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Economic Growth And Changes In Forested Areas In Southeast Asia: Is Environmental Kuznets Curve Still Relevant?, Lan Thi Ngoc Nguyen 2018 Hollins University

Economic Growth And Changes In Forested Areas In Southeast Asia: Is Environmental Kuznets Curve Still Relevant?, Lan Thi Ngoc Nguyen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The environmental history of the twentieth century in Southeast Asia reveals tremendous loss of forested areas as a consequence of unprecedented economic transformations and unrestrained globalization. Featuring some of the world’s fastest-growing economies, Southeast Asia has been experiencing fundamental changes in its economic structure, sociopolitical institutions, and the rate of natural resources extraction and depletion, including deforestation. This study reexamines evidence of the (EKC) hypothesis in light of the deforestation the above region experienced over the period 1990-2013. We use the change in forest cover as an indicator for environmental degradation. A panel co-integration approach is invoked to investigate ...


Economic Viability Of Selling Locally Grown Produce To Local Restaurants, Amit Sharma, Catherine Strohbehn, Rama B. Radhakrishna, Allan Ortiz 2017 The Pennsylvania State University

Economic Viability Of Selling Locally Grown Produce To Local Restaurants, Amit Sharma, Catherine Strohbehn, Rama B. Radhakrishna, Allan Ortiz

Catherine Strohbehn

The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative comparative analysis of growers' costs for inputs related to production, processing, packaging, and distribution of local foods to independent restaurants. Growers have been motivated to sell locally due to the asymmetry in farm-retail price spreads. Yet selling locally direct to restaurants may imply new types of processes, costs, and investments. While local farm-to-retail markets may provide opportunities to reduce these price spreads and maximize benefits for growers, it is unclear whether such efforts are economically viable for growers when all input costs are considered. Interviews with local food producers found ...


Walnut Creek And Squaw Creek Watersheds, Iowa: National Institute Of Food And Agriculture–Conservation Effects Assessment Project, Deanna L. Osmond, Philip W. Gassman, Keith E. Schilling, Calvin F. Wolter, Catherine Kling, Matthew J. Helmers, Thomas M. Isenhart, William W. Simpkins, Thomas B. Moorman, Mark D. Tomer, Sergey S. Rabotyagov, Manoj K. Jha, Dana L. K. Hoag, Donald K. Meals, Mazdak Arabi 2017 North Carolina State University at Raleigh

Walnut Creek And Squaw Creek Watersheds, Iowa: National Institute Of Food And Agriculture–Conservation Effects Assessment Project, Deanna L. Osmond, Philip W. Gassman, Keith E. Schilling, Calvin F. Wolter, Catherine Kling, Matthew J. Helmers, Thomas M. Isenhart, William W. Simpkins, Thomas B. Moorman, Mark D. Tomer, Sergey S. Rabotyagov, Manoj K. Jha, Dana L. K. Hoag, Donald K. Meals, Mazdak Arabi

Matthew J. Helmers

The goal of the Iowa National Institute of Food and Agriculture–Conservation Effects Assessment Project (NIFA–CEAP), Economic and Water Quality Effects of Multiple Conservation Practices in Three Midwest Watersheds, was to provide science-based information to policymakers concerning the water quality benefits and economic costs of implementing multiple agricultural conservation practices in these watersheds. The three primary watersheds were (1) Walnut Creek Watershed in south central Iowa and the Squaw Creek Watershed (which was the “control watershed” within the paired-watershed study), (2) Sny Magill Creek Watershed and Bloody Run Creek Watershed (which was also a “control watershed” within that paired-watershed ...


From Vulnerability To Resiliency: Iowa Agriculture In The Age Of Biorenewables, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., Matthew J. Helmers, Matthew Z. Liebman, Lisa A. Schulte 2017 Iowa State University

From Vulnerability To Resiliency: Iowa Agriculture In The Age Of Biorenewables, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., Matthew J. Helmers, Matthew Z. Liebman, Lisa A. Schulte

Matthew J. Helmers

The purpose of this white paper is to provide an overview of the most critical sources of agricultural vulnerability and to outline strategies for increasing the resiliency of Iowa agriculture. This paper delineates pathways toward that goal and provides a basis for community discussions about how we can work together to improve agriculture’s environmental, economic, and social resilience and sustainability.


Landlabs: An Integrated Approach To Creating Agricultural Enterprises That Meet The Triple Bottom Line, Nicholas Jordan, Lisa A. Schulte, Carol Williams, David Mulla, David Pitt, Carissa Schively Slotterback, Randall Jackson, Douglas Landis, Bruce Dale, Dennis Becker, Mark Rickenbach, Matthew J. Helmers, Bobby Bringi 2017 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Landlabs: An Integrated Approach To Creating Agricultural Enterprises That Meet The Triple Bottom Line, Nicholas Jordan, Lisa A. Schulte, Carol Williams, David Mulla, David Pitt, Carissa Schively Slotterback, Randall Jackson, Douglas Landis, Bruce Dale, Dennis Becker, Mark Rickenbach, Matthew J. Helmers, Bobby Bringi

Matthew J. Helmers

Global demand is increasing for food, feed, and fiber; for additional agricultural outputs, such as biofuels; and for ecosystem services, such as clean water and outdoor recreation. In response, new agricultural enterprises are needed that produce more outputs from existing lands while meeting the "triple bottom line" of high performance in economic, environmental, and social terms. Establishing such enterprises requires coordination and development within three critical domains: landscape configurations (i.e., types and arrangements of land uses), supply/value chains (i.e., processing and utilization), and policy and governance. In this essay, we describe our efforts, as land-grant university scientists ...


Trends In U.S. Local And Regional Food Systems: A Report To Congress, Sarah A. Low, Aaron Adalja, Elizabeth Beaulieu, Nigel Key, Steve Martinez, Alex Melton, Agnes Perez, Katherine Ralston, Hayden Stewart, Shellye Suttles, Becca B.R. Jablonski 2017 USDA Economic Research Service

Trends In U.S. Local And Regional Food Systems: A Report To Congress, Sarah A. Low, Aaron Adalja, Elizabeth Beaulieu, Nigel Key, Steve Martinez, Alex Melton, Agnes Perez, Katherine Ralston, Hayden Stewart, Shellye Suttles, Becca B.R. Jablonski

Aaron Adalja

This report provides an overview of local and regional food systems across several dimensions. It details the latest economic information on local food producers, consumers, and policy, relying on findings from several national surveys and a synthesis of recent literature to assess the current size of and recent trends in local and regional food systems. Data are presented on producer characteristics, survival rates and growth, and prices. The local food literature on consumer willingness to pay, environmental impacts, food safety regulations, and local economic impacts is synthesized when nationally representative data are unavailable. Finally, this report provides an overview of ...


Impact Of Automated Guidance For Mechanical Control Of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds In Corn, Terry Griffin, James M. Lowenberg-DeBoer 2017 Kansas State University

Impact Of Automated Guidance For Mechanical Control Of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds In Corn, Terry Griffin, James M. Lowenberg-Deboer

Journal of Applied Farm Economics

This study evaluated the feasibility of reintroducing mechanical weed control as an alternative for herbicide-resistance weed infestations. The production practice tested included row cultivation with a separate banded spray application using high-accuracy automated guidance systems. A range of ground speeds were tested for the row cultivation operation, each with a different per acre cost and timeliness penalty. A typical eastern Corn Belt farm with a rotation of corn and soybean served as the base for the linear programming model. It was found that if the farmer was willing to reintroduce tillage, row cultivation conducted at higher operating speeds in conjunction ...


Application Of The Adjusted Weak Axiom Of Profit Maximization To New Zealand Dairy Farming, Anne E. Dooley, Nicola M. Shadbolt, Koohyar Khatami, Loren W. Tauer 2017 Massey University

Application Of The Adjusted Weak Axiom Of Profit Maximization To New Zealand Dairy Farming, Anne E. Dooley, Nicola M. Shadbolt, Koohyar Khatami, Loren W. Tauer

Journal of Applied Farm Economics

The weak axiom of profit maximization is a nonparametric, empirical approach that has been used in the United States to analyze dairy farmers’ production and profit behavior under input and output price changes to determine whether farmers effectively respond to these changes. The expectation is that profit calculated using the current year’s input and output combination will be greater than that calculated from the previous year’s combination with current prices more often than due to chance. This approach was replicated using New Zealand dairy farm data (1,785 pairs of records over five years). Current year’s profits ...


Strengthening Quality Of Life In Small Towns, Cheryl Burkhart-Kriesel 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Strengthening Quality Of Life In Small Towns, Cheryl Burkhart-Kriesel

Cornhusker Economics

Quality of life is often mentioned as the reason why some people choose to live in a small town. But if you try to get a definition of what quality of life means, you quickly discover that there are all kinds of answers. For instance, it may be the low student-to-teacher ratios in the local school, or it may be the friendly check-out person at the grocery store or the variety of activities available through civic organizations and local churches which come to mind when people define small town quality of life.


Is Less More In Food Safety Information Provision?, Kofi Britwum, Emie Yiannaka 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Is Less More In Food Safety Information Provision?, Kofi Britwum, Emie Yiannaka

Cornhusker Economics

The development of several niche food markets has been enabled by labels highlighting the existence of desirable or the absence of undesirable food attributes and/or production technologies, effectively targeting consumers willing to pay for this type of information. Examples include the "All Natural," “No growth promoting antibiotic," "No GMOs," and "Cage-free" food labels. In what could be viewed as an extreme example of labeling what is absent, consumers can now purchase gluten-free water (McFadden 2017). This type of "redundant" labeling seeks to exploit uninformed consumers.


The Impact Of Price-Induced Hedging Behavior On Commodity Market Volatility, Nathan S. Kauffman, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence 2017 Iowa State University

The Impact Of Price-Induced Hedging Behavior On Commodity Market Volatility, Nathan S. Kauffman, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence

Sergio H. Lence

The utility maximization problem of a grain producer is formulated and solved numerically under prospect theory as an alternative to expected utility theory. Conventional theory posits that the optimal hedging position of a producer should not increase solely due to increases in the level of futures prices. However, a strong degree of positive correlation is apparent in the data. Our results show that with prospect theory serving as the underlying behavioral framework, the optimal hedge of a producer is affected by changes in futures price levels. The implications of this price-induced hedging behavior on spot prices and volatility are subsequently ...


Livestock Production And Health, Christopher Gustafson 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Livestock Production And Health, Christopher Gustafson

Cornhusker Economics

As in Nebraska and other cattle-producing states, livestock are an important source of income for hundreds of millions of people living in developing countries. However, for livestock keepers in developing countries, animals are often central to multiple dimensions of the family’s existence, providing—in addition to income—important sources of energy-dense, nutrient-rich animal source foods, generating cultural status, including playing a role in family formation through wedding dowries, and serving, for some, as the household’s primary store of wealth. Livestock play all of these roles in pastoralist—semi-nomadic livestock-keeping—communi-ties. While in the past pastoralism was a relatively ...


Do Advisors Perceive Climate Change As An Agricultural Risk? An In-Depth Examination Of Midwestern U.S. Ag Advisors’ Views On Drought, Climate Change, And Risk Management, Sarah P. Church, Michael Dunn, Nicholas Babin, Amber Saylor Mase, Tonya Haigh, Linda Stalker Prokopy 2017 Purdue University

Do Advisors Perceive Climate Change As An Agricultural Risk? An In-Depth Examination Of Midwestern U.S. Ag Advisors’ Views On Drought, Climate Change, And Risk Management, Sarah P. Church, Michael Dunn, Nicholas Babin, Amber Saylor Mase, Tonya Haigh, Linda Stalker Prokopy

Drought Mitigation Center Faculty Publications

Through the lens of the Health Belief Model and Protection Motivation Theory, we analyzed interviews of 36 agricultural advisors in Indiana and Nebraska to understand their appraisals of climate change risk, related decision making processes and subsequent risk management advice to producers. Most advisors interviewed accept that weather events are a risk for US Midwestern agriculture; however, they are more concerned about tangible threats such as crop prices. There is not much concern about climate change among agricultural advisors. Management practices that could help producers adapt to climate change were more likely to be recommended by conservation and Extension advisors ...


Quantitative Genetics Of Heterosis, K. R. Lamkey, J. W. Edwards 2017 U.S. Department of Agriculture

Quantitative Genetics Of Heterosis, K. R. Lamkey, J. W. Edwards

Kendall R Lamkey

Nearly 50 years have elapsed since the seminal heterosis conference was held at Iowa State College (Gowen, 1952). That conference undoubtedly grew out of the obvious importance of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids in the agricultural economy of Iowa and the USA as well as the lack of understanding of the phenomenon of heterosis. Farmers in Iowa rapidly adopted maize hybrids. In just 15 years, Iowa went from 0 to 100% of the maize acreage being planted to hybrids. Gowen (1952) stated the following about hybrid maize "It seems likely that in no other period of like years has there ...


Farm-Scale Costs And Returns For Second Generation Bioenergy Cropping Systems In The Us Corn Belt, Robert K. Manatt, Arne Hallam, Lisa A. Schulte, Emily A. Heaton, Theodore P. Gunther, Richard B. Hall, Kenneth J. Moore 2017 Iowa State University

Farm-Scale Costs And Returns For Second Generation Bioenergy Cropping Systems In The Us Corn Belt, Robert K. Manatt, Arne Hallam, Lisa A. Schulte, Emily A. Heaton, Theodore P. Gunther, Richard B. Hall, Kenneth J. Moore

Emily Heaton

While grain crops are meeting much of the initial need for biofuels in the US, cellulosic or second generation (2G) materials are mandated to provide a growing portion of biofuel feedstocks. We sought to inform development of a 2G crop portfolio by assessing the profitability of novel cropping systems that potentially mitigate the negative effects of grain-based biofuel crops on food supply and environmental quality. We analyzed farm-gate costs and returns of five systems from an ongoing experiment in central Iowa, USA. The continuous corn cropping system was most profitable under current market conditions, followed by a corn–soybean rotation ...


Assessing Tourists’ Preferences For Recreational Trips In National And Natural Parks As A Premise For Long-Term Sustainable Management Plans, Diana E. Dumitras, Iulia C. Muresan, Ionel M. Jitea, Valentin C. Mihai, Simona E. Balazs, Tiberiu Iancu 2017 University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Assessing Tourists’ Preferences For Recreational Trips In National And Natural Parks As A Premise For Long-Term Sustainable Management Plans, Diana E. Dumitras, Iulia C. Muresan, Ionel M. Jitea, Valentin C. Mihai, Simona E. Balazs, Tiberiu Iancu

Agricultural Economics Faculty Publications

Sustainable tourism management plans rely on relevant and consistent information about factors that can influence the decision to visit a protected area. This paper uses the choice experiment method to investigate tourists’ preferences with regard to recreational trip characteristics in national and natural parks in Romania. An on-site survey questionnaire was administered to visitors. The multinomial logit model was employed to investigate the preference orderings of the identified groups of recreational users. Overall, results indicate that tourists gain benefits after visiting the parks. Main preference differences were found for information sources and location of campsites. Visitors who stated that the ...


Table Of Contents, 2017 Tuskegee University

Table Of Contents

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


Overview Of The Us Forest Service Programs And Opportunities For Partnership, Cultivating A Culture Of Success In Natural Resources: Moving Outreach Forward In Conversation, Tony Tooke 2017 U.S. Forest Service

Overview Of The Us Forest Service Programs And Opportunities For Partnership, Cultivating A Culture Of Success In Natural Resources: Moving Outreach Forward In Conversation, Tony Tooke

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


The Potential Impact Of Heir Property On Timber Management In The Southeastern United States, Becky Barlow, Conner Bailey 2017 Auburn University

The Potential Impact Of Heir Property On Timber Management In The Southeastern United States, Becky Barlow, Conner Bailey

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Active timberland management maintains forest health and productivity, which in turn contributes to the sustainability of the resource and wealth of the landowner. However, when land is held as heir property, options for timberland management are often limited. Heir property is owned as an undivided interest among many heirs of an original owner, or multiple generations of owners, who died intestate. This is common among African American landowners in the South. As a result the title is considered “clouded,” limiting access to capital and resources that are beneficial to timberland management. In this paper, the authors hope to improve ...


Landowners' Willingness To Supply Woody Biomass For Biofuel In West Alabama, Gilbert Adjoyi, Ellene Kebede 2017 Tuskegee University

Landowners' Willingness To Supply Woody Biomass For Biofuel In West Alabama, Gilbert Adjoyi, Ellene Kebede

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

The Concern for national energy security, rural development, and climate change has created a wider attention for biofuels from woody biomass in recent times. For instance, West Alabama is an area of interest for stakeholders regarding the production of woody biomass. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to examine landowners’ willingness to supply woody biomass for biofuel in West Alabama. A mail survey of randomly selected landowners was conducted in eight selected counties. The results indicated that the average forestland owner is male, between ages of 40 and 57, with an average of 27 years of land ...


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