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When Should Bitcoin Be Subject To Fbar?, Arash Kiadeh 2016 San Jose State University

When Should Bitcoin Be Subject To Fbar?, Arash Kiadeh

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.), 2016 San Jose State University

Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.)

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Repeal The Alternative Minimum Tax, Branden Wilson 2016 San Jose State University

Repeal The Alternative Minimum Tax, Branden Wilson

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal’S Interview Of Eli Dicker, Shruti Raja 2016 San Jose State University

The Contemporary Tax Journal’S Interview Of Eli Dicker, Shruti Raja

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of The Federal Estate Tax, Rachita Kothari 2016 San Jose State University

Analysis Of The Federal Estate Tax, Rachita Kothari

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


A Constructive U.S. Counter To Eu State Aid Cases, Itai Grinberg 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

A Constructive U.S. Counter To Eu State Aid Cases, Itai Grinberg

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

U.S. Treasury officials and members of Congress from both parties have expressed concern that the European Commission’s current state aid investigations are disproportionately targeting U.S.-based multinational enterprises. At the same time, a Treasury official recently suggested in congressional testimony that there are limits to what Treasury can do beyond strongly expressing its concerns to the commission. In that testimony, Treasury’s representative hinted at two specific pressure points: whether the state aid investigations could undermine U.S. tax treaties with EU member states; and whether any assessments paid by the foreign subsidiaries of U.S. MNEs ...


Follow The Money: A Discussion Of The Organisation For Economic Co-Operation And Development’S Base Erosion And Profit Shifting Project: Has The Us Taken Steps To Adopt A Global Solution To This Worldwide Problem?, Claire Arritola 2016 University of Miami Law School

Follow The Money: A Discussion Of The Organisation For Economic Co-Operation And Development’S Base Erosion And Profit Shifting Project: Has The Us Taken Steps To Adopt A Global Solution To This Worldwide Problem?, Claire Arritola

University of Miami Business Law Review

This article looks at the recent actions taken by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to prevent hybrid mismatches and tax base erosion. These actions have come in the form of the “Action Plan for Base Erosion and Profits” (BEPS). BEPS has spanned from 2013 to 2015 and has been the collaborative effort of representatives from 34 countries (with much help from the G-20 countries) as well as input from other non-member countries. Through this project, the OECD seeks to eradicate the problems caused by the current corporate tax structure and the tendency of countries to choose country-specific ...


From Avoiding ‘Double Taxation’ Yesterday To Avoiding ‘Double Non-Taxation’ Today: The Urgent Need For An International Tax Regime Based On Unitary Tax Principles, Zachée Pouga Tinhaga 2016 University of Michigan Law School

From Avoiding ‘Double Taxation’ Yesterday To Avoiding ‘Double Non-Taxation’ Today: The Urgent Need For An International Tax Regime Based On Unitary Tax Principles, Zachée Pouga Tinhaga

SJD Dissertations

The purpose of this Dissertation is to analyze the current ills of the international tax system with a special focus on developing countries, and to structure and present a Unitary Taxation System (“UT”) as a solution to the legitimate and multifaceted complaints about current international taxation of multinational companies (“MNEs”). The research aims at presenting a UT that would restore credibility in the international tax arena by providing fiscal predictability and certainty to MNEs, and ensuring appropriate taxation by all countries (specifically developing nations) of all “real” economic activity within their borders. Although this issue has been previously explored, there ...


Treaties In The Aftermath Of Beps, Yariv Brauner 2016 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Treaties In The Aftermath Of Beps, Yariv Brauner

UF Law Faculty Publications

The article argues that, despite the fanfare around it, the outcome of the BEPS project is unlikely to be dramatic, at least in the short term. Beyond a period of increased legal uncertainty and aggressive enforcement by some countries, it expects little substantive change in tax treaties. The challenges to the dominance of the OECD and the richest countries would likely be assuaged with marginal concessions, most or all of which not be affecting tax treaties. Yet, the article sees a silver lining in the non-substantive, structural, and instrumental outcomes of the BEPS project. It argues that even if unintended ...


Unilateral Responses To Tax Treaty Abuse: A Functional Approach, Omri Y. Marian 2016 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Unilateral Responses To Tax Treaty Abuse: A Functional Approach, Omri Y. Marian

UF Law Faculty Publications

Recent years have seen a dramatic increase in the attention given to abusive tax schemes that take advantage of bilateral tax treaties. The ensuing discourse tends to view potential responses to treaty abuses as a hierarchical set of options, gradually escalating, in which treaty termination is a last resort option. This article argues that the hierarchical view of unilateral responses to treaty abuse is misguided. Unilateral responses to treaty-based abuse are not hierarchically ordered. Rather, the approach to treaty abuse is (and should be) functional, adopting specific types of unilateral responses based on the type of treaty abuse at issue ...


A Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Oecd’S International Vat/Gst Guidelines, Walter Hellerstein 2016 UGA School of Law

A Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Oecd’S International Vat/Gst Guidelines, Walter Hellerstein

Scholarly Works

The OECD’s International VAT/GST Guidelines, which were released in their consolidated form at the OECD’s Global Forum on VAT in Paris in late 2015, are the culmination of nearly two decades of efforts to provide internationally accepted standards for consumption taxation of cross-border trade, particularly trade in services and intangibles. This article provides a roadmap to the Guidelines, especially for readers who may be unfamiliar with consumption tax principles, in general, or VATs in particular. Part II of the article provides the background to the Guidelines, describing the basic features of a VAT, the problems with which ...


An Introduction To The Oecd’S International Vat/Gst Guidelines, Walter Hellerstein 2016 UGA School of Law

An Introduction To The Oecd’S International Vat/Gst Guidelines, Walter Hellerstein

Scholarly Works

U.S. tax professionals can bene/it by becoming acquainted with the OECD’s new guidelines for the design and implementation of value added tax (VAT) regimes


Taxing Remote Sales In The Digital Age: A Global Perspective, Walter Hellerstein 2016 UGA School of Law

Taxing Remote Sales In The Digital Age: A Global Perspective, Walter Hellerstein

Scholarly Works

This Article addresses three fundamental questions raised by the taxation of remote sales in the digital age from a global perspective, but focuses on the implications, if any, of the answers to these questions in the global context for the U.S. subnational retail sales tax. First, should remote sales be taxed under a consumption tax? Second, if the answer to the first question is “yes,” where should such sales be taxed? Third, how can remote sales be taxed effectively under a consumption tax in the digital age?4


The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act: The Solution Or The Problem?, Sophie S. Chou 2016 Claremont McKenna College

The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act: The Solution Or The Problem?, Sophie S. Chou

CMC Senior Theses

Tax evasion has been happening for decades, but after the highly publicized cases with two foreign banks, LGT and UBS, the United States (US) is cracking down on tax evaders. The latest addition to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)’s repertoire of enforcement tools is the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, otherwise known as FATCA. The Act was enacted to incentivize tax information release by foreign financial institutions (FFIs) who would otherwise face a 30% withholding tax on any US source income. The question was whether or not the design of the Act and its implementation successfully met this goal ...


Tax Treaties And The Taxation Of Services In The Absence Of Physical Presence, Michael S. Kirsch 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Tax Treaties And The Taxation Of Services In The Absence Of Physical Presence, Michael S. Kirsch

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The increasing ability to deliver personal services electronically raises significant cross-border tax issues. In particular, given that the service provider need not be physically present in the would-be source country, significant questions arise as to the continued viability of tax treaty rules that focus on the service provider’s physical location. In response to these developments, proposed changes to the United Nations Model tax treaty have been approved that would allow source country taxation of technical services, even in the absence of the service provider’s physical presence. This article raises concerns about the broad scope of the proposed changes ...


Treaties In The Aftermath Of Beps, Yariv Brauner 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Treaties In The Aftermath Of Beps, Yariv Brauner

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The article argues that, despite the fanfare around it, the outcome of the BEPS project is unlikely to be dramatic, at least in the short term. Beyond a period of increased legal uncertainty and aggressive enforcement by some countries, it expects little substantive change in tax treaties. The challenges to the dominance of the OECD and the richest countries would likely be assuaged with marginal concessions, most or all of which not be affecting tax treaties. Yet, the article sees a silver lining in the non-substantive, structural, and instrumental outcomes of the BEPS project. It argues that even if unintended ...


Tax Treaties As A Network Product, Tsilly Dagan 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Tax Treaties As A Network Product, Tsilly Dagan

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The copiousness of tax treaties is often presented as proof, not only of their success but also of their desirability. In focusing on alleviating double taxation by allocating tax revenues, however, the treaties project is a missed opportunity. This article explains that an international tax standard is a network product and uses network theory to explore the potential advantages and drawbacks of the tax treaty network in entrenching such a standard. Networks facilitate stability and self-enforcement. By joining (and remaining in) a network, users benefit from the compatibility with other users; this, in turn, incentivizes new users to join and ...


Location Savings And Segmented Factor Input Markets: In Search Of A Tax Treaty Solution, Mitchell A. Kane 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Location Savings And Segmented Factor Input Markets: In Search Of A Tax Treaty Solution, Mitchell A. Kane

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

This article analyzes the proper bounds of source-based taxation of profits generated when firms outsource factor inputs, such as labor, to achieve cost savings. The article advances arguments grounded in efficiency, treaty text, and international distribution to justify greater source-based taxation than has historically been the case. To implement such expanded taxation, the article proposes a modification to transfer-pricing rules in instances where factor inputs are acquired from affiliates and a modification to the tax treaty rules regarding permanent establishments where factor inputs are acquired from unrelated parties. Finally, the article deals with a range of complications, particularly relating to ...


When International Tax Agreements Fail At Home: A U.S. Example, Diane Ring 2016 Brooklyn Law School

When International Tax Agreements Fail At Home: A U.S. Example, Diane Ring

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Over the past two and a half years, the international tax community has focused on the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project (BEPS project) undertaken by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) at the behest of the G20. According to the OECD, the resulting 2015 agreement involved the direct participation of more than sixty countries. An additional fifty-nine countries indirectly participated through regional dialogues. Furthermore, numerous international organizations are credited with participating in discussions and contributing to the resulting product. But, effective implementation of the BEPS agreement requires domestic action of various types—the domestic side of international ...


“Thinking Outside The (Tax) Treaty” Revisited, Adam H. Rosenzweig 2016 Brooklyn Law School

“Thinking Outside The (Tax) Treaty” Revisited, Adam H. Rosenzweig

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The rise and development of “Base Erosion and Profit Shifting” project by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (BEPS) provides an ideal opportunity to revisit the fundamental principles underlying the international tax regime and the bilateral tax treaty regime in particular. This is true because BEPS represents both an attempt to create a new, truly multinational consensus on international tax matters and a clear move away from the bilateral tax treaty as the primary form of international coordination. From this perspective, BEPS provides the perfect opportunity to revisit the role of a proposed dispute resolution mechanism for nontreaty member ...


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