Citizens Abroad And Social Cohesion At Home: Refocusing A Cross-Border Tax Policy Debate, 2017 Notre Dame Law Library
Citizens Abroad And Social Cohesion At Home: Refocusing A Cross-Border Tax Policy Debate, Michael Kirsch
Modern developments raise significant questions about the future importance (or non-importance) of formal citizenship status. For example, while many have interpreted the European Union project, with its emphasis on the free movement of individuals, as portending the decreasing relevance of nationality, recent developments, such as the “Brexit” vote, suggest that national identity remains an important factor for many individuals. While much of the public debate over citizenship focuses on areas, such as immigration, that are more obviously tied to formal citizenship status, this debate also impacts cross-border tax policy.
Over the past decade, several scholars have addressed the use of ...
Considering "Citizenship Taxation": In Defense Of Fatca, 2017 University of Utah, SJ Quinney College of Law
Considering "Citizenship Taxation": In Defense Of Fatca, Young Ran Kim
Utah Law Faculty Scholarship
Inspired by Ruth Mason’s recent article, Citizenship Taxation, which reaches a general conclusion against citizenship taxation, this Article also questions citizen taxation under the same normative framework, but with a particular focus on efficiency and administrability, and takes a much less critical stance towards the merits of citizenship taxation. First, neither citizenship taxation nor residence-based taxation can completely account for the differences between residents’ and nonresidents’ ability to pay taxes under the fairness argument. Second, the efficiency argument, that citizenship taxation may distort both Americans’ and non-Americans’ citizenship decisions, is not convincing. The American citizenship renunciation rate is not ...
Prop Up The Heavenly Chorus? Labor Unions, Tax Policy, And Political Voice Equality, 2017 Louisiana State University Law Center
Prop Up The Heavenly Chorus? Labor Unions, Tax Policy, And Political Voice Equality, Philip T. Hackney
Labor Unions are nonprofit organizations that provide laborers a voice before their employer and before governments. They are classic interest groups. United States federal tax policy exempts labor unions from the income tax, but effectively prohibits labor union members from deducting union dues from the individual income tax. Because these two policies directly impact the political voice of laborers, I consider primarily the value of political fairness in evaluating these tax policies rather than the typical tax critique of economic fairness or efficiency. I apply a model that presumes our democracy should aim for one person, one political voice. For ...
Taxation Without Information: The Institutional Foundations Of Modern Tax Collection, 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia
Taxation Without Information: The Institutional Foundations Of Modern Tax Collection, Wei Cui
A prominent strand of recent economic and legal scholarship hypothesizes that third-party information reporting (TPIR) is essential to modern tax collection. The slogan, “no taxation without information,” has captured researchers’ imagination and is even often presented as self-evident truth. This Article offers a fundamentally different perspective, arguing that the emphasis on TPIR is misplaced. TPIR is used largely in the collection of the personal income tax but not of many other types of modern taxes. Even for the personal income tax, TPIR also has close substitutes which do not involve information transmission to the government. Theoretically, the appeal to TPIR ...
Destination-Based Cash-Flow Taxation: A Critical Appraisal, 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia
Destination-Based Cash-Flow Taxation: A Critical Appraisal, Wei Cui
This article offers the first comprehensive scholarly response to proposals for destination-based, cash-flow taxation (DCFT). DCFT proposals have attracted heightened public attention in 2016 because of its incorporation into the U.S. House Republican Blueprint for tax reform and Donald Trump’s subsequent election to the White House. They also continue to fascinate tax specialists by suggesting that corporate profit can not only be taxed in countries of “source” or “residence,” but also (or even exclusively) in the countries where sales to final consumers occur. This Article clarifies the logical structure of DCFT proposals and exposes substantial gaps between their ...
Who Owns Human Capital?, 2017 Seattle University Law School
Who Owns Human Capital?, Lily Kahng
Washington University Law Review
This Article analyzes the tax law’s capital income preference through the lens of intellectual capital, an increasingly important driver of economic productivity whose value derives primarily from workers’ knowledge, experience and skills. The Article discusses how business owners increasingly are able to “propertize” labor into intellectual capital—to capture the returns on their workers’ labor by embedding it in intellectual property and to restrict workers’ ability to employ their skills and knowledge elsewhere. The Article then shows how the tax law provides significant subsidies to the process of propertization and thereby contributes to the inequitable distribution of returns between ...
The Definitions Of Income, 2017 Georgetown University Law Center
The Definitions Of Income, John R. Brooks
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
What is income? It’s a seemingly simple question that’s surprisingly hard to answer. Income is the basis for assigning tax burdens, for distributing transfers, and for broader normative issues of inequality and justice. Yet we lack a shared conception of income, and a pure, rigorous definition of income is impossible. In this Article I review the intellectual history of the income concept among tax and fiscal theorists to show the difficulty of the problem, and also to show that some important debates about what’s proper under an income tax can be explained instead as arguments over competing ...
Minimalism About Residence And Source, 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia
Minimalism About Residence And Source, Wei Cui
Many economists and legal scholars claim that the traditional conceptual and policy framework for international taxation is defunct. The examples they offer most often to support such claims are failures of residence- or source-based taxation to achieve a variety of normative objectives. This article suggests that there is a very different way of seeing why international taxation has become intellectually controversial. The key problem is not that the globalization of economic activities makes the traditional policy tools outdated; instead, it is that scholars and policymakers have more frequent occasions to disagree about the normative goals of international taxation. Thus most ...
The Illusion Of Fiscal Illusion In Regulatory Takings, 2017 American University Washington College of Law
The Illusion Of Fiscal Illusion In Regulatory Takings, Bethany R. Berger
American University Law Review
No abstract provided.
Tampon Taxes, Discrimination, And Human Rights, 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University
Tampon Taxes, Discrimination, And Human Rights, Bridget J. Crawford
Pace Law Faculty Publications
This Article makes two contributions to the study of taxation. First, it argues that the “tampon tax”--an umbrella term to describe sales, VAT, and similar “luxury” taxes imposed on menstrual hygiene products--illustrates how deeply embedded gender is in legal structures such as the tax system that are thought to be neutral. Second, this Article posits that tax reform is an essential tool in achieving both gender equality and human rights. In recent months, activists around the globe have harnessed the power of the Internet to raise awareness of the tampon tax. In response to pressure from constituents, five states ...
Recent Developments In Federal Income Taxation: The Year 2016, 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law
Recent Developments In Federal Income Taxation: The Year 2016, Martin J. Mcmahon Jr., Bruce A. Mcgovern
UF Law Faculty Publications
This recent developments outline discusses, and provides context to understand the significance of, the most important judicial decisions and administrative rulings and regulations promulgated by the Internal Revenue Service and Treasury Department during the most recent twelve months—and sometimes a little farther back in time if we find the item particularly humorous or outrageous. Most Treasury Regulations, however, are so complex that they cannot be discussed in detail, and, anyway, only a devout masochist would read them all the way through; just the basic topic and fundamental principles are highlighted—unless one of us decides to go nuts and ...
Donor Advised Funds: Charitable Spending Vehicles For 21st Century Philanthropy, 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law
Donor Advised Funds: Charitable Spending Vehicles For 21st Century Philanthropy, Roger Colinvaux
Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions
The donor advised fund (DAF) is changing longstanding giving norms in United States philanthropy. DAF contributions now account for around 8.4% of giving by individuals in the U.S. Over half of those contributions go to national DAF sponsors that have relationships with large commercial investment firms like Fidelity, Vanguard, and Schwab. This Article seeks to advance the understanding of the donor advised fund and to address two of the main policy questions: whether to require a mandatory distribution of funds by DAFs and their sponsoring organizations and how to respond to the increased use of DAFs for noncash ...
Legitimate Expectations In Canada: Soft Law And Tax Administration, 2017 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University
Legitimate Expectations In Canada: Soft Law And Tax Administration, Sas Ansari, Lorne Sossin
Articles & Book Chapters
This chapter examines the relationship between legitimate expectations and soft law. In what circumstances can an agency’s guidelines create law — or at least legally enforceable expectations? At first glance, the answer would appear obvious. The key reason for developing soft law is to provide guidance and transparency as to the process (and sometimes the substance) of administrative action. Soft law by its nature gives rise to expectations. Whether those expectations, in turn, give rise to legal effects is decidedly less clear. In fact, this question has vexed Canadian administrative law. Nowhere are questions of soft law and legitimate expectations ...
Putting The Substance Back Into The Economic Substance Doctrine, 2017 Brooklyn Law School
Putting The Substance Back Into The Economic Substance Doctrine, Nicholas Giordano
Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law
The foreign tax credit, which saves U.S. taxpayers from paying both foreign and domestic income taxes on the same income, is critical to facilitating global commerce. However, as savvy taxpayers discover increasingly complicated ways to abuse the foreign tax credit regime through the structuring of business transactions, courts have become increasingly skeptical of the validity of those transactions. Using the economic substance doctrine, a common law doctrine codified in 2010 at I.R.C. § 7701(o), courts will disallow tax benefits stemming from a transaction that is not profitable absent its tax benefits, and which the taxpayer had no ...
Simplexity: Plain Language And The Tax Law, 2017 New York University School of Law
Simplexity: Plain Language And The Tax Law, Joshua D. Blank, Leigh Osofsky
In recent years, federal government agencies have increasingly attempted to use plain language in written communications with the public. The Plain Writing Act of 2010, for instance, requires agencies to incorporate "clear and simple" explanations of rules and regulations into their official publications. In the tax context, as part of its "customer service" mission, the Internal Revenue Service bears a "duty to explain" the tax law to hundreds of millions of taxpayers who file tax returns each year. Proponents of the plain language movement have heralded this form of communication as leading to simplicity in tax compliance, more equitable access ...
Behavioral Public Choice And The Carbon Tax, 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law
Behavioral Public Choice And The Carbon Tax, Gary M. Lucas Jr
In response to the historic Paris Agreement on climate change and to the Environmental Protection Agency’s recently finalized Clean Power Plan, economists and other climate policy experts have renewed the call for the United States to adopt a carbon tax. Opposition among the public presents a major obstacle. While a majority of the public supports government action on climate change, most people favor the use of “green” subsidies and command-and-control regulations—a fact that frustrates economists of all political stripes who contend that a carbon tax would be much cheaper and more effective. This Article argues that a cognitive ...
Defining Residence For Income Tax Purposes: Domicile As Gap-Filler, Citizenship As Proxy And Gap-Filler, 2017 Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University
Defining Residence For Income Tax Purposes: Domicile As Gap-Filler, Citizenship As Proxy And Gap-Filler, Edward A. Zelinsky
Michigan Journal of International Law
In this paper, I place the United States’ adherence to citizenship-based taxation in the context of the states’ tax systems. Forty-one states impose general income taxes on the worldwide incomes of their respective residents. These state tax systems are important repositories of experience that confirm the administrative benefits of citizenship-based taxation. Domicile today plays an important role in state tax systems as a gap-filler when more objective statutory residence laws fail to assign any state of residence to the taxpayer. Citizenship is an administrable proxy for domicile and serves a similar gap-filling role in the taxation of individuals whose income ...
Why A State-Level Carbon Tax Can Include Border Adjustments, 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Why A State-Level Carbon Tax Can Include Border Adjustments, David Gamage, Darien Shanske
Articles by Maurer Faculty
This is our third in a series of articles considering taxation and greenhouse gas mitigation. To date, all state-level attempts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by placing a price on carbon have involved cap-and-trade regimes. In our previous two articles, we considered how importing tax features into a cap and- trade regime could ease distributive concerns and also make cap-and-trade regimes more efficient.
Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske
Articles by Maurer Faculty
We began this project pondering a riddle. Most state governments have adopted what we-and many others-view as clearly suboptimal tax policies, especially in regard to the taxation of corporate income and capital gains. Yet, with the notable exception of those who oppose progressivity and the taxation of capital, state-level tax policymakers have had remarkably little appetite for reform.
This Article provides one major explanation for this riddle by identifying and demonstrating a phenomenon that we label as "tax cannibalization." We argue that flawed state-level tax policies derive in part from perverse incentives inadvertently created by the federal government.
How States Can Respond To The Ahca: Using The Mccarran-Ferguson Act, 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law
How States Can Respond To The Ahca: Using The Mccarran-Ferguson Act, David Gamage, Darien Shanske
Articles by Maurer Faculty
No abstract provided.