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Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer 2016 Seattle University School of Law

Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer

Seattle University Law Review

Lawyers and judges who deal with municipal law are perpetually puzzled by the distinction between “governmental” and “proprietary” powers of local governments. The distinction is murky, inconsistent between jurisdictions, inconsistent within jurisdictions, and of limited use in predicting how courts will rule. Critics have launched convincing attacks on the division of municipal powers into these two categories. Most articles have focused on problems with the distinction in specific areas of municipal law. In contrast, this article provides a comprehensive analysis of the governmental/proprietary distinction in seven specific doctrinal areas: legislative grants of municipal authority, government contracts, torts, eminent domain ...


Private Law In The Gaps, Jeffrey A. Pojanowski 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Private Law In The Gaps, Jeffrey A. Pojanowski

Jeffrey A. Pojanowski

Private law subjects like tort, contract, and property are traditionally taken to be at the core of the common law tradition, yet statutes increasingly intersect with these bodies of doctrine. This Article draws on recent work in private law theory and statutory interpretation to consider afresh what courts should do with private law in statutory gaps. In particular, it focuses on statutes touching on tort law, a field at the leading edge of private law theory. This Article's analysis unsettles some conventional wisdom about the intersection of private law and statutes. Many leading tort scholars and jurists embrace a ...


A Process Theory Of Torts, Jay Tidmarsh 2016 Notre Dame Law School

A Process Theory Of Torts, Jay Tidmarsh

Jay Tidmarsh

No abstract provided.


Suing Americans For Human Rights Torts Overseas: The Supreme Court Leaves The Door Open, Douglass Cassell 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Suing Americans For Human Rights Torts Overseas: The Supreme Court Leaves The Door Open, Douglass Cassell

Douglass Cassel

No abstract provided.


Valdez V. City Of New York: The "Death Knell" Of Municipal Tort Liability?, Alisa M. Benintendi 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Valdez V. City Of New York: The "Death Knell" Of Municipal Tort Liability?, Alisa M. Benintendi

St. John's Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Study Of The Costs Of Legal Services In Personal Injury Litigation In Ontario: Final Report, Allan C. Hutchinson 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

A Study Of The Costs Of Legal Services In Personal Injury Litigation In Ontario: Final Report, Allan C. Hutchinson

Commissioned Reports, Studies and Public Policy Documents

Contingency Fee Agreements (CFAs) are now a fixed feature of the Ontario litigation landscape. However, little research or study has been done on exactly how they operate in practice, whether they advance the objectives that they were intended to achieve, and whether litigants are best served by the current arrangements. In this study, I intend to make a preliminary start to that research, set out some tentative criticisms of the CFA system as it currently operates, and, where appropriate, suggest preliminary proposals for change.

It should be said at the outset that my efforts to obtain real and serious data ...


Testimony On Unmanned Aircraft Systems Rules And Regulations, Stephen E. Henderson 2016 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Testimony On Unmanned Aircraft Systems Rules And Regulations, Stephen E. Henderson

Stephen E Henderson

Chairman Barrington, Vice Chair Brooks, members of the Committee on Public Safety, Senators, and distinguished guests, I am grateful for the opportunity to speak to you today about unmanned aerial systems, or drones, and more particularly about their federal constitutional implications and what might be the constitutional restrictions on any legislation you might like to enact. I am the Judge Haskell A. Holloman Professor of Law at the University of Oklahoma, where my teaching and research focus on criminal law and procedure and privacy, including the constitutional rights pertaining thereto.

My topic is not an easy one. The constitutional law ...


Response To Keeping Cases From Black Juries: An Empirical Analysis Of How Race, Income Inequality, And Regional History Affect Tort Law, Jennifer Wriggins 2016 University of Maine School of Law

Response To Keeping Cases From Black Juries: An Empirical Analysis Of How Race, Income Inequality, And Regional History Affect Tort Law, Jennifer Wriggins

Washington and Lee Law Review Online

Issues of race and racism in the U.S. torts system continue to deserve much more attention from legal scholarship than they receive, and Keeping Cases from Black Juries is a valuable contribution. Studying racism as it infects the torts system is difficult because explicit de jure exclusions of black jurors are in the past; race is no longer on the surface of tort opinions; and court records do not reveal the race of tort plaintiffs, defendants, or jurors. Yet it is essential to try and understand the workings of race and racism in the torts system. The authors ...


Ebola, Experimental Medicine, Economics, And Ethics: An Evaluation Of International Disease Outbreak Law, Sara L. Dominey 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Ebola, Experimental Medicine, Economics, And Ethics: An Evaluation Of International Disease Outbreak Law, Sara L. Dominey

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Civil Conspiracy In The Corporate Context, Pey Woan LEE 2016 Singapore Management University

Civil Conspiracy In The Corporate Context, Pey Woan Lee

Research Collection School Of Law

This article examines the issues that arise when the tort ofconspiracy by unlawful means is used, as an alternative to veil-piercing,either to extend a company’s liability to its controllers, or to enable acontroller’s creditors to reach the assets of company under his or her control.It observes that the tort of conspiracy is a particularly potent mechanism forthese purposes because of its potentially broad reach. A liberal application ofconspiracy liability to companies and their insiders would therefore underminethe company’s separate legal status as well as the benefits of incorporation.For that reason, the application of the ...


Supplemental Brief Of Professors Anthony J. Bellia Jr. And Bradford R. Clark As Amici Curiae In Support Of Respondents, Anthony J. Bellia, Bradford R. Clark 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Supplemental Brief Of Professors Anthony J. Bellia Jr. And Bradford R. Clark As Amici Curiae In Support Of Respondents, Anthony J. Bellia, Bradford R. Clark

Anthony J. Bellia

From the Summary of Argument This case squarely presents the question whether ATS jurisdiction extends to claims solely between aliens. The plaintiffs and defendants are all aliens; no U.S. citizen or corporation has ever been a party to the case. Because the issue of party alignment under the ATS is a question of subject matter jurisdiction, the parties cannot waive it, and either the Court or a party may raise it anytime. And the question whether the ATS covers suits between aliens is likely to recur; indeed, the issue is squarely presented by the Ninth Circuit's recent ruling ...


The Alien Tort Statute And The Law Of Nations, Bradford R. Clark, Anthony J. Bellia 2016 Notre Dame Law School

The Alien Tort Statute And The Law Of Nations, Bradford R. Clark, Anthony J. Bellia

Anthony J. Bellia

Courts and scholars have struggled to identify the original meaning of the Alien Tort Statute (ATS). As enacted in 1789, the ATS provided "[t]hat the district courts...shall...have cognizance...of all causes where an alien sues for tort only in violation of the law of nations or a treaty of the United States." The statute was rarely invoked for almost two centuries. In the 1980s, lower federal courts began reading the statute expansively to allow foreign citizens to sue other foreign citizens for all violations of modern customary international law that occurred outside the United States. In 2004 ...


Apportioning Responsibility Among Joint Tortfeasors For International Law Violations, Roger P. Alford 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Apportioning Responsibility Among Joint Tortfeasors For International Law Violations, Roger P. Alford

Roger P. Alford

With the new wave of claims against corporations for human rights violations – particularly in the context of aiding and abetting government abuse – there are unusually difficult problems of joint tortfeasor liability. In many circumstances, one tortfeasor – the corporation – is a deep-pocketed defendant, easily subject to suit, but only marginally involved in the unlawful conduct. Another tortfeasor – the sovereign – is a central player in the unlawful conduct, but, with limited exceptions, is immune from suit under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act. A third tortfeasor – the low-level security personnel – accused of actually committing the atrocity, is beyond the jurisdictional reach of the ...


Protecting Economic Interests Through The Nominate Tort Action For Breach Of Statutory Duty, Neil J. Foster 2016 University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia

Protecting Economic Interests Through The Nominate Tort Action For Breach Of Statutory Duty, Neil J. Foster

Neil J Foster

The civil action for Breach of Statutory Duty (BSD) is most often invoked in cases of personal injury, often in the industrial context. But there is a long history of BSD actions being used to protect economic interests, in the form of compensation for pure economic loss, and dealing with damage to specific property. This paper will explore the varying ways in which the BSD action has developed to protect economic interests, taking into account principles relating to specific so-called “statutory torts” as well as the general common law action based on implied Parliamentary intention.


Behind The Curtain Of Tort Reform, 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

Behind The Curtain Of Tort Reform

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Applying Domestic Statutes To Foreign Conduct: How Much Does Kiobel Touch And Concern The Presumption Against Extraterritorial Application, Jessica Neer McDonald 2016 University of Miami Law School

Applying Domestic Statutes To Foreign Conduct: How Much Does Kiobel Touch And Concern The Presumption Against Extraterritorial Application, Jessica Neer Mcdonald

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

This paper examines a tumultuous history of applying United States law to foreign conduct in United States federal courts and the impact of recent Supreme Court decisions in this area. Despite its inconsistent application, the presumption against extraterritorial application may bridle Article III courts’ authority of applying domestic law to foreign conduct. Notably, a complicated test of displacing the presumption has emerged from the recent Supreme Court case of Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., which concerned foreign conduct under the Alien Tort Statute (“ATS”). The test states the presumption is overcome if the foreign conduct “touches and concerns” the ...


Khoury V. Seastrand, 132 Nev. Adv. Op. 52 (July 28, 2016), Ronni Boskovich 2016 Nevada Law Journal

Khoury V. Seastrand, 132 Nev. Adv. Op. 52 (July 28, 2016), Ronni Boskovich

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considered three consolidated appeals from a district court judgment, pursuant to a jury verdict, and post-judgment orders awarding costs and denying a new trial in a personal injury action. While the Court addressed numerous issues, the following three questions comprised the bulk of the consolidated appeals: (1) whether an attorney may ask prospective jurors questions concerning a specific verdict amount to determine potential bias or prejudice; (2) whether repeatedly asking questions about that specific amount results in jury indoctrination warranting a mistrial; and (3) when a district court abuses its discretion in dismissing jurors for cause under Jitnan ...


Forum Selling, Daniel M. Klerman, Greg Reilly 2016 USC Law School

Forum Selling, Daniel M. Klerman, Greg Reilly

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Forum shopping is problematic because it may lead to forum selling. For diverse motives, including prestige, local benefits, or re-election, some judges want to hear more cases. When plaintiffs have wide choice of forum, such judges have incentives to make the law more pro-plaintiff, because plaintiffs choose the court. While only a few judges may be motivated to attract more cases, their actions can have large effects, because their courts will attract a disproportionate share of cases. For example, judges in the Eastern District of Texas have distorted the rules and practices relating to case assignment, joinder, discovery, transfer, and ...


Ulteriores Precisiones Sobre Los Actos Lícitos Dañosos En El Ordenamiento Peruano, Hector A. Campos 2016 Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru

Ulteriores Precisiones Sobre Los Actos Lícitos Dañosos En El Ordenamiento Peruano, Hector A. Campos

Hector Campos García

El presente artículo aborda la temática referida a los actos lícitos dañosos, los cuales también generan responsabilidad civil, descartando así a la ilicitud como un elemento indispensable para la generación de responsabilidad civil. En este sentido, el artículo parte del análisis conceptual de la ilicitud o antijuridicidad, para luego arribar al examen de tres supuestos de responsabilidad civil, como lo son el daño ambiental, el daño causado por la resolución cautelar y el retiro de la obra del comercio; demostrando, efectivamente, el carácter prescindible de la ilicitud y la existencia de escenarios de responsabilidad civil derivados de actos lícitos dañosos ...


Resolving Dilemmas In Canadian Class Actions By Reconsidering Private Law Principles, Stephanie Sugar 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Resolving Dilemmas In Canadian Class Actions By Reconsidering Private Law Principles, Stephanie Sugar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Class actions cases illuminate the theoretical underpinnings of private law in a way that traditional two-party litigation does not. Many class actions deal with plaintiffs who have not suffered a large loss (or a quantifiable monetary loss at all), or the defendant has made profits that are disproportionately greater than the plaintiffs’ compensable loss (if any). Applying orthodox principles of private law and negligence to these cases results in barring plaintiffs from recovery despite their rights being violated and defendants not disgorging profits made from wrongdoing. The solution resolving these dilemmas should not be to create separate law only applicable ...


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