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Two Cheers For The Foreign Tax Credit, Even In The Beps Era, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Robert J. Peroni, Stephen E. Shay 2016 BYU Law

Two Cheers For The Foreign Tax Credit, Even In The Beps Era, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Robert J. Peroni, Stephen E. Shay

Faculty Scholarship

Reform of the U.S. international income taxation system has been a hotly debated topic for many years. The principal competing alternatives are a territorial or exemption system and a worldwide system. For reasons summarized in this article, we favor worldwide taxation if it is real worldwide taxation – i.e., a non-deferred U.S. tax is imposed on all foreign income of U.S. residents at the time the income in earned. This approach is not acceptable, however, unless the resulting double taxation is alleviated. The longstanding U.S. approach for handling the international double taxation problem is a foreign ...


Developing Countries In An Age Of Transparency And Disclosure, Diane Ring 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

Developing Countries In An Age Of Transparency And Disclosure, Diane Ring

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Beps And The New International Tax Order, Allison Christians 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

Beps And The New International Tax Order, Allison Christians

BYU Law Review

Nations across the world are currently engaged in a coordinated international effort, ostensibly to curb excessive tax avoidance by the world’s biggest multinational companies. This Article contends, however, that the most likely impact will be to entrench a monopoly held by a small number of rich countries over the policymaking processes that created the tax avoidance problem to begin with. To examine this contention and probe possible solutions to it, the Article considers the legal and institutional components of the coordination project, by situating them historically and analyzing their multi-functionality as both norm diffusion and institutional reinforcement mechanisms. The ...


Defending Worldwide Taxation With A Shareholder-Based Definition Of Corporate Residence, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Robert J. Peroni, Stephen E. Shay 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

Defending Worldwide Taxation With A Shareholder-Based Definition Of Corporate Residence, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Robert J. Peroni, Stephen E. Shay

BYU Law Review

This Article argues that a principled, efficient, and practical definition of corporate residence is necessary even if some form of corporate integration is adopted, and that such a definition is a key element in designing either a real worldwide or a territorial income tax system as well as a potential restraint on the inversion phenomenon. The Article proposes that the United States adopt a shareholder-based definition of corporate residence that is structured as follows: 1. A foreign corporation is a U.S. tax resident for any year if fifty percent or more of its shares, determined by vote or value ...


The Other Eighty Percent: Private Investment Funds, International Tax Avoidance, And Tax-Exempt Investors, Omri Marian 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

The Other Eighty Percent: Private Investment Funds, International Tax Avoidance, And Tax-Exempt Investors, Omri Marian

BYU Law Review

The taxation of private equity managers’ share of funds’ profits—the twenty percent “carried interest”—received much attention in academic literature and popular discourse. Much has been said and written about the fact that fund managers’ profits are taxed at preferred rates. But what about the other eighty percent of funds’ profits? This Article theorizes that the bulk of such profits are never taxed. This is a result of a combination of three factors: First, private equity, venture capital, and hedge funds (collectively, Private Investment Funds, or “PIFs”) are major actors in cross-border investment activity. This enables PIFs to take ...


Inversions, Related Party Expenditures, And Source Taxation: Changing The Paradigm For The Taxation Of Foreign And Foreign-Owned Businesses, Julie A. Roin 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

Inversions, Related Party Expenditures, And Source Taxation: Changing The Paradigm For The Taxation Of Foreign And Foreign-Owned Businesses, Julie A. Roin

BYU Law Review

The disconnect between the rules for the taxation of domestic businesses and foreign and foreign-owned businesses operating in the United States both diminishes the federal treasury and distorts taxpayer and business behavior. Yet bringing the sets of rules into closer coordination is no simple task. This Article examines many of the solutions proffered in the academic literature and details the difficulties and trade-offs that each entails.


The Foreign Tax Credit War, Bret Wells 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

The Foreign Tax Credit War, Bret Wells

BYU Law Review

The government has been involved in a sustained war against objectionable foreign tax credit transactions. This war has caused the U.S. foreign tax credit regime to be riddled with complexity that spawns incoherent outcomes. The complexity contained in section 901 was created due to a legitimate concern: the threats posed by objectionable transactions that artificially generate excess foreign tax credits represent real policy problems. Since at least 1975, Congress and the Treasury Department have been convinced that the cross-crediting of excess foreign tax credits arising from “objectionable transactions” required a response in addition to simply relying on section 904 ...


The European Company, Pieter Sanders 2016 Erasmus University

The European Company, Pieter Sanders

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Country By Country Reporting And Corporate Privacy: Some Unanswered Questions, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah 2016 University of Michigan Law School

Country By Country Reporting And Corporate Privacy: Some Unanswered Questions, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Articles

Corporate privacy is an oxymoron. Individuals have a right to privacy, which the Supreme Court has recognized at least since Griswold v. Connecticut (1965). Warren and Brandeis’ famous defense of the right to privacy (1890) clearly applied only to individuals, because only individuals have the kind of feelings that are affected by invasions of privacy. Corporations are legal entities, and the concept of privacy does not apply to them, as the Supreme Court held in 1906. Thus, any objection to making corporate tax returns public cannot rest on the right to privacy. In fact, corporate returns were made public in ...


Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. McCaffery 2016 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. Mccaffery

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them. The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...


When International Tax Agreements Fail At Home: A U.S. Example, Diane M. Ring 2016 Boston College Law School

When International Tax Agreements Fail At Home: A U.S. Example, Diane M. Ring

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Over the past two and a half years, the international tax community has focused on the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project (BEPS project) undertaken by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) at the behest of the G20. According to the OECD, the resulting 2015 agreement involved the direct participation of more than sixty countries. An additional fifty-nine countries indirectly participated through regional dialogues. Furthermore, numerous international organizations are credited with participating in discussions and contributing to the resulting product. But effective implementation of the BEPS agreement requires domestic action of various types — the domestic side of international ...


The Tbt Agreement’S Failure To Solve U.S. - Cool, Elinore R. Carroll 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

The Tbt Agreement’S Failure To Solve U.S. - Cool, Elinore R. Carroll

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.), 2016 San Jose State University

Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.)

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Foreign Earned Income Exclusion, Shilpa Balnadu 2016 San Jose State University

The Foreign Earned Income Exclusion, Shilpa Balnadu

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 6, No. 1 – Summer/Fall 2016, 2016 San Jose State University

The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 6, No. 1 – Summer/Fall 2016

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Summaries For The Fourth Annual Irs/Sjsu Small Business Tax Institute, Padmini Yalamarthi, Fan Wang, Jie Shen, Xuan Hong, Marla Hampton CPA, MBA, Aaron Grey 2016 San Jose State University

Summaries For The Fourth Annual Irs/Sjsu Small Business Tax Institute, Padmini Yalamarthi, Fan Wang, Jie Shen, Xuan Hong, Marla Hampton Cpa, Mba, Aaron Grey

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Destination-Based Taxation In The House Republican Blueprint, Wei Cui 2016 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia

Destination-Based Taxation In The House Republican Blueprint, Wei Cui

Faculty Publications

The House Republican Task Force on Tax Reform released its Blueprint for tax reform in June 2016, at the center of which is a destination-based cash-flow tax (DBCFT) to replace the current federal income tax on corporations. The House GOP Blueprint represents the first time that the DBCFT has been promoted by political leaders. Initial commentators have stressed the capacity of such a tax (if adopted in the U.S.) to reduce U.S. companies’ incentives for international tax planning and profit shifting, and to allow the U.S. to “leapfrog to the front of the pack” in its tax ...


Citizens Abroad And Social Cohesion At Home: Refocusing A Cross-Border Tax Policy Debate, Michael S. Kirsch 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Citizens Abroad And Social Cohesion At Home: Refocusing A Cross-Border Tax Policy Debate, Michael S. Kirsch

Journal Articles

Over the past decade, a number of scholars have addressed the United States’ continuing use of citizenship as a jurisdictional basis upon which to tax the foreign-source income of individuals in the modern international setting. Some writers, including myself, have defended this citizenship-based taxation (“CBT”), while others have rejected it and proposed some form of residence-based taxation (“RBT”) for citizens.

This Article considers the competing normative arguments raised in this context, and attempts to distill the strengths and weaknesses of each. In so doing, it attempts to highlight the most important factors upon which the debate hinges, and illustrates the ...


The Trade Act Of 1974: Soviet-American Commercial Relations And The Future, Kenneth Klein 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

The Trade Act Of 1974: Soviet-American Commercial Relations And The Future, Kenneth Klein

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The U.S. Response To Oecd-Beps And The Eu State Aid Cases, Daniel Shaviro 2016 NYU School of Law

The U.S. Response To Oecd-Beps And The Eu State Aid Cases, Daniel Shaviro

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

This is the slightly expanded text of a talk that the author gave on June 1, 2016, at a conference in Amsterdam that was cosponsored by NYU Law School and the Amsterdam Centre for Tax Law. The conference concerned anti-BEPS implementation in the EU, and the talk concerned the U.S. response to such efforts.


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