Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Agricultural Economics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3002 Full-Text Articles 3398 Authors 147463 Downloads 61 Institutions

All Articles in Agricultural Economics

Faceted Search

3002 full-text articles. Page 1 of 47.

Urban Agriculture As Embedded In The Social And Solidarity Economy Basel: Developing Sustainable Communities, Isidor Wallimann 2016 parcc, maxwell school, syracuse university

Urban Agriculture As Embedded In The Social And Solidarity Economy Basel: Developing Sustainable Communities, Isidor Wallimann

Program for the Advancement of Research on Conflict and Collaboration

The Social and Solidarity Economy (SSE) is a viable strategy in dealing with some contemporary problems known both in industrial and developing countries. Addressed is how local populations could reach certain objectives and satisfy certain needs using techniques characteristic of SSE and, thus, carve out a social and economic space of their own vis-à-vis anonymous markets, global actors, local and national elites. Illustrated further is this strategy on the example of Urban Agriculture Basel, a unit of the Social Economy Basel. Within this self governed space, it is suggested, a path can be laid for the necessary transition towards local ...


Ex-Post Livestock Diseases, And Pastoralists' Averting Decisions In Tanzania, Mazbahul Ahamad 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Ex-Post Livestock Diseases, And Pastoralists' Averting Decisions In Tanzania, Mazbahul Ahamad

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

Little is known about the factors affecting pastoralists’ livestock vaccination decisions. In this thesis, we use a novel survey-based dataset on pastoralists living in the Ruaha landscape in Tanzania, and employ several econometric approaches to identify the factors affecting pastoralists’ decision-making process about livestock vaccination when disease occurrence and severity, vaccination and healthcare access costs and other related variables are known. Results from binary choice models that account for excess zeros indicate that socially and economically active households are more likely to vaccinate their livestock. The results also identify positive marginal effects of illness incidence and having wage earners and ...


The Optimality Of Using Marginal Land For Bioenergy Crops: Tradeoffs Between Food, Fuel, And Environmental Services, Adriana M. Valcu-Lisman, Catherine L. Kling, Philip W. Gassman 2016 Iowa State University

The Optimality Of Using Marginal Land For Bioenergy Crops: Tradeoffs Between Food, Fuel, And Environmental Services, Adriana M. Valcu-Lisman, Catherine L. Kling, Philip W. Gassman

Economics Publications

We assess empirically how agricultural lands should be used to produce the highest valued outputs, which include food, energy, and environmental goods and services. We explore efficiency tradeoffs associated with allocating land between food and bioenergy and use a set of market prices and nonmarket environmental values to value the outputs produced by those crops. We also examine the degree to which using marginal land for energy crops is an approximately optimal rule. Our empirical results for an agricultural watershed in Iowa show that planting energy crops on marginal land is not likely to yield the highest valued output.


Retained Ownership Profitability Of Beef Cattle Originating In Tennessee, Minfeng Tang 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Retained Ownership Profitability Of Beef Cattle Originating In Tennessee, Minfeng Tang

Masters Theses

Retained ownership is a marketing strategy that can be used by cow-calf operators to benefit from the potential increase in fed cattle prices. We analyze the profitability of retained cattle ownership from 2005 to 2015 for cow-calf producers in Tennessee. We also determine the impact of steer/heifer characteristics (e.g., average daily gain, feed conversion) and producer choice decisions (e.g., placement weight, placement season, days on feed) on retained ownership profitability. Data on 2,953 head of cattle originating in Tennessee and finished in Iowa using a retained ownership strategy were collected. A mixed regression model explaining profitability ...


Regional Dynamic Price Relationships Of Distillers Dried Grains In U.S. Feed Markets, Matthew Fulton Johnson 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Regional Dynamic Price Relationships Of Distillers Dried Grains In U.S. Feed Markets, Matthew Fulton Johnson

Masters Theses

Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) is now a mainstream substitute in U.S. animal feed rations. DDGS is rich in fat and protein content and serves as a competitive feed source in livestock markets. The objective of this study is to identify dynamic price relationships among DDGS, corn, soybean meal, and livestock outputs in context of specific livestock sectors and their geographic location. Four locations associated with a predominant livestock sector are selected for analysis by measuring density and relative proportion of a livestock sector’s grain consumption at the county level. A vector error correction model is applied ...


Policy Considerations Related To Further Intervention In The Farm Credit System, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

Policy Considerations Related To Further Intervention In The Farm Credit System, Neil E. Harl

Neil Harl

The Farm Credit System Is a major participant in extending credit to and brokering losses from the agricultural sector during the current adjustment process. This article focuses on the problems faced by the system as a cooperative lender with relatively little diversity in its loan portfolio. Assistance to the system should be accompanied by organizational and structural changes that address the fundamental reasons for its vulnerability. Conditions suggest three basic choices: (1) preservation of the system in recognizable form, (2) decentralization to the district level, or (3) a shift toward a wholesaling function. One realistic alternative would involve a combination ...


Implications Of Changes (Structural And Market) On Farm Management And Marketing Research, George R. Allen, Lester S. Kellogg, G. Edward Schuh, Vernon W. Pherson, Reynold P. Dahl, Rex F. Daly, Dale E. Hathaway, Neil E. Harl, Earl O. Heady, A. Gordon Ball, Glenn L. Johnson, Dale O. Anderson, Lowell D. Hill, John C. Redman, Robert W. Rudd, B. F. Jones, A. Allen Schmid, Karl A. Fox, George D. Irwin, R. L. Kohls, John E. Lee Jr., Thomas T. Stout 2016 W.R. Grace

Implications Of Changes (Structural And Market) On Farm Management And Marketing Research, George R. Allen, Lester S. Kellogg, G. Edward Schuh, Vernon W. Pherson, Reynold P. Dahl, Rex F. Daly, Dale E. Hathaway, Neil E. Harl, Earl O. Heady, A. Gordon Ball, Glenn L. Johnson, Dale O. Anderson, Lowell D. Hill, John C. Redman, Robert W. Rudd, B. F. Jones, A. Allen Schmid, Karl A. Fox, George D. Irwin, R. L. Kohls, John E. Lee Jr., Thomas T. Stout

Neil Harl

This conference was really an outgrowth of an earlier conference on Structural Changes in Commercial Agriculture (CAED Report 24) held in Chicago, April 12-14, 1965. While the earlier conference emphasized structural changes in the agricultural industry and their implications for education and extension, the 1967 conference focused on research.


The Structural Transformation Of The Agricultural Sector, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

The Structural Transformation Of The Agricultural Sector, Neil E. Harl

Neil Harl

A major concern as we move into the Twenty-first Century is the structure of the agricultural sector. By structure, is meant considerations of size and scale as well as who is to manage, control and finance farming and agribusiness operations.


Economic Impact And Impacts Of Continuing To Proceed As We Are Now, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

Economic Impact And Impacts Of Continuing To Proceed As We Are Now, Neil E. Harl

Neil Harl

A major concern as we move into the Twenty-first Century is the structure of the agricultural sector. By structure, is meant considerations of size and scale as well as who is to manage, control and finance farming and agribusiness operations.


Economic Perspectives On Gmo Market Segregation, John A. Miranowski, Giancarlo Moschini, Bruce Babcock, Michael Duffy, Robert Wisner, JOHN C. BEGHIN, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence, C. Phillip Baumel, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

Economic Perspectives On Gmo Market Segregation, John A. Miranowski, Giancarlo Moschini, Bruce Babcock, Michael Duffy, Robert Wisner, John C. Beghin, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence, C. Phillip Baumel, Neil E. Harl

Neil Harl

Genetically modified .organisms (GMO) crops have become increasingly popular with Iowa farmers over the past few,years. The current genetic modifications are focused on pest management technologies. Although there were early efforts by environmental activists to disrupt the adoption of GMO technology, few concerns were raised by U.S. food retailers and consumers., The primary concern was getting European Union (EU) regulatory-approval for each GMO crop variety event as late as spring 1999. The situation has changed dramatically in the last few months, and the current situation is highly uncertain. .


Isu Extension Offers Information About New Farm Bill Programs, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Isu Extension Offers Information About New Farm Bill Programs, William M. Edwards

william edwards

The Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 contains a wide variety of legislation affecting everything from school lunches to milk checks. Some of the most immediate provisions that farmers must address are:
• New limitations on commodity payments,
• Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE),
• Supplemental Revenue Assistance (SURE) program.


Ag Decision Maker: Combine Ownership Or Custom Hire, William M. Edwards, H. Mark Hanna 2016 Iowa State University

Ag Decision Maker: Combine Ownership Or Custom Hire, William M. Edwards, H. Mark Hanna

william edwards

Includes advantages and disadvantages of custom hiring and information on estimating costs; includes worksheets.


Compensation Of Farm Employees, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Compensation Of Farm Employees, William M. Edwards

william edwards

Iowa farm operators were surveyed to learn what type and level of compensation they paid to full-time employees in 1997. The average total compensation paid was $26, 914, of which 79 percent consisted of cash wages.Benefits accounted for 18 percent of the compensation, and bonuses and wages in kind amounted to 3 percent.Housing and insurance plans were the most significant benefits provided


Adjusting Hail-Damaged Crops For Crop Insurance Reporting, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Adjusting Hail-Damaged Crops For Crop Insurance Reporting, William M. Edwards

william edwards

Hail damage to crops in north central Iowa caused great losses; the total of which will become more defined with harvest. The following guidelines are intended to help farmers through the process of adjusting hail-damaged crops for crop insurance reporting.


Valuing Immature Grain Crops As Forage, William M. Edwards, Stephen K. Barnhart 2016 Iowa State University

Valuing Immature Grain Crops As Forage, William M. Edwards, Stephen K. Barnhart

william edwards

Late planted corn, soybeans and oats crops can be harvested as forages instead of for grain. Options include corn or oat silage, earlage, and oat or soybean hay. Estimating a value for these crops is made difficult by the fact there are few reported prices or significant markets in which they are bought and sold. However, there are two other general approaches to valuing grain crops harvested as forage. Both are based on comparisons to alternative actions by either the forage buyer or seller.


Credit Needs And Cash Rents Impacted By Higher Input Costs, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Credit Needs And Cash Rents Impacted By Higher Input Costs, William M. Edwards

william edwards

Corn and soybean farmers have been enjoying record high prices and sizable profits for their past two crops. But higher input prices will eat into those margins in 2009. Many producers have already been confronted with soaring prices for fertilizer, with anhydrous ammonia selling for up to $1,000 per ton, payable in advance. Potash and phosphate fertilizers have shown similar increases. There are various reasons behind the sharply higher prices, but most of them are related to higher energy prices and their impacts on transportation and manufacturing costs. Seed, pesticide and fuel prices have also been affected, though to ...


Crop Insurance Decisions Related To Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Crop Insurance Decisions Related To Delayed And Prevented Planting, William M. Edwards

william edwards

In some years cold weather or frequent rains prevent tillage and planting from being completed as early as desired to achieve optimum yields. When this happens some adjustments may be made to the amount of coverage provided by Multiple Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI) as well as other types of crop insurance. These adjustments are subject to revision each year by the Risk Management Agency and crop insurance vendors.


Ag Energy: Risk Management, Energy, And Grain Issues, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Ag Energy: Risk Management, Energy, And Grain Issues, William M. Edwards

william edwards

Nearly everyone has been impacted by higher fuel prices this year. Custom corn and soybean harvesters are no exception. Their increased costs will likely be factored into custom harvesting rates this fall. Estimates of diesel fuel consumption of combining corn range from 1.5 to 2.0 gallons per acre. Soybean harvesting takes only about 1.0 to 1.5 gallons per acre. Larger, newer combines will typically use less fuel per acre.


Marketing Year Prices Cancel Acre Payments In Iowa, Chad Hart, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Marketing Year Prices Cancel Acre Payments In Iowa, Chad Hart, William M. Edwards

william edwards

Following the completion of the 2009/10 marketing year, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) released its final monthly price estimates for corn and soybeans. Over the September through August marketing year the national average price for corn was $3.55 per bushel. This is $.51 less than the average price during the 2008/09 marketing year of $4.06 per bushel. For soybeans, the 2009/10 national average price was $9.60 per bushel, which is $.37 lower than the previous year’s average price of $9.97 per bushel.


Machinery Sharing Manual For Fruit And Vegetable Producers, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda L. Naeve, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Machinery Sharing Manual For Fruit And Vegetable Producers, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda L. Naeve, William M. Edwards

william edwards

This manual discusses operational and organizational issues related to sharing farm machinery for fruit and vegetable production. It includes five real-life case studies of growers who shared equipment, sample sharing agreements and worksheets for allocating costs fairly. This manual highlights various options for sharing, identifies potential problems associated with sharing resources, and explains the strategies for resolving them.


Digital Commons powered by bepress