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Orwellian Surveillance Of Vehicular Travels, Sam Hanna 2014 SelectedWorks

Orwellian Surveillance Of Vehicular Travels, Sam Hanna

Sam Hanna

What would someone learn about you if all your automobile travels were ubiquitously tracked beginning today? Creating an indefinite database of a person’s previous automobile travels to formulate deductions on intimate details of people's lives is precisely what law enforcement agencies are currently able to accomplish with automatic license plate recognition (“ALPR”). With the ubiquity of ALPR cameras, continuous government surveillance of automobile travels is no longer a figment of the imagination. Consequently, the judicial and legislative branches of government must embark on balancing the private and public interests implicated by this technology. Failure to set suitable boundaries ...


One Hundred Nos: An Empirical Analysis Of The First 100 Denials Of Institution For Inter Partes And Covered Business Method Patent Reviews, Jonathan R. K. Stroud, Jarrad Wood 2014 SelectedWorks

One Hundred Nos: An Empirical Analysis Of The First 100 Denials Of Institution For Inter Partes And Covered Business Method Patent Reviews, Jonathan R. K. Stroud, Jarrad Wood

Jonathan R. K. Stroud

Tasked in 2011 with creating three powerful new patent review trial regimes, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office—through the efforts of their freshly empowered quasi-judicial body, the Patent Trial and Appeals Board—set to creating a fast-paced trial with minimal discovery and maximum efficiency. In the first two years of existence, the proceedings have proved potent, holding unpatentable many of the claims that reach decisions on the merits. Yet a small subsection of petitions never make it past the starting gate, resulting in wasted time and effort on the parts of petitioners—and likely sighs of relief from ...


Regulation Of Chemical Risks: Lessons For Tsca Reform From Canada And The European Union, Adam Abelkop, John D. Graham 2014 SelectedWorks

Regulation Of Chemical Risks: Lessons For Tsca Reform From Canada And The European Union, Adam Abelkop, John D. Graham

Adam Abelkop

The United States Congress is considering reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) of 1976. This Article compares recent reforms in Europe and Canada in order to draw lessons for TSCA reform. In 2006, the European Union enacted the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) regulation while Canada used existing authority under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) of 1999 to initiate the 2006 Chemicals Management Plan (CMP). Focusing on the tens of thousands of industrial chemicals now in use in the US, we offer several suggestions for TSCA reform based on the European and Canadian experiences ...


Legal And Scientific Flaws In The Myriad Genetics Litigation, Eric Grote 2014 SelectedWorks

Legal And Scientific Flaws In The Myriad Genetics Litigation, Eric Grote

Eric Grote

In Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, the Supreme Court held that Myriad’s isolated BRCA DNA patent claims were invalid because an isolated DNA with the same sequence as a natural DNA is a product of nature. The decision has two fundamental flaws. First, due to a faulty claim construction by the trial court, the Supreme Court was never informed that isolated DNA is a synthetic molecule that is not actually isolated from nature, or that isolated DNA lacks functional information encoded by chemical modifications present in natural human DNA. Second, the Court ignored a long line of ...


Voice Over Internet Protocol: An International Approach To Regulation, Jimar Sanders 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Voice Over Internet Protocol: An International Approach To Regulation, Jimar Sanders

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


No Worldwide Consensus: The United Nations Declaration On Human Cloning, Channah Jarrell 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

No Worldwide Consensus: The United Nations Declaration On Human Cloning, Channah Jarrell

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Google Art Project: An Analysis From A Legal And Social Perspective On Copyright Implications, Katrina Wu 2014 SelectedWorks

The Google Art Project: An Analysis From A Legal And Social Perspective On Copyright Implications, Katrina Wu

Katrina Wu

The Google Art Project is an ambitious attempt by Google to curate worldwide artwork online in the highest resolution possible. Google accomplishes this by partnering with museums where museums provide access to art collections and Google provides the technology to capture high quality images. Under this existing model, Google places the burden of copyright clearances on museums and removes images from online if requested by copyright owners. An endeavor like the Google Art Project is not unprecedented however, when Google attempted to put the world’s books online under the Google Books Project, scanning millions of titles and offering snippets ...


Who's Virus Is It Anyway? How The World Health Organization Can Protect Against Claims Of "Viral Sovereignty", Jason Carter 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Who's Virus Is It Anyway? How The World Health Organization Can Protect Against Claims Of "Viral Sovereignty", Jason Carter

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


"Honey I Blew Up The World!"? One Small Step Towards Filling The Regulatory "Black Hole" At The Intersection Of High-Energy Particle Colliders And International Law, Samuel J. Adams 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

"Honey I Blew Up The World!"? One Small Step Towards Filling The Regulatory "Black Hole" At The Intersection Of High-Energy Particle Colliders And International Law, Samuel J. Adams

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Regulating Weaponized Nanotechnology: How The International Criminal Court Offers A Way Forward, Lucas D. Bradley 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Regulating Weaponized Nanotechnology: How The International Criminal Court Offers A Way Forward, Lucas D. Bradley

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


From Patent Thickets To Patent Networks: The Legal Infrastructure Of The Digital Economy, Jonathan M. Barnett 2014 BLR

From Patent Thickets To Patent Networks: The Legal Infrastructure Of The Digital Economy, Jonathan M. Barnett

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Scholarly and popular commentary often assert that markets characterized by intensive patent issuance and enforcement suffer from “patent thickets” that suppress innovation. This assertion is difficult to reconcile with continuous robust levels of R&D investment, coupled with declining prices, in technology markets that have operated under intensive patent issuance and enforcement for several decades. Using network visualization software, I show that information and communication technology markets rely on patent pools and other cross-licensing structures to mitigate or avoid patent thickets and associated inefficiencies. Based on the composition, structure, terms and pricing of selected leading patent pools in the ICT ...


The Costs And Benefits Of Regulatory Intervention In Internet Service Provider Interconnection Disputes: Lessons From Broadcaster-Cable Retransmission Consent Negotiations, Rob Frieden 2014 SelectedWorks

The Costs And Benefits Of Regulatory Intervention In Internet Service Provider Interconnection Disputes: Lessons From Broadcaster-Cable Retransmission Consent Negotiations, Rob Frieden

Rob Frieden

This paper considers what limited roles the FCC may lawfully assume to ensure timely and fair interconnection and compensation agreements in the Internet ecosystem. The paper examines the FCC’s limited role in broadcaster-cable television retransmission consent negotiations with an eye toward assessing the applicability of this model. The FCC explicitly states that it lacks jurisdiction to prescribe terms, or to mandate binding arbitration. However, it recently interpreted its statutory authority to ensure “good faith” negotiations as allowing it to constrain broadcaster negotiating leverage by prohibiting multiple operators, having the largest market share, from joining in collective negotiations with cable ...


Internet Protocol Television And The Challenge Of “Mission Critical” Bits., Rob Frieden 2014 SelectedWorks

Internet Protocol Television And The Challenge Of “Mission Critical” Bits., Rob Frieden

Rob Frieden

The Internet increasingly provides an alternative distribution medium for video and other types of high value, bandwidth intensive content. Many consumers have become “technology agnostic” about what kind of wireline or wireless medium provides service. However, they expect carriers to offer access anytime, anywhere, via any device and in any format. These early adopters of new technologies and alternatives to “legacy” media have no patience with the concept of “appointment television” that limits access to a specific time, on a single channel and in only one presentation format.

This paper assesses whether and how Internet Service Providers (“ISPs”) can offer ...


Teaching The Biological Clock: Age-Related Fertility Decline And Sex Education, Kerry L. Macintosh 2014 SelectedWorks

Teaching The Biological Clock: Age-Related Fertility Decline And Sex Education, Kerry L. Macintosh

Kerry L Macintosh

Fertility in women declines significantly at age thirty-two and takes a sharp downward turn at age thirty-seven. Miscarriages also increase with age. In vitro fertilization cannot reverse the effects of aging, and embryo screening, egg freezing, and egg donation are imperfect solutions.

Unfortunately, many women fail to grasp these facts until it is too late. Various factors are to blame, including physicians who shy away from the topic of age-related fertility decline, persistent messaging about the need for pregnancy prevention (implying that conception is easy), and media accounts of celebrities who are pregnant in their forties.

This Article argues that ...


Self-Defense Against Robots, A. Michael Froomkin, Zak Colangelo 2014 University of Miami

Self-Defense Against Robots, A. Michael Froomkin, Zak Colangelo

A. Michael Froomkin

This paper examines when, under U.S. law, humans may use force against robots to protect themselves, their property, and their privacy. May a landowner legally shoot down a trespassing drone? May she hold a trespassing autonomous car as security against damage done or further torts? Is the fear that a drone may be operated by a paparazzo or a peeping Tom sufficient grounds to disable or interfere with it? How hard may you shove if the office robot rolls over your foot? This paper addresses all those issues and one more: what rules and standards we could put into ...


Public Good Economics And Standard Essential Patents, Christopher S. Yoo 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Public Good Economics And Standard Essential Patents, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship

Standard essential patents have emerged as a major focus in both the public policy and academic arenas. The primary concern is that once a patented technology has been incorporated into a standard, the standard can effectively insulate it from competition from substitute technologies. To guard against the appropriation of quasi-rents that are the product of the standard setting process rather than the innovation itself, standard setting organizations (SSOs) require patentholders to disclose their relevant intellectual property before the standard has been adopted and to commit to license those rights on terms that are fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory (FRAND).

To date ...


"Step Into The Game": Assessing The Interactive Nature Of Virtual Reality Video Games Through The Context Of "Terroristic Speech", Robert Hupf Jr 2014 SelectedWorks

"Step Into The Game": Assessing The Interactive Nature Of Virtual Reality Video Games Through The Context Of "Terroristic Speech", Robert Hupf Jr

Robert Hupf Jr

This article will begin the discussion on video gaming’s next interactive jump – total VR immersion – and examine whether the interactivity of VR changes the ordinary First Amendment analysis . . . . Yet, even with the “terroristic speech” component, involving everything from instructions on bomb-making to anti-American “terrorist” recruitment messaging, the Court should affirm the speech-protective logic of Justice Learned Hand and Justice Brandeis and hold that the First Amendment protects the freedom of video game developers in making VR video games with problematic content. The video game medium and its depictions have already been recognized as “speech” in Brown, fall into a ...


Has Delaware Become The "New" Eastern District Of Texas? The Unforeseen Consequences Of The Aia, Fabio E. Marino, Teri H.P. Nguyen 2014 Santa Clara Law

Has Delaware Become The "New" Eastern District Of Texas? The Unforeseen Consequences Of The Aia, Fabio E. Marino, Teri H.P. Nguyen

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal

To stem the rising tide of patent suits brought by non-practicing entities (NPEs), Congress enacted the anti-joinder provisions of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA) while, at nearly the same time, the Federal Circuit issued a series of decisions making it easier for defendants to transfer multi-defendant cases filed by NPEs away from the Eastern District of Texas. The unexpected result of these initiatives, however, has been that NPEs have selected the District of Delaware as their new “forum of choice,” making it the most popular forum for patent litigation in the country and displacing the Eastern District of Texas.


Copyright's Hand Abstractions Test For Patent's Section 101 Subject-Matter Eligibility, Mark R. Carter 2014 Santa Clara Law

Copyright's Hand Abstractions Test For Patent's Section 101 Subject-Matter Eligibility, Mark R. Carter

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal

Since the Federal Circuit’s 2007 In re Bilski decision and the Supreme Court’s 2008 Bilski v. Kappos decision, patent law’s subject-matter eligibility standard under 35 U.S.C. §101 has been uncertain. This paper posits patent law’s patent-ineligible abstract ideas are science concepts and science laws, composed of science concepts, as defined by science philosophers. Somewhat analogous to copyright law, it also presents a downward patent-eligibility Hand abstractions test from an alleged abstract idea, natural law, or natural phenomenon to independent claims as a coherent, systematic, and practical approach to judging utility-patent eligibility. Patent claims manifest ...


Why International Inventors Might Want To Consider Filing Their First Patent Application At The United States Patent Office & The Convergence Of Patent Harmonization And E-Commerce, Michael H. Anderson, Daniel Cislo, Jaime Saavedra, Kimberly Cameron 2014 Santa Clara Law

Why International Inventors Might Want To Consider Filing Their First Patent Application At The United States Patent Office & The Convergence Of Patent Harmonization And E-Commerce, Michael H. Anderson, Daniel Cislo, Jaime Saavedra, Kimberly Cameron

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal

On March 16, 2013, the United States implemented the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA). Enactment of the AIA substantially enhances the value of U.S. provisional and non-provisional patent applications (PPAs and NPAs) to foreign applicants. Here, the authors endeavor to outline the procedural and strategic considerations facing foreign applicants for PPAs by offering a brief survey of protective foreign patent application law, followed by an analysis of the modern benefits of PPA filing in the post-AIA world. The analysis here suggests that the traditional benefits to foreign filers of PPAs encompassing term extension, cost-efficiency and secrecy have been amplified ...


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