Apiculture Adaptations In A Shifting World: The Beekeeper’S Experience Across The Globe, 2021 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad
Apiculture Adaptations In A Shifting World: The Beekeeper’S Experience Across The Globe, Katherine Lloyd
Existing research suggests that changes in climate, such as rainfall and temperature shifts, will threaten bees’ main food sources and cause detrimental impacts on apiculture globally. Despite this, to the best of the author’s knowledge, there is little available by way of research relating to how beekeepers themselves experience these increased pressures to their practices. This research project investigated the experiences of beekeepers in the United States, Malawi, and Cameroon. Surveys of US beekeepers, and interviews with Malawian and Cameroonian beekeepers were coded for emergent themes and surveys were analyzed via descriptive statistics. Major differences in challenges reported by ...
The Effect Of A Fifty Percent Leaf Harvest From Three Varieties Of Collards (Brassica Oleracea(L)/Cultivar Group Acephala) Cropped At Selected Intervals When Grown In A Wiregrass Tunnel House, 2021 Tuskegee University
The Effect Of A Fifty Percent Leaf Harvest From Three Varieties Of Collards (Brassica Oleracea(L)/Cultivar Group Acephala) Cropped At Selected Intervals When Grown In A Wiregrass Tunnel House, Terrence Jackson, Raymon Shange, Mia Norris, Cassandra Searight, Michele S. Foo, Victor Khan, James E. Currington, Edward Sparks, Ramble Ankumah, Nathaniel Ellison, George X. Hunter, Jeffery Moore
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal
A study was conducted to determine the effects of a 50% leaf harvest from ‘Heirloom’, ‘Georgia’, and ‘Hi-Crop Hybrid’ collards on yield, when leaves were removed at 18-, 21-, and 25- day intervals, over four harvest periods of 102, 127, 152, and 177 days after transplanting in a Wiregrass Tunnel House. The experimental design used was a split-split plot with three replications, where harvest periods were main plots, cropping intervals (3) were sub-plots, and varieties were sub-sub-plots. Yield data (lbs./acre) showed significant interactions between harvest periods x cropping intervals for leaf numbers and yield, harvest periods x varieties, and ...
Yield Response Of ‘Whatley-Loretan’ Sweetpotato (Ipomoea Batatas (L.)) Transplanted In Single And Double Row At Different Dates In A Wiregrass Tunnel House, Marquess James, Raymon Shange, Cassandra Searight, Victor Khan, James E. Currington, Ramble Ankumah, Michele S. Foo, Nathaniel Ellison, George X. Hunter, Jeffery Moore
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal
A split-plot study was conducted to evaluate the yield response of ‘Whatley-Loretan’ sweetpotato when planted in single and double rows at four planting dates (March, April, May, and June) in a Wiregrass Tunnel House located at S&B Farm in Eufaula, Alabama. The main plots consisted of planting dates, sub-plots single, and double rows, with each treatment combination, replicated three times. The results showed a significant linear and quadratic effect for US#1 grade of sweetpotato and total marketable yields. Yields were highest at the first and second planting dates and declined at the two later planting dates. Single vs ...
Effectiveness Of Pathogen-Specific Passive Antibodies To Mitigate Infectious Diseases In Apis Mellifera, 2021 University of South Dakota
Effectiveness Of Pathogen-Specific Passive Antibodies To Mitigate Infectious Diseases In Apis Mellifera, Tanner Nordseth
Honeybees (Apis mellifera) are widely recognized as a vital part of the global ecosystem and the world's food supply due to their pivotal role in the pollination of both natural and agricultural flora. Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) is an emerging phenomenon characterized by a colony's worker bees deserting the hive and leaving the queen behind. This usually results in colony failure. CCD is a multifactorial issue, with many environmental stressors and pathogens playing a role. Deformed Wing Virus (DWV) has been identified as a leading cause in this phenomenon. Paenibacillus larvae (P. larvae) is another lethal pathogen that ...
Iot Based Agriculture 4.0: Challenges And Opportunities, 2021 Tashkent University of Information Technologies
Iot Based Agriculture 4.0: Challenges And Opportunities, Halimjon Khujamatov, Temur Toshtemirov Mr., Doston Turayevich Khasanov Mr., Nasiba Saburova Ms., Ilhom Ikromovich Xamroyev Mr.
Bulletin of TUIT: Management and Communication Technologies
In recent years, the world's population growth has been intensifying, resulting in specific problems related to the depletion of natural resources, food shortages, declining fertile lands, and changing weather conditions. This paper has been discussed the use of IoT technology as a solution to such problems.
At the same time, the emergence of IoT technology has given rise to a new research direction in agriculture. Soil analysis and monitoring using Zigbee wireless sensor network technology, which is part of the IoT, will enable the creation of an IoT ecosystem as well as the development of smart agriculture. In addition ...
Soil Quality As Affected By Hemp And Grain Production Systems In Western Kentucky, 2021 Murray State University
Soil Quality As Affected By Hemp And Grain Production Systems In Western Kentucky, Jack Eaker
Since 2018, hemp cropping systems have become increasingly popular in Kentucky. However, there is limited data on soil’s behavior/changes under these management practices as compared to corn and soybean cultivation systems. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine soil characteristics including soil organic matter, bulk density, water holding capacity, macroporosity, and water at field capacity in hemp and grain cropping systems. The thirty undisturbed soil samples were collected from three different hemp fields and a corn, soybean, and a bare field adjacent to these hemp fields. Each field was located at Murray State University West Farm ...
Evaluación Del Modelo De Agronegocio En Apicaldas De Caldas Boyacá, 2021 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá
Evaluación Del Modelo De Agronegocio En Apicaldas De Caldas Boyacá, Hernán Leonardo López Mojica, Diego Alejandro Pardo Barón
Maestría en Agronegocios
El presente estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar el modelo de agronegocio de Apicaldas en Caldas – Boyacá bajo el enfoque de apicultura sostenible con el fin de proponer acciones de mejora que contribuyan a consolidar una actividad productiva y rentable que se constituya en una opción empresarial que complemente el ingreso familiar, ya que las condiciones actuales relegaban a la apicultura a ser una actividad secundaria o marginal, con escasos resultados económicos para los asociados. La investigación asume un enfoque mixto mediante un diseño etnográfico y transversal correlacional, generando un modelo estadístico de regresión lineal múltiple a partir de los resultados ...
A Bayesian Hierarchical Mixture Model With Continuous-Time Markov Chains To Capture Bumblebee Foraging Behavior, Max Thrush Hukill
The standard statistical methodology for analyzing complex case-control studies in ethology is often limited by approaches that force researchers to model distinct aspects of biological processes in a piecemeal, disjointed fashion. By developing a hierarchical Bayesian model, this work demonstrates that statistical inference in this context can be done using a single coherent framework. To do this, we construct a continuous-time Markov chain (CTMC) to model bumblebee foraging behavior. To connect the experimental design with the CTMC, we employ a mixture model controlled by a logistic regression on the two-factor design matrix. We then show how to infer these model ...
Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles For Sensing Of Pesticides: A Review, 2020 Wuyi University, Fujian, China
Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles For Sensing Of Pesticides: A Review, Wei-Bin Tseng, Ming-Mu Hsieh, Che-Hsie Chen, Tai-Chia Chiu, Wei-Lung Tseng
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Pesticides are a family of non-biodegradable chemical compounds which widely used in agriculture to control pests and increase yield production. However, overuse or abuse of pesticides and their metabolites may cause potential toxicity for the environment as well as human health and all other living organisms, even at deficient concentrations. Consequently, the development of sensors for monitoring these compounds is significant. Recently, nanoparticles-based sensors have been extensively employed as a potential alternative or complementary analytical tool to conventional detection methods for pesticides. Among them, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) owing to their unique optical properties have been developed as smart sensors with ...
Women In Beekeeping: Impacts Of A Beekeeper Educational Program, 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Women In Beekeeping: Impacts Of A Beekeeper Educational Program, Bridget Gross
Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology
The decline in honey bee populations over the past two decades in the United States is alarming. The management provided by beekeepers to their honey bee colonies influences the survival of the colony. However, there is a lack of information on the experiences of beekeepers, specifically women beekeepers. The Center for Rural Affairs (CFRA) in Nebraska hosted the “Honey Bees on the Farm: Connecting Women Beekeepers and Women Farmers for Environmental and Economic Benefit” program that provided informal, educational events to women beekeepers and landowners. Using a convergent mixed methods design, the first research question examines the impacts of the ...
Defining Bee Pollinator Community Composition In Tennessee Soybean, 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Defining Bee Pollinator Community Composition In Tennessee Soybean, Andrew L. Lawson
Two planting dates of various soybean varieties were planted in Jackson and Knoxville, TN during 2018 and 2019 with the overall intent of surveying the diversity bee (Hymenoptera) genera in these agroecosystems and also to assess the potential for using late maturing soybean as a food resource for bees during the dearth of floral resources that often occurs during the fall. We also investigated how manipulating planting dates and soybean variety selection affected the occurrence of insect pests that occurred in the soybean.
Both active (netting) and passive (bee bowls and blue-vane traps) sampling were used to collect the bees ...
An Analysis Of The History And Current Treatment Trends Of The Parasitic Mite Varroa Destructor (Acari: Varroidae) In Maine Beekeeping, Patrick Hurley
Varroa mites, Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae), are a parasitic mite of honey bee colonies worldwide. Varroa mites feed on both adult honey bees and developing brood, easily spread between colonies, and can kill European honey bee colonies within just a few years. Beekeepers must apply mite treatments to maintain healthy colonies. This thesis is an overview of the currently available mite treatments in the United States and how they relate to Maine Beekeeping. There are three main research components of this thesis. The first is the analysis of two surveys that Maine beekeepers completed in 2019. The second is a ...
Establishment Of Wildflower Islands To Enhance Roadside Health And Aesthetics, 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Establishment Of Wildflower Islands To Enhance Roadside Health And Aesthetics, Walter Schacht, Judy Wu-Smart
Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports
Wildflowers are crucial in the ecological function of the low-input roadside plant communities in terms of water andnutrient cycling, nutrient inputs such as nitrogen, total plant canopy cover, stand longevity, and provision of habitat for numerous small animals. Further, wildflowers provide critical foraging and nesting resources for birds, insects, and other wildlife. Unfortunately, habitat loss from agricultural and urban development has led to rapid population declines in wild bees and other pollinators across the US, thereby jeopardizing not only food production but also the sustainability of our natural landscapes (Kearns & Inouye, 1997). One way to mitigate wild bee decline is ...
Cover Crops As An Integrated Approach For Pest Suppression And Pollinator Promotion In Arkansas Watermelon Production Systems, 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Cover Crops As An Integrated Approach For Pest Suppression And Pollinator Promotion In Arkansas Watermelon Production Systems, Paige Laurel Hickman
Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Arkansas watermelon growers face a variety of insect pest and disease problems that have the potential to threaten yield. Integrated pest management tactics can provide control over these threats and are intended to cut down on pesticide use and its associated negative impacts like pesticide resistance, non-target effects, and runoff. Cover crops provide an array of benefits and can be useful in integrated pest management. Evidence has shown that certain cover crops can increase beneficial insects and suppress disease in the following cash crop. They can also provide important resources to pollinators. In order to build a better understanding of ...
Bioremediation Of Refinery Desalter Effluent Using Debaryomyces Hansenii And Parachlorella Kessleri, 2019 The University of Western Ontario
Bioremediation Of Refinery Desalter Effluent Using Debaryomyces Hansenii And Parachlorella Kessleri, Leila Azimian
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Crude oil desalting operations produce an effluent stream which is challenging to treat due to its salt, heavy metal and hydrocarbon content. Consequently, desalter effluent (DE) is usually diluted into other effluent streams and sent to conventional wastewater treatment plants which may lead to upsets the plant operation.
In this study, a novel microbial approach was applied which investigated DE treatment using halotolerant yeast Debaryomyces hansenii (LAF-3 10 U) or the environmentally robust micro-algae Parachlorella kessleri strain CPCC 266. The effect of these two different approaches on both synthetic and actual DE was investigated in both batch and/or continuous ...
Kc 4.2: “Principles Text” In Action In Outstanding And Ordinary Landscapes, 2019 University of Vermont
Kc 4.2: “Principles Text” In Action In Outstanding And Ordinary Landscapes, Nora Mitchell Dr, Steve Brown Dr., Lionella Scazzosi Dr., Jane Lennon Dr., Brenda Barrett
Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà
In 2011, the ICOMOS-IFLA International Scientific Committee on Cultural Landscapes (ISCCL)began a cultural project, the World Rural LandscapesInitiative, with the goal of a wide and systematic approach to cultural heritage for rural areas both outstanding and ordinary) that has not been sufficiently developed in the past. A first goal has been achieved: “Principles Concerning Rural Landscape as Heritage” was adopted as a doctrinal text by ICOMOS (Delhi 2017) and translated in English, French, Chinese, Spanish and Arabian (worldrurallandscapes.org).
This Knowledge Café will focus on methods and case studies to implement the main premises and contents of the ...
Landscape Pattern And Wild Bee Communities In Maine, 2019 University of Maine
Landscape Pattern And Wild Bee Communities In Maine, Brianne Du Clos
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Commercial production of lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton) in Maine relies primarily on managed honeybee hives; however, naturally occurring wild bees are more efficient pollinators of the crop. Wild bees have short foraging distances and must nest near crop fields to provide pollination services. After crop bloom, the surrounding landscape must provide sufficient forage to maintain wild bee populations for the remainder of the growing season. Lowbush blueberries in Maine are produced in a mixed-use landscape with two distinct landscape contexts. Here, we document bee communities and habitat resources (nesting and floral) in power line rights-of-way and eight land cover ...
Addressing The Challenges Facing Wheat Production: Nebraska And International Breeding Efforts, 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Addressing The Challenges Facing Wheat Production: Nebraska And International Breeding Efforts, Sarah Blecha
Doctoral Documents from Doctor of Plant Health Program
Bread wheat, Triticum aestivum L., provides 20 percent of the global daily calorie intake. It is the third most important food crop, after rice and corn. Biotic challenges significantly reduce wheat yield; chemical control can be a solution but can be cost prohibitive for subsistence farmers. For many farmers, genetic resistance to biotic stresses can be the most cost effective solution.
The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) and the Nebraska Small Grains Breeding Program have been addressing these wheat production challenges. ICARDA is part of an international research consortium to increase wheat yield and tolerance ...
Application Of Remote Sensing Technology In Water Resources Management, 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Application Of Remote Sensing Technology In Water Resources Management, Mahesh Pun
Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research
The primary goal of this dissertation was to leverage the capabilities of remote sensing technology for capturing detailed spatial information at different spatial resolutions to monitor agricultural crops and generate accurate input datasets for water resources models. This dissertation is divided into three different research studies. In the first study, a remote sensing classification method was developed for classifying irrigated and non-irrigated fields that integrates Vegetation indices with surface energy balance fluxes. The method was applied in the COHYST2010 hydrological model region with wide climate variation and to multiple growing seasons with results that were 92.1% accurate and explained ...
Pittsburg State University Goes Native: A Study On The Resources And Wildlife Attraction Of A Native Pollinator Garden On A College Campus, Morgan Smith, Christine Brodsky
Native pollinator gardens benefit urban communities by promoting pollination and providing support for native biodiversity conservation. Urban green spaces encourage social and physical activity, promote education, and positively influence public health in urban dwellers. Many studies have been conducted in order to fully understand the importance of native species reintroduction. The continuous research in this area of urban ecology can lead to better conservation and sustainability practices. This paper examines what kind of resources (i.e. costs, plants, area) are required to create a pollinator/native garden on a college campus and what kind of wildlife can be attracted ...