Jual Obat Vitalitas Viagra Di Bali Cod 082167654444, 2020 St. Mary's University, San Antonio, TX
Jual Obat Vitalitas Viagra Di Bali Cod 082167654444, Rt Satu
Good Initiative, Bad Judgement: The Unintended Consequences Of Title Ix's Proportionality Standard On Ncaa Men's Gymnastics And The Transgender Athlete, Jeffrey Shearer
Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum
Title IX fails to provide the tools or guidelines necessary to equalize opportunities for all student athletes in the collegiate setting despite the government’s continuous effort to explain the law. This failure is because judicial precedent has largely developed around the binary proportionality test of compliance. Title IX was originally intended to equalize educational opportunities for male and female students in order to remedy past discrimination in our society. However, the application of Title IX has frequently created fewer opportunities in athletics due to the unintended relationship between the proportionality standard and the social phenomenon that is the commercialization ...
Impact Statements: Giving A Voice To Sexual Assault Survivors, 2020 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Impact Statements: Giving A Voice To Sexual Assault Survivors, Anamika Roy
University of Maryland Law Journal of Race, Religion, Gender and Class
No abstract provided.
Valuing All Identities Beyond The Schoolhouse Gate: The Case For Inclusivity As A Civic Virtue In K-12, 2020 Loyola University Chicago School of Law
Valuing All Identities Beyond The Schoolhouse Gate: The Case For Inclusivity As A Civic Virtue In K-12, Sacha M. Coupet
Michigan Journal of Gender & Law
Increasing social and political polarization in our society continues to exact a heavy toll marked by, among other social ills, a rise in uncivility, an increase in reported hate crimes, and a more pronounced overall climate of intolerance—for viewpoints, causes, and identities alike. Intolerance, either a cause or a consequence of our fraying networks of social engagement, is rampant, hindering our ability to live up to our de facto national motto, “E Pluribus Unum,” or “Out of Many, One” and prompting calls for how best to build a cohesive civil society. Within the public school—an institution conceived primarily ...
Seeking Remedies For Lgbtq Children From Destructive Parental Authority In The Era Of Religious Freedom, 2020 Washington and Lee University School of Law
Seeking Remedies For Lgbtq Children From Destructive Parental Authority In The Era Of Religious Freedom, Roy Abernathy
Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice
This Note explores the intersection of parents’ rights, religious rights, state’s rights, and children’s rights. This Note analyzes the development of children’s rights and how those rights may be applied to current state religious exemption policies that affect the health of LGBTQ children. This Note will argue that in the absence of direct federal legislation to stop the harm of LGBTQ children, four possible remedies may exist to protect LGBTQ children. These remedies include states asserting parens patriae authority, children asserting substantive due process claims, children utilizing partial emancipation statutes, or children utilizing mature minor exemptions, which ...
"Terms Of Heart": Judicial Style In Obergefell V. Hodges, 2020 Boston College Law School
"Terms Of Heart": Judicial Style In Obergefell V. Hodges, Eliza S. Walker
Boston College Law Review
The law lives in language. The Supreme Court issues written opinions to inform the parties, the bar, and the public of its decision in each case. But the content of the decision cannot be divorced from the way it is written—that is, the style. Fundamental rights cases present a singular stylistic challenge both because they must reduce some ineffable liberty to language, and because they are the cases most likely to be read by the public. Justice Anthony Kennedy’s 2015 opinion in Obergefell v. Hodges was criticized not only for its outcome, but also for its supposedly non-legal ...
Zarda And Sexual Orientation Expression: A New High For Title Vii Interpretation, 2020 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law
Zarda And Sexual Orientation Expression: A New High For Title Vii Interpretation, Nico Ramos
Catholic University Law Review
Under current federal law, a majority of jurisdictions decline to extend Title VII protections based on sexual orientation; however, a growing number of circuits have reversed precedent and held that Title VII prohibits discrimination sexual orientation discrimination. The Second Circuit’s en banc decision in Zarda v. Altitude Express reached the conclusion that sexual orientation discrimination is as a cognizable claim under Title VII because in order to discriminate against a person sexual orientation, you naturally first have to take their gender into account. The Supreme Court granted certiorari and has now heard oral arguments.
Part I of this note ...
Revisiting The “Private Use Exception” To Canada’S Child Pornography Laws: Teenage Sexting, Sex-Positivity, Pleasure, And Control In The Digital Age, 2020 Institute of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Carleton University
Revisiting The “Private Use Exception” To Canada’S Child Pornography Laws: Teenage Sexting, Sex-Positivity, Pleasure, And Control In The Digital Age, Lara Karaian, Dillon Brady
Osgoode Hall Law Journal
In R v Sharpe, the Supreme Court of Canada read in a “private use exception” to the offence of possessing child pornography. The Court reasoned that youths’ self-created expressive material and private recordings of lawful sexual activity—created by, or depicting the accused and held by the accused exclusively for private use—would pose little or no risk to children and may in fact be of significance to adolescent self-fulfillment, self-actualization, sexual exploration, and identity. Fundamental changes in the technological, social, sexual, and legal landscape since Sharpe have resulted in a lack of clarity regarding the exception’s scope. Federal ...
Paving The Way For Recognizing Postpenetration Rape Through The Mistake Of Fact Defense, 2020 Boston College Law School
Paving The Way For Recognizing Postpenetration Rape Through The Mistake Of Fact Defense, Katherine M. King
Boston College Law Review
On February 13, 2019, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court in Commonwealth v. Sherman introduced a communication element in rape cases involving withdrawn consent. The prosecutor must prove that the victim communicated the revocation of consent such that a reasonable defendant would understand its withdrawal. In doing so, the court invoked a mistake of fact defense with regard to consent, which Massachusetts historically did not apply in its rape jurisprudence. This Comment notes that Massachusetts is unique in recognizing postpenetration rape as a legal possibility. This Comment compares Sherman to the Supreme Judicial Court’s decision in 2008 in Commonwealth v ...
Law School News: The Honorable Margaret H. Marshall: Doctor Of Laws, Honoris Causa 05-10-2020, 2020 Roger Williams University
Law School News: The Honorable Margaret H. Marshall: Doctor Of Laws, Honoris Causa 05-10-2020, Roger Williams University School Of Law
Life of the Law School (1993- )
No abstract provided.
Saints And Sinners: Is An Insurance Policy Required To Indemnify The Church For The Wrongful Acts Of Sexual Misconduct By Priests?, Cassidy J. Seamon
Boston College Law Review
On September 19, 2018, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit’s holding in Hartford Roman Catholic Diocesan Corp. v. Interstate Fire & Casualty Co. created two circuit splits regarding the interpretation of Interstate Fire and Casualty Co.’s insurance policy provisions, particularly in the context of indemnification for sexual abuse settlements. Hartford held that in insurance policy interpretation the presence of an occurrence is determined by a subjective test of expectation from the standpoint of the insured. The Second Circuit also held that the assault and battery exclusion excluded only those insureds that committed the assault and ...
Gender-Stereotyping Theory, Freedom Of Expression, And Identity, 2020 William & Mary Law School
Gender-Stereotyping Theory, Freedom Of Expression, And Identity, Carlos A. Ball
William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal
This Article argues that the expressive components of gender-stereotyping theory serve to delink the equality protections afforded by that theory from fixed and predetermined identity categories in helpful and positive ways. Many have viewed American antidiscrimination law as being normatively grounded in the notion that there are certain identities that, because of their stable and immutable characteristics, deserve equality-based protections. Gender-stereotyping theory can help make the normative case for a more pluralistic understanding of equality, one that is grounded in the need to protect the fluid and multiple ways in which gender is performed or expressed rather than focusing, as ...
Can We Have Our Cake And Eat It Too?: What Masterpiece Cakeshop And Religious Refusals Mean For Texas’S Adoption Bill, Nadeen Abou-Hossa
The Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice
A Textuary Ray Of Hope For Lgbtq+ Workers: Does Title Vii Mean What It Says?, 2020 U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
A Textuary Ray Of Hope For Lgbtq+ Workers: Does Title Vii Mean What It Says?, Eduardo Juarez
The Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice
Masterpiece Cakeshop'S Homiletics, 2020 The Michael E. Moritz College of Law, The Ohio State University
Masterpiece Cakeshop'S Homiletics, Marc Spindelman
Cleveland State Law Review
Viewed closely and comprehensively, Masterpiece Cakeshop, far from simply being the narrow, shallow, and modest decision many have taken it to be, is a rich, multi-faceted decision that cleaves and binds the parties to the case, carefully managing conflictual crisis. Through a ruling for a faithful custom-wedding-cake baker against a state whose legal processes are held to have been marred by anti-religious bias, the Court unfolds a cross-cutting array of constitutional wins and losses for cultural conservatives and traditional moralists, on the one hand, and for lesbians and gay men and their supporters committed to civil and equal rights, on ...
Retitling Title Ix, 2020 Seton Hall University
Retitling Title Ix, Matthew F. Marino
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
Title IX, a federal education policy put into place in the early 1970s, has been under the microscope for its perceived failure to protect students from sexual misconduct. Since 2011, and especially since 2017, conflict has existed among higher education, the judicial system, and the Department of Education (ED), resulting in little clarity as to proper Title IX response. However, little research exists that attempts to examine court cases for both commonalities and divergence in how higher education institutions respond to Title IX incidents of sexual misconduct and whether those procedures mesh with how the courts view proper Title IX ...
Facing The Future With Fosta: Examining The Allow States And Victims To Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act Of 2017, 2020 University of Miami Law School
Facing The Future With Fosta: Examining The Allow States And Victims To Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act Of 2017, Caitlyn Burnitis
University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review
On April 11, 2018, President Trump signed the Stop Enabling Sex Trafficking Act (SESTA) and Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA) package into effect. This law amends Section 230 of the Communications and Decency Act that provides safe harbors for website hosts. Under the amended law, these safe harbor laws that provide websites civil liability immunity for the actions of their users would now exclude enforcement of federal and state sex trafficking laws. While many praised the passage of this law, many others raised concerns about its effect on free speech, prosecution, and sex workers ...
The Relationship Between Lgbtq+ Representation On The Political And Theatrical Stages, 2020 University of South Dakota
The Relationship Between Lgbtq+ Representation On The Political And Theatrical Stages, Brett V. Ries
This thesis examines the relationship between LGBTQ+ representation on the political and theatrical stages. During some decades, LGBTQ+ theatre was dictated by the politics of the time period. During other times, theatre educated and filled the silence when the government and society turned the other way. By examining LGBTQ+ plays, musicals, and political events over the past century, there are clear themes that emerge. In both the theatrical and political arenas, LGBTQ+ representation has been limited by a concept called “repressive tolerance.” Every step of progress has been met with another restriction, ranging from stereotypical caricatures to legal discrimination. In ...
Identity: Obstacles And Openings, 2020 University of Miami School of Law
Identity: Obstacles And Openings, Osamudia R. James
SMU Law Review Forum
Progress regarding equality and social identities has moved in a bipolar fashion: popular engagement with the concept of social identities has increased even as courts have signaled decreasing interest in engaging identity. Maintaining and deepening the liberatory potential of identity, particularly in legal and policymaking spheres, will require understanding trends in judicial hostility toward “identity politics,” the impact of status hierarchy even within minoritized identity groups, and the threat that white racial grievance poses to identitarian claims.
Prosecuting Human Trafficking In The Wake Of Epstein: A Proposal For The Implementation Of Aggravated Human Trafficking Statutes, Katherine F. Erickson, Lynette A. Dalley
Brigham Young University Prelaw Review
In June of 2008, Jeffrey Epstein plead guilty in a Florida court on
two counts of felony prostitution for nonconsensual sex acts against
two girls under eighteen. Evidence showed, however, that the true
scope of his crime encompassed dozens of underage girls. He
was sentenced to eighteen months in jail but ended up only serving
thirteen. Because of the terms of his prison sentence, Epstein
was allowed to leave the jail during the day for work release.