen types.


Relationship Of Climate And Growth Of Quaking Aspen (Populus Tremuloides) In Yellowstone National Park, Erik S. Jules, Allyson L. Carroll, Matthew J. Kauffman 2010 Utah State University

Relationship Of Climate And Growth Of Quaking Aspen (Populus Tremuloides) In Yellowstone National Park, Erik S. Jules, Allyson L. Carroll, Matthew J. Kauffman

Aspen Bibliography

Quaking aspen is a widespread tree that is in decline across wide areas of western North America, and is predicted to experience a large range shift if future climate predictions are realized. The purpose of our study was to determine what climate factors have influenced aspen growth in Yellowstone National Park, USA, and to determine whether these climatic influences vary across a heterogeneous landscape. We extracted increment cores from 10-12 aspen in each of 16 stands spread across a 1,526 km2 area. Using ring widths, we created a182-year standardized chronology from 1821 to 2003 A.D. composed of 151 ...


Aspen Mortality Summit, December 18 And 19, 2006, Salt Lake City, Utah, Dale L. Bartos, Wayne D. Shepperd 2010 Utah State University

Aspen Mortality Summit, December 18 And 19, 2006, Salt Lake City, Utah, Dale L. Bartos, Wayne D. Shepperd

Aspen Bibliography

The USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station sponsored an aspen sum- mit meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah, on December 18 and19, 2006, to discuss the rapidly increasing mortality of aspen (Populus tremuloides) throughout the western United States. Selected scientists, university faculty, and managers from Federal, State, and non-profit agencies with experience working with aspen were invited. Participants were first asked to share information on recent aspen mortality. Subject matter working groups were then asked to determine factors associated with recent aspen mortality, recommend research needs, and organize those needs into testable questions and hypotheses. This report documents their ...


Basal Area Growth For Aspen Suckers Under Simulated Browsing On Cedar Mountain, Southern Utah, Western United States Of America, K Tshireletso, J C. Malechek, D L. Bartos 2010 Utah State University

Basal Area Growth For Aspen Suckers Under Simulated Browsing On Cedar Mountain, Southern Utah, Western United States Of America, K Tshireletso, J C. Malechek, D L. Bartos

Aspen Bibliography

The objective of the study was to determine the effects of season and intensity of clipping using simulated browsing on suckers' (Populus tremulaides Michx.) basal area growth on Cedar Mountain, Southern Utah, Western United States of America. Three randomly selected stands measuring 70 m x 70 m were clear-felled in mid-July, 2005, and fenced. Simulated browsing treatments of 0%, 20%, 40%, and 60% removal of current year's growth on aspen suckers were randomly applied in early, mid-, and late summers of2006 and 2007 on permanently demarcated quadrats. Sucker basal area was monitored by measuring basal diameter of individual suckers ...


The State Of The System And Steps Toward Resilience Of Disturbancedependent Oak Forests, Tricia G. Knoot, Lisa A. Schulte, John C. Tyndall, Brian J. Palik 2010 Iowa State University

The State Of The System And Steps Toward Resilience Of Disturbancedependent Oak Forests, Tricia G. Knoot, Lisa A. Schulte, John C. Tyndall, Brian J. Palik

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Current ecological, economic, and social conditions present unique challenges to natural resource managers seeking to maintain the resilience of disturbance-dependent ecosystems, such as oak (Quercus spp.) forests. Oak-dominated ecosystems throughout the U.S. have historically been perpetuated through periodic disturbance, such as fire, but more recently show decline given shifting disturbance regimes associated with human land management decisions. We characterized the state of the social-ecological oak forest ecosystem in the midwestern U.S. through the perspectives of 32 natural resource professionals. Data from interviews with these change agents provided an integrative understanding of key system components, cross-scale interactions, dependencies, and ...


Robust Relationships For Simple Plantation Growth Models Based On Sparse Data, Jerome K. Vanclay 2010 Southern Cross University

Robust Relationships For Simple Plantation Growth Models Based On Sparse Data, Jerome K. Vanclay

School of Environment, Science and Engineering Papers

Three equations predicting height H = β1(t − 0.5)0.5, diameter D = β2(H − 1.3)/ln N, and mortality dN/N = −2(G/Gmax)3dD/D from plantation age (t), stocking (N) and basal area (G) can be calibrated with few data (even a single observation) for plantations in which re-measured data and growth models are unavailable. Despite having only three parameters to be estimated, these equations extrapolate reliably and allow objective forecasts of future plantation growth performance that may serve as useful first approximations until more precise growth models can be developed.


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