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Impact Of Environmental Exposures On Ovarian Function And Role Of Xenobiotic Metabolism During Ovotoxicity, Poulomi Bhattacharya, Aileen F. Keating 2019 Iowa State University

Impact Of Environmental Exposures On Ovarian Function And Role Of Xenobiotic Metabolism During Ovotoxicity, Poulomi Bhattacharya, Aileen F. Keating

Aileen Keating

The mammalian ovary is a heterogeneous organ, and contains oocyte-containing follicles at varying stages of development. The most immature follicular stage, the primordial follicle, comprises the ovarian reserve and is a finite number, defined at the time of birth. Depletion of all follicles within the ovary leads to reproductive senescence, known as menopause. A number of chemical classes can destroy follicles thus hastening entry into the menopausal state. The ovarian response to chemical exposure can determine the extent of ovotoxicity that occurs. Enzymes capable of bioactivating as well as detoxifying xenobiotics are expressed in the ovary and their impact on ...


Forage News [2019-08], University of Kentucky Department of Plant and Soil Sciences 2019 University of Kentucky

The Value Of Inspection Stations For Detecting Nonindigenous Species Lacking Agricultural Significance: The Mexican Treefrog, Smilisca Baudinii Complex (Duméril And Bibron 1841) (Hylidae), Interdicted In Florida, Usa, From A Shipment Of Peppers, Louis A. Somma 2019 Florida State Collection of Arthropods

The Value Of Inspection Stations For Detecting Nonindigenous Species Lacking Agricultural Significance: The Mexican Treefrog, Smilisca Baudinii Complex (Duméril And Bibron 1841) (Hylidae), Interdicted In Florida, Usa, From A Shipment Of Peppers, Louis A. Somma

Papers in Herpetology

A Mexican Treefrog, Smilisca baudinii, a nonindigenous species, was interdicted for the first time from an imported shipment of peppers. The value of agriculture inspection stations used to make these interdictions is discussed. This is a single cargo interception (Stage 1: Colautti and MacIsaac 2004) and the first record for S. baudinii intercepted in Florida. Currently no evidence suggests that S. baudinii has been successfully introduced into and established in Florida, although this species could survive climatic conditions in the southern part of the state and at the scheduled destination of this shipment.

Cargo transport of alien species is a ...


Effects Of Alternative Carbohydrate Sources And Soybean-Derived Isoflavones On The Microbiome And Immune System Of Nursery Piglets And Intestinal Porcine Epithelial Cell Line J-2, Sydney Kinstler 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Effects Of Alternative Carbohydrate Sources And Soybean-Derived Isoflavones On The Microbiome And Immune System Of Nursery Piglets And Intestinal Porcine Epithelial Cell Line J-2, Sydney Kinstler

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

Four experiments were conducted to characterize the microbiome of the piglet and observe effects of diet on growth performance and immunity. In Exp. 1, 96 nursery piglets were fed varying carbohydrate sources and in Exp. 2, 64 piglets were fed a soy protein concentrate or soybean meal as-is or supplemented with an isoflavone concentrate. Body and feeder weights were measured for growth performance estimation. Luminal contents and scrapings were isolated for microbial composition analysis. Fecal and blood samples were extracted in Exp. 2 for microbiome and immunity analysis. Diets did not affect growth performance (P > 0.10); however, Exp. 1 ...


Rust And Viral Mosaic Diseases In Biofuel Switchgrass, Anthony A. Muhle 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Rust And Viral Mosaic Diseases In Biofuel Switchgrass, Anthony A. Muhle

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a perennial warm-season monocot that is indigenous to locations in North America east of the Rocky Mountains, and is considered a model grass for biofuel feedstock production. As switchgrass production increases, diseases pose a potential threat to biomass production and ethanol extraction. The two predominant switchgrass diseases in Nebraska are rust caused by Puccinia spp. and a viral mosaic disease caused by Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) and its associated Satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV). In this thesis, one study determined how SPMV affects PMV infection and systemic spread in two populations of switchgrass at different ...


Evaluation Of Alpha Amylase Containing Corn On Beef Cattle Performance And Digestibility And Double-Cropped Annual Forages Following Corn Harvest, McKenna Brinton 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Evaluation Of Alpha Amylase Containing Corn On Beef Cattle Performance And Digestibility And Double-Cropped Annual Forages Following Corn Harvest, Mckenna Brinton

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

One digestion and three feedlot trials evaluated the effect of a new corn hybrid containing an α-amylase enzyme trait, Syngenta Enogen Feed Corn (SYT-EFC) on site and extent of digestion, ruminal fermentation parameters, and feedlot performance. Experiments utilized corn containing the enzymatic gene (SYT-EFC) compared to commercially available corn (CON), processed as corn silage (CS) kernel processed or not (KP), dry-rolled corn (DRC), high-moisture corn (HMC), or a blend of DRC and HMC. Growing calves fed high inclusions of CS, displayed increased G:F when CS was KP, resulting in a 6.5% improvement in G:F. Hybrid and kernel ...


Investigating Parental Effects On End-Use Quality In Hard Winter Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Hybrids, Anthony Delaney 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Investigating Parental Effects On End-Use Quality In Hard Winter Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Hybrids, Anthony Delaney

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

To optimize the performance and marketing of hybrid wheat, breeders need to understand the impact parents have on end-use quality. The goal of this study was to investigate the inheritance of end-use quality traits of hard winter wheat reciprocal hybrids produced by Easterly (2017). The 2016 analysis included 71 reciprocal hybrid combinations from 13 parents and the 2017 analysis included 79 reciprocal hybrid combinations from 14 parents. The reciprocals were composed of crosses between the top performing and bottom performing parents with respect to end-use quality as quantified by a Mixograph, a SDS sedimentation assay, and a SDS-SRC hybrid assay ...


An Integrated Genomics And Phenomics Approach To Study The Evolution Of C4 Photosynthesis, Daniel Santana de Carvalho 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

An Integrated Genomics And Phenomics Approach To Study The Evolution Of C4 Photosynthesis, Daniel Santana De Carvalho

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

The C4 photosynthetic pathway was first described over 50 years ago. Today, it is known that C4 evolved independently > 60 in plant lineages, which involves understanding not only the genetic, but also the metabolic features and differences involved in this process. Also, several adaptations are involved in the evolution of this type of photosynthesis, for example: changes in leaf anatomy and the evolution of kranz anatomy, physiology and metabolic pathways. In order to further investigate this pathway, different technologies and methods have been developed to unravel genes involved in C4 photosynthesis. With the advances in molecular biology and bioinformatics tools ...


Hormonal Signaling Induced In Soybean By Lysobacter Enzymogenes Strain C3, Jessica C. Walnut 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Hormonal Signaling Induced In Soybean By Lysobacter Enzymogenes Strain C3, Jessica C. Walnut

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

The biological control bacterium Lysobacter enzymogenes strain C3 has been shown to suppress fungal diseases by producing a suite of lytic enzymes and antimicrobial secondary metabolites. Previous studies have found that C3, when applied to grass and cereal plants, also is capable of inducing local and systemic resistance against fungal pathogens. It is unknown, however, whether the bacterium has the ability to induce resistance in dicots and what signaling pathways are involved. This study assessed the ability of C3 to trigger local and systemic induced resistance responses in soybean (Glycine max ‘Williams82’) by analyzing relative expression of salicylic acid (SA ...


New Approaches To Use Genomics, Field Traits, And High-Throughput Phenotyping For Gene Discovery In Maize (Zea Mays), Zhikai Liang 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

New Approaches To Use Genomics, Field Traits, And High-Throughput Phenotyping For Gene Discovery In Maize (Zea Mays), Zhikai Liang

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Maize is one of major crop species over the world. With lots of genetic resources and genomic tools, maize also serves as a model species to understand genetic diversity, facilitate the development of trait extraction algorithms and map candidate functional genes. Since the first version of widely used B73 reference genome was released, independent research groups in the maize community propagated seeds themselves for further research purposes. However, unexpected or occasional contamination may happen during this process. The first study in this thesis used public RNA-seq data of B73 from 27 research groups across three countries for calling single nucleotide ...


Effects Of Late Gestation Supplementation And Creep Feeding On Spring Calving Beef Cows In The Nebraska Sandhills, Devin Broadhead 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Effects Of Late Gestation Supplementation And Creep Feeding On Spring Calving Beef Cows In The Nebraska Sandhills, Devin Broadhead

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

The objectives of this research were to 1) evaluate the effects of late gestation supplementation, synchronization and creep feeding on cow and calf production traits 2) evaluate the pooled effects of 5 studies involving late gestation supplementation on cow and calf traits. Experiment 1 was a three year study conducted on 8 pastures at the Gudmundsen Sandhills Laboratory. Cows were assigned to 1 of 4 late-gestation supplementation treatments, postpartum progestin or control, and 1 of 2 creep feed treatments to make up a 4 x 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. Calves were followed through to slaughter.

Experiment 2 involved 5 ...


Dodder Survey January 2019, Hilary A. Sandler, Katherine Ghantous 2019 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Dodder Survey January 2019, Hilary A. Sandler, Katherine Ghantous

Cranberry Station Research Reports and Surveys

No abstract provided.


Dodder: Biology And Management, Hilary A. Sandler, Katherine Ghantous 2019 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Dodder: Biology And Management, Hilary A. Sandler, Katherine Ghantous

Cranberry Station Fact Sheets

No abstract provided.


A Sugarcane Mosaic Virus Vector For Gene Expression In Maize, Yu Mei, Guanjun Liu, Chunquan Zhang, John H. Hill, Steven A. Whitham 2019 Iowa State University

A Sugarcane Mosaic Virus Vector For Gene Expression In Maize, Yu Mei, Guanjun Liu, Chunquan Zhang, John H. Hill, Steven A. Whitham

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

Zea mays L. ssp. mays (maize) is an important crop plant as well as model system for genetics and plant biology. The ability to select among different virus‐based platforms for transient gene silencing or protein expression experiments is expected to facilitate studies of gene function in maize and complement experiments with stable transgenes. Here, we describe the development of a sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) vector for the purpose of protein expression in maize. An infectious SCMV cDNA clone was constructed, and heterologous genetic elements were placed between the protein 1 (P1) and helper component‐proteinase (HC‐Pro) cistrons in ...


Pasture, Rangeland, Forage Rainfall Index Insurance: What Is Ri-Prf?, Ryan Larsen, Shana Anderson 2019 Utah State University

Pasture, Rangeland, Forage Rainfall Index Insurance: What Is Ri-Prf?, Ryan Larsen, Shana Anderson

All Current Publications

This fact sheet explains the Pasture, Rangeland, Forage Rainfall Index Insurance, a subsidized insurance product developed for the USDA Risk Management Agency, designed to help protect producers from forage loss risks due to low precipitation.


Honeydew Y Otros Melones De Invierno En El Huerto, Dan Drost 2019 Utah State University

Honeydew Y Otros Melones De Invierno En El Huerto, Dan Drost

All Current Publications

No abstract provided.


Pepinos En El Huerto, Rick Heflebower, Dan Drost 2019 Utah State University

Pepinos En El Huerto, Rick Heflebower, Dan Drost

All Current Publications

No abstract provided.


Ruminant Bloat, Austin Sears, Kerry A. Rood 2019 Utah State University

Ruminant Bloat, Austin Sears, Kerry A. Rood

All Current Publications

This fact sheet describes bloat, a non-infectious disease common among the ruminant species, including types and clinical signs, prevention, and treatment.


4-H Career Readiness - Animal, Dairy And Veterinary Sciences, Equine And Management Emphasis, Joshua Dallin, Kelsey Romney 2019 Utah State University

4-H Career Readiness - Animal, Dairy And Veterinary Sciences, Equine And Management Emphasis, Joshua Dallin, Kelsey Romney

All Current Publications

This brochure gives 4-H members information about preparing for careers in animal, dairy and veterinary science, with equine and management emphasis.


Cattle Grazing For Invasive Phragmites Australis (Common Reed) Management In Northern Utah Wetlands, Brittany L. Duncan, Rich Hansen, Chad Cranney, Jennifer Follstad Shaw, Kari Veblen, Karin M. Kettenring 2019 Utah Department of Agriculture and Food

Cattle Grazing For Invasive Phragmites Australis (Common Reed) Management In Northern Utah Wetlands, Brittany L. Duncan, Rich Hansen, Chad Cranney, Jennifer Follstad Shaw, Kari Veblen, Karin M. Kettenring

All Current Publications

This fact sheet provides suggestions for how cattle grazing can be integrated into Phragmites management programs in Northern Utah.


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