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12,602 full-text articles. Page 437 of 437.

Nsaid-Activated Gene-1 As A Molecular Target For Capsaicin-Induced Apoptosis Through A Novel Molecular Mechanism Involving Gsk3beta, C/Ebpbeta And Atf3, Seung Baek, Seong-Ho Lee, Chutwadee Krisanapun 2009 The University of Tennessee

Nsaid-Activated Gene-1 As A Molecular Target For Capsaicin-Induced Apoptosis Through A Novel Molecular Mechanism Involving Gsk3beta, C/Ebpbeta And Atf3, Seung Baek, Seong-Ho Lee, Chutwadee Krisanapun

Seung J Baek

Capsaicin, a natural product of the Capsicum species of red peppers, is known to induce apoptosis and suppress growth. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene-1 (NAG-1) is a cytokine associated with pro-apoptotic and antitumorigenic property in colorectal and lung cancer. Our data demonstrate that capsaicin leads to induction of apoptosis and up-regulates NAG-1 gene expression at the transcriptional level. Overexpression of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) caused a significant increase of basal and capsaicin-induced NAG-1 promoter activity. We subsequently identified C/EBPbeta binding sites in the NAG-1 promoter responsible for capsaicin-induced NAG-1 transactivation. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation ...


Architecture Of The Potyviruses, Michele McDonald, Amy Kendall, Wen Bian, Ian McCullough, Elizabeth Lio, Wendy Havens, Said Ghabrial, Gerald Stubbs 2009 University of Akron Main Campus

Architecture Of The Potyviruses, Michele Mcdonald, Amy Kendall, Wen Bian, Ian Mccullough, Elizabeth Lio, Wendy Havens, Said Ghabrial, Gerald Stubbs

Ian McCullough

X-ray fiber diffraction data were obtained and helical pitch and symmetry were determined for seven members of the family Potyviridae, including representatives from the genera Potyvirus, Rymovirus, and Tritimovirus. The diffraction patterns are similar, as expected. There are, however, significant variations in the symmetries, as previously found among the flexible potexviruses, but not among the rigid tobamoviruses. Wheat streak mosaic virus, the only member of the genus Tritimovirus examined, displayed the largest deviations in diffraction data and helical parameters from the other viruses in the group.


A Potential Proliferative Gene, Nudt6, Is Down-Regulated By Green Tea Catechins At The Posttranscriptional Level, Seung Baek, Mugdha Sukthankar, CK Choi, A English, JS Kim 2009 The University of Tennessee

A Potential Proliferative Gene, Nudt6, Is Down-Regulated By Green Tea Catechins At The Posttranscriptional Level, Seung Baek, Mugdha Sukthankar, Ck Choi, A English, Js Kim

Seung J Baek

The main aims of this study were to elucidate the effect of green tea catechins on Nudix-type motif 6 (NUDT6) suppression and to characterize NUDT6's biological activity. Our microarray data showed that the green tea component epicatechin-3-gallate suppressed NUDT6 expression, and this was confirmed by RT-PCR. Subsequently, the use of different catechins showed that the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) was stronger than that of other catechins. At the posttranscriptional level, EGCG decreased the RNA stability of NUDT6, indicating it as a potential mechanism of NUDT6 suppression. Further cloning of the 3' untranslated region of human NUDT6 mRNA resulted in ...


Solution-Phase Submonomer Diversification Of Aza-Dipeptide Building Blocks And Their Application In Aza-Peptide And Aza-Diketopiperazine Synthesis, Carine Bourguet, Caroline Proulx, Sophie Klocek, David Sabatino, William Lubell 2009 Seton Hall University

Solution-Phase Submonomer Diversification Of Aza-Dipeptide Building Blocks And Their Application In Aza-Peptide And Aza-Diketopiperazine Synthesis, Carine Bourguet, Caroline Proulx, Sophie Klocek, David Sabatino, William Lubell

David Sabatino

No abstract provided.


In Vitro Anti-Proliferative Activity Of Alcoholic Stem Extract Of Coscinium Fenestratum In Human Colorectal Cancer Cells, P Rojsanga, M Sukthankar, C Krisanapun, W Gritsanapan, D Lawson, Seung Baek 2009 The University of Tennessee

In Vitro Anti-Proliferative Activity Of Alcoholic Stem Extract Of Coscinium Fenestratum In Human Colorectal Cancer Cells, P Rojsanga, M Sukthankar, C Krisanapun, W Gritsanapan, D Lawson, Seung Baek

Seung J Baek

Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr. is traditionally used for the treatment of cancer, arthritis and diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to determine the molecular mechanisms by which this plant shows beneficial effects. An 80% ethanolic extract of C. fenestratum (80ET) was separated by its polarity into dichloromethane (DCM) and aqueous fractions (WF), and the anti-proliferative effects of 80ET, DCM and WF were investigated. Berberine, one of the major components of C. fenestratum, was used as a control. The 80ET, DCM, WF and berberine showed anti-proliferative activity as assessed by cell growth assay. Subsequently, the pro-apoptotic proteins NAG-1 and ...


Novel Thiochromane Ring Modified Sheta2 Analogs Inhibit Growth Of Er Positive Breast Cancer Cell Mcf7 [Abstract], Shengquan Liu, Maggie Louie 2009 Touro University

Novel Thiochromane Ring Modified Sheta2 Analogs Inhibit Growth Of Er Positive Breast Cancer Cell Mcf7 [Abstract], Shengquan Liu, Maggie Louie

Maggie Louie

No abstract available


The 1.9 Å Structure Of Human Α-N-Acetylgalactosaminidase The Molecular Basis Of Schindler And Kanzaki Diseases, Nathaniel E. Clark, Scott Garman 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

The 1.9 Å Structure Of Human Α-N-Acetylgalactosaminidase The Molecular Basis Of Schindler And Kanzaki Diseases, Nathaniel E. Clark, Scott Garman

Scott Garman

alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase (alpha-NAGAL; E.C. 3.2.1.49) is a lysosomal exoglycosidase that cleaves terminal alpha-N-acetylgalactosamine residues from glycopeptides and glycolipids. In humans, a deficiency of alpha-NAGAL activity results in the lysosomal storage disorders Schindler disease and Kanzaki disease. To better understand the molecular defects in the diseases, we determined the crystal structure of human alpha-NAGAL after expressing wild-type and glycosylation-deficient glycoproteins in recombinant insect cell expression systems. We measured the enzymatic parameters of our purified wild-type and mutant enzymes, establishing their enzymatic equivalence. To investigate the binding specificity and catalytic mechanism of the human alpha-NAGAL enzyme, we determined three ...


Ethylene Receptors Function As Components Of High-Molecular-Mass Protein Complexes In Arabidopsis, Yi-Feng Chen, Zhiyong Gao, Robert J. Kerriss III, Wuyi Wang, Brad M. Binder, G. Eric Schaller 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Ethylene Receptors Function As Components Of High-Molecular-Mass Protein Complexes In Arabidopsis, Yi-Feng Chen, Zhiyong Gao, Robert J. Kerriss Iii, Wuyi Wang, Brad M. Binder, G. Eric Schaller

Brad M. Binder

The gaseous plant hormone ethylene is perceived in Arabidopsis thaliana by a five-member receptor family composed of ETR1, ERS1, ETR2, ERS2, and EIN4. Methodology/Principal Findings Gel-filtration analysis of ethylene receptors solubilized from Arabidopsis membranes demonstrates that the receptors exist as components of high-molecular-mass protein complexes. The ERS1 protein complex exhibits an ethylene-induced change in size consistent with ligand-mediated nucleation of protein-protein interactions. Deletion analysis supports the participation of multiple domains from ETR1 in formation of the protein complex, and also demonstrates that targeting to and retention of ETR1 at the endoplasmic reticulum only requires the first 147 amino acids ...


A Polyaniline-Based Optical Biosensing Platform Using An Entrapped Oxidoreductase Enzyme, Louis R. Nemzer, Arthur Epstein 2009 Nova Southeastern University

A Polyaniline-Based Optical Biosensing Platform Using An Entrapped Oxidoreductase Enzyme, Louis R. Nemzer, Arthur Epstein

Louis R Nemzer

A novel optical biosensing platform utilizing the unique solubility and chemochromic properties of polyaniline is presented. A facile, ion-induced reprecipitation method leads to the entrapment of a chosen oxidoreductase enzyme, which, in the presence of its associated substrate, catalyzes a reversible redox change in the host polymer. This change is monitored via the UV–vis absorption and subsequently analyzed to fit a Michaelis–Menten model. Here, in vitro prototype devices demonstrate selective sensing of glucose, choline, and uric acid, and the potential to be adapted for use as part of real-time in vivo monitoring systems is discussed


Enzyme Entrapment In Reprecipitated Polyaniline Nano- And Microparticles, Louis R. Nemzer, Austin Schwartz, Arthur Epstein 2009 Nova Southeastern University

Enzyme Entrapment In Reprecipitated Polyaniline Nano- And Microparticles, Louis R. Nemzer, Austin Schwartz, Arthur Epstein

Louis R Nemzer

We introduce a novel method for fabricating nano- and microscale polyaniline particles containing an entrapped oxidoreductase enzyme for use in biosensing applications. This facile process utilizes the reprecipitation of the emeraldine base form of polyaniline from an aqueous-organic suspension, with hydrophobic collapse and subsequent cross-linking of the polymer induced by adjusting the ionic strength beyond a critical threshold. We present UV-vis spectroscopy data, including a quantitative treatment of the spectral line width, along with dynamic light scatting results, to explain the conformation changes in the polyaniline chains that accompany this transition. The resultant aggregated supermolecular polyaniline formations immobilize enzymes via ...


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