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Developing Sustainable Rice Production Through Image Classification, Parker R. Fitzgerald 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Developing Sustainable Rice Production Through Image Classification, Parker R. Fitzgerald

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The agricultural industry’s continued success is critical to our future. However, many agricultural practices—specifically rice farming—are currently based on unsustainable methods. The processes used in rice farming consume water at an unsupportable rate, and, consequently, are serious contributors to rising emission levels. Several alternative growing methods have been introduced, and one of the most promising candidates is Alternative Wetting and Drying (AWD). An obstacle encountered by proponents of these methods comes in implementation. Studies have shown AWD is more successful in fields with higher leveling precision. The research in this study works to create a stepping stone ...


Engaging Educational Professionals And Students On The Viability Of Afnr Careers, Denton Perkins, Tyson Sorensen, Kelsey Hall, Joshua Dallin, Dave Francis 2017 Utah State University

Engaging Educational Professionals And Students On The Viability Of Afnr Careers, Denton Perkins, Tyson Sorensen, Kelsey Hall, Joshua Dallin, Dave Francis

Applied Sciences, Technology, and Education Student Research

Between 2015 and 2020, an average of 57,900 annual job openings are expected in careers related to agriculture, food, and natural resource (AFNR) areas. With an average of 35,400 new U.S. graduates annually that have expertise in these areas, a large gap is present between the number of expected job openings and the number of well-qualified graduates to fill those positions (Goeker, Smith, Fernandez, Ali, & Theller, 2015). Due to this shortage, employers will have to look elsewhere to fill the remaining thirty-nine percent of job openings. Parents and counselors are often more willing to support agriculture than people believe; yet many lack the knowledge about the vast career opportunities available in AFNR areas (Thompson & Russell, 1993; Smith & Baggett, 2012). Some career areas in AFNR, such as water quality and local food sustainability, have ...


Identifying Professional Development Needs Of Secondary Education Professionals, Denton Perkins, Kelsey Hall, Tyson Sorensen, Joshua Dallin, Dave Francis 2017 Utah State University

Identifying Professional Development Needs Of Secondary Education Professionals, Denton Perkins, Kelsey Hall, Tyson Sorensen, Joshua Dallin, Dave Francis

Applied Sciences, Technology, and Education Student Research

The increasingly important issues and top U.S. priorities of food security, sustainable energy, and environmental quality demand highly qualified graduates with expertise in Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (AFNR). Despite demand, a recent study found 32% of U.S. employers report difficulties filling job vacancies due to a lack of skills and training among potential employees (ManPower, 2015). Between 2015 and 2020, an average of 57,900 annual job openings are expected in careers related to AFNR areas. With an average of 35,400 new U.S. graduates annually with expertise in these areas, a large gap exists between ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Utah Farm Field Days, Paige Wray 2017 Utah State University

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Utah Farm Field Days, Paige Wray

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The goal of farm field days in Utah is to show an increase in agricultural literacy among elementary aged children. Evaluations of student learning have not been adequately assessed. Students from two of the statewide farm field day events were assessed on what they already knew about agriculture, what they wanted to learn about agriculture, and then what they learned about agriculture as a result of the event they attended. Data was collected and analyzed using the National Agriculture Literacy Outcomes and Themes, to determine if the farm field day events had any impact on their awareness or understanding of ...


Assessment Of The Arkansas Horse 4-H Program: Perspectives From Multiple Stakeholders, Fawn Lee Kurtzo 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Assessment Of The Arkansas Horse 4-H Program: Perspectives From Multiple Stakeholders, Fawn Lee Kurtzo

Theses and Dissertations

Assessment of the Arkansas horse 4-H program utilized stakeholders’ perceptions to describe inputs, outcomes, preferences and impacts provided by the Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service. Stakeholders’ perceptions were captured through three studies. Studies included the following: a pre- and post-test evaluation of the 2016 summer horse camp, purposive interviews with county agents (n = 6), volunteer leaders (n = 4), and parents (n = 4) of horse 4-H clubs, and a statewide survey provided to Extension staff (n =26) and volunteer leaders (n = 28) affiliated with horse 4-H clubs.

The 2016 summer camp evaluation found the goals to improve horsemanship, safety, and interest in ...


Transformative Learning And The 4-H Camp Counselor Experience, Donna Leff, Michael S. Retallick, Nancy K. Franz 2017 University of Minnesota

Transformative Learning And The 4-H Camp Counselor Experience, Donna Leff, Michael S. Retallick, Nancy K. Franz

Nancy K. Franz

While many studies about the 4-H camping experience focus on youth who are campers, few studies examine the outcomes of the experience for counselors. This study examines the extent to which 4-H camp results in transformative learning for 4-H members who serve as camp counselors, examines the perceived changes that occur within counselors, and describes the factors and characteristics of camp that result in personal transformation. The population for this study was 2012 Minnesota 4-H camp counselors. Using the Transformative Learning and the Camp Experience Staff Member Survey, the results indicated that camp counselors experienced transformative learning. Major personal changes ...


Bridging The Gap: A Survey Of Agricultural Producers, Water Managers, And Others Regarding Water Usage And Water Efficiency Perceptions., Jake Heins 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

Bridging The Gap: A Survey Of Agricultural Producers, Water Managers, And Others Regarding Water Usage And Water Efficiency Perceptions., Jake Heins

Environmental Studies Undergraduate Contributions

This paper focuses on water usage and agricultural irrigation efficiency. However, it is not exactly a research paper. Most of the study concerns the thoughts and opinions of willing participants who were asked a series of questions regarding water use and irrigation practices. The bulk of the participants were agricultural producers (i.e. farmers and ranchers) who have some interest in the topic. Water professionals working in the private or academic sectors also participated, providing individual insights, and in some instances offered a counterpoint to arguments given by producers. The purpose being not only to enlighten me as to the ...


Perceptions Of Agricultural College Students On The Relationship Between Quality And Safety In Agricultural Work Environments, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher 2017 Iowa State University

Perceptions Of Agricultural College Students On The Relationship Between Quality And Safety In Agricultural Work Environments, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher

Sai Ramaswamy

Agriculture is a high-hazard industry that employs a large number of young workers below the age of 25. Recent studies have documented a strong positive correlation between quality management in agriculture and occupational safety as perceived by agricultural workers. Younger workers have been found to be at higher risk for occupational injuries and fatalities in agriculture. Furthermore, college students in agriculture have minimal exposure to safety and quality management principles in their coursework and thus may not be aware that the two concepts are associated. Little research has studied how young workers perceive the relationship between safety and quality and ...


Pre-Professional Perceptions Of Safety And Quality Concerns In Agricultural Work Environments, Sai Kumar Ramaswamy 2017 Iowa State University

Pre-Professional Perceptions Of Safety And Quality Concerns In Agricultural Work Environments, Sai Kumar Ramaswamy

Sai Ramaswamy

Pre-professionals in the field of agriculture will play a vital role in the application and implementation of quality and safety policies in agricultural work environments. Yet, no comprehensive study has been completed to understand these pre-professionals' perceptions of quality and safety and how these two factors interact in the agricultural workplace. This study built on the work of Mosher et al. (2012), which measured the interactions between employees' perceptions of safety and quality in an agricultural work environment. To understand how pre-professionals perceive the link between quality and safety, undergraduate students enrolled in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences ...


Program Plan Highland High School Agriculture Department, Michael Lee Leishman 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Program Plan Highland High School Agriculture Department, Michael Lee Leishman

Graduate Internship Reports in Agricultural Education

This is a complete accounting of the efforts that are put forth into educating America's youth in the eastern part of Bakersfield California. This outlines the leadership training, community involvement, personal growth, premier leadership and the career success that follows such an AWESOME high school program. Here you will see the efforts of the students and community combine, under the guidance and direction of 3 excellent advisors, to create a program that creates productive well informed citizens that are ready to take the mantle of servant leadership and make their world the best it can be.


Use Of Endomaxx Mycorrhizal Seed Treatment To Improve Potato Production In Maine, John M. Jemison Jr. 2017 University of Maine Cooperative Extension

Use Of Endomaxx Mycorrhizal Seed Treatment To Improve Potato Production In Maine, John M. Jemison Jr.

Cooperative Extension - Agriculture

With the increasing cost of fertilizer and the ever-decreasing supply of apatite worldwide, improving phosphorus (P) uptake should be a goal for all producers. Due to our high levels of iron and aluminum oxides in Maine soils, P efficiency is very poor. As a result, potato farmers tend to over apply P to ensure that their crop will have adequate P. Over time, this has led to increasing plant available soil test P levels. I recently requested the Maine Soil Test Lab director for potato soil tests over the past ten years. The percentage of soils testing above 40 lbs ...


Nurse Cropping In Potato Systems, John M. Jemison Jr. 2017 University of Maine Cooperative Extension

Nurse Cropping In Potato Systems, John M. Jemison Jr.

Cooperative Extension - Agriculture

In the summer of 2016, a study was conducted at the Rogers Farm in Stillwater, Maine to study the effect of short-term nurse crops on potato yield and quality. The study was designed as a randomized complete block design with six replications. The study compared two sowing rates (winter rye at 100 vs. 200 lbs/ac) to 20 lbs of annual ryegrass or a check plot (no nurse crop). In addition, each of the winter rye treatments was either killed with an herbicide prior to one-pass hilling or just hilled. To address the question of how long to grow a ...


The Current Farm Downturn Vs The 1920s And 1980s Farm Crises: An Economic And Regulatory Comparison, Wendong Zhang, Kristine A. Tidgren 2017 Iowa State University

The Current Farm Downturn Vs The 1920s And 1980s Farm Crises: An Economic And Regulatory Comparison, Wendong Zhang, Kristine A. Tidgren

Economics Publications

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the current farm economic downturn and credit restructuring by comparing it with the 1920s and 1980s farm crises from both economic and regulatory perspectives.

Design/methodology/approach This paper closely compares critical economic and regulatory aspects of the current farm downturn with two previous farm crises in the 1920s and 1980s, and equally importantly, the golden eras that occurred before them. This study compares key aggregate statistics in land value, agricultural credit, lending regulations, and also evaluates the situations and impacts on individual farmer households by using three representative case studies ...


Agriculture Research And Education Center Impact Report 2016/2017, WKU Department of Agiculture 2017 Western Kentucky University

Agriculture Research And Education Center Impact Report 2016/2017, Wku Department Of Agiculture

Agriculture Department Publications

No abstract provided.


Syllabus: How To Recover A Truly Sustainable Food System: A Look At Food Waste And Recovery, Mary Bell, Angela Roell 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Syllabus: How To Recover A Truly Sustainable Food System: A Look At Food Waste And Recovery, Mary Bell, Angela Roell

Sustainability Education Resources

This course is an introduction to food waste, and the impact waste has on our food system. We will introduces the current food recovery hierarchy, and examines how consumers, producers and distributors waste food. We will explore the environmental and social impact of food waste in our food system, and introduce social and policy initiatives employed to recover food. Students will read, refect and discuss the actionable steps being taken to shift our local food system's food waste into food recovery.


Small Landholders Battle The Leaf Folder: Improving Livelihoods In The Solomon Islands, Dalia Tayseer Najjar 2017 Bard College

Small Landholders Battle The Leaf Folder: Improving Livelihoods In The Solomon Islands, Dalia Tayseer Najjar

Bard Center for Environmental Policy

Sweet Potato is an important staple food crop grown by subsistence farmers in the Solomon Islands. It plays an important food security role and a major source of nutrition and livelihood in the rural areas as well as urban areas in the country. However, the spread of agricultural pests, in particular, the green leaf folder pest (Psara hipponalis), has significantly increased in recent years leaving many smallholder farmers with reduced yields and food insecurity. In this thesis, I reviewed the literature on the common mechanisms used to evaluate the drivers of pest presence and identified the major factors correlated with ...


Exploring Elementary Students’ Scientific Knowledge Of Agriculture Using Evidence-Centered Design, Molly Brandt, Cory Forbes, Jenny Keshwani 2017 University of Nebraska – Lincoln

Exploring Elementary Students’ Scientific Knowledge Of Agriculture Using Evidence-Centered Design, Molly Brandt, Cory Forbes, Jenny Keshwani

Papers in Natural Resources

The public is more disconnected from agriculture than ever. Americans are now two to four generations removed from the farm with a majority of Americans having no direct experience in agriculture. As a result, the public lacks the knowledge and appreciation of the food, fuel, and fiber it demands. The National Agricultural Learning Objectives (NALOs) were recently developed to describe students’ agricultural knowledge but have, as yet, not been used to guide research into students’ agricultural literacy. The purpose of this project is to further understand students’ agricultural literacy through NALO-based assessment of students’ knowledge. This study focused on the ...


Utah Regional Differences In Respirator Use And Fit Testing Among Pesticide Applicators, Michael Pate, F. Richard Beard, Kelsey L. Hall 2017 Utah State University

Utah Regional Differences In Respirator Use And Fit Testing Among Pesticide Applicators, Michael Pate, F. Richard Beard, Kelsey L. Hall

Applied Sciences, Technology and Education Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to determine regional differences within Utah in response to piloting a mobile respirator training and fit assessment program for pesticide applicators. The objectives were to describe worker perceptions of respirator use and training experiences. Pilot trainings were offered in two southern counties and two northern counties of Utah. A total of 141 individuals completed the post-training questionnaire regarding use and fit testing experience with respirators as well as perceptions of the benefits to protecting respiratory health. The majority of respondents were male (95.7%, f = 112). The proportion of participants in the southern counties ...


Supervised Agricultural Experience Instruction In Agricultural Teacher Education Programs: A National Descriptive Study, Bryan Dean Rank, Michael S. Retallick 2017 Iowa State University

Supervised Agricultural Experience Instruction In Agricultural Teacher Education Programs: A National Descriptive Study, Bryan Dean Rank, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Faculty in agricultural teacher education programs are responsible for preparing future teachers to lead effective school-based agricultural education programs. However, agriculture teachers are having difficulty implementing supervised agricultural experience (SAE), even though they value it conceptually as a program component. In an effort to improve SAE instruction in teacher education, the American Association for Agricultural Education has adopted a guiding philosophy and competencies for teacher preparation in SAE. Using these documents, the purpose of this national descriptive study was to identify where and to what extent SAE instruction was included within agricultural teacher education curriculum and describe the level of ...


Farmer Decision Making Strategies For Improved Soil Fertility Management In Maize-Bean Production Systems, Robert Mazur, Moses Tenywa, Richard Miiro, Onesmus Semalulu, Ricardo Maria, Sostino Mocumbe, Eric Abbott, Andrew Lenssen, Ebby Luvaga, Bradley Miller, Lee Burras, Russell Yost, Julia Bello-Bravo, Barry Pittendrigh 2017 Iowa State University

Farmer Decision Making Strategies For Improved Soil Fertility Management In Maize-Bean Production Systems, Robert Mazur, Moses Tenywa, Richard Miiro, Onesmus Semalulu, Ricardo Maria, Sostino Mocumbe, Eric Abbott, Andrew Lenssen, Ebby Luvaga, Bradley Miller, Lee Burras, Russell Yost, Julia Bello-Bravo, Barry Pittendrigh

Agronomy Reports

Following completion of research experiments on common bean in Uganda, five rainy seasons of community-based field trials enabled farmers to learn about and evaluate improved management practices and technologies for adoption. A multistakeholder bean Innovation Platform continues to develop in membership size, diversity, enthusiasm and capability, with 10 value chain member organizations and 1000+ farmers. In Mozambique, field experiments were completed mid-2017 by IIAM. Two SAWBO video animations were released on research-based farmer-validated bean production recommendations in Uganda and Mozambique and one on jerry can storage for Mozambique. IIAM created and is field testing its first App, focused on bean ...


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