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Game Of Drones: Rolling The Dice With Unmanned Aerial Vehicles And Privacy, Rebecca L. Scharf 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Game Of Drones: Rolling The Dice With Unmanned Aerial Vehicles And Privacy, Rebecca L. Scharf

Scholarly Works

This Article offers a practical three-part test for courts and law enforcement to utilize when faced with drone and privacy issues. Specifically addressing the question: how should courts analyze the Fourth Amendment’s protection against ‘unreasonable searches’ in the context of drones?

The Supreme Court’s Fourth Amendment jurisprudence produced an intricate framework to address issues arising out of the intersection of technology and privacy interests. In prominent decisions, including United States v. Katz, California v. Ciraolo, Kyllo v. United States, and most notably, United States v. Jones, the Court focused on whether the use of a single technology, such ...


Removing The Troll From The Thicket: The Case For Enhancing Patent Maintenance Fees In Relation To The Size Of A Patent Owner's Patent Portfolio, David S. Olson 2017 Boston College Law School

Removing The Troll From The Thicket: The Case For Enhancing Patent Maintenance Fees In Relation To The Size Of A Patent Owner's Patent Portfolio, David S. Olson

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

This Article proposes a novel solution to part of the problem that large patent portfolios can cause. Both so-called "patent trolls" and firms that commercialize the patents that they own can accumulate and then abuse large patent portfolios, even if most of the patents in the portfolio are of little value. Instead of suggesting reforms to better determine the value and boundaries of individual patents, as many others have already done, this Article proposes that the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) multiply the amount owed to keep a patent in force (patent maintenance fees) based on the size ...


Introducing Sts Scholarship To The Gun Policy Debate In United States Society, Caroline Skinner 2017 Scripps College

Introducing Sts Scholarship To The Gun Policy Debate In United States Society, Caroline Skinner

Scripps Senior Theses

The following thesis will merge the field of legal studies with the field

of Science, Technology, and Society, and will focus on issues surrounding the

gun control debate. The goal is to ultimately bring new light to this hot-

button legal topic through the use of STS scholarship. STS tools and theories,

which have previously been absent from most gun control discussions, have

much to contribute to the discourse in terms of motivating the need for gun

control, fully understanding the user-gun relationship, breaking down

misconceptions about the technology and its role in society, and further

understanding the complex societal ...


Life Cycle Analysis And Transportation Energy, Alexandra B. Klass, Andrew Heiring 2017 Brooklyn Law School

Life Cycle Analysis And Transportation Energy, Alexandra B. Klass, Andrew Heiring

Brooklyn Law Review

As government actors and the private sector attempt to decarbonize the economy, the role of life cycle analysis (also know as life cycle assessment or LCA) has become increasingly important. In this essay, we explore the use of life cycle analysis in the transportation sector to assess its influence in federal and state policy efforts to move to a low-carbon energy future. We first define life cycle analysis and explain its use in evaluating the environmental impacts of all stages of a product from production, to use, to disposal. We then review the use of life cycle analysis in considering ...


“Big Brother” In The Private Sector: Privacy Threats Under The Faa’S New Civilian Drone Regulations, Sean M. Nolan 2017 Brooklyn Law School

“Big Brother” In The Private Sector: Privacy Threats Under The Faa’S New Civilian Drone Regulations, Sean M. Nolan

Brooklyn Law Review

The Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) recent promulgation of civilian drone regulations triggered the growth of a new consumer industry. As this industry grows, so do the privacy threats it presents. Drones with advanced technological capabilities can record and store a wide range of data, without the consent of the data’s source. Privileged information captured by drones—whether for innocent purposes or not—is in turn vulnerable to misappropriation, as civilian drones are far from hack-proof. Despite the likely privacy implications of large-scale drone legalization, the FAA’s new regulations do not include any privacy protections. This note provides ...


Science As Speech, Natalie Ram 2017 University of Baltimore School of Law

Science As Speech, Natalie Ram

All Faculty Scholarship

In April 2015, researchers in China reported the successful genetic editing of human embryos using a new technology that promised to make gene editing easier and more effective than ever before. In the United States, the announcement drew immediate calls to regulate or prohibit
outright any use of this technology to alter human embryos, even for purely research purposes. The fervent response to the Chinese announcement was, in one respect, unexceptional. Proposals to regulate or prohibit scientific research following a new breakthrough occur with substantial frequency. Innovations in cloning technology and embryonic stem cell research have prompted similar outcries, and ...


Appetite For Destruction: Symbolic And Structural Facets Of The Right To Destroy Digital Property, Joshua A.T. Fairfield 2017 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Appetite For Destruction: Symbolic And Structural Facets Of The Right To Destroy Digital Property, Joshua A.T. Fairfield

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Teva And The Process Of Claim Construction, Lee Petherbridge Ph.D., R. Polk Wagner 2017 Loyola Law School

Teva And The Process Of Claim Construction, Lee Petherbridge Ph.D., R. Polk Wagner

Faculty Scholarship

In Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. v. Sandoz, Inc., the Supreme Court addressed an oft-discussed jurisprudential disconnect between itself and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit: whether patent claim construction was “legal” or “factual” in nature, and how much deference is due to district court decisionmaking in this area. In this Article, we closely examine the Teva opinion and situate it within modern claim construction jurisprudence. Our thesis is that the Teva holding is likely to have only very modest effects on the incidence of deference to district court claim construction but that for unexpected reasons the ...


Restoring Rogers: Video Games, False Association Claims, And The “Explicitly Misleading” Use Of Trademarks, 16 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 306 (2017), William K. Ford 2017 John Marshall Law School

Restoring Rogers: Video Games, False Association Claims, And The “Explicitly Misleading” Use Of Trademarks, 16 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 306 (2017), William K. Ford

The John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law

Courts have long struggled with how to balance false association claims brought under the Lanham Act with the protections for speech under the First Amendment. The leading approach is the Rogers test, but this test comes in multiple forms with varying degrees of protection for speech. A substantial portion of the litigation raising this issue now involves video games, a medium that more so than others, likely needs the benefit of a clear rule that protects speech. The original version of the test is the simplest and the one most protective of speech. In 2013, the Ninth Circuit endorsed the ...


Impact Of Lexmark Case On Patent Exhaustion, 16 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 487 (2017), Gouthami Vanam 2017 John Marshall Law School

Impact Of Lexmark Case On Patent Exhaustion, 16 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 487 (2017), Gouthami Vanam

The John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law

In recent times, there exists a lot of confusion as to the patent exhaustion doctrine and its implications on conditional sales and international patent exhaustion. Current patent exhaustion laws do not allow for international patent exhaustion, whereas current copyright exhaustion laws favor removal of geographical boundaries and facilitate commerce. This comment examines the evolution of the patent exhaustion doctrine and compares the Lexmark Int l, Inc. v. Impression Prods. case to Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and proposes solution in favor of international patent exhaustion.


Privacy And The Right To Record, Margot E. Kaminski 2017 University of Colorado Law School

Privacy And The Right To Record, Margot E. Kaminski

Articles

Many U.S. laws protect privacy by governing recording. Recently, however, courts have recognized a First Amendment “right to record.” This Article addresses how courts should handle privacy laws in light of the developing First Amendment right to record.

The privacy harms addressed by recording laws are situated harms. Recording changes the way people behave in physical spaces by altering the nature of those spaces. Thus, recording laws can be placed within a long line of First Amendment case law that recognizes a valid government interest in managing the qualities of rivalrous physical space, so as not to allow one ...


Health Information Equity, Craig Konnoth 2017 University of Colorado Law School

Health Information Equity, Craig Konnoth

Articles

In the last few years, numerous Americans’ health information has been collected and used for follow-on, secondary research. This research studies correlations between medical conditions, genetic or behavioral profiles, and treatments, to customize medical care to specific individuals. Recent federal legislation and regulations make it easier to collect and use the data of the low-income, unwell, and elderly for this purpose. This would impose disproportionate security and autonomy burdens on these individuals. Those who are well-off and pay out of pocket could effectively exempt their data from the publicly available information pot. This presents a problem which modern research ethics ...


Field Of Visions: Interorganizational Challenges To The Smart Energy Transition In Washington State, Scott Frickel, Daniela Wühr, Christine Horne, Meghan Elizabeth Kallman 2017 Brooklyn Law School

Field Of Visions: Interorganizational Challenges To The Smart Energy Transition In Washington State, Scott Frickel, Daniela Wühr, Christine Horne, Meghan Elizabeth Kallman

Brooklyn Law Review

The smart grid promises an efficient, reliable, and sustainable energy system. Smart meters provide machine-to-machine communication capacity and are key elements of the smart grid. Smart meters allow utilities to improve system efficiency and reliability and allow electricity users to closely monitor, fine-tune, and reduce energy consumption and costs. For these and other reasons, positive expectations for the smart grid and smart meters run high among policymakers, regulators, engineering and computer science professionals, industrialists, environmentalists, and others. Even so, different organizations and stakeholders define and understand the technology in different ways. For some actors smart meters are a tool for ...


Reevaluating Attorney-Client Privilege In The Age Of Hackers, Anne E. Conroy 2017 Brooklyn Law School

Reevaluating Attorney-Client Privilege In The Age Of Hackers, Anne E. Conroy

Brooklyn Law Review

The news story is now familiar: hackers breach a security system and post internal, confidential information online for anyone with an Internet connection to comb through. This digital version of whistleblowing, called “hacktivism,” is attractive to the media, which has leaned on broad First Amendment protections to widely cover the confidential communications revealed by hackers. These hacks also provide attorneys with enticing opportunities to look through previously confidential files. But as ethics and evidentiary rules stand, it is not clear if an attorney may view the files, let alone use them as evidence in litigation. That companies are hacked is ...


Return Of The De Minimis Exception In Digital Music Sampling: The Ninth Circuit's Recent Holding In Vmg Salsoul Improves Upon The Sixth Circuit's Holding In Bridgeport, But Raises Questions Of Its Own, Francesco Di Cosmo 2017 Washington University School of Law

Return Of The De Minimis Exception In Digital Music Sampling: The Ninth Circuit's Recent Holding In Vmg Salsoul Improves Upon The Sixth Circuit's Holding In Bridgeport, But Raises Questions Of Its Own, Francesco Di Cosmo

Washington University Law Review

Sampling is a musical production practice that has become increasingly common since the 1980s. A producer samples by copying a section of a sound recording and inserting it into the piece of music she is producing. The type of sound recording sampled by producers can vary vastly from piece to piece. Numerous pop and hip hop songs sample from songs of various genres (rock, classical music, or other pop songs, for example). Audio from a film, commercial, or speech may also be inserted into a song. Typically, the purpose of these samples is either to make use of the musical ...


Siri-Ously 2.0: What Artificial Intelligence Reveals About The First Amendment, Toni M. Massaro, Helen Norton, Margot E. Kaminski 2017 University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law

Siri-Ously 2.0: What Artificial Intelligence Reveals About The First Amendment, Toni M. Massaro, Helen Norton, Margot E. Kaminski

Articles

The First Amendment may protect speech by strong Artificial Intelligence (AI). In this Article, we support this provocative claim by expanding on earlier work, addressing significant concerns and challenges, and suggesting potential paths forward.

This is not a claim about the state of technology. Whether strong AI — as-yet-hypothetical machines that can actually think — will ever come to exist remains far from clear. It is instead a claim that discussing AI speech sheds light on key features of prevailing First Amendment doctrine and theory, including the surprising lack of humanness at its core.

Courts and commentators wrestling with free speech problems ...


The Fourth Amendment In A Digital World, Laura K. Donohue 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

The Fourth Amendment In A Digital World, Laura K. Donohue

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Fourth Amendment doctrines created in the 1970s and 1980s no longer reflect how the world works. The formal legal distinctions on which they rely—(a) private versus public space, (b) personal information versus third party data, (c) content versus non-content, and (d) domestic versus international—are failing to protect the privacy interests at stake. Simultaneously, reduced resource constraints are accelerating the loss of rights. The doctrine has yet to catch up with the world in which we live. A necessary first step for the Court is to reconsider the theoretical underpinning of the Fourth Amendment, to allow for the evolution ...


Crispr, Surrogate Licensing, And Scientific Discovery, Jorge Contreras, Jacob S. Sherkow 2017 New York Law School

Crispr, Surrogate Licensing, And Scientific Discovery, Jorge Contreras, Jacob S. Sherkow

Other Publications

Several research institutions are embroiled in a legal dispute over the foundational patent rights to CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology, and it may take years for their competing claims to be resolved. But even before ownership of the patents is finalized, the institutions behind CRISPR have wasted no time capitalizing on the huge market for this groundbreaking technology by entering into a series of licensing agreements with commercial enterprises. With respect to the potentially lucrative market for human therapeutics and treatments, each of the key CRISPR patent holders has granted exclusive rights to a spinoff or "surrogate" company formed by the institution ...


Charting The Contours Of A Copyright Regime Optimized For Engineered Genetic Code, Christopher M. Holman 2017 University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law

Charting The Contours Of A Copyright Regime Optimized For Engineered Genetic Code, Christopher M. Holman

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Incoming: Regulating Drones In Oklahoma, Jane Dunagin 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Incoming: Regulating Drones In Oklahoma, Jane Dunagin

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


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