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Pests Of Hemp In Utah, Marion Murray, Macahl Evans, Claudia Nischwitz, Austin Taylor, Cody Zesiger 2022 Utah State University

Pests Of Hemp In Utah, Marion Murray, Macahl Evans, Claudia Nischwitz, Austin Taylor, Cody Zesiger

All Current Publications

This guide includes information on insect and disease pests of hemp, organized by pest group. Much of the content is a result of a two-year arthropod and plant disease survey of field-grown hemp operations in northern Utah. Some pests included in this guide were not found in that survey but may be likely to occur in the future. Beneficials and natural enemies are also covered, and information on pesticides is included.


Anthelmintic Resistance In Sheep Across Ireland And The Uk: A Literature Review Of The In Vivo Versus In Vitro Methods, Megan Tumulty 2022 Technological University of the Shannon

Anthelmintic Resistance In Sheep Across Ireland And The Uk: A Literature Review Of The In Vivo Versus In Vitro Methods, Megan Tumulty

SURE_J: Science Undergraduate Research Journal

Background: The animal welfare and production consequences of gastrointestinal nematode infections, namely Nematodirus battus, on sheep are compelling. The control of gastrointestinal infections has been heavily reliant on the administration of anthelmintics since their introduction into mainstream use in 1960. However, their frequent and often excessive use has resulted in anthelmintic resistance being reported extensively in several gastrointestinal nematode species. The prevalence of anthelmintic resistance as well as the increase in the number of cases of multiple-drug resistance in nematode populations now poses substantial hindrance on the viability of sheep production systems. However, despite the threat N. battus poses …


Agricultural Irrigated Land And Irrigation Water Use In Utah, Burdette Barker, Matt Yost, Cody Zesiger 2022 Utah State University

Agricultural Irrigated Land And Irrigation Water Use In Utah, Burdette Barker, Matt Yost, Cody Zesiger

All Current Publications

Utah is considered the second driest state in the United States. As a result, much of the agriculture and horticulture in Utah depends upon irrigation. Irrigation is an important feature of agriculture in Utah. The distribution of irrigated and water use varies across the state, based on water availability, topography, and soils. In recent years, sprinkler irrigation has overtaken surface methods as the dominant irrigation method, based on irrigated area, in Utah. About 75% to 80% of water withdrawals in Utah are for irrigation, with about 68% of that water being consumptive use. Alfalfa, other hay crops, and pasture are …


Is There An Economic Advantage To Planting Diverse Summer Annual Forage Mixtures?, Kelly Mercier, Chris Teutsch, Ray Smith, Kenny Burdine, Edwin Ritchey, Eric Vanzant 2022 USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

Is There An Economic Advantage To Planting Diverse Summer Annual Forage Mixtures?, Kelly Mercier, Chris Teutsch, Ray Smith, Kenny Burdine, Edwin Ritchey, Eric Vanzant

The Journal of Extension

This study examined economic implications of planting summer annual mixtures of grasses, legumes, and forbs at varying nitrogen rates. No differences in yield occurred between the three mixtures, indicating that mixtures with lowest seed cost will be most economical. Applying N resulted in yield increases of 12.26 lb DM per lb N applied. Although yield responses to N were positive, sensitivity analyses showed that applying N resulted in positive net returns only when hay prices were high and N prices were low. When utilization rates are accounted for, enterprise budgets determined grazing to be 18% cheaper to implement than haying.


Development And Assessment Of A Food Safety Training Program For Farmers’ Market Vendors, Joshua Scheinberg, Rama Radhakrishna, Catherine Cutter 2022 Pennsylvania State University

Development And Assessment Of A Food Safety Training Program For Farmers’ Market Vendors, Joshua Scheinberg, Rama Radhakrishna, Catherine Cutter

The Journal of Extension

Based on results collected through a comprehensive needs assessment of farmers market (FM) vendors in Pennsylvania, the purpose of this study was to develop and pilot-test a customized, food safety training program for FM vendors. A customized 3-hour, in-person, training program was developed and pilot tested. Using pre- and post-test assessment tests through piloted training, the results found participants scores on knowledge questions increased significantly by ~20% (p


Connecting Diverse Communities Through A 4-H Urban-Rural Experience, Laurie Murrah-Hanson, Brittani Lee, Pamela Bloch 2022 University of Georgia

Connecting Diverse Communities Through A 4-H Urban-Rural Experience, Laurie Murrah-Hanson, Brittani Lee, Pamela Bloch

The Journal of Extension

Misconceptions regarding agricultural careers are exacerbated by increasing urbanization and are one of many differences in perspective between urban and rural communities. The One Georgia 4-H Urban-Rural Experience addresses this divide through a statewide youth exchange focusing on the agricultural sector. The program includes a multifaceted look at agricultural careers through visits to urban and rural communities. Focus group evaluations revealed the impact on youth through exposure to new careers, increased understanding of the diversity of agriculture, awareness of the interconnected nature of urban and rural communities, and a sense of belonging to a diverse group of youth.


Estimated Impact Of X-Disease And Little Cherry Disease In Washington And Oregon From 2015 To 2020, Cody Molnar, Tianna DuPont, Ashley Thompson 2022 Washington State University Extension

Estimated Impact Of X-Disease And Little Cherry Disease In Washington And Oregon From 2015 To 2020, Cody Molnar, Tianna Dupont, Ashley Thompson

The Journal of Extension

X-disease phytoplasma and little cherry virus 1 and 2 have resulted in substantial loss of stone fruit acreage in Washington and Oregon. The extent and financial impact on the industry was not previously known. A Washington and Oregon State University survey documented 238,856 trees equivalent to 974 acres of sweet cherries removed due to X-disease and little cherry disease between 2015 and 2020. Removed trees reduced revenue to the industry by an estimated $30 million in 2020 and $65 million between 2015 and 2020. Over the seven-year re-establishment period estimated lost revenue and establishment costs to growers is an estimated …


Understanding Current Labor Shortage And Mechanization In New Jersey Nursery Crop Operations, Hemant Gohil, Timothy Waller, Raul Cabrera 2022 Rutgers University

Understanding Current Labor Shortage And Mechanization In New Jersey Nursery Crop Operations, Hemant Gohil, Timothy Waller, Raul Cabrera

The Journal of Extension

We conducted a survey of New Jersey’s nursery industry to understand the current levels of labor shortage, how this has affected specific tasks related to the production capacity of the industry, and the actual level of mechanization. Survey results identified priority areas needing mechanization. There is a need for greater mechanization in almost all areas of nursery production to reduce the reliance on labor and or improve the efficiency of labor. Other Implications related to Extension programming on nursery mechanization are also discussed.


Colored Sweet Bell And Tapered Pepper Cultivar Evaluation For High Tunnel Production In West-Central Indiana, 2022, Petrus Langenhoven, Lian Mahorith Duron Alvarado, Eduardo Jose Miranda Oviedo 2022 Purdue University

Colored Sweet Bell And Tapered Pepper Cultivar Evaluation For High Tunnel Production In West-Central Indiana, 2022, Petrus Langenhoven, Lian Mahorith Duron Alvarado, Eduardo Jose Miranda Oviedo

Midwest Vegetable Trial Reports

Colored sweet bell-shaped and tapered peppers are a staple at the farmers' market. Many small and medium-sized farming operations in Indiana grow this summer crop. High tunnels allow growers to protect their crops and extend their growing season. Sweet peppers, in particular, benefit from the unique growing environment created by the high tunnel. Planting of peppers can start at least 2-4 weeks earlier in the spring, and production can continue into the fall until the first hard freeze. Pepper variety performance data for Indiana is not readily available. We are working hard to change that. Currently, we have evaluated twenty-five …


Effect Of Medium Type And Foliar Spray With Concentrations Of Nano Zinc, Chelated Iron And Normal On The Mineral Content For Strawberry Seedlings Duch. Fragaria×Ananassa, Ahmed Al-Dulaimy, Mustafa Mahmood 2022 University of Anbar

Effect Of Medium Type And Foliar Spray With Concentrations Of Nano Zinc, Chelated Iron And Normal On The Mineral Content For Strawberry Seedlings Duch. Fragaria×Ananassa, Ahmed Al-Dulaimy, Mustafa Mahmood

Hebron University Research Journal-A (Natural Sciences) - (مجلة جامعة الخليل للبحوث- أ (العلوم الطبيعيه

The study was conducted in a greenhouse at the department of Horticulture and Landscape Gardening, College of Agriculture, University of Anbar for the growing season 2019-2020 and 2020-2021 to study the effect type of the growth media and spraying with nano and normal zinc and iron on mineral content of Strawberry leaves. First factor (M) included three of agricultural media: (River soil and Peat moss 3:1), (River soil and "50% Coantail + 50% Alfalfa" 3:1) and (River soil and poultry waste 3:1). The second factor (S) consisted of spraying with zinc and iron nano and normal with the following concentrations …


The Antioxidant And Antibacterial Activity Of Oriental Strawberry (Arbutus Andrachne L.): A Review Article, Sihem Mekchiche, Khalid Al-Ismail, Hamed Takruri 2022 The University of Jordan

The Antioxidant And Antibacterial Activity Of Oriental Strawberry (Arbutus Andrachne L.): A Review Article, Sihem Mekchiche, Khalid Al-Ismail, Hamed Takruri

Hebron University Research Journal-A (Natural Sciences) - (مجلة جامعة الخليل للبحوث- أ (العلوم الطبيعيه

Oxidation is one of the most critical processes in food systems. It has an impact on a variety of dietary ingredient interactions, resulting in both desired and unwanted results. It was found in many studies that high concentrations of synthetic antioxidants may havesome carcinogenic effects in some animals, thus natural antioxidants would be analternative to synthetic antioxidants in food. These natural antioxidants can be present in any plant part, including grains, fruits, leaves, nuts, seeds, roots and barks. Many studies showed that there is an inverse relationship between the dietary intake of medicinal plants rich in antioxidants and the prevalence …


Gis-Based Assessment Of Land-Agroforestry Potentiality Of Jharkhand State, India, Firoz AHMAD, Nazimur Rahman TALUKDAR, Laxmi GOPARAJU, Chandrashekhar BIRADAR, Shiv Kumar DHYANI, Javed RIZVI 2022 a Vindhyan Ecology and Natural History Foundation, Mirzapur, 231001, India; b Center for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF), New Delhi, 110012, India

Gis-Based Assessment Of Land-Agroforestry Potentiality Of Jharkhand State, India, Firoz Ahmad, Nazimur Rahman Talukdar, Laxmi Goparaju, Chandrashekhar Biradar, Shiv Kumar Dhyani, Javed Rizvi

Regional Sustainability

Scaling-up agroforestry area in various forms is a scientific path towards achieving various sustainable development goals (SDGs), especially improving livelihood, reducing poverty, conserving environment and biodiversity, and transforming climate change. In this study, the effort was made to investigate the land potentiality for agroforestry at the district level in Jharkhand State, India by applying geographic information system (GIS) modeling technology using climate (temperature and precipitation), topography (slope and elevation), ecology (percent tree cover and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI)), and social economics (poverty rate and tribal dominance) factors. The results revealed that six districts of Jharkhand State had agroforestry potential …


Impacto De Los Residuos De Cosecha En La Capacidad De Intercambio Catiónico De Suelos Entisoles, Ricardo Bueno Buelvas, John Cristhian Fernández Lizarazo 2022 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Impacto De Los Residuos De Cosecha En La Capacidad De Intercambio Catiónico De Suelos Entisoles, Ricardo Bueno Buelvas, John Cristhian Fernández Lizarazo

Utopía - Working papers

Los suelos del orden entisoles en Colombia suman el 24.3% del territorio nacional, son suelos jóvenes poco evolucionados que principalmente están formados de minerales primarios por este motivo entre otros son suelos poco fértiles, presentan una capacidad de intercambio catiónico muy baja. Estos suelos están dedicados a actividades productivas como la ganadería y la agricultura, la condición de baja fertilidad contribuye directamente a la pobreza rural de los habitantes y el abandono del campo. El objetivo del proyecto es evaluar el impacto de los residuos de cosecha en la capacidad de intercambio catiónico de suelos entisoles en Yopal, Casanare. Los …


Respuesta Fisiológica De Plantas De Cacao Inoculadas Con Diferentes Líneas Monospóricas De Rhizophagus Irregularis Frente Al Estrés Por Cd Y En Condiciones De Déficit Hídrico, John Cristhian Fernández Lizarazo 2022 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Respuesta Fisiológica De Plantas De Cacao Inoculadas Con Diferentes Líneas Monospóricas De Rhizophagus Irregularis Frente Al Estrés Por Cd Y En Condiciones De Déficit Hídrico, John Cristhian Fernández Lizarazo

Utopía - Working papers

A pesar de que el cadmio se encuentra normalmente en el ambiente, su concentración ha aumentado en los últimos 100 años debido a actividades antrópicas como la minería y el uso de combustibles fósiles. Recientemente se han incluido límites a las concentraciones de cadmio en el grano de cacao ´con el propósito de evitar que concentraciones de cadmio lleguen a niveles que podrían tener un efecto negativo en los consumidores. Se ha encontrado que los hongos formadores de micorrízias arbusculares (HFMA) son importantes en los procesos de fito-remediación y que pueden facilitar la supervivencia de las plantas que crecen en …


Respuesta Fisiológica De Plantas De Cacao Al Déficit Hídrico Cuando Son Inoculadas Con Hfma, John Cristhian Fernández Lizarazo 2022 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Respuesta Fisiológica De Plantas De Cacao Al Déficit Hídrico Cuando Son Inoculadas Con Hfma, John Cristhian Fernández Lizarazo

Utopía - Working papers

El cacao (Teobroma cacao L.), es una especie hidromegaterma. El cambio climático puede acelerar los episodios de déficit hídrico en la agricultura. Adicionalmente para el cacao, la baja disponibilidad de zonas boscosas para el establecimiento inicial del cacao y la demanda mundial por este producto llevan a los cultivadores a sembrarlo en zonas marginales y de poca disponibilidad hídrica. Los hongos FMA permiten a las plantas hospederas establecerse y crecer más eficientemente aún en condiciones de diferentes estreses bióticos y abióticos, incluyendo el déficit hídrico. Por lo tanto la pregunta que pretendió resolver esta investigación es ¿Cuál es la respuesta …


The Effects Of Glyphosate Salts And Volatility-Reducing Agents (Vra) On Dicamba Volatility, Nicole Glenn 2022 Mississippi State University

The Effects Of Glyphosate Salts And Volatility-Reducing Agents (Vra) On Dicamba Volatility, Nicole Glenn

Theses and Dissertations

Dicamba is often tank mixed with glyphosate to increase herbicidal efficacy but may contribute to off-target movement (OTM). In recent years, volatilization has become problematic for dicamba-containing herbicides, resulting in increased regulatory requirements necessitating the use of volatility-reducing agents (VRA) for application. Research was conducted in 2021 and 2022 using low tunnels in a field environment and humidomes in a greenhouse environment to further assess how glyphosate salts and VRAs affect dicamba volatility. Our data indicate that the inclusion of glyphosate to dicamba can increase dicamba volatility, depending on the glyphosate salt used. The inclusion of the evaluated VRAs will …


United We Stand? Investigating The Impact Of Unified Dues Agreements Between State And National Career & Technical Education (Cte) Professional Organizations On Cte Funding In The Southern States, Justin Ryan Hall 2022 Mississippi State University

United We Stand? Investigating The Impact Of Unified Dues Agreements Between State And National Career & Technical Education (Cte) Professional Organizations On Cte Funding In The Southern States, Justin Ryan Hall

Theses and Dissertations

Career and Technical Education (CTE) teachers have long been active in lobbying the federal and state governments in support of CTE through their professional organizations, but these are not traditionally considered interest groups. This study sought to determine if the formal relationships—dues agreements—between the two largest national professional organizations, and their state affiliates had an impact on state funding for CTE. The impacts of professional organization unity, membership rates, and lobbying expenses on state-level CTE funding were analyzed through the lens of interest group theory, a subfield of political science. Within this population (N = 13), 1) a link …


Biological Remediation Of Fragipan, Corey Hale 2022 Murray State University

Biological Remediation Of Fragipan, Corey Hale

Honors College Theses

The fragipan layer in the soil is a naturally occurring subsurface layer that restricts water percolation as well as inhibits root growth. A fragipan layer can be found almost ubiquitously across Southwestern Kentucky. This limits how agriculturalists manage soils in this area. It has been recently discovered by the University of Kentucky that Annual Ryegrass roots produce 3,4 dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid (DHPPA) that reacts with this hardpan to weaken the layer. Certain bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, Lactobacilli, and Bifidobacteria can also synthesize DHPPA through a breakdown process of chlorogenic acid. This reaction typically happens in the human digestive tract. …


Adapting Network Theory For Spatial Network Externalities In Agriculture: A Case Study On Hemp Cross-Pollination, Jeffrey S. Young, Tanner J. McCarty 2022 Murray State University

Adapting Network Theory For Spatial Network Externalities In Agriculture: A Case Study On Hemp Cross-Pollination, Jeffrey S. Young, Tanner J. Mccarty

Faculty & Staff Research and Creative Activity

Growers have increasingly expressed frustration over the negative externalities created by their neighbor's production practices. These spatial agricultural network problems include issues such as cross-pollination and herbicide drift. We develop novel methods for estimating parameters that allow us to adapt and apply general network diffusion models to these spatial agricultural network problems. Doing so allows us to calculate externality damage within a region and calculate cost-effective policies for alleviating that externality. We empirically illustrate, motivate, and test this approach by applying it to hemp. We find that network structure is an important factor in externality size and cost-effective policy response …


Drought Levels In Nevada Counties, 2022, Julianna Jovillar, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Drought Levels In Nevada Counties, 2022, Julianna Jovillar, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Environment

This fact sheet synthesizes data on drought levels within Nevada counties from the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) in 2022. The information presented in this document focuses on the breakdown of the number of Nevada residents affected by the droughts within each county and the drought experience in each county.


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