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What Is State Aid And Why Corporations Should Be Worried About It?, José Manuel Martin Coronado 2017 EMAE - Estudio Martin Abogados & Economistas

What Is State Aid And Why Corporations Should Be Worried About It?, José Manuel Martin Coronado

José-Manuel Martin Coronado

This papers gives a deep legal analysis on the foundations of state aid applicable to the European Union based on the EU Treaty. It states that the Draft Notice of the Notion of State in 2014 was a break point to modernize it and to improve its utility to fight tax avoidance. However, many issues remain to be developed in order to make it a more effective tool against BEPS.


Taxing Systemic Risk, Eric D. Chason 2017 William & Mary Law School

Taxing Systemic Risk, Eric D. Chason

University of New Hampshire Law Review

A tax on the harmful elements of finance—a tax on systemic risk—would raise revenue and also lower the likelihood of future crisis. Financial institutions, which pay the tax, would try to minimize its cost by lowering their systemic risk. In theory, a tax on systemic risk is perfect policy. In practice, however, this perfect policy is unattainable. Tax laws need clear definitions to be administrable. Our current understanding of systemic risk is too abstract and too metaphorical to serve as a target for taxation.

Despite the absence of a clear definition of systemic risk, academics and policy makers ...


Transfer Pricing Rules In The Brics World: A Shifting Balance In Global Taxation Governance?, Thassiane Ayres Gossler 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Transfer Pricing Rules In The Brics World: A Shifting Balance In Global Taxation Governance?, Thassiane Ayres Gossler

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The rise of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) as major emerging powers has challenged existing important structures in the global economy. For this reason, there is an expectation that this restructuring may also occur in the international tax regime. In this respect, transfer pricing is one potential area for cooperation between the BRICS, which have faced challenges in applying the existing international standard – the traditional arm’s length approach as established by the OECD – in practice. Therefore, this thesis investigates the differences between the transfer pricing regulations of the BRICS and those of the OECD, examining ...


Before International Tax Reform, We Need To Understand Why Firms Invert, Michael S. Knoll 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Before International Tax Reform, We Need To Understand Why Firms Invert, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

A wave of corporate inversions by U.S. firms over the past two decades has generated substantial debate in academic, business, and policy circles.

The core of the debate hinges on a couple of key economic questions: Do U.S. tax laws disadvantage U.S.-domiciled companies relative to their foreign competitors? And, if so, do inversions improve the competitiveness of U.S. multinational firms both abroad and at home?

There is unfortunately little, if any, empirical work directly determining whether U.S.-based MNCs are currently tax-disadvantaged compared to their foreign rivals, or measuring the amount by which (if ...


Evaluating Beps, Reuven Avi-Yonah, Haiyan Xu 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Evaluating Beps, Reuven Avi-Yonah, Haiyan Xu

Articles

This article evaluates the recently completed Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project of the G20 and OECD and offers some alternatives for reform.


Offshore Accounts: Insider's Summary Of Fatca And Its Potential Future, J. Richard Harvey Jr. 2017 Selected Works

Offshore Accounts: Insider's Summary Of Fatca And Its Potential Future, J. Richard Harvey Jr.

Richard Harvey

No abstract provided.


Transparency, Disclosure And Developing Countries, Diane M. Ring 2017 Boston College Law School

Transparency, Disclosure And Developing Countries, Diane M. Ring

Diane M. Ring

No abstract provided.


Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.), 2017 San Jose State University

Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.)

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Country By Country Reporting Under Beps, Fenny Lei 2017 San Jose State University

Country By Country Reporting Under Beps, Fenny Lei

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


U.S. Tax Forms For American Expatriates, Saqib Amin CPA 2017 San Jose State University

U.S. Tax Forms For American Expatriates, Saqib Amin Cpa

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Summaries For The 32nd Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute, Saqib Amin, Silin Chen, Ophelia Ding, Veena Hemachandran, Elle San Pedro de Kornsand, Padmini Yalamarthi, Yu Zheng 2017 San Jose State University

Summaries For The 32nd Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute, Saqib Amin, Silin Chen, Ophelia Ding, Veena Hemachandran, Elle San Pedro De Kornsand, Padmini Yalamarthi, Yu Zheng

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 6, No. 2 – Spring 2017, 2017 San Jose State University

The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 6, No. 2 – Spring 2017

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Base Erosion And Profit Shifting: How Corporations Use Transfer Pricing To Avoid Taxation, Gregory Pun 2017 Boston College Law School

Base Erosion And Profit Shifting: How Corporations Use Transfer Pricing To Avoid Taxation, Gregory Pun

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

In an increasingly global economy, base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) has allowed multinational corporations to utilize their subsidiaries to move assets and profits. As a result, corporations are able to lower their tax bills, but also deprive governments of integral tax funds, while leaving smaller competitors who pay their fair share of taxes at a disadvantage. To combat the effects of BEPS, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has collaborated with the Group of 20 (G20) major economies for the first time to implement an action plan. The BEPS Project seeks to ensure all corporations pay proper ...


The Gordian Knot: How The United States, The European Union, And Organization For Economic Cooperation And Development Took Action Against Corporate Tax Avoidance, Katlyn Twomey 2017 Bryant University

The Gordian Knot: How The United States, The European Union, And Organization For Economic Cooperation And Development Took Action Against Corporate Tax Avoidance, Katlyn Twomey

Honors Projects in History and Social Sciences

In 2016, the United States had the highest corporate tax rate in the world. Perhaps, the high tax rate could be why American corporations are holding an estimated $2.5 trillion abroad (Cox 2016). According to a study by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. firms pay a measly 3% in tax to foreign governments on those profits, rather than the 35% U.S. corporate tax rate. How are these corporations able to legally avoid paying taxes on a large percentage of their profits? Many use various loopholes in the laws to shift profits into other countries or U ...


Nobody’S Stock Compares To Your Own: How Treasury Can Revive Stock Compensation In Cost-Sharing Agreements, Tyler Johnson 2017 Northwestern University School of Law

Nobody’S Stock Compares To Your Own: How Treasury Can Revive Stock Compensation In Cost-Sharing Agreements, Tyler Johnson

Northwestern University Law Review

In Altera Corp. v. Commissioner, the United States Tax Court invalidated a 2003 Treasury Regulation for failing to meet State Farm’s reasoned decisionmaking standard under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). Invalidating this specific regulation eliminates one of the federal government’s latest attempts to limit income tax avoidance by some of the world’s largest and wealthiest corporations in the murky world of transfer pricing. This Note demonstrates that the Tax Court’s ruling must be limited to its specific APA holding and argues that Treasury may enact a similar regulation under the existing statutory and regulatory framework of ...


Transparency, Disclosure And Developing Countries, Diane M. Ring 2017 Boston College Law School

Transparency, Disclosure And Developing Countries, Diane M. Ring

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Problems With Destination-Based Corporate Taxes And The Ryan Blueprint, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Kimberly Clausing 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Problems With Destination-Based Corporate Taxes And The Ryan Blueprint, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Kimberly Clausing

Articles

With the election of Donald Trump and the Republican Party’s domination of Congress, House Speaker Paul Ryan’s blueprint for fundamental tax reform requires more careful analysis. The Ryan blueprint combines reduced individual rates with a destination-based cash flow type business tax applicable to all businesses. The destination-based business tax at the center of the blueprint has several major problems: It is incompatible with our WTO obligations, it is incompatible with our tax treaties, and it will not eliminate the problems of income shifting and inversions it is designed to address. In addition, these proposals generate vexing technical problems ...


No More Starving Artists: Why The Art Market Needs A Universal Artist Resale Royalty Right, Allison Schten 2017 Notre Dame Law School

No More Starving Artists: Why The Art Market Needs A Universal Artist Resale Royalty Right, Allison Schten

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

Artists often struggle to make a living because they see profits only from the first sales of their work. Unlike other creative arts, where the creator can earn a living via sales of books or music, an artist’s product is valuable for its singularity. Droit de suite, or the artist resale royalty right, allows artists to recover a percentage of profits from resales of their work. Implementing resale royalty schemes has been a subject of controversy worldwide due to fears that the art market will relocate to areas without such additional transaction costs—but broad-scale, international implementation of droit ...


How May The United States Leverage Fatca To Incentivize Good Tax Administrations Among The World Of Black Hat And Grey Hat Governments?, William H. Byrnes 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law

How May The United States Leverage Fatca To Incentivize Good Tax Administrations Among The World Of Black Hat And Grey Hat Governments?, William H. Byrnes

William H. Byrnes

This Essay serves as a preliminary narrative to examine the serious challenge of Control Firsters’ vision that every jurisdiction should have complete information on all transactions by any taxpayer. The world has many, potentially a majority, of grey hat and black hat governments and tax administrations. One measure of which governments fall into these categories is Transparency International’s corruption index. Of 167 countries ranked by Transparency International for breadth of corruption from one hundred (very clean) to zero (highly corrupt/failed state), only fifty countries ranked above a score of fifty, and only twelve scored above eighty. A question ...


Putting The Substance Back Into The Economic Substance Doctrine, Nicholas Giordano 2017 Brooklyn Law School

Putting The Substance Back Into The Economic Substance Doctrine, Nicholas Giordano

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

The foreign tax credit, which saves U.S. taxpayers from paying both foreign and domestic income taxes on the same income, is critical to facilitating global commerce. However, as savvy taxpayers discover increasingly complicated ways to abuse the foreign tax credit regime through the structuring of business transactions, courts have become increasingly skeptical of the validity of those transactions. Using the economic substance doctrine, a common law doctrine codified in 2010 at I.R.C. § 7701(o), courts will disallow tax benefits stemming from a transaction that is not profitable absent its tax benefits, and which the taxpayer had no ...


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