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Melittin: A Natural Component Of Honeybee Venom As A Potential Anti-Cancer Therapy, Niamh Donnellan, Anne M. Friel 2023 Technological University of the Shannon: Midlands Midwest

Melittin: A Natural Component Of Honeybee Venom As A Potential Anti-Cancer Therapy, Niamh Donnellan, Anne M. Friel

SURE Journal: Science Undergraduate Research Experience Journal

Cancer is a major cause of death worldwide and while chemotherapy is the main approach there are many negative associations in current treatment procedures. These include lack of selectivity, side effects and drug resistance. The hallmarks of cancer are a fundamental concept which aids the development of new means to treat human cancers through the understanding of the acquisition of these hallmarks from cells.

Melittin is a major peptide component of bee venom which has shown to be efficacious as an anticancer agent in preclinical and animal models. Melittin has many biological functions including pore formation in the phospholipid bilayer …


Impact Of Cover Crop Species Diversity On Soil Nutrient Availability And Crop Productivity, Amanda Kramer 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Impact Of Cover Crop Species Diversity On Soil Nutrient Availability And Crop Productivity, Amanda Kramer

Masters Theses

Cover crops provide multiple environmental benefits that improve both soil and water quality; however, farmers only utilize them on approximately 5% of harvested U.S. cropland. Low adoption rates are attributed to yield impact concerns, seed and planting costs, and lack of advocacy. This study, which began in October 2019, assessed the effects of nitrogen rate and cover crop diversity on weed biomass, soil coverage, in-situ residue decomposition, soil nitrogen and phosphorus availability, and cash crop yield to better understand the costs and benefits of cover crop adoption at two locations in Tennessee (Milan and Spring Hill). Treatments were replicated 4 …


The Next-Gen Crop Nutrient Stress Identification With High-Precision Sensing Technology In Digital Agriculture, Zhihang Song, Ziling Chen, Xing Wei, Jian Jin 2023 Purdue University

The Next-Gen Crop Nutrient Stress Identification With High-Precision Sensing Technology In Digital Agriculture, Zhihang Song, Ziling Chen, Xing Wei, Jian Jin

Graduate Industrial Research Symposium

Crop yields are facing significant losses from nutrient deficiencies. Over-fertilizing also has negative economic and environmental impacts. It is challenging to optimize fertilizing without an accurate diagnosis. Recently, plant phenotyping has demonstrated outstanding capabilities in estimating crop traits. As one of the leading technologies, LeafSpec, provides high-quality crop image data for improving phenotyping quality. In this study, novel algorithms are developed for LeafSpec to identify crop nutrient deficiencies more accurately. Combined with UAV system, this technology will bring growers a robust solution for fertilizing diagnosis and scientific crop management.


Sustainable And Organic Beekeeping In Chester County, John Pisciotta 2023 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Sustainable And Organic Beekeeping In Chester County, John Pisciotta

Sustainability Research & Practice Seminar Presentations

Professor John Pisciotta, Biology - Sustainable and Organic Beekeeping in Chester County


Effect Od Different Sources And Application Rates Of Sulfur On Corn And Soybean Production Systems In Louisiana, Diego Mayorga Valladares 2023 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Effect Od Different Sources And Application Rates Of Sulfur On Corn And Soybean Production Systems In Louisiana, Diego Mayorga Valladares

LSU Master's Theses

Sulfur (S) is a structural component of amino acids such as cysteine and methionine and is involved in important functions within the plant like photosynthesis, carbon and nitrogen metabolism, protein synthesis of oils, and detoxification mechanisms. Sulfur deficiency in crops has intensified around the world. Some of the reasons are improvement in controlling SO2 emissions from industries, growing usage of high analysis S-free fertilizers and augmented cropping intensity. Sulfur fertilization has become an important factor in crop production systems and fertilization guidelines for S need to be up-to-date to improve use efficiency and compensate for rising prices of fertilizers. …


Linking Previous Experiences To Behavior And Health In The Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera), Rebecca R. Westwick 2023 University of Kentucky

Linking Previous Experiences To Behavior And Health In The Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera), Rebecca R. Westwick

Theses and Dissertations--Entomology

An organism’s ability to respond to changing conditions can be vital to its success. Indeed, plasticity is a common feature of living organisms. Much of the research in this area, though, has focused on effects caused by environmental conditions. What has received relatively less attention is how social experiences and broader features of an organism’s social environment can lead to long-lasting changes in health and behavior. This knowledge gap exists despite the well-documented existence of health and behavioral effects after social interactions in certain taxa such as humans.

Social insects such as honey bees provide an excellent opportunity to better …


Data For "Linking Previous Experiences To Behavior And Health In The Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera)"", Rebecca R. Westwick, Clare C. Rittschof, Gavin P. Brackett, Cameron E. Brown, Bethany J. Ison, Zainulabbeudin Syed, Anna M. Foose 2023 University of Kentucky

Data For "Linking Previous Experiences To Behavior And Health In The Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera)"", Rebecca R. Westwick, Clare C. Rittschof, Gavin P. Brackett, Cameron E. Brown, Bethany J. Ison, Zainulabbeudin Syed, Anna M. Foose

Entomology Research Data

An organism’s ability to respond to changing conditions can be vital to its success. Indeed, plasticity is a common feature of living organisms. Much of the research in this area, though, has focused on effects caused by environmental conditions. What has received relatively less attention is how social experiences and broader features of an organism’s social environment can lead to long-lasting changes in health and behavior. This knowledge gap exists despite the well-documented existence of health and behavioral effects after social interactions in certain taxa such as humans.

Social insects such as honey bees provide an excellent opportunity to better …


What Makes Mad Honey “Mad”? An Investigation Into The Obsession Of The Himalayan Wild Cliff Honey, Codi Farmer 2022 SIT Study Abroad

What Makes Mad Honey “Mad”? An Investigation Into The Obsession Of The Himalayan Wild Cliff Honey, Codi Farmer

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Mad honey is a rare variety of cliff honey found in the mountainous regions of Turkey and Nepal and has been harvested by Indigenous groups for centuries. In Nepal, it is found on high-hanging cliffs that people risk their lives to face, but what makes this honey so special to cause generations of Nepalis to brave the formidable heights? Through a series of reading primary and secondary sources, watching first-hand accounts of honey hunting, and interviewing honey hunters, filmmakers, authors, and laypeople alike, I work to find the answer to the puzzling question – what makes mad honey "mad"? In …


The Relationship Between Leadership Preference Of County Level Personnel Within University Of Missouri Extension And Their Level Of Employee Engagement, Jason C. Morris 2022 Mississippi State University

The Relationship Between Leadership Preference Of County Level Personnel Within University Of Missouri Extension And Their Level Of Employee Engagement, Jason C. Morris

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe the perceived leadership style of the University of Missouri Extension Service county staff and their level of engagement and study the relationship between variables. Administrators with University of Missouri Extension Service can utilize this information to better serve Extension Staff and ultimately people throughout the state of Missouri.

The Vannsimpco Leadership Survey was used to measure the perceived leadership style of county level staff. The Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) was used to measure work engagement on three constructs: vigor, absorption, and dedication engagement. Demographic characterizes of county level staff was also …


A Comprehensive Review On Impact Of Microorganisms On Soil And Plant, Tasaddaq Younas, Muhammad Umer, Aqarab Husnain Gondal, Huma Aziz, Muhammad Shehzad Khan, Abdul Jabbar, Haroon Shahzad, Nadia Masaya Panduro-Tenazoa, Muhammad Jamil, Franklin Ore Areche 2022 Hassan Al Amir Soil Analysis, Dubai, The United Arab Emirates

A Comprehensive Review On Impact Of Microorganisms On Soil And Plant, Tasaddaq Younas, Muhammad Umer, Aqarab Husnain Gondal, Huma Aziz, Muhammad Shehzad Khan, Abdul Jabbar, Haroon Shahzad, Nadia Masaya Panduro-Tenazoa, Muhammad Jamil, Franklin Ore Areche

Journal of Bioresource Management

Soils have the most diversified microbial communities of any environment on the planet. Bacteria, fungi, algae, and protozoa are all found in abundance in soil. Maintaining a healthy environment for crops requires a strong link between plants and soil microorganisms that are essential for good crop development. Soil bacteria are key regulators of the nutrient cycle. Mineralization, legume nitrogen fixation, and ammonia conversion to plant-available nitrate would all be impossible without bacteria. Effective microorganisms have the ability to boost crop growth and yield. When used in conjunction with organic amendments, these bacteria performs better than to the sole application. It …


A Review On Overcoming Dual Challenges For Maize Cropping Under High Plant Density: Stalk Lodging And Kernel Abortion, Alam Sher, Javed Iqbal, Wajid Nazeer, Muhammad Mudassar Maqbool, Muhammad Nadeem, Sajid Faiz, Shahbaz Khan 2022 Department of Agronomy, Ghazi University, D.G. Khan, Pakistan.

A Review On Overcoming Dual Challenges For Maize Cropping Under High Plant Density: Stalk Lodging And Kernel Abortion, Alam Sher, Javed Iqbal, Wajid Nazeer, Muhammad Mudassar Maqbool, Muhammad Nadeem, Sajid Faiz, Shahbaz Khan

Journal of Bioresource Management

Increased optimal plant density is necessary in ensuring future food security by increasing crop productivity. However, maintaining relatively high plant density has to overcome two challenges i.e. kernel abortion and stalk lodging. The response of maize to increased plant density and the effects of increased plant density on maize productivity were discussed in this research. Increased plant density induces increased plant height, causes low photosynthetic capacity, limits the carbohydrate supply and increases kernel abortion. Also, increased plant density incurs a high risk of stalk lodging due to increased ear height and diminished stem diameter associated with reduced vascular bundles that …


Laurentian Great Lakes Warming Threatens Northern Fruit Belt Refugia, Robert Warren 2022 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

Laurentian Great Lakes Warming Threatens Northern Fruit Belt Refugia, Robert Warren

Biology Faculty Datasets

Climate refugia are anomalous ‘pockets’ of spatially or temporally disjunct environmental conditions that buffer distinct flora and fauna against prevailing climatic conditions. Physiographic landscape features, such as large water bodies, can create these micro-to-macro-scale terrestrial habitats, such as the prevailing westerly winds across the Laurentian Great Lakes that create relatively cooler leeward conditions in spring and relatively warmer leeward conditions in autumn. The leeward Great Lakes climate effects create a refugia (popularly known as a ‘fruit belt’) favorable for fruit-bearing trees and shrubs. This fruit belt refugia owes its existence to seasonal inversions whereby spring cooling prevents early flower budding …


Foraging Behavior Of Honeybees Exposed To Mosquito Insecticides, Samantha Marie Diel 2022 Cal Poly Humboldt

Foraging Behavior Of Honeybees Exposed To Mosquito Insecticides, Samantha Marie Diel

Cal Poly Humboldt theses and projects

The main aim of this study was to quantify the effects of mosquito insecticides on honey bee (Apis mellifera), foraging behavior, explicitly assessing the impacts of adult mosquito control practices on honey bee health. The extent to which honey bees are exposed to pyrethrum, pyrethrins, permethrin, and pyrethroids is unknown, as are their effects on honey bee health and vitality. This study sought to answer this question by exposing honey bees to D-Phenothrin with the addition of Piperonyl butoxide (PBO), one of many synthetic pyrethroids widely used against adult mosquitoes to control mosquito-borne diseases. Honey bees were exposed to …


Examining Risks To Honey Bee Pollinators Foraging In Agricultural Landscapes, Jon Zawislak 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Examining Risks To Honey Bee Pollinators Foraging In Agricultural Landscapes, Jon Zawislak

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Bee pollinators provide essential ecological services to wild plant communities, and addtremendous economic value to agriculture by improving both the quality and quantity of crop yield. Beekeepers are often contracted by growers to provide colonies of honey bees for pollination of high-value produce (fruits, vegetables and nuts). Many of the major commodity crops produced in the central and mid-southern United States are wind-pollinated (rice, corn, grain sorghum, wheat), or are sufficiently self-fertile (soybeans, cotton), and so do not require bee pollination in order to produce yield. Beekeepers still rely on these agricultural landscapes to support honey bee colonies when not …


Chemical Composition, Total Phenolic Content, Free Radical Scavenging And Antimicrobial Activities Of Resins- Juniperus Procera Resins And Relevant Propolis Produced By Apis Mellifera Jementica In Al-Baha Province, Saudi Arabia, Noofal Ibrahim Bayaqoob, Ahmed Ibrahim Rushdi, Ahmad Abdullah Al-Ghamdi 2021 Honeybee Center, Hadhramout-Hadhramout University,

Chemical Composition, Total Phenolic Content, Free Radical Scavenging And Antimicrobial Activities Of Resins- Juniperus Procera Resins And Relevant Propolis Produced By Apis Mellifera Jementica In Al-Baha Province, Saudi Arabia, Noofal Ibrahim Bayaqoob, Ahmed Ibrahim Rushdi, Ahmad Abdullah Al-Ghamdi

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

The purpose of this study was to investigate the chemical compositions, total phenolic contents (TPC), free radical scavenging (FRSA), and antibacterial activities of Juniperus procera resins and the relevant propolis produced by Apis mellifer jementica in Al-Baha Province, Saudi Arabia. The results showed that both the resin and propolis samples, which were collected during April to June of 2014 and 2015, contained different compounds and included mono-, sesqui-, di-, and triterpenoids, wax esters, n-alkane, and n-alkene. The TPC levels of the resin and propolis samples were high for samples collected in 2014 relative to the samples collected in 2015. Also, …


Ecological Study On Bee Rangeland Plants In Wadi Shabouh, Hadhramout Governorate, Republic Of Yemen, Salem Saeed Bacwud, Mohammed Saeed Khanbash, Ahmed Salem Bataher, Amen Abdelqader Hashleh 2021 Honeybee Center - Seiyun University

Ecological Study On Bee Rangeland Plants In Wadi Shabouh, Hadhramout Governorate, Republic Of Yemen, Salem Saeed Bacwud, Mohammed Saeed Khanbash, Ahmed Salem Bataher, Amen Abdelqader Hashleh

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

Bee rangeland Plants are the basis of beekeeping. The success of bee projects depends on the availability and variety range of species whose flowers contain nectar and pollen grains that are used in bee feeding. The aim of this study is to compare and determine the type of food for most of the plant species that are fed by the bees in Wadi Shahouh. In addition, to finding out the reasons of rangelands environmental degradation of the rangeland plants in the survey samples.The plant survey was carried out during the period from February to March 2017 by using regular sampling. …


A Comparative Study On Bee Rangeland Plants In Maddar And Shohouh Valleyes In Hadhramout - Republic Of Yemen, Salem Saeed Bacwud, Mohammed Saeed Khanbash, Salem Mohammed bin Salman 2021 Honeybee Center, Sayun University,

A Comparative Study On Bee Rangeland Plants In Maddar And Shohouh Valleyes In Hadhramout - Republic Of Yemen, Salem Saeed Bacwud, Mohammed Saeed Khanbash, Salem Mohammed Bin Salman

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

Bee rangeland plants are the basic sector of successful bee projects because they possess a verified range of species whose flowers contain nectar and pollen grains used in bee feeding. This study was conducted in Maddar valley and Shohouh valley in Hadhramout valley. The objectives of this study were conduct in the plant quantity measurements of the most important bee rangeland plants. The survey of these rangeland plants was carried out during February and March 2017 using systematic sampling plots collection . Results showed that the highest general means of the cubic volume crown of the most important rangeland trees …


A Comparative Study Of Vegetation In Madar And Shohouh Valleys In Hadhramout, Salem Saeed Bacwud, Mohammed Saeed Khanbash, Salem Mohammed bin Salman 2021 Honeybee Center, Sayun University,

A Comparative Study Of Vegetation In Madar And Shohouh Valleys In Hadhramout, Salem Saeed Bacwud, Mohammed Saeed Khanbash, Salem Mohammed Bin Salman

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

Bee rangeland plants are the basic sector of successful bee projects because they possess a verified range of species whose flowers contain nectar and pollen grains used in bee feeding. The study is conducted in Madar valley and Shohouh valley in Hadhramout valley. The objectives of the study are to compare bee plant species scattered in the two valleys. The survey of plants was carried out in February and March 2017 using systematic sampling plots collection. The plant survey recorded 22 families, 42 genera and 48 species in Madar valley as well as recording 25 families, 42 genera and 52 …


Parameterization Of Food Wastes To Develop An Automatic Recycling System For Livestock And Poultry Feed, Ali Roshanianfard, Samira Nematzadeh, Tarahom Mesri-Gundoshmian 2021 Assistant Professor, Department of Biosystem Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran

Parameterization Of Food Wastes To Develop An Automatic Recycling System For Livestock And Poultry Feed, Ali Roshanianfard, Samira Nematzadeh, Tarahom Mesri-Gundoshmian

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

Food wastes are known as one of the big concerns in urban management because of grain consumption gain, environmental pollution, and traditional waste management methods. The reuse of restaurant waste can reduce the cost of producing animal food production. This study attempts to find related parameters to use in the development of an automatic recycling machine and also a suitable method for food waste management (wastes of restaurants in universities and other academic environments) to use in various animal diets. Determination of various parameters including the percentage of dry matter (using a dryer), protein (using Kjeldahl test), fat (using Soxhlet …


Apiculture Adaptations In A Shifting World: The Beekeeper’S Experience Across The Globe, Katherine Lloyd 2021 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

Apiculture Adaptations In A Shifting World: The Beekeeper’S Experience Across The Globe, Katherine Lloyd

Capstone Collection

Existing research suggests that changes in climate, such as rainfall and temperature shifts, will threaten bees’ main food sources and cause detrimental impacts on apiculture globally. Despite this, to the best of the author’s knowledge, there is little available by way of research relating to how beekeepers themselves experience these increased pressures to their practices. This research project investigated the experiences of beekeepers in the United States, Malawi, and Cameroon. Surveys of US beekeepers, and interviews with Malawian and Cameroonian beekeepers were coded for emergent themes and surveys were analyzed via descriptive statistics. Major differences in challenges reported by beekeepers …


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