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Fiscal Reform Scenarios And Accessibility 2018.08.20.Docx, Guillermo Fernandez 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Fiscal Reform Scenarios And Accessibility 2018.08.20.Docx, Guillermo Fernandez

Guillermo Fernandez

Since signing the peace accords in 1996, the Guatemalan government committed to increase the tax burden of 1995 by 50% to a total of 13%. This target has only been reached 4 times in more than two decades. There have been multiple attempts at tax reforms that have failed or been incomplete. Guatemala exhibits much income inequality and is one of the poorest countries in the region.  
Given this background, the problem to be considered in this analysis is that there is little information regarding how different tax reforms would affect the accessibility to food in Guatemala. With information regarding ...


Utilizing Municipal Compost And Equine Stall Waste As Potential Economic Alternatives In An In-Ground Pot-In-Pot Production System, Ashley Robert, Alyx Shultz 2018 Murray State University

Utilizing Municipal Compost And Equine Stall Waste As Potential Economic Alternatives In An In-Ground Pot-In-Pot Production System, Ashley Robert, Alyx Shultz

Posters-at-the-Capitol

For Western Kentucky farmers, one viable income source could be a pot-in-pot nursery production. One of the highest costs of production in this system was the planting media that the plants were grown in. Economical alternatives to high-priced, non-renewable peat-based mixes were important to consider. Unique to this region, were two renewable soil amendments that may help farmers to widen their profit margin in a pot-in-pot system. This research looked at the economic viability of locally sourced horse stall waste and municipal compost as soil amendments to a traditional bark and peat based mix. Initial cost projections were favorable for ...


Initiative 427: Nebraska Medicaid Expansion, J. David Aiken 2018 Universitiy of Nebraska--Lincoln

Initiative 427: Nebraska Medicaid Expansion, J. David Aiken

Cornhusker Economics

This article summarizes information regarding Initiative 427–the Medicaid expansion question on the November 6, 2018 ballot. It reprints the actual ballot language and the Nebraska Secretary of State’s summary of arguments for and against Initiative 427.

Background. Originally Medicaid covered the elderly, the disabled, children in low-income families, and low-income pregnant women. In 2010 Medicaid coverage was expanded by Congress to include the working poor. In 2012 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the provision of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) requiring states to expand Medicaid was unconstitutional. This made it a state option whether or not ...


Farm Programs, Payments And Prospects, 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Farm Programs, Payments And Prospects

Cornhusker Economics

The USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) began issuing payments to producers in October for Price Loss Coverage (PLC) and Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) programs for the 2017 crop year. While these farm program payments had provided substantial cash flow to help buffer falling market price and farm income projections in the past three years, the current programs will provide relatively little cash flow for now and for the coming year. Only the ad hoc trade assistance payments and the outlook for new farm programs and decisions in 2019 may provide potential relief from the current outlook.


Doing Well By Doing Good In The Fight Against Malnutrition And Hunger, 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Doing Well By Doing Good In The Fight Against Malnutrition And Hunger

Cornhusker Economics

Technological innovation and the conduct of innovating firms are key weapons in the fight against hunger and the pursuit of food security around the world. Agricultural biotechnology seems uniquely equipped, if not destined, to spearhead the effort to combat malnutrition and hunger around the world by conferring significant agronomic benefits to producers and by having the ability to enhance both the resistance of plants to environmental stresses and the quality and nutritional value of food. Research that was recently published by the Center of Agricultural and Food Industrial Organization- Policy Research Group at the University of Nebraska Lincoln analyzes the ...


Analysis Of An Agent-Based Model For Integrated Pest Management With Periodic Control Strategies, Timothy Comar, Elizabeth Rodriguez 2018 Benedictine University

Analysis Of An Agent-Based Model For Integrated Pest Management With Periodic Control Strategies, Timothy Comar, Elizabeth Rodriguez

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Intercropping In Semi-Arid India: An Analysis Of Risks And Trade Offs, Jack Pringle 2018 Illinois State University

Intercropping In Semi-Arid India: An Analysis Of Risks And Trade Offs, Jack Pringle

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Market Facilitation Program: Impact On Nebraska Corn And Soybean Producers, 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Market Facilitation Program: Impact On Nebraska Corn And Soybean Producers

Cornhusker Economics

In July 2018, President Trump imposed a first round of 25-percent tariffs on Chinese electronics and high-tech equipment including automobiles, computer hard drives, and LEDs. The tariffs were imposed on roughly $34 billion worth of imported goods. In August 2018 additional 25-percent tariffs were imposed on $16 billion worth of Chinese exports to the United States and in September tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese exports to the United States were added. (Bradsher, 2018). The Trump Administration has also imposed automobile, steel and aluminum tariffs on imports from Canada, the European Union and other countries.

In response to the ...


Local Food Entrepreneurship Support, Needs And Gap Analysis, Karin E. Allen, Ruby Ward 2018 Utah State University

Local Food Entrepreneurship Support, Needs And Gap Analysis, Karin E. Allen, Ruby Ward

All Current Publications

This study looks at the current needs as well as resources available to identify gaps in services and provide recommendations about how programs could be improved or added in support of the Utah food production system. An in-depth background on FICs is presented, followed by a brief description of Utah’s food climate. The methodology used and the analysis, followed by .final recommendation is included.


Farm Location Influence On The Optimal Crop Insurance And Pre-Harvest Hedging Level, Cory Walters 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Farm Location Influence On The Optimal Crop Insurance And Pre-Harvest Hedging Level, Cory Walters

Cornhusker Economics

Improving farm financial health can come from improving the understanding of the market forces influencing the optimal crop insurance contract and preharvest hedging risk management tools. The biggest challenge for farmers is the difficulty of assessing risk since experiencing risk, is by default, rare. Additionally, farmers receive advice about which crop insurance plan they should purchase or how much pre-harvest hedging they should do from sources, such as farm magazines, that likely do not consider the differences in individual risk exposure. Following the advice of such sources could result in producers being inadvertently exposed to more risk. A producer’s ...


Justice Served Fresh: Associations Between Food Insecurity, Community Gardening, And Property Value, Micajah Daniels, Courtney Coughenour PhD 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Justice Served Fresh: Associations Between Food Insecurity, Community Gardening, And Property Value, Micajah Daniels, Courtney Coughenour Phd

McNair Poster Presentations

Numerous stakeholders in Nevada have used a variety of efforts to combat the growth of food insecurity facing Nevadans. The purpose of this research project is to understand the association between food insecurity, community gardens, and property value. Following the wealth of scholarship on these topics and data collected from community garden agencies in Southern Nevada, the research questions for this project include: (1) Where are community gardens located in SNV? (2) What efforts community gardens agencies are doing to address food insecurity (most interested in their efforts using community gardens)? (3) What are the perceptions of supports and barriers ...


The Corn/Soybean Rotation And Profitability, Matt Stockton, Devin Broadhead 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Corn/Soybean Rotation And Profitability, Matt Stockton, Devin Broadhead

Cornhusker Economics

One of the most basic questions farmers must answer on an annual basis is what to plant. In some cases this is simply a choice among cultivars in others it is a choice among different crop types. In Nebraska the choice may vary considerably since many different crop types are grown. This discussion focuses on the factors that affect profitability, which are created by both biology and economics, and how that might be used to make the best crop rotation selection between corn and soybean cropping systems.


Importance Of Being Digital Ready – What Does That Mean?, Charlotte Narjes 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Importance Of Being Digital Ready – What Does That Mean?, Charlotte Narjes

Cornhusker Economics

Communities often determine if they are digital ready on whether or not high speed internet is available. The conversation then focuses on who has high speed internet and who does not. Hence, the divide. High speed internet is an important factor on whether or not a community can be competitive in a global market. But, it is not the only digital-ready factor necessary to compete in a global economy. One challenge of focusing on the divide is that assumptions are made that individuals do not have skills in rural areas to use technology and, that these rural residents may not ...


The Evolution Of Nebraska Corn Basis, Jessica J. Groskopf, Amanda Silva 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Evolution Of Nebraska Corn Basis, Jessica J. Groskopf, Amanda Silva

Cornhusker Economics

In 2018 Nebraska farmers planted 9.7 million acres of corn, the most of any crop in the state. The primary uses for corn in the state are cattle feed and ethanol production. Nebraska currently has 25 ethanol plants producing around 2 billion gallons of ethanol annually. This capacity consumes approximately 40% of Nebraska’s annual corn production.


A Model For Farmer Support In Zimbabwe – Opportunity For Change, Brierly Kuhudzayi, Daniela Mettos 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Model For Farmer Support In Zimbabwe – Opportunity For Change, Brierly Kuhudzayi, Daniela Mettos

Cornhusker Economics

Community development refers to the collective action of a group of people to improve their quality of life or to fix a problem they face. It involves active participation by the people facing the problem. Input subsidy programs (ISPs) are commonly used in Sub-Saharan Africa as a strategy to achieve several development goals. They generally aim to improve the lives of poor subsistence-level farmers, improve agricultural output, and stimulate the economy. However, ISPs are not technically a community development tool because they are typically centrally planned and top-down in nature.


Economics Of Experimental Design: Finding The Optimal Design Of A Whole Field Randomized Experiment, Taro Mieno, David S. Bullock, Aolin Gong 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Economics Of Experimental Design: Finding The Optimal Design Of A Whole Field Randomized Experiment, Taro Mieno, David S. Bullock, Aolin Gong

Cornhusker Economics

An April 2017 Cornhusker Economics article Getting to Know Your Yield Response Better through Whole-field Randomized Experiments discussed a case study detailing a whole-field randomized agronomic experiment (nitrogen and seed rate). The study was conducted in Kentucky and funded through the USDA-NIFA Data Intensive Farm Management (DIFM) project. The project has so far resulted in more than 50 experiments across several states, including Illinois, Nebraska, Kansas, and Washington. The overarching goal of the project is to provide agricultural producers with the best input rate, variable or uniform, which maximizes their farm profits. This involves statistically estimating the crop response function ...


2018 Cash Lease Adjustments On Irrigation Equipment For Cropland Rental Arrangements In Nebraska, Jim Jansen, Jeff Stokes 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

2018 Cash Lease Adjustments On Irrigation Equipment For Cropland Rental Arrangements In Nebraska, Jim Jansen, Jeff Stokes

Cornhusker Economics

The Nebraska Farm Real Estate Market Highlights Report 2017-2018 provides recent trends on land values and rental rates for landowners, tenants, and stakeholders. Each year the special feature section covers topics on new or emerging issues related to agricultural land in Nebraska. These topics reflect interest expressed by panel members and readership of the Nebraska Farm Real Estate Market Highlights Report. The special feature section in 2018 focuses on cash lease adjustments on irrigation equipment for cropland rental arrangements in Nebraska. Results from this special feature section of the survey are summarized in this article.


Examination Of Hide Production, Hide Grades, And Economic Losses Of Inferior Hide Grades In Egypt During 2002 To 2013, Mostafa A. Mandour, Sanad T. Atallah 2018 Suez Canal University, Egypt

Examination Of Hide Production, Hide Grades, And Economic Losses Of Inferior Hide Grades In Egypt During 2002 To 2013, Mostafa A. Mandour, Sanad T. Atallah

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

The study examined hide production and economic losses of inferior hide grades in Egypt during 2002 to 2013. Data were obtained from the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics for various livestock, and analyzed using descriptive statistics and one-way or two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The majority of hides produced were from buffaloes and were Grade 1 hides. Overall, the losses from condemned hides decreased from EGP1,756 in 2002 to EGP425 in 2013 (a decrease of 76%). Losses from Grade 3 hides also decreased from EGP141,369 in 2002 to EGP 63,859 in 2013 (a decrease of ...


Successes, Challenges, And Future: Farm Service Agency In Alabama, Daniel Robinson 2018 Farm Service Agency

Successes, Challenges, And Future: Farm Service Agency In Alabama, Daniel Robinson

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Good Morning! Thank you Dr. Hill; I certainly appreciate the opportunity to be here with you and I am also glad to have my colleagues, Fred and Wilfred, here. It is a great opportunity again to be a part of this great conference. I will not tell you how many times that I have attended, but they have been many, and the conferences have always been good. Dr. Hill has given us our assignments and I want to be obedient to that; what have been the successes, what have been the challenges, and where do we see the Farm Service ...


Successes, Challenges, And Future: Farm Service Agency In Georgia, Fred Harrison 2018 Tuskegee University

Successes, Challenges, And Future: Farm Service Agency In Georgia, Fred Harrison

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

First of all, let me say to my brother Dr. Hill, you are my keeper. That is something that he and I have in common (Am I my brother’s keeper?) and let me also acknowledge Tuskegee University for all that it does, for all that it has done, and for all that it will continue to do for people like us. Well, I bought a farm down in Macon County, GA, and it is a small farm, as a matter of fact where is Dr. Tasha Hargrove? Tasha and one other person, Dr. Zabawa did a study several years ...


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