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Farm-Scale Costs And Returns For Second Generation Bioenergy Cropping Systems In The Us Corn Belt, Robert K. Manatt, Arne Hallam, Lisa A. Schulte, Emily A. Heaton, Theodore P. Gunther, Richard B. Hall, Kenneth J. Moore 2017 Iowa State University

Farm-Scale Costs And Returns For Second Generation Bioenergy Cropping Systems In The Us Corn Belt, Robert K. Manatt, Arne Hallam, Lisa A. Schulte, Emily A. Heaton, Theodore P. Gunther, Richard B. Hall, Kenneth J. Moore

Emily Heaton

While grain crops are meeting much of the initial need for biofuels in the US, cellulosic or second generation (2G) materials are mandated to provide a growing portion of biofuel feedstocks. We sought to inform development of a 2G crop portfolio by assessing the profitability of novel cropping systems that potentially mitigate the negative effects of grain-based biofuel crops on food supply and environmental quality. We analyzed farm-gate costs and returns of five systems from an ongoing experiment in central Iowa, USA. The continuous corn cropping system was most profitable under current market conditions, followed by a corn–soybean rotation ...


Table Of Contents, 2017 Tuskegee University

Table Of Contents

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


Overview Of The Us Forest Service Programs And Opportunities For Partnership, Cultivating A Culture Of Success In Natural Resources: Moving Outreach Forward In Conversation, Tony Tooke 2017 U.S. Forest Service

Overview Of The Us Forest Service Programs And Opportunities For Partnership, Cultivating A Culture Of Success In Natural Resources: Moving Outreach Forward In Conversation, Tony Tooke

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


The Potential Impact Of Heir Property On Timber Management In The Southeastern United States, Becky Barlow, Conner Bailey 2017 Auburn University

The Potential Impact Of Heir Property On Timber Management In The Southeastern United States, Becky Barlow, Conner Bailey

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Active timberland management maintains forest health and productivity, which in turn contributes to the sustainability of the resource and wealth of the landowner. However, when land is held as heir property, options for timberland management are often limited. Heir property is owned as an undivided interest among many heirs of an original owner, or multiple generations of owners, who died intestate. This is common among African American landowners in the South. As a result the title is considered “clouded,” limiting access to capital and resources that are beneficial to timberland management. In this paper, the authors hope to improve ...


Landowners' Willingness To Supply Woody Biomass For Biofuel In West Alabama, Gilbert Adjoyi, Ellene Kebede 2017 Tuskegee University

Landowners' Willingness To Supply Woody Biomass For Biofuel In West Alabama, Gilbert Adjoyi, Ellene Kebede

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

The Concern for national energy security, rural development, and climate change has created a wider attention for biofuels from woody biomass in recent times. For instance, West Alabama is an area of interest for stakeholders regarding the production of woody biomass. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to examine landowners’ willingness to supply woody biomass for biofuel in West Alabama. A mail survey of randomly selected landowners was conducted in eight selected counties. The results indicated that the average forestland owner is male, between ages of 40 and 57, with an average of 27 years of land ...


Economies Of Scale In Integrated Pest Management In Vegetable And Fruit Production, Franklin Quarcoo, Conrad Bonsi, David Nii O. Tackie, Walter A. Hill, Gertrude Wall, George Hunter 2017 Tuskegee University

Economies Of Scale In Integrated Pest Management In Vegetable And Fruit Production, Franklin Quarcoo, Conrad Bonsi, David Nii O. Tackie, Walter A. Hill, Gertrude Wall, George Hunter

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Pest management is achieved directly using a variety of tools, including pesticides, and indirectly through a number of agronomic/cultural practices such as irrigation and fertilizer application; collectively these practices function to positively effect general plant health. Healthier plants are more resistant to or tolerant of pests. This study explores the scale differences that impact the pest management significance and suitability of certain agronomic practices. Scale differences were discussed using literature-based information, direct field observations, and anecdotal information on the relative advantages of drip and sprinkler irrigation systems; organic and conventional cultivation of crops; crop rotation versus mono-cropping systems ...


Abridged Submission Guidelines For Manuscripts For The Professional Agricultural Workers Journal (Pawj), 2017 Tuskegee University

Abridged Submission Guidelines For Manuscripts For The Professional Agricultural Workers Journal (Pawj)

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


Challenges Of Stocking Small Ruminants In Grazing Plots With Dormant Browse Species, Sanjok Poudel, Uma Karki, Wendell McElhenney, Asha Tillman, Lila Karki, Anthony Kumi, Yubaraj Karki 2017 Tuskegee University

Challenges Of Stocking Small Ruminants In Grazing Plots With Dormant Browse Species, Sanjok Poudel, Uma Karki, Wendell Mcelhenney, Asha Tillman, Lila Karki, Anthony Kumi, Yubaraj Karki

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Integration of browse species into the grazing system can increase the grazing/browsing opportunity; however, information is limited on their proper management for long-term use and persistence. The objective of the study was to determine whether it is safe to allow small ruminants to graze pastures consisting of dormant browse species. Katahdin ram lambs (9) and Kiko wethers (20) had access to the study plots containing four dormant browse species (mulberry, Morus alba; mimosa, Albizia julibrissin; white lead tree, Leucaena leucocephala; and bush indigo, Amorpha fruticosa) for two months. Type and extent of damage to the browse species were ...


Impact Of Socioeconomic Factors On Florida Consumers' Perceptions On Use Of Chemical In Locally Or Regionally Produced Livestock Products, David Nii O. Tackie, Akua Adu-Gyamfi, Janette R. Bartlett, Bridget J. Perry 2017 Tuskegee University

Impact Of Socioeconomic Factors On Florida Consumers' Perceptions On Use Of Chemical In Locally Or Regionally Produced Livestock Products, David Nii O. Tackie, Akua Adu-Gyamfi, Janette R. Bartlett, Bridget J. Perry

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

The use of chemicals in livestock production has been an issue for consumers for several decades. This study, therefore, assessed the impact of socioeconomic factors on Florida consumers’ perceptions on the use of chemicals in locally or regionally produced livestock products. Data were collected from a sample of 404 participants from several Florida counties and were analyzed using descriptive statistics and ordinal logistic analysis. Most of the respondents were of the opinion that using chemicals in locally or regionally produced and sold beef or goat meat was a serious or somewhat serious hazard. The ordinal logistic regression results showed ...


Latino Immigration And Community Development In Rural Nebraska, Daniela Mettos 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Latino Immigration And Community Development In Rural Nebraska, Daniela Mettos

Cornhusker Economics

"Community" originates from the Latin "communis," meaning common. A community can be defined as a group of people who know one another and share common cultural traditions, interests, concerns, and objectives mainly because they have always interacted on a regular basis. To most rural people, community means the same familiar faces and places, a daily routine, social systems and norms they understand, things they have always done. This scenario has been changing with the influx of immigrants in rural areas. Nowadays, rural community residents find themselves sharing their place with new people from distant regions and different cultures.


Rice Hull Bioreactor For Recirculating Aquaculture, Marlon A. Greensword 2017 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Rice Hull Bioreactor For Recirculating Aquaculture, Marlon A. Greensword

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The engineering of floating media biofilters has been optimized over the years. The backwashing process has made them more energy and water efficient. Likewise, moving bed bioreactors (MBBR) are gaining interest and popularity because they are relatively affordable to build. Yet, developing countries’ aquaculture production remains largely excluded from the advances made in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS). This discrepancy is partially driven by the high costs of media such plastic beads and Kaldnes (KMT) media, commonly used in MBBR.

This dissertation evaluates the usability and profitability of rice hulls (RH), an abundant by-product in many developing nations, as a sinking ...


The Farmer Looks At Soil Conservation In Southern Iowa, Arthur C. Bunce 2017 Iowa State College

The Farmer Looks At Soil Conservation In Southern Iowa, Arthur C. Bunce

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Over 90 percent of the farmers cooperating with the Soil Conservation Service who were interviewed in this study reported that the program had reduced sheet and gully erosion; 55 percent stated that sheet erosion had been greatly reduced or stopped, while almost 70 percent reported that gully erosion had been greatly reduced or stopped.


Community Livestock Auctions In Iowa, Sam K. Thompson, Knute Bjorka 2017 Iowa State College

Community Livestock Auctions In Iowa, Sam K. Thompson, Knute Bjorka

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The first community livestock auction in Iowa appears to have been established in 1904. The number in operation increased moderately from 1912 to 1929, but more rapid development followed, reaching a peak in 1936 with 195 active auctions. Although the establishment of auctions was stimulated by low prices for livestock that prevailed during the depression, and by uneven distribution of feed in' the state resulting from the drouths of 1934 and 1936, 25 auctions were being operated in 1929. Indications are that during the next 'few years the number of auctions in operation will decline.


Types Of Farming In Iowa, Ii, C. L. Holmes, C. W. Crickman 2017 Iowa State College

Types Of Farming In Iowa, Ii, C. L. Holmes, C. W. Crickman

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Studies of types of farming in Iowa have as an objective the assembling periodically of both comprehensive and detailed information on the structure of Iowa agriculture and its economic units in terms of crops grown, livestock and livestock products produced, methods of cultivation and husbandry followed, and sources of income.

A second objective is a division of the state on the basis of the above information into areas and subareas that are fairly homogeneous in types of farming.


Marketing Iowa Cantaloupes, A. T. Erwin, Geoffrey Shepherd, N. D. Morgan 2017 Iowa State College

Marketing Iowa Cantaloupes, A. T. Erwin, Geoffrey Shepherd, N. D. Morgan

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Cantaloupe production is well adapted to the sand land areas. This type of soil, though not well adapted to corn and general farm crops, may be advantageously devoted to cantaloupe growing.

Cantaloupe marketing in Iowa presents a number of interesting and complex problems. These include consideration of varietal adaptation, the temperature factor, changes in transporting and selling agencies and competing areas of production. The objective of this bulletin is to show clearly what these problems are and to suggest possible methods of meeting them.


Farm Tenure In Iowa: Vi. Landlord-Tenant Relationships In Southern Iowa, A. J. Englehorn 2017 Iowa State College

Farm Tenure In Iowa: Vi. Landlord-Tenant Relationships In Southern Iowa, A. J. Englehorn

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Tenancy in Iowa has increased steadily during the past 50 years and has, no doubt, been a contributing factor responsible for some of the major misuses of land and some of the impoverishment found in rural community life and institutions.2 Previous studies show that tenants have a higher percentage of their total farm land in crops and more of their crop land in corn and soybeans than do owner operators.3 A lower yield of corn and oats accompanies these crop systems on tenant farms.


Farm Tenure In Iowa: V. Some Legal Aspects Of Landlord-Tenant Relationships, Marshall Harris, Albert H. Cotton, Rainer Schickele 2017 B.A.E.

Farm Tenure In Iowa: V. Some Legal Aspects Of Landlord-Tenant Relationships, Marshall Harris, Albert H. Cotton, Rainer Schickele

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The present Iowa laws pertaining to landlord-tenant relationships do not distinguish between urban and agricultural conditions, with only two exceptions: The agricultural landlord’s lien and the termination of indefinite agricultural leases. This lien applies to the total crop and to all personal property of the tenant, except to the property exempted from execution. In addition, leases usually contain a provision in which the tenant waives his exemption rights. In periods of excessive price decline or crop failure, and if production credit is sought by the tenant, the landlord’s lien may work serious hardship. As a possible corrective, placing ...


Financial Records For Farmers’ Creameries, Frank Robotka, J. M. Cowden 2017 Iowa State College

Financial Records For Farmers’ Creameries, Frank Robotka, J. M. Cowden

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Although accounting records are needed to facilitate the transaction of current business with commercial and financial agencies, we are here concerned primarily with their importance in connection with the internal administration of the business. Accounting data are probably the most important source of information for studying and analyzing the business. To be efficient, the management of a business must pay continuous attention to the behavior of important efficiency factors, such as mechanical losses, overruns, cost of assemblying and manufacturing butterfat, and factors that cause variations in such costs. Factors affecting the sales value of the product, such as costs of ...


Stabilizing Corn Supplies By Storage, Geoffrey Shepherd, Walter W. Wilcox 2017 Iowa State College

Stabilizing Corn Supplies By Storage, Geoffrey Shepherd, Walter W. Wilcox

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Farmers, acting as individuals, ordinarily carry over some of their surplus corn from big crop years to small crop years. This storage has had the effect of reducing fluctuations in corn supplies, on the average, by one-fifth.

The best place to store the surplus corn from big crops is right on the farm where it was grown; The costs of this storage average about 3 cents per bushel per year.


Farm Tenure In Iowa: Iv. Farm Tenure Conditions In Palo Alto County, Rainer Schickele 2017 Iowa State College

Farm Tenure In Iowa: Iv. Farm Tenure Conditions In Palo Alto County, Rainer Schickele

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The Palo Alto County Agricultural Planning Committee is 1 of the 99 similar committees in Iowa and of several thousands throughout the United States. Practically all counties in the United States now have agricultural planning committees consisting of farmers and other local people interested in agricultural affairs, who' are studying problems of land use and in some counties farm tenure. These committees are discussing questions of agricultural policies and programs critically, frankly and with refreshing open-mindedness. The findings and recommendations of the county committees are tabulated and intepreted on a state basis by the State Extension Service. The state results ...


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