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Investigation Into The Amino Acid Characteristic Of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins, Samantha Patterson 2018 University of Wyoming

Investigation Into The Amino Acid Characteristic Of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins, Samantha Patterson

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Caulobacter crescentus, which belongs to the class of Alphaproteobacteria, has a highly organized cytoplasm that includes complex macromolecular structures at the cell poles. These polar complexes are assembled through the activity of a scaffolding protein, known as the Polar Organizing Protein Z (PopZ). PopZ interacts with other proteins via an N-terminal domain that is mostly intrinsically disordered, and contains, an abundance of proline, glutamte, and aspartate (P,E, and D) residues. Surprisingly, scrambling the order of amino acids in the PED region does not affect PopZ function, suggesting that binding affinity and specificity are not dependent on interactions with individual ...


Structure Determination Of A Bioengineered Human/Porcine Factor Viii For Hemophilia A Treatment, And Improvements To The Human Factor Viii Model, Ian Smith 2018 Western Washington University

Structure Determination Of A Bioengineered Human/Porcine Factor Viii For Hemophilia A Treatment, And Improvements To The Human Factor Viii Model, Ian Smith

Graduate Student Symposium

Blood coagulation factor VIII (FVIII), is a non-enzymatic cofactor which plays a crucial role in the formation of a stable blood clot. Absence or deficiency of FVIII results in the blood disorder hemophilia A; with symptoms including internal hemorrhaging and the inability to stop bleeding from open wounds. Treatment of hemophilia A relies on infusions of blood, plasma, or protein concentrates to replace FVIII. Unfortunately, approximately 30% of patients receiving replacement FVIII generate pathologic anti-FVIII inhibitory antibodies, which both reduce the effectiveness of the FVIII therapeutic and increase the severity of hemophilia A symptoms. We have determined the molecular structure ...


Diversity, Structure And Sources Of Bacterial Communities In Earthworm Cocoons., Manuel Aira, Marcos Pérez-Losada, Jorge Domínguez 2018 George Washington University

Diversity, Structure And Sources Of Bacterial Communities In Earthworm Cocoons., Manuel Aira, Marcos Pérez-Losada, Jorge Domínguez

Computational Biology Institute

Animals start interactions with the bacteria that will constitute their microbiomes at embryonic stage. After mating, earthworms produce cocoons externally which will be colonized with bacteria from their parents and the environment. Due to the key role bacterial symbionts play on earthworm fitness, it is important to study bacterial colonization during cocoon formation. Here we describe the cocoon microbiome of the earthworms Eisenia andrei and E. fetida, which included 275 and 176 bacterial species, respectively. They were dominated by three vertically-transmitted symbionts, Microbacteriaceae, Verminephrobacter and Ca. Nephrothrix, which accounted for 88% and 66% of the sequences respectively. Verminephrobacter and Ca ...


Glucocorticoids Modulate Gastrointestinal Microbiome In A Wild Bird., José C Noguera, Manuel Aira, Marcos Pérez-Losada, Jorge Domínguez, Alberto Velando 2018 George Washington University

Glucocorticoids Modulate Gastrointestinal Microbiome In A Wild Bird., José C Noguera, Manuel Aira, Marcos Pérez-Losada, Jorge Domínguez, Alberto Velando

Computational Biology Institute

It has recently been hypothesized that stress exposure (e.g. via glucocorticoid secretion) may dysregulate the bacterial gut microbiome, a crucial 'organ' in animal health. However, whether stress exposure (e.g. via glucocorticoid secretion) affects the bacterial gut microbiome of natural populations is unknown. We have experimentally altered the basal glucocorticoid level (corticosterone implants) in a wild avian species, the yellow-legged gull


Ras Hyperactivation Versus Overexpression: Lessons From Ras Dynamics In Candida Albicans, Vavilala A. Pratyusha, Guiliana Soraya Victoria, Mohammad Firoz Khan, Dominic T. Haokip, Bhawna Yadav, Nibedita Pal, Subhash Chandra Sethi, Priyanka Jain, Sneh Lata Singh, Sobhan Sen, Sneha Sudha Komath 2018 Jawaharlal Nehru University

Ras Hyperactivation Versus Overexpression: Lessons From Ras Dynamics In Candida Albicans, Vavilala A. Pratyusha, Guiliana Soraya Victoria, Mohammad Firoz Khan, Dominic T. Haokip, Bhawna Yadav, Nibedita Pal, Subhash Chandra Sethi, Priyanka Jain, Sneh Lata Singh, Sobhan Sen, Sneha Sudha Komath

Open Access Articles

Ras signaling in response to environmental cues is critical for cellular morphogenesis in eukaryotes. This signaling is tightly regulated and its activation involves multiple players. Sometimes Ras signaling may be hyperactivated. In C. albicans, a human pathogenic fungus, we demonstrate that dynamics of hyperactivated Ras1 (Ras1G13V or Ras1 in Hsp90 deficient strains) can be reliably differentiated from that of normal Ras1 at (near) single molecule level using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). Ras1 hyperactivation results in significantly slower dynamics due to actin polymerization. Activating actin polymerization by jasplakinolide can produce hyperactivated Ras1 dynamics. In a sterol-deficient hyperfilamentous GPI mutant of C ...


Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

Valued readers, it is with a heavy heart that I inform you that this is the last issue of Killi-Data News. The good news is that we will be back as Killifish Research Review. The dissolution of Killi-Data International created a prob- lem: how can the newsletter of a defunct organization live on without that organization? But other additional problems were building in the background. The first issue numbered 15 pages. The previous issue was 28 pages. The number of killifish related papers is increasing while time on our end (the editorial team) is running out. It takes a lot ...


Killi-Data News (Fall), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Fall), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

Many interesting papers have been published over the last three months. The large volume of papers coupled with the start of the new college semester (and the workload it brings) delayed this issue of Killi-Data News. But better late than never—or so I hope! In this issue Richard van der Laan provides an insightful review of the recent Aphanius papers as to their taxonomic implications and questions. The systematic issues he raises show the importance of the Molecular project: we need to get more samples of the various cyprinodontiforme families to resolve unsettled systematic and taxonomic issues. In the ...


Killi-Data News (Summer), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Summer), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

Over the last three months several interesting and exciting pa- pers have been published. By now most of you have heard the Nothobranchius fish poo news emanating from the Valenzano lab. That paper is reviewed and certainly has repercussions for the health of our captive fish. Polaçik et al have published interesting data with ramifications as to how we breed and incubate annual killifish. The big news in this issue is the paper from the Reznick lab which Jean Huber reviews. The contents of that paper goes to the heart of the question of just what a killifish is. The ...


Killi-Data News (Spring), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Spring), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

This is the start of Killi-Data News’ second year. In this first issue of the year we have the usual review of research pub- lications as well as input from Martin Reichard on his lab’s Nothobranchius research. Martin is responding to my reviews of his lab’s work in the previous edition. I am serious about making sure the content in this newsletter is reliable but I erred in the previous edition and Martin has written extensively to correct my mistake in the section “Erratum”. This reply is welcomed and owed to readers. I must confess that I don ...


Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

This is the fourth edition, and concluding issue of the first volume, of Killi-Data News and I am happy that it has been well received by readers. At 25 pages this issue is a bit thin- ner than the last but this is because we agreed to make the cut-off for submissions the 1 st of December so we could get this edition out by the New Year. This is an exciting edition full of new species descrip- tions and analyses that will keep taxonomists busy for years to come. Costa has given us two molecular phylogenies on Melanorivulus as ...


Killi-Data News (Spring), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Spring), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

This is the start of Killi-Data News’ second year. In this first issue of the year we have the usual review of research pub- lications as well as input from Martin Reichard on his lab’s Nothobranchius research. Martin is responding to my reviews of his lab’s work in the previous edition. I am serious about making sure the content in this newsletter is reliable but I erred in the previous edition and Martin has written extensively to correct my mistake in the section “Erratum”. This reply is welcomed and owed to readers. I must confess that I don ...


Copy Number Variation In The Porcine Genome Detected From Whole-Genome Sequence, Rebecca Anderson 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Copy Number Variation In The Porcine Genome Detected From Whole-Genome Sequence, Rebecca Anderson

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Copy number variations (CNVs) are large insertions, deletions, and duplications in the genome that vary between individuals in a species. These variations are known to impact a broad range of phenotypes from molecular-level traits to higher-order clinical phenotypes. CNVs have been linked to complex traits in humans such as autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, nervous system disorders, and early-onset extreme obesity. In this study, whole-genome sequence was obtained from 72 founders of an intensely phenotyped experimental swine herd at the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center (USMARC) in Clay Center, Nebraska. This included 24 boars (12 Duroc and 12 Landrace ...


Studies Of Amino Acid Mutations In Drug Resistance Of The Smo Protein, Eunice Wintona 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Studies Of Amino Acid Mutations In Drug Resistance Of The Smo Protein, Eunice Wintona

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Smoothened receptor (SMO) is a protein that in humans, is encoded by the SMO gene. A systemic mutation in its binding pocket helps predict the sensitivity of mutant proteins to different drugs. Known as a GPCR-like receptor, it is a component of the hedgehog signaling pathway; a pathway involved in body patterning and the regulation of adult stem cells. An uncontrolled or inappropriate activation of the Hedgehog pathway drives tumor progression in cancers and a number of birth defects. To achieve these goals, the molecular modeling software MOE was used to build small molecules and drug molecules like Vismodegib and ...


Video Guide To Design Flexible Dna.Mp4, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Christine S. Booth, Tomáš Helikar, Brian Couch, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Video Guide To Design Flexible Dna.Mp4, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Christine S. Booth, Tomáš Helikar, Brian Couch, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: Video guide to design flexible DNA.mp4

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Christine S Booth, Tomas Helikar, Brian A Couch, Rebecca L Roston

This 30-minute video includes step-by-step instructions to design and 3-D print a long flexible DNA model that mimics the structure and function of DNA. The instructions are applicable for designing the model using open-source 3-D computer graphics software Blender 2.79 which is available for download at https://www.blender.org/download/.

.mp4 file download (70 MB) below.


Can A Comprehensive Transition Plan To Barefoot Running Be The Solution To The Injury Epidemic In American Endurance Runners?, Michael A. Scarlett 2018 Claremont McKenna College

Can A Comprehensive Transition Plan To Barefoot Running Be The Solution To The Injury Epidemic In American Endurance Runners?, Michael A. Scarlett

CMC Senior Theses

Fossils belonging to the genus Homo, dating as far back as two million years ago, exhibit uniquely efficient features suggesting that early humans had evolved to become exceptional endurance runners. Although they did not have the cushion or stability-control features provided in our modern day running shoes, our early human ancestors experienced far less of the running-related injuries we experience today. The injury rate has been estimated as high as 90% annually for Americans training for a marathon and as high as 79% annually for all American endurance runners. There is an injury epidemic in conventionally shod populations that does ...


Model File Name: 1ehz-Trna(Thick).Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: 1ehz-Trna(Thick).Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: 1ehz-tRNA(thick).stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of Phe-tRNA in a thick stick-representation (PDB: 1ehz), designed to go with a teaching module comparing DNA and RNA basic structures and functions. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com under the name “tRNA-Phe small”. This model has been printed successfully using these parameters on Shapeways’ laser sintering printer in the following materials: Strong & Flexible Plastic and Elasto Plastic.


Model File Name: Ssrna.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: Ssrna.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: ssRNA.stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of a single stranded piece of RNA in stick representation (PDB: 1ehz). This model is designed to go with a teaching module comparing DNA and RNA basic structures and functions. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com in the MacroMolecules shop under the name “ssRNA”. This model has been printed successfully using these parameters on Shapeways’ laser sintering printer in the Elasto Plastic material.


Model File Name: Ssdna.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: Ssdna.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: ssDNA.stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of a single stranded piece of DNA in stick representation (PDB: 1ehz). This model is designed to go with a teaching module comparing DNA and RNA basic structures and functions. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com in the MacroMolecules shop under the name “ssDNA”. This model has been printed successfully using these parameters on Shapeways’ laser sintering printer in the Elasto Plastic material.


Model File Name: Rna-Short-Helix.X3d, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: Rna-Short-Helix.X3d, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: RNA-short-helix.x3d

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of a DNA helix in which the atoms are colored by heteroatom (PDB: 1lmb). This model is designed to go with a teaching module comparing DNA and RNA basic structures and functions. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com in the MacroMolecules shop under the name “RNA helix - polynucleotide molecule”. This model has been printed successfully using these parameters on Shapeways’ binder jetting printer in the Coated Full Color Sandstone material.


Model File Name: Nucleosome.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. van Dijk, Rebecca Roston 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Model File Name: Nucleosome.Stl, Michelle Howell, Karin V. Van Dijk, Rebecca Roston

3-D printed model structural files

Model file name: Nucleosome.stl

Authors: Michelle E Howell, Karin van Dijk, Rebecca L Roston

This is a teaching model of a crude representation of a nucleosome intended to accompany the H1 histone protein and a long, thin double stranded DNA helix model in order to illustrate DNA packaging and supercoiling. This model is designed to go with a teaching module on DNA supercoiling. The printable model is already uploaded to Shapeways.com in the MacroMolecules shop under the name “Nucleosome”. This model has been printed successfully using these parameters on Shapeways’ laser sintering printer in the Strong & Flexible Plastic ...


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