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1,882 full-text articles. Page 73 of 73.

Cug Start Codon Generates Thioredoxin/Glutathione Reductase Isoforms In Mouse Testes, Maxim Gerashchenko, Dan Su, Vadim Gladyshev 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Cug Start Codon Generates Thioredoxin/Glutathione Reductase Isoforms In Mouse Testes, Maxim Gerashchenko, Dan Su, Vadim Gladyshev

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Mammalian cytosolic and mitochondrial thioredoxin reductases are essential selenocysteine-containing enzymes that control thioredoxin functions. Thioredoxin/glutathione reductase (TGR) is a third member of this enzyme family. It has an additional glutaredoxin domain and shows highest expression in testes. Herein, we found that human and several other mammalian TGR genes lack any AUG codons that could function in translation initiation. Although mouse and rat TGRs have such codons, we detected protein sequences upstream of them by immunoblot assays and direct proteomic analyses. Further gene engineering and expression analyses demonstrated that a CUG codon, located upstream of the sequences previously thought to ...


Identification And Characterization Of Oxalate Oxidoreductase, A Novel Thiamine Pyrophosphate-Dependent 2-Oxoacid Oxidoreductase That Enables Anaerobic Growth On Oxalate, Elizabeth Pierce, Donald F. Becker, Stephen W. Ragsdale 2010 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Identification And Characterization Of Oxalate Oxidoreductase, A Novel Thiamine Pyrophosphate-Dependent 2-Oxoacid Oxidoreductase That Enables Anaerobic Growth On Oxalate, Elizabeth Pierce, Donald F. Becker, Stephen W. Ragsdale

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Moorella thermoacetica is an anaerobic acetogen, a class of bacteria that is found in the soil, the animal gastrointestinal tract, and the rumen. This organism engages the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway of anaerobic CO2 fixation for heterotrophic or autotrophic growth. This paper describes a novel enzyme, oxalate oxidoreductase (OOR), that enables M. thermoacetica to grow on oxalate, which is produced in soil and is a common component of kidney stones. Exposure to oxalate leads to the induction of three proteins that are subunits of OOR, which oxidizes oxalate coupled to the production of two electrons and CO2 or bicarbonate. Like ...


Structure Of The Proline Utilization A Proline Dehydrogenase Domain Inactivated By N-Propargylglycine Provides Insight Into Conformational Changes Induced By Substrate Binding And Flavin Reduction, Dhiraj Srivastava, Weidong Zhu, William H. Johnson Jr., Christian P. Whitman, Donald F. Becker, John J. Tanner 2010 University of Missouri-Columbia

Structure Of The Proline Utilization A Proline Dehydrogenase Domain Inactivated By N-Propargylglycine Provides Insight Into Conformational Changes Induced By Substrate Binding And Flavin Reduction, Dhiraj Srivastava, Weidong Zhu, William H. Johnson Jr., Christian P. Whitman, Donald F. Becker, John J. Tanner

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Proline utilization A (PutA) from Escherichia coli is a flavoprotein that has mutually exclusive roles as a transcriptional repressor of the put regulon and a membrane-associated enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of proline to glutamate. Previous studies have shown that the binding of proline in the proline dehydrogenase (PRODH) active site and subsequent reduction of the FAD trigger global conformational changes that enhance PutA-membrane affinity. These events cause PutA to switch from its repressor to enzymatic role, but the mechanism by which this signal is propagated from the active site to the distal membrane-binding domain is largely unknown. Here, it ...


Identification And Characterization Of Small Compound Inhibitors Of Human Fatp2, Angel Sandoval, Aalap Chokshi, Elliot D. Jesch, Paul N. Black, Concetta C. DiRusso 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Identification And Characterization Of Small Compound Inhibitors Of Human Fatp2, Angel Sandoval, Aalap Chokshi, Elliot D. Jesch, Paul N. Black, Concetta C. Dirusso

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Fatty acid transport proteins (FATPs) are bifunctional proteins, which transport long chain fatty acids into cells and activate very long chain fatty acids by esterification with coenzyme A. In an effort to understand the linkage between cellular fatty acid transport and the pathology associated with excessive accumulation of exogenous fatty acids, we targeted FATP-mediated fatty acid transport in a high throughput screen of more than 100,000 small diverse chemical compounds in yeast expressing human FATP2 (hsFATP2). Compounds were selected for their ability to depress the transport of the fluorescent long chain fatty acid analogue, C1-BODIPY-C12. Among ...


Analysis Of Leigh Syndrome Mutations In The Yeast Surf1 Homolog Reveals A New Member Of The Cytochrome Oxidase Assembly Factor Family, Megan Bestwick, Mi-Young Jeong, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Hyung Kim, Dennis R. Winge 2010 University of Utah Health Sciences Center

Analysis Of Leigh Syndrome Mutations In The Yeast Surf1 Homolog Reveals A New Member Of The Cytochrome Oxidase Assembly Factor Family, Megan Bestwick, Mi-Young Jeong, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Hyung Kim, Dennis R. Winge

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Three missense SURF1 mutations identified in patients with Leigh syndrome (LS) were evaluated in the yeast homolog Shy1 protein. Introduction of two of the Leigh mutations, F249T and Y344D, in Shy1 failed to significantly attenuate the function of Shy1 in cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) biogenesis as seen with the human mutations. In contrast, a G137E substitution in Shy1 results in a nonfunctional protein conferring a CcO deficiency. The G137E Shy1 mutant phenocopied shy1 Δ cells in impaired Cox1 hemylation and low mitochondrial copper. A genetic screen for allele-specific suppressors of the G137E ...


Mzm1 Influences A Labile Pool Of Mitochondrial Zinc Important For Respiratory Function, Aaron Atkinson, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Pamela Smith, Hana Sabic, David Eide, Dennis R. Winge 2010 University of Utah Health Sciences

Mzm1 Influences A Labile Pool Of Mitochondrial Zinc Important For Respiratory Function, Aaron Atkinson, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Pamela Smith, Hana Sabic, David Eide, Dennis R. Winge

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Zinc is essential for function of mitochondria as a cofactor for

several matrix zinc metalloproteins. We demonstrate that a

labile cationic zinc component of low molecular mass exists in

the yeast mitochondrial matrix. This zinc pool is homeostatically

regulated in response to the cellular zinc status. This pool

of zinc is functionally important because matrix targeting of a

cytosolic zinc-binding protein reduces the level of labile zinc

and interferes with mitochondrial respiratory function. We

identified a series of proteins that modulate the matrix zinc

pool, one of which is a novel conserved mitochondrial protein

designated Mzm1. Mutant mzm1∆ cells have ...


Iowa Seed & Biosafety News (Vol. 26, No. 1), Iowa State University Seed Science Center 2010 Iowa State University

Iowa Seed & Biosafety News (Vol. 26, No. 1), Iowa State University Seed Science Center

Iowa Seed & Biosafety News

Contents: Seed Science Center, University of Nairobi partner to establish seed institute; Iowa State hosts first train-the-trainer workshop; Training underway at University of Nairobi; Virtual town hall meeting Oct 12; Lambert speaks on human face of science; Seventh BIGMAP Symposium; Frels named Misra Scholar; ISU/ICRISATE develop national variety list; Harries speaks at Seed Congress; Flores, Valencia visit ISU; Workshops address change; Hail damage linked to mycotoxins; STB program: Going the distance; Commentary: Mike Stahr; VEISHEA 2010; Nordyke retires; Seed Science Center profiles


Bioelectronics, J. Fleming, Steven Ripp 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Bioelectronics, J. Fleming, Steven Ripp

Steven Ripp

The Encyclopedia of Industrial Biotechnology was published in order to help readers make sense of the vast amounts of information that have been published around the world across a broad array of ournals, books, and websites. With its comprehensive coverage, Encyclopedia of Industrial Biotechnology is the ideal starting point for research projects involving any aspect of industrial biological processes, including fermentation, biocatalysis, bioseparation, and biofabrication


Bacteriophage Probe-Based Biosensors, M. Zourob, Steven Ripp 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Bacteriophage Probe-Based Biosensors, M. Zourob, Steven Ripp

Steven Ripp

This book presents a significant and up-to-date review of various recognition receptors, their immobilization, and an overview of surface characterization techniques. Distinguished scientists from key institutions worldwide have contributed chapters that provide a deep analysis of their particular subjects; at the same time, each topic is framed within the context of this integrated approach. This work explores comprehensively the field of recognition receptors, presenting a thorough review of the subject and effective integration of these receptors on sensor surfaces in order to appropriately convey state-of the-art fundamentals and applications of the most innovative approaches.


Bacteriophage-Based Pathogen Detection, Steven Ripp 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Bacteriophage-Based Pathogen Detection, Steven Ripp

Steven Ripp

Covers trends in modern biotechnology All aspects of this interdisciplinary technology, where knowledge, methods and expertise are required from chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, genetics, chemical engineering and computer science, are treated


Understanding Stem Cell Research: Controversy And Promise, Father Nicanor Austriaco 2009 Providence College

Understanding Stem Cell Research: Controversy And Promise, Father Nicanor Austriaco

Rev. Nicanor Austriaco, O.P.

What are embryonic stem cells, why are they so exciting and yet controversial, and what can be done to move our society beyond the current moral and political impasse? To provide answers to these questions, we will begin with a basic introduction to the science behind stem cell research. We will then move to a description of the emerging field of regenerative medicine, the main reason why stem cell research has generated so much excitement in the scientific community. As we will see, the drive to develop stem cells for regenerative medicine has linked stem cell research with the controversy ...


What About The Children? Benjamin And Arendt: On Education, Work, And The Political, jules simon 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

What About The Children? Benjamin And Arendt: On Education, Work, And The Political, Jules Simon

Jules Simon

This article is a rough draft of an article that I contributed to an edited volume of articles dealing with progressive education theory. I reflect on articles that Hannah Arendt and Walter Benjamin wrote that deal with educational reform and innovation, both political in nature.


Polyphyly Of The Pikeminnows (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) Inferred Using Mitochondrial Dna Sequences, T. Heath Ogden 2009 Utah Valley University

Polyphyly Of The Pikeminnows (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) Inferred Using Mitochondrial Dna Sequences, T. Heath Ogden

T. Heath Ogden

The phylogenetic relationships of the Colorado pikeminnow Ptychocheilus lucius, northern pikeminnow P. oregonensis, Sacramento pikeminnow P. grandis, Umpqua pikeminnow P. umpquae, and hardhead Mylopharodon conocephalus were examined by using molecular data to investigate monophyly of the genus Ptychocheilus. Phylogenies generated using DNA sequence data from the cytochrome b and 16S ribosomal DNA genes of the mitochondrial genome reveal that Ptychocheilus is a polyphyletic genus and suggest that the taxonomy of the group is in need of further revision. These data yield insights into the evolution of the pikeminnows and help place the significant evolutionary events in context with the geological ...


“El Derecho De La Ue Relativo A Los Organismos Modificados Genéticamente: La Comisión Europea Cambia De Estrategia Para Permitir, Restringir O Prohibir Su Cultivo”, Luis González Vaqué 2009 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

“El Derecho De La Ue Relativo A Los Organismos Modificados Genéticamente: La Comisión Europea Cambia De Estrategia Para Permitir, Restringir O Prohibir Su Cultivo”, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

No abstract provided.


Vertical Dispersal Of Aedes (Stegomyia) Spp. In High-Rise Apartments In Putrajaya, Malaysia, Mohd Sofian Bin Azirun 2009 Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

Vertical Dispersal Of Aedes (Stegomyia) Spp. In High-Rise Apartments In Putrajaya, Malaysia, Mohd Sofian Bin Azirun

Mohd Sofian Bin Azirun

A preliminary study on the vertical dispersal of Aedes populations in high-rise apartments was carried out in Presint 9, Putrajaya, Malaysia. Ovitraps were placed indoors within four blocks of high-rise apartments from the ground floors (0.0 - 3.0 m) until up to the tenth floors (28.1 - 30.0 m). Aedes aegypti was the dominant species found in the ovitraps (87.85%), while Aedes albopictus was found in lower numbers. From total number of larvae collected (650), 40.92% of these larvae were obtained from the fourth block; Block D. The peak density of Aedes sp. was observed at ...


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