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Untangling The Economic And Social Impediments To Producer Adoption Of Organic Wheat, Donya L. Ralph-Quarnstrom 2019 Utah State University

Untangling The Economic And Social Impediments To Producer Adoption Of Organic Wheat, Donya L. Ralph-Quarnstrom

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Consumer demand for organic products has shown double-digit growth in recent years encouraging the development of a wider range of goods (Greene, 2017). Americans with an annual household income under $30,000 actively purchase organic foods at nearly the same rate as households with over $75,000 in annual incomes, 42% versus 49% (Greene et al., 2017). Previous research observed the adoption of organic farming practices on a combination of different grains, fruits and vegetables, meat, and dairy products from across the globe. However, this is the first study to examine the adoption of organic wheat in the Western U ...


Early Detection And Mitigation Of Resistance To Bt Maize By Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), David A. Andow, Steven G. Pueppke, Arthur W. Schaafsma, Aaron J. Gassmann, Thomas W. Sappington, Lance J. Meinke, Paul D. Mitchell, Terrance M. Hurley, Richard L. Hellmich, R. Pat Porter 2019 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Early Detection And Mitigation Of Resistance To Bt Maize By Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), David A. Andow, Steven G. Pueppke, Arthur W. Schaafsma, Aaron J. Gassmann, Thomas W. Sappington, Lance J. Meinke, Paul D. Mitchell, Terrance M. Hurley, Richard L. Hellmich, R. Pat Porter

Richard L Hellmich

Transgenic Bt maize that produces less than a high-dose has been widely adopted and presents considerable insect resistance management (IRM) challenges. Western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, has rapidly evolved resistance to Bt maize in the field, leading to local loss of efficacy for some corn rootworm Bt maize events. Documenting and responding to this resistance has been complicated by a lack of rapid diagnostic bioassays and by regulatory triggers that hinder timely and effective management responses. These failures are of great concern to the scientific and agricultural community. Specific challenges posed by western corn rootworm resistance to Bt ...


Biotechnology And Pest Resistance: An Economic Assessment Of Refuges, Terrance M. Hurley, Bruce A. Babcock, Richard L. Hellmich 2019 Iowa State University

Biotechnology And Pest Resistance: An Economic Assessment Of Refuges, Terrance M. Hurley, Bruce A. Babcock, Richard L. Hellmich

Richard L Hellmich

Biologists now engineer transgenic crop varieties that offer farmers a new tool for effectively managing pests. Concern over pest resistance, however, has prompted the Environmental Protection Agency to require resistance management plans. This paper develops an economic model of pest management with pest resistance to estimate the constant proportion of cropland planted in refuge that maximizes farm income over a fixed planning horizon. Results indicate a clear economic tradeoff between the pest control benefits of a transgenic variety and the resistance management benefits afforded by refuge.


Has Specialization Put A Limit On How Far Cattle Contracting Can Go?, John Crespi, Tina L. Saitone 2019 University of California - Davis

Has Specialization Put A Limit On How Far Cattle Contracting Can Go?, John Crespi, Tina L. Saitone

John Crespi

I N 1776 Scottish philosopher Adam Smith published An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, or as it is better known, The Wealth of Nations. In many mundane ways, Smith merely chronicled the burgeoning European industries he was observing; but, in doing so, he helped spread a revolutionary thinking about how factories could take advantage of specialization. Smith’s discussion of a visit to a pin factory has been re-told so often that many people probably know the story without knowing the source. The story goes like this: If you were to make a pin ...


Us Export Beef Competitiveness: Do Cattle Inventories Matter?, Lee L. Schulz, John Crespi, Chen-Ti Chen 2019 Iowa State University

Us Export Beef Competitiveness: Do Cattle Inventories Matter?, Lee L. Schulz, John Crespi, Chen-Ti Chen

John Crespi

T HE US beef industry operates in a highly competitive world market. As a global leader in the production of beef cattle, its competitive advantage in beef production stems from a well-developed infrastructure as well as a reputation for quality. Nevertheless, US beef has a disadvantage in the relative cost of production. For instance, the majority of US beef is grain-fed, while a pound of grass-fed beef can be produced at a lower cost. Lack of animal traceability and mandatory national identiβication systems can also put US beef in a vulnerable position competing with other major export countries. There is ...


George Finley Ledger 20, George Finley 2019 University of Mississippi

George Finley Ledger 20, George Finley

Deeply Rooted

This item has been aggregated as part of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL)'s "Deeply Rooted: The Agricultural & Rural History of the American South" project.


George Finley Ledger 16, George Finley 2019 University of Mississippi

George Finley Ledger 16, George Finley

Deeply Rooted

This item has been aggregated as part of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL)'s "Deeply Rooted: The Agricultural & Rural History of the American South" project.


George Finley Ledger 15, George Finley 2019 University of Mississippi

George Finley Ledger 15, George Finley

Deeply Rooted

This item has been aggregated as part of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL)'s "Deeply Rooted: The Agricultural & Rural History of the American South" project.


George Finley Ledger 10, George Finley 2019 University of Mississippi

George Finley Ledger 10, George Finley

Deeply Rooted

This item has been aggregated as part of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL)'s "Deeply Rooted: The Agricultural & Rural History of the American South" project.


George Finley Ledger 8, George Finley 2019 University of Mississippi

George Finley Ledger 8, George Finley

Deeply Rooted

This item has been aggregated as part of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL)'s "Deeply Rooted: The Agricultural & Rural History of the American South" project.


George Finley Ledger 7, George Finley 2019 University of Mississippi

George Finley Ledger 7, George Finley

Deeply Rooted

This item has been aggregated as part of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL)'s "Deeply Rooted: The Agricultural & Rural History of the American South" project.


George Finley Ledger 6, George Finley 2019 University of Mississippi

George Finley Ledger 6, George Finley

Deeply Rooted

This item has been aggregated as part of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL)'s "Deeply Rooted: The Agricultural & Rural History of the American South" project.


George Finley Ledger 5, George Finley 2019 University of Mississippi

George Finley Ledger 5, George Finley

Deeply Rooted

This item has been aggregated as part of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL)'s "Deeply Rooted: The Agricultural & Rural History of the American South" project.


Nebraska Strong - Social Capital In Action, Marilyn Schlake 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Strong - Social Capital In Action, Marilyn Schlake

Cornhusker Economics

We have heard it and we have witnessed it in action. Nebraska Strong has been a unifying message that is bringing Nebraskans, friends and family together from across the nation. Signifying strength, determination, and a resolve to rebuild, Nebraska Strong has bolstered communities and individuals who have, in some cases, lost all semblance of what they had prior to the disastrous March blizzard and floods. Through this simple message, individuals have begun to utilize their social group networks or social capital to support recovery efforts.

Through the study of communities that have experienced major disasters, researchers found the existence of ...


The Impact Of Different Data Processing Methods On Site-Specific Management Recommendation, Taro Mieno, Joe D. Luck, Zhengzheng Gao 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Impact Of Different Data Processing Methods On Site-Specific Management Recommendation, Taro Mieno, Joe D. Luck, Zhengzheng Gao

Cornhusker Economics

Precision agriculture has the potential to enhance farming profitability substantially via site-specific management of fields. One of the promising ways of generating such profitability-enhancing input is to a use recommendation map is on-farm randomized trials. The process of generating an input (say nitrogen) using a recommendation map typically involves the following steps:

1. Design and implement randomized input use trial

2. Collect yield data along with other field characteristics (Slope, Electrical Conductivity, and Organic Matter)

3. Process the data for statistical analysis

4. Conduct regression analysis to estimate production function (how the input affect crop yield)

5. For each of ...


Evaluating Opinions Of Kentucky’S Agri-Science Educators On Climate Change, Emily Cook 2019 Murray State University

Evaluating Opinions Of Kentucky’S Agri-Science Educators On Climate Change, Emily Cook

Scholars Week

Climate Change is the significant long term changes in the weather and temperatures on a large scale and is seen globally. Scientists have been studying the effects of Climate Change on the planet for decades; foreseeing problems of the future. Global Warming has been escalating over the past hundred years with the amount of Carbon Dioxide gases rising into to atmosphere at an alarming rate. Agri-Science Educators across Kentucky are teaching the topics of Climate Change and Global Warming and this research intends to find the truth and variances in their knowledge. Twenty educators from across the state of Kentucky ...


The Role Of Insured Bushels And Pre-Harvest Hedging For An Eastern Nebraska County Under Rain-Fed Growing Conditions, Cory Walters, Richard Preston 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Role Of Insured Bushels And Pre-Harvest Hedging For An Eastern Nebraska County Under Rain-Fed Growing Conditions, Cory Walters, Richard Preston

Cornhusker Economics

At the beginning of the crop year crop producers face unknown yields and prices resulting in a large range of end of season (fall) net income. Producers can chose to participate in risk management tools, resulting in a reshaping of the fall net income distribution. Two of the most common tools are crop insurance and pre-harvest hedging (hereafter referred to as hedging). The most common crop insurance policy sold today is Revenue Protection (RP) where both yield and prices are insured. RP policy represents an intriguing crop insurance contract since it not only insures against price declines between spring and ...


Nebraska Women In Agriculture “Take Charge Of Change”, Jessica J. Groskopf 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Women In Agriculture “Take Charge Of Change”, Jessica J. Groskopf

Cornhusker Economics

A crowd of almost 300 gathered together Feb. 21 and 22 in Kearney, Nebraska for the 34th Annual Nebraska Women in Agriculture Conference, with the theme “Take Charge of Change.”

The conference is one of the longest-running women's conferences of its kind in the country. The goal of the Nebraska Women in Agriculture Conference is for women to build relationships with each other while gaining valuable knowledge about managing risk on their farms and ranches. The event featured 4 general session speakers and over 30 workshop sessions.

The keynote speaker this year was Marji Guyler- Alaniz, President and Founder ...


Market Impacts Of A Meat Tax, Regan Gilmore, Azzeddine Azzam 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Market Impacts Of A Meat Tax, Regan Gilmore, Azzeddine Azzam

Cornhusker Economics

Over time, animal activists and environmentalists have made calls to put a tax on meat. What effect would that have? To find out, we estimated the impacts that a retail-level greenhouse gas (GHG) tax on meat would have on livestock and grain markets.

The research used a multi-market economic model that integrates the beef, pork, and poultry markets with the corn, distillers' grain, soybean, soymeal, and ethanol markets. For GHG taxes, we used those provided by Springman et al. based on a emission price (social cost) of $52 per metric ton of carbon dioxide equivalent estimated by EPA. Emissions by ...


Nebraska Farm Real Estate Values Continue Gradual Declines In 2019, Jim Jansen, Jeff Stokes 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Farm Real Estate Values Continue Gradual Declines In 2019, Jim Jansen, Jeff Stokes

Cornhusker Economics

The market value of agricultural land in Nebraska declined by three percent over the prior year to an average of $2,650 per acre according to the 2019 Nebraska Farm Real Estate Market Survey (Figure 1 and Table 1). This marks the fifth consecutive year of downward pressure as market values have dropped approximately 20 percent since reaching a high of $3,315 in 2014.

The University of Nebraska-Lincoln Department of Agricultural Economics annually surveys Nebraska land professionals including appraisers, farm and ranch managers, and agricultural bankers. Results from the survey are divided by land class and summarized by the ...


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