Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biochemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4362 Full-Text Articles 9019 Authors 501888 Downloads 167 Institutions

All Articles in Biochemistry

Faceted Search

4362 full-text articles. Page 1 of 127.

Genetically Encoded Fluorescent Protein Biosensor For Nitric Oxide, Wenjia Zhai 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Genetically Encoded Fluorescent Protein Biosensor For Nitric Oxide, Wenjia Zhai

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Nitric oxide (NO) is an important molecule in living cells for signaling, thus a specific sensor to detect its level in live cells is needed. Currently there are a few small molecule probes for the detection of NO. A common shortcoming of these probes is their unavoidable leakage from the target cells. In this project, I seek to develop a novel green fluorescent protein (GFP)-based biosensor to detect cellular NO. This GFP-based sensor is genetically encodable and can potentially avoid the possible false positive result due to the leakage. I synthesized an unnatural amino acid (unAA) and examined its ...


Role And Regulation Of Sphingosine 1-Phosphate In Erythrocyte, Kaiqi Sun 2017 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Role And Regulation Of Sphingosine 1-Phosphate In Erythrocyte, Kaiqi Sun

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive signaling sphingolipid produced in every mammalian cell. It plays a variety of important roles both in and outside of cells. S1P is highly enriched in mature erythrocytes because of the high enzymatic activity of the S1P-generating enzyme Sphingosine Kinase 1 (Sphk1) and the absence of S1P degrading enzymes. Erythrocytes are considered only a major reservoir for S1P because they supply S1P to the circulation for the regulation of various physiological processes which include but are not limited to immune cell trafficking, endothelial integrity and hematopoietic stem cell mobilization. However, if S1P plays a role ...


The Effect Of Galactose On The Expression Of Genes Regulated By Rrp6p, Mary Megan Pelkowski, Kevin Callahan 2017 Saint John Fisher College

The Effect Of Galactose On The Expression Of Genes Regulated By Rrp6p, Mary Megan Pelkowski, Kevin Callahan

The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research

Gene expression is a multi-faceted phenomenon, governed not only by the sequence of nucleotides, but also by the extent to which a particular gene gets transcribed, how the transcript is processed, and whether or not the transcript ever makes it out of the nucleus. Rrp6p is a 5’-3’ exonuclease that can function independently and as part of the nuclear exosome in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Portin, 2014). It degrades various types of aberrant RNA species including small nuclear RNAs, small nucleolar RNAs, telomerase RNA, unspliced RNAs, and RNAs that have not been properly packaged for export (Butler & Mitchell, 2010). This exosome ...


Investigating E2f Independent Cell Cycle Control And Tumor Suppression By Prb, Michael J. Thwaites 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Investigating E2f Independent Cell Cycle Control And Tumor Suppression By Prb, Michael J. Thwaites

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cellular division is primarily controlled at the G1 to S-phase transition of the cell cycle by the retinoblastoma tumor-suppressor protein (pRB). The ability of pRB to restrict S-phase entry is primarily attributed to the repression of E2F transcription factors required to upregulate cell cycle target genes necessary for cellular division. Interestingly, while pRB is disrupted in the vast majority of human cancers, mutations typically target upstream regulators of pRB leading to inactivation through hyperphosphorylation. The rarity of direct pRB mutations suggests that the regulation of the cell cycle by pRB may involve additional mechanisms outside of E2F repression, as this ...


Assessing The Role Of Ku70 Vwa Domain Phosphorylation In The Inhibition Of Aurora B And Activation Of The Dna Damage Response, Elizabeth A. Walden 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Assessing The Role Of Ku70 Vwa Domain Phosphorylation In The Inhibition Of Aurora B And Activation Of The Dna Damage Response, Elizabeth A. Walden

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Ku is a key component of the Non-Homologous End Joining DNA repair pathway. Recently, a function for Ku in DNA damage response (DDR) signalling was identified through studies exploring a Ku70 S155D phosphomimetic mutant. We hypothesize that Ku70 S155D mimics phosphorylation of Ku70 in response to DNA damage, and that Ku S155 phosphorylation inhibits Aurora B and causes sustained DDR activation. In this study we show that the S155D mutant is competent for heterodimerization, and its expression does not induce DNA damage. Phosphorylated Ku70 associates with Aurora B by co-immunoprecipitation and this association was demonstrated in situ with Ku70 S155D ...


Netrin-3 Peptide (C-19) Is A Chemorepellent And A Growth Inhibitor In Tetrahymena Thermophila, Jennifer N. Felzien, Brandon R. Kalb, Bethany C. Khol, Katelyn R. Malik, Matthew S. Merical, Lois Parks, David Paulding, Shannon Rappaport, Kenneth W. Ward, Heather G. Kuruvilla 2017 Cedarville University

Netrin-3 Peptide (C-19) Is A Chemorepellent And A Growth Inhibitor In Tetrahymena Thermophila, Jennifer N. Felzien, Brandon R. Kalb, Bethany C. Khol, Katelyn R. Malik, Matthew S. Merical, Lois Parks, David Paulding, Shannon Rappaport, Kenneth W. Ward, Heather G. Kuruvilla

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The netrins are a family of signaling proteins expressed throughout the animal kingdom. Netrins play important roles in developmental processes such as axonal guidance and angiogenesis. Netrin-1, for example, can act as either a chemoattractant or a chemorepellent for axonal growth cones depending upon the concentration of the protein as well as the cell type. Netrin-1 acts as a growth factor in some mammalian cell types and is also expressed by some tumor cells. Netrin-3 appears to share some signaling apparatus with netrin-1, but is less widely expressed, and its physiological roles are much less understood. Netrin-3 is also used ...


Characterization Of Active Site Residues In Class I Nitronate Monooxygenase From Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Pao1, Christopher Aguillon 2017 Georgia State University

Characterization Of Active Site Residues In Class I Nitronate Monooxygenase From Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Pao1, Christopher Aguillon

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Sustainability In The Curriculum: Global Warming, Lori Dickey 2017 Georgia State University

Sustainability In The Curriculum: Global Warming, Lori Dickey

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Hydration Site Of Cyclophilin A And Its Allosteric Effects On The Enzyme's Function, Abdullah Shouaib, Jonathan Lopez 2017 Georgia State University

Hydration Site Of Cyclophilin A And Its Allosteric Effects On The Enzyme's Function, Abdullah Shouaib, Jonathan Lopez

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Characterization Of Α-Anomeric Damaged Dna In Complex With Endonuclease Iv Using Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (Fret), Beatrice Edjah 2017 Georgia State University

Characterization Of Α-Anomeric Damaged Dna In Complex With Endonuclease Iv Using Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (Fret), Beatrice Edjah

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Identification Of Yeast Deletions Strains That Alter The Efficacy Of Antifungal Drugs, Eudoxie Bataba 2017 Georgia State University

Identification Of Yeast Deletions Strains That Alter The Efficacy Of Antifungal Drugs, Eudoxie Bataba

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Creation Of An Immunodeficient Hla-Transgenic Mouse (Humamice) And Functional Validation Of Human Immunity After Transfer Of Hla-Matched Human Cells, Yang Zeng, Bingrun Liu, Marie-Therese Rubio, Xinyue Wang, David M. Ojcius, Ruoping Tang, Antoine Durrbach, Zhitao Ru, Yusen Zhou, Yu-Chun Lone 2017 Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology

Creation Of An Immunodeficient Hla-Transgenic Mouse (Humamice) And Functional Validation Of Human Immunity After Transfer Of Hla-Matched Human Cells, Yang Zeng, Bingrun Liu, Marie-Therese Rubio, Xinyue Wang, David M. Ojcius, Ruoping Tang, Antoine Durrbach, Zhitao Ru, Yusen Zhou, Yu-Chun Lone

Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

Research on human immunology has been hindered by the lack of optimal small animal models, given that the protective immune responses of human and non-human species show significant differences. However, due to ethical constraints[1] and the high cost of clinical trials, it is urgent to improve the current animal models that can mimic faithfully human physiology, particularly the human immune system (HIS). HIS mice had been generated recently by engrafting human hematopoietic stem cells (hHSCs) or human peripheral mononuclear cells (hPBMCs) into highly immuno-deficient mice such as NSG, NOG or NRG mice. However, a major experimental drawback for studies ...


Testing Effectiveness Of Aqueous Phases From Struvite And Hydroxyapatite Mineral Precipitation As Algal Nutrient Sources, Aaron Lyons 2017 Old Dominion University

Testing Effectiveness Of Aqueous Phases From Struvite And Hydroxyapatite Mineral Precipitation As Algal Nutrient Sources, Aaron Lyons

Virginias Collegiate Honors Council Conference

As interest in algal biofuel grows, the need to explore diverse nutrient sources for growing algae becomes apparent. Struvite and Hydroxyapatite (HAP) were precipitated after flash hydrolysis. The leftover aqueous phase (AP) could serve as nutrients source for algae cultivation and the potential reuse of this waste stream is promising. To test this, 12 bottles of Scenedemus sp., four of Struvite, four of HAP, and four control AM-14 synthetic media were cultivated. 10% of the Phosphorus in the synthetic media was replaced with phosphorous from the struvite AP, and 10% of the nitrogen in the synthetic media was replaced with ...


Inquiry Into Perilipin-5a Expression In Triacylglycerol Rich Vs Normal Fed Mouse Tissue, Kobi Agyepong 2017 Otterbein University

Inquiry Into Perilipin-5a Expression In Triacylglycerol Rich Vs Normal Fed Mouse Tissue, Kobi Agyepong

Honors Thesis Projects

The steep rise in both childhood and adult obesity over the past three decades has moved to the forefront of public consciousness in recent years. This development has generated a marked increase in general health awareness and lifestyle changes for a vast number of individuals, most notably in the form of increased physical activity and diet alterations. The latter point is especially salient in a biochemical context, because of the myriad factors that can result in “fat accumulation”. Chief among these factors is the Perilipin 5A gene, (known as PLIN5A) which encodes the protein Perilipin 5A of the Perilipin family ...


Synthesis, Kinetic And Catalytic Studies Of Manganese Complexes With Corrole And Porphyrin Ligands, Haleh Jeddi 2017 Western Kentucky University

Synthesis, Kinetic And Catalytic Studies Of Manganese Complexes With Corrole And Porphyrin Ligands, Haleh Jeddi

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

High-valent transition metal-oxo intermediates play a significant role in the catalytic cycle of the ubiquitous cytochrome P450 enzymes and in biomimetic catalytic systems. In this work, manganese(III) porphyrin and corrole systems (2) were synthesized and characterized by UV-vis absorbance and 1H-NMR, matching literaturereported spectroscopic data. Manganese(V)-oxo corroles (3) and a manganese(IV)-oxo porphyrin (4) were successfully generated by chemical oxidation using mchloroperoxybenzoic acid (m-CPBA), and their oxidation reactions with organic reductants were comparatively investigated. Results from single-turnover kinetic studies indicate that in the tris(pentafluorophenyl)corrole system (3a), the active oxidizing intermediate differs in different solvents ...


Exploring The Use Of Free Bioinformatics Modules In An Introductory Biochemistry Course, Charlsey Dodgen, Uzezi Uwerosuo, ChulHee Kang, Cathy Lee 2017 University of Maryland

Exploring The Use Of Free Bioinformatics Modules In An Introductory Biochemistry Course, Charlsey Dodgen, Uzezi Uwerosuo, Chulhee Kang, Cathy Lee

Georgia Journal of Science

Although bioinformatics, the use of computational science to study biology, has become imperative in many areas of the biological sciences and related career paths, introductory biochemistry courses may disregard practical knowledge on bioinformatics. For this reason, we merged a hands-on activity module into an undergraduate biochemistry course in two ways. First, we incorporated bioinformatics modules for building phylogenetic trees by aligning the active sites of 10 chosen related α-amylase enzymes using freely available data. Secondly, we chose three of those 10 α-amylase enzymes to compare the 3D structure of their active sites. This module gives the students an opportunity to ...


Structural Characterization Of Proteins From The E. Coli Β-Barrel Assembly Machine Using Nmr Spectroscopy, Lisa Rose Warner 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Structural Characterization Of Proteins From The E. Coli Β-Barrel Assembly Machine Using Nmr Spectroscopy, Lisa Rose Warner

Lisa R. Warner

The cytosol of Gram-negative bacteria is fortified by an inner membrane and an outer membrane that are separated by ~140 Å of periplasmic space. Spanning the outer membrane are β-barrel proteins that are integral for basic physiological functions, virulence and multidrug resistance. The E. coli β-barrel assembly machine is a five protein complex responsible for the folding and insertion of β-barrel proteins into the outer membrane. How this molecular machine works in the absence of ATP or a proton gradient has remained elusive. The prevailing theory is that interactions between proteins in the complex, protein chaperones in the periplasm, and ...


Cytotoxic And Antimicrobial Effects Of Silver-Containing Surfaces, Sarah Goderecci 2017 Rowan University

Cytotoxic And Antimicrobial Effects Of Silver-Containing Surfaces, Sarah Goderecci

Theses and Dissertations

This study examines applications of sputtered silver coatings as alternatives to traditional antibiotic treatments. Given the increase in reports of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, new treatments and coatings for in-dwelling medical devices such as catheters and orthopedic implants are necessary. Silver oxide films were deposited onto Ti surfaces to examine the efficacy of such coatings against a variety of bacterial species both in vitro and in vivo. Bacterial growth studies showed that coatings exhibited antimicrobial activity against a range of bacterial species acting either in a bacteriostatic or bactericidal mechanism, depending on the target. Limited toxicity to in vitro mammalian cells was ...


Docking Studies Of Isoform-Selectivity Of Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase (Pi3k) Inhibitors, Kaitlin Goettsch 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Docking Studies Of Isoform-Selectivity Of Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase (Pi3k) Inhibitors, Kaitlin Goettsch

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks) and their related pathways are reputed targets for drug-based anticancer therapies. Mutations in PI3K genes, expression, and pathways are frequent among multiple cancer types. Four isoforms of PI3Ks exist: α, β, γ, & δ and studies have identified several ligands for each isoform which are capable of serving as inhibitory therapeutic compounds. However, the biochemical efficacy of these molecules varies and the isoform selectivity is not well understood. In this study, we applied in silico docking methods and free energy calculation methods to estimate the binding of reported PI3K ligands against 5 PI3K structures: PI3Kα (PBD ID: 2RD0 ...


Bioaccumulation Of Metallic Trace Elements And Antioxidant Enzyme Activities In Apfelbeckia Insculpta (L. Koch, 1867) (Diplopoda: Callipodida) From The Cave Hadži-Prodanova Pećina (Serbia), Jelena Vranković, Slavica Borković-Mitić, Bojan Ilić, Milanka Radulović, Slaviša Milošević, Slobodan Makarov, Bojan Mitić 2017 University of Belgrade

Bioaccumulation Of Metallic Trace Elements And Antioxidant Enzyme Activities In Apfelbeckia Insculpta (L. Koch, 1867) (Diplopoda: Callipodida) From The Cave Hadži-Prodanova Pećina (Serbia), Jelena Vranković, Slavica Borković-Mitić, Bojan Ilić, Milanka Radulović, Slaviša Milošević, Slobodan Makarov, Bojan Mitić

International Journal of Speleology

The concentration of 10 metallic trace elements or MTE (Cu, Fe, Zn, Mn, As, Hg, Pb, Cd, Ni, and Cr) was measured in specimens of the troglophilic millipede Apfelbeckia insculpta (L. Koch, 1867) and sediment of the cave Hadži-Prodanova Pećina in western Serbia. Some MTE, like Fe and Mn, displayed much higher concentrations compared to other elements, both in the sediment and in the body of A. insculpta. On the other hand, estimation of the bioaccumulation factor (BAF) in both males and females of A. insculpta showed values greater than 1 for xenobiotic elements compared to those that are essential ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress