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Investigation Into The Amino Acid Characteristic Of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins, Samantha Patterson 2018 University of Wyoming

Investigation Into The Amino Acid Characteristic Of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins, Samantha Patterson

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Caulobacter crescentus, which belongs to the class of Alphaproteobacteria, has a highly organized cytoplasm that includes complex macromolecular structures at the cell poles. These polar complexes are assembled through the activity of a scaffolding protein, known as the Polar Organizing Protein Z (PopZ). PopZ interacts with other proteins via an N-terminal domain that is mostly intrinsically disordered, and contains, an abundance of proline, glutamte, and aspartate (P,E, and D) residues. Surprisingly, scrambling the order of amino acids in the PED region does not affect PopZ function, suggesting that binding affinity and specificity are not dependent on interactions with individual ...


Diversity, Structure And Sources Of Bacterial Communities In Earthworm Cocoons., Manuel Aira, Marcos Pérez-Losada, Jorge Domínguez 2018 George Washington University

Diversity, Structure And Sources Of Bacterial Communities In Earthworm Cocoons., Manuel Aira, Marcos Pérez-Losada, Jorge Domínguez

Computational Biology Institute

Animals start interactions with the bacteria that will constitute their microbiomes at embryonic stage. After mating, earthworms produce cocoons externally which will be colonized with bacteria from their parents and the environment. Due to the key role bacterial symbionts play on earthworm fitness, it is important to study bacterial colonization during cocoon formation. Here we describe the cocoon microbiome of the earthworms Eisenia andrei and E. fetida, which included 275 and 176 bacterial species, respectively. They were dominated by three vertically-transmitted symbionts, Microbacteriaceae, Verminephrobacter and Ca. Nephrothrix, which accounted for 88% and 66% of the sequences respectively. Verminephrobacter and Ca ...


Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

Valued readers, it is with a heavy heart that I inform you that this is the last issue of Killi-Data News. The good news is that we will be back as Killifish Research Review. The dissolution of Killi-Data International created a prob- lem: how can the newsletter of a defunct organization live on without that organization? But other additional problems were building in the background. The first issue numbered 15 pages. The previous issue was 28 pages. The number of killifish related papers is increasing while time on our end (the editorial team) is running out. It takes a lot ...


Killi-Data News (Fall), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Fall), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

Many interesting papers have been published over the last three months. The large volume of papers coupled with the start of the new college semester (and the workload it brings) delayed this issue of Killi-Data News. But better late than never—or so I hope! In this issue Richard van der Laan provides an insightful review of the recent Aphanius papers as to their taxonomic implications and questions. The systematic issues he raises show the importance of the Molecular project: we need to get more samples of the various cyprinodontiforme families to resolve unsettled systematic and taxonomic issues. In the ...


Killi-Data News (Summer), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Summer), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

Over the last three months several interesting and exciting pa- pers have been published. By now most of you have heard the Nothobranchius fish poo news emanating from the Valenzano lab. That paper is reviewed and certainly has repercussions for the health of our captive fish. Polaçik et al have published interesting data with ramifications as to how we breed and incubate annual killifish. The big news in this issue is the paper from the Reznick lab which Jean Huber reviews. The contents of that paper goes to the heart of the question of just what a killifish is. The ...


Killi-Data News (Spring), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Spring), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

This is the start of Killi-Data News’ second year. In this first issue of the year we have the usual review of research pub- lications as well as input from Martin Reichard on his lab’s Nothobranchius research. Martin is responding to my reviews of his lab’s work in the previous edition. I am serious about making sure the content in this newsletter is reliable but I erred in the previous edition and Martin has written extensively to correct my mistake in the section “Erratum”. This reply is welcomed and owed to readers. I must confess that I don ...


Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

This is the fourth edition, and concluding issue of the first volume, of Killi-Data News and I am happy that it has been well received by readers. At 25 pages this issue is a bit thin- ner than the last but this is because we agreed to make the cut-off for submissions the 1 st of December so we could get this edition out by the New Year. This is an exciting edition full of new species descrip- tions and analyses that will keep taxonomists busy for years to come. Costa has given us two molecular phylogenies on Melanorivulus as ...


Killi-Data News (Spring), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Spring), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

This is the start of Killi-Data News’ second year. In this first issue of the year we have the usual review of research pub- lications as well as input from Martin Reichard on his lab’s Nothobranchius research. Martin is responding to my reviews of his lab’s work in the previous edition. I am serious about making sure the content in this newsletter is reliable but I erred in the previous edition and Martin has written extensively to correct my mistake in the section “Erratum”. This reply is welcomed and owed to readers. I must confess that I don ...


Copy Number Variation In The Porcine Genome Detected From Whole-Genome Sequence, Rebecca Anderson 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Copy Number Variation In The Porcine Genome Detected From Whole-Genome Sequence, Rebecca Anderson

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Copy number variations (CNVs) are large insertions, deletions, and duplications in the genome that vary between individuals in a species. These variations are known to impact a broad range of phenotypes from molecular-level traits to higher-order clinical phenotypes. CNVs have been linked to complex traits in humans such as autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, nervous system disorders, and early-onset extreme obesity. In this study, whole-genome sequence was obtained from 72 founders of an intensely phenotyped experimental swine herd at the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center (USMARC) in Clay Center, Nebraska. This included 24 boars (12 Duroc and 12 Landrace ...


Studies Of Amino Acid Mutations In Drug Resistance Of The Smo Protein, Eunice Wintona 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Studies Of Amino Acid Mutations In Drug Resistance Of The Smo Protein, Eunice Wintona

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Smoothened receptor (SMO) is a protein that in humans, is encoded by the SMO gene. A systemic mutation in its binding pocket helps predict the sensitivity of mutant proteins to different drugs. Known as a GPCR-like receptor, it is a component of the hedgehog signaling pathway; a pathway involved in body patterning and the regulation of adult stem cells. An uncontrolled or inappropriate activation of the Hedgehog pathway drives tumor progression in cancers and a number of birth defects. To achieve these goals, the molecular modeling software MOE was used to build small molecules and drug molecules like Vismodegib and ...


Mrub_1325, Mrub_1326, Mrub_1327, And Mrub_1328 Are Orthologs Of B_3454, B_3455, B_3457, B_3458, Respectively Found In Escherichia Coli Coding For A Branched Chain Amino Acid Atp Binding Cassette (Abc) Transporter System, Bennett Tomlin, Adam Buric, Dr. Lori Scott 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mrub_1325, Mrub_1326, Mrub_1327, And Mrub_1328 Are Orthologs Of B_3454, B_3455, B_3457, B_3458, Respectively Found In Escherichia Coli Coding For A Branched Chain Amino Acid Atp Binding Cassette (Abc) Transporter System, Bennett Tomlin, Adam Buric, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

In this project we investigated the biological function of the genes Mrub_1325, Mrub_1326, Mrub_1327, and Mrub_1328 (KEGG map number 02010). We predict these genes encode components of a Branched Chain Amino Acid ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporter: 1) Mrub_1325 (DNA coordinates 1357399-1358130 on the reverse strand) encodes the ATP binding domain; 2) Mrub_1326 (DNA coordinates 1358127-1359899 on the reverse strand) encodes the ATP-binding domain and permease domain; 3) Mrub_1327 (DNA coordinates 1359899-1360930 on the reverse strand) encodes a permease domain; and 4)Mrub_1328 (DNA coordinates 1711022-1712185 on the reverse strand) encodes the substrate binding domain. This system is not predicted ...


Model File Name: 1ehz-Trna(Thick).Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: 1ehz-Trna(Thick).Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: 1ehz-tRNA(thick).stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of Phe-tRNA in a thick stick-representation (PDB: 1ehz), designed to go with a teaching module comparing DNA and RNA basic structures and functions. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com under the name “tRNA-Phe small”. This model has been printed successfully using these parameters on Shapeways’ laser sintering printer in the following materials: Strong & Flexible Plastic and Elasto Plastic.


Model File Name: 1ehz-Trna(Thin-Big).X3d, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: 1ehz-Trna(Thin-Big).X3d, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: 1ehz-tRNA(thin-big).x3d

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of Phe-tRNA in a large, but thin stick-representation (PDB: 1ehz), designed to go with a teaching module comparing DNA and RNA basic structures and functions. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com in the MacroMolecules shop under the name “Full color Phe-tRNA (1ehz)”. This model has been printed successfully using these parameters on Shapeways’ laser sintering printer in the following material: Strong & Flexible Plastic.


Model File Name: 1lmb-Dbd-Tfmono.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: 1lmb-Dbd-Tfmono.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: 1lmb-DBD-TFmono.stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of the DNA binding domain of a Lambda repressor transcription factor monomer that accompanies the full color DNA helix (PDB: 1lmb). It is in a cartoon ribbon representation with key amino acid residues in stick representation to highlight interactions with the DNA. This model is designed to accompany a teaching module illustrating transcription factor-DNA binding. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com in the MacroMolecules shop under the name “Lambda TF DBD”. This model has been printed successfully ...


Model File Name: 1lmb-Tfdimer-Manif-Sc1-8-Parts-V3b.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: 1lmb-Tfdimer-Manif-Sc1-8-Parts-V3b.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: 1lmb-TFdimer-manif-sc1-8-parts-v3b.stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of a ribbon and stick representation of the transcription factor lambda repressor (PDB: 1lmb). Key amino acid residues are in stick representation to illustrate the interactions between the repressor and the DNA to which it binds. Key residues have been designed with sites to add magnets to illustrate these interactions. Sphere magnets with a 1/8” diameter can be purchased separately from K&J Magnets. This model can interact with a 19-bp DNA segment model and is designed to accompany ...


Model File Name: 1lmb-Dnalong_Fordimer-Test6b.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: 1lmb-Dnalong_Fordimer-Test6b.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: 1lmb-DNAlong_fordimer-test6b.stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of the 19-bp segment of DNA to which Lambda repressor transcription factor interacts (PDB: 1lmb). It is in a stick representation and has been designed with sites to add magnets to illustrate binding interactions with the transcription factor. Sphere magnets with a 1/8” diameter can be purchased separately from K&J Magnets. The model can interact with the dimer form of the transcription factor. This model is designed to accompany a teaching module illustrating transcription factor-DNA binding. The printable ...


Model File Name: Dna-294bp-Magnet-Supercoil.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Kalika Mahato, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: Dna-294bp-Magnet-Supercoil.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Kalika Mahato, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: DNA-294bp-magnet-supercoil.stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Kalika Mahato, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of a long, thin representation of double stranded DNA (294 bp). The DNA model has small sites on the ends where the user can glue magnets to mimic circular DNA, and to aid in manipulating the model. Disc magnets with a diameter of 1/8” or 1/10” and thickness of 1/16” can be purchased online from K&J Magnetics and glued into the magnet sites. The model is designed to go with a teaching module on ...


Model File Name: Dna-294bp-Handle-Supercoil.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: Dna-294bp-Handle-Supercoil.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: DNA-294bp-handle-supercoil.stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Kalika Mahato, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of a long, thin representation of double stranded DNA (294 bp). The DNA model has small handles on the ends to aid in holding and manipulating the model. The model is designed to go with a teaching module on DNA supercoiling. The model can be accompanied by Nucleosome and H1 histone models to demonstrate DNA packaging in the cell. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com in the MacroMolecules shop under the name “294bp DNA (handles ...


Model File Name: Dna-420bp-Handle-Supercoil.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Kalika Mahato, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: Dna-420bp-Handle-Supercoil.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Kalika Mahato, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: DNA-420bp-handle-supercoil.stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Kalika Mahato, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of a long, thin representation of double stranded DNA (420 bp). The DNA model has small handles on the ends to aid in holding and manipulating the model. The model is designed to go with a teaching module on DNA supercoiling. The model can be accompanied by Nucleosome and H1 histone models to demonstrate DNA packaging in the cell. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com in the MacroMolecules shop under the name “420bp DNA (handles ...


Model File Name: Dnalong-3pc-Lego.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: Dnalong-3pc-Lego.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: DNAlong-3pc-Lego.stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of a stick representation of the DNA to which the transcription factor lambda repressor binds (PDB: 1lmb). This model can be adapted to accompany a teaching module illustrating transcription factor-DNA binding. The model has been designed in 3 parts that can be joined together by Lego®-style junctions. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com in the MacroMolecules shop under the name “Lego DNA with GCbp”. This model has been printed successfully using these parameters on Shapeways’ laser ...


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