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Data For The Algorithm As A Human Artifact: Implications For Legal [Re]Search, Susan Nevelow Mart 2017 University of Colorado Law School

Data For The Algorithm As A Human Artifact: Implications For Legal [Re]Search, Susan Nevelow Mart

Research Data

These documents underlie and are cited in this empirical study: Susan Nevelow Mart, The Algorithm as a Human Artifact: Implications for Legal [Re]Search, 109 Law Libr. J. 387, 409 n.123 (2017), available at http://scholar.law.colorado.edu/articles/755/.

The ZIP file contains three files: one PDF document ("Tables for Charts 1-3"), and two SPSS files ("Data Archive" and "Syntax Archive" (SPSS version 24)). The "Syntax Archive" file may be viewed in a text editor (e.g., Notepad) as well as in SPSS.


The Algorithm As A Human Artifact: Implications For Legal [Re]Search [Appendix B], Susan Nevelow Mart 2017 University of Colorado Law School

The Algorithm As A Human Artifact: Implications For Legal [Re]Search [Appendix B], Susan Nevelow Mart

Research Data

This document, "Search Instructions for Algorithm Study," is an electronic Appendix B to, and is cited in, the empirical study: Susan Nevelow Mart, The Algorithm as a Human Artifact: Implications for Legal [Re]Search, 109 Law Libr. J. 387, 400 n.78 (2017), available at http://scholar.law.colorado.edu/articles/755/.


Complex Value Choices At The Environment-Energy Interface, Hari M. Osofsky 2017 University of Minnesota Law School

Complex Value Choices At The Environment-Energy Interface, Hari M. Osofsky

Hari Osofsky

During the 2001–02 academic year, I lived in China, teaching U.S. civil rights law and helping to start a labor law clinic. My first day of teaching the fall civil rights course was the day of the September 11 attacks, and that event and reactions to it played a dominant role in my experience of that year. However, it was also a particularly interesting year to be in China from an environmental-energy perspective because the Three Gorges Dam was in the process of being built and brought onlie. At that point, the area was partially flooded and it ...


The Outer Limits: Imsi-Catchers, Technology, And The Future Of The Fourth Amendment, Ryan C. Chapman 2017 Pepperdine University

The Outer Limits: Imsi-Catchers, Technology, And The Future Of The Fourth Amendment, Ryan C. Chapman

Pepperdine Law Review

Recent advances in technology are posing new challenges for a legal system based on decades-old precedent. Nowhere is this more apparent than in law enforcement’s warrantless use of IMSI Catchers. These devices mimic a cell phone tower, and when the device is activated, cell phones will naturally connect to them. Law enforcement officers can use those intercepted cell phone signals to track a suspect’s movements in real time with startling accuracy. Scholarly commentary on these devices has largely concluded that their use requires a warrant. This Comment engages in a close examination of Fourth Amendment precedent and argues ...


Germ-Line Gene Editing And Congressional Reaction In Context: Learning From Almost 50 Years Of Congressional Reactions To Biomedical Breakthroughs, Russell A. Spivak, J.D., I. Glenn Cohen, J.D., Eli Y. Adashi, M.D., M.S. 2017 Harvard Law School

Germ-Line Gene Editing And Congressional Reaction In Context: Learning From Almost 50 Years Of Congressional Reactions To Biomedical Breakthroughs, Russell A. Spivak, J.D., I. Glenn Cohen, J.D., Eli Y. Adashi, M.D., M.S.

Journal of Law and Health

On December 18, 2015, President Obama signed into law a policy rider forestalling the therapeutic modification of the human germ line. The rider, motivated by the science’s potential unethical ends, is only the most recent instance in which the legislature cut short the ongoing national conversation on the acceptability of a developing science. This essay offers historical perspective on what bills were proposed and passed surrounding four other then-developing scientific breakthroughs—Recombinant DNA, in vitro fertilization, Cloning, Stem Cells—to better analyze how Congress is, and should, regulate this exciting and promising science.


Three-Dimensional Printing And A Laissez-Faire Attitude Towards The Evolution Of The Products Liability Doctrine, Evan Malloy 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Three-Dimensional Printing And A Laissez-Faire Attitude Towards The Evolution Of The Products Liability Doctrine, Evan Malloy

Florida Law Review

This Note presents an analysis of how those engaged in three-dimensional (3D) printing may be treated under the products liability doctrine. While 3D printing has the potential to dramatically change the manufacturing process of nearly every good on the consumer market, the unique manufacturing process alone will not automatically bar recovery for every plaintiff injured by an object manufactured using a 3D printer. Courts have not yet defined the scope of liability for actors engaged in creating objects using 3D printers, but an injured plaintiff will have numerous avenues to recovery thanks to the flexibility of the products liability doctrine ...


Surveillance By Algorithm: The Nsa, Computerized Intelligence Collection, And Human Rights, Peter Margulies 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Surveillance By Algorithm: The Nsa, Computerized Intelligence Collection, And Human Rights, Peter Margulies

Florida Law Review

ISIS’s cultivation of social media has reinforced states’ interest in using automated surveillance. However, automated surveillance using artificial intelligence (“machine learning”) techniques has also sharpened privacy concerns that have been acute since Edward Snowden’s disclosures. This Article examines machine-based surveillance by the NSA and other intelligence agencies through the prism of international human rights.

Two camps have clashed on the human rights implications of machine surveillance abroad. The state-centric camp argues that human rights agreements like the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) do not apply extraterritorially. Moreover, the state-centric camp insists, machine surveillance is inherently ...


Three Hundred Nos: An Empirical Analysis Of The First 300+ Denials Of Institution For Inter Partes And Covered Business Method Patent Reviews Prior To In Re Cuozzo Speed Technologies, Llc, 14 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 112 (2015), Jarrad Wood, Jonathan Stroud 2017 Selected Works

Three Hundred Nos: An Empirical Analysis Of The First 300+ Denials Of Institution For Inter Partes And Covered Business Method Patent Reviews Prior To In Re Cuozzo Speed Technologies, Llc, 14 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 112 (2015), Jarrad Wood, Jonathan Stroud

Jonathan R. K. Stroud

Tasked in 2011 with creating powerful new patent review trial regimes, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office—through the efforts of their freshly empowered quasi-judicial body, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board—set to creating a fast-paced trial with limited discovery and concentrated efficiency. For two years, the proceedings have proved potent, holding unpatentable many of the claims that reached decisions on the merits. Yet a small subsection of petitions never make it past the starting gate, resulting in wasted time and effort on the parts of petitioners—and likely sighs of relief from the rights-holders. The AIA exempted ...


"Playing God?": An Examination Of The Legality Of Crispr Germline Editing Technology Under The Current International Regulatory Scheme And The Universal Declaration On The Human Genome And Human Rights, Brooke Elizabeth Hrouda 2017 University of Georgia School of Law

"Playing God?": An Examination Of The Legality Of Crispr Germline Editing Technology Under The Current International Regulatory Scheme And The Universal Declaration On The Human Genome And Human Rights, Brooke Elizabeth Hrouda

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Forensic Community Can Educate Lawyers, Judges, Robert M. Sanger 2017 Santa Barbara College of Law

The Forensic Community Can Educate Lawyers, Judges, Robert M. Sanger

Robert M. Sanger

Forensic science has made significant strides in elevating the standards for forensic analysis, reporting and testimony over the last few years. Yet, lawyers and judges lag far behind in understanding the significance of these strides. There is an attempt to educate law students in the law schools and to educate lawyers and judges through continuing legal and judicial education but it is slow in finding its way into the actual courtroom. Therefore, while there is progress at the highest levels of forensic science, a lot of "junk" science competes for the attention of jurors.

Forensic scientists can help educate the ...


Regulating By Robot: Administrative Decision Making In The Machine-Learning Era, Cary Coglianese, David Lehr 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Regulating By Robot: Administrative Decision Making In The Machine-Learning Era, Cary Coglianese, David Lehr

Faculty Scholarship

Machine-learning algorithms are transforming large segments of the economy, underlying everything from product marketing by online retailers to personalized search engines, and from advanced medical imaging to the software in self-driving cars. As machine learning’s use has expanded across all facets of society, anxiety has emerged about the intrusion of algorithmic machines into facets of life previously dependent on human judgment. Alarm bells sounding over the diffusion of artificial intelligence throughout the private sector only portend greater anxiety about digital robots replacing humans in the governmental sphere. A few administrative agencies have already begun to adopt this technology, while ...


Small Cells, Big Problems: The Increasing Precision Of Cell Site Location Information And The Need For Fourth Amendment Protections, Robert M. Bloom, William T. Clark 2017 Boston College Law School

Small Cells, Big Problems: The Increasing Precision Of Cell Site Location Information And The Need For Fourth Amendment Protections, Robert M. Bloom, William T. Clark

Robert M. Bloom

The past fifty years has witnessed an evolution in technology advancement in police surveillance. Today, one of the essential tools of police surveillance is something most Americans carry with them in their pockets every day, the cell phone. Cell phones not only contain a huge repository of personal data, they also provide continuous surveillance of a person’s movement known as cell site location information (CSLI). In 1986, Congress sought to provide some privacy protections to CSLI in the Stored Communication Act. Although this solution may have struck the proper balance in an age when cell phones were a mere ...


Is Your Health Data Really Private? The Need To Update Hipaa Regulations To Incorporate Third-Party And Non-Covered Entities, Latena Hazard 2017 Catholic University of America (Student)

Is Your Health Data Really Private? The Need To Update Hipaa Regulations To Incorporate Third-Party And Non-Covered Entities, Latena Hazard

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

This note argues that the current framework that governs health care applications and consumer privacy is slacking and outlines strategies to ensure protection against third party accessibility of information that consumers deem private.


Table Of Contents, 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Table Of Contents

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Masthead, 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Masthead

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Protecting Privacy In The Era Of Smart Toys: Does Hello Barbie Have A Duty To Report, Corinne Moini 2017 University of Richmond School of Law

Protecting Privacy In The Era Of Smart Toys: Does Hello Barbie Have A Duty To Report, Corinne Moini

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


How Might The Supreme Court, If It Reviews The Federal Communication's 2015 Open Internet Order, Utilize The Chevron And Arbitrary And Capricious Tests?, John B. Meisel 2017 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

How Might The Supreme Court, If It Reviews The Federal Communication's 2015 Open Internet Order, Utilize The Chevron And Arbitrary And Capricious Tests?, John B. Meisel

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

The article focuses on two Supreme Court decisions, King v. Burwell and FCC v. Fox Televisions Stations, Inc., that provide diametrically different models for how deferential a court should be when it reviews administrative action. The former case addresses how deferential a court should be for an agency’s statutory interpretation of an ambiguous statute for a question that has significant economic and political effects but Congress had not expressly delegated the question to the agency. The latter case addresses how deferential a court should be when an agency’s changes a policy that is within its statutory authority. These ...


Section 337 Of The Tariff Act Of 1930 And Its Impacts On China, Yiqing Yin 2017 Boston University

Section 337 Of The Tariff Act Of 1930 And Its Impacts On China, Yiqing Yin

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

337 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (“Section 337”) is one of the statutes that prohibit unfair trade or unfair competition in importation, and it aims at protecting intellectual property at the United States borders. Because of the international impacts of Section 337 and the injunctive nature of its remedies, the application of the statute has profound impacts on the trade between U.S. and other countries.

China is a country that has enormous trade with the U.S and imports large amounts of goods to the U.S. each year. Moreover, the weak intellectual property protection in China has ...


Candidate Appearances, Equal Time, And The Fcc's Online Public File Database: Empirical Data On Tv Station Compliance During The 2016 Presidential Primary, Christopher Terry 2017 University of Minnesota

Candidate Appearances, Equal Time, And The Fcc's Online Public File Database: Empirical Data On Tv Station Compliance During The 2016 Presidential Primary, Christopher Terry

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

Following the appearances of presidential candidates Donald Trump, Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton on episodes of Saturday Night Live, local television affiliates were required to upload documents related to the appearances to the FCC’s online public file database. After discussing the FCC’s database, the Bona Fide News Exception and the modern application of Section 315’s Equal Time Requirements, this study examines the compliance by the local NBC affiliates in the top 100 television markets with the public file requirements for candidate appearances and subsequent equal time requests as a test of station compliance with the requirements of ...


#Cautionbusinesses: Using Competitors' Hashtags Could Possibly Lead To Trademark Infringement, Debbie Chu 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

#Cautionbusinesses: Using Competitors' Hashtags Could Possibly Lead To Trademark Infringement, Debbie Chu

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


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