Pearson, Iqbal, And Procedural Judicial Activism, 2010 New York, NY
Pearson, Iqbal, And Procedural Judicial Activism, Goutam U. Jois
Goutam U Jois
In its most recent term, the Supreme Court decided Pearson v. Callahan and Ashcroft v. Iqbal, two cases that, even at this early date, can safely be called “game-changers.” What is fairly well known is that Iqbal and Pearson, on their own terms, will hurt civil rights plaintiffs. A point that has not been explored is how the interaction between Iqbal and Pearson will also hurt civil rights plaintiffs. First, the cases threaten to catch plaintiffs on the horns of a dilemma: Iqbal says, in effect, that greater detail is required to get allegations past the motion to dismiss stage ...
The Constitutional Canon As Argumentative Metonymy, 2010 Yale Law School
The Constitutional Canon As Argumentative Metonymy, Ian C. Bartrum
Ian C Bartrum
This article builds on Philip Bobbitt's Wittgensteinian insights into constitutional argument and law. I examine the way that we interact with canonical texts as we construct arguments in the forms that Bobbitt has described. I contend that these texts serve as metonyms for larger sets of associated principles and values, and that their invocation usually is not meant to point to the literal meaning of the text itself. This conception helps explain how a canonical text's meaning in constitutional argument can evolve over time, and hopefully offers the creative practitioner some insight into the kinds of arguments that ...
New Governance In The Teeth Of Human Frailty: Lessons From Financial Regulation, 2010 Columbia Law School / University of British Columbia Faculty of Law
New Governance In The Teeth Of Human Frailty: Lessons From Financial Regulation, Cristie L. Ford
Cristie L. Ford
New Governance scholarship has made important theoretical and practical contributions to a broad range of regulatory arenas, including securities and financial markets regulation. In the wake of the global financial crisis, question about the scope of possibilities for this scholarship are more pressing than ever. Is new governance a full-blown alternative to existing legal structures, or is it a useful complement? Are there essential preconditions to making it work, or can a new governance strategy improve any decision making structure? If there are essential preconditions, what are they? Is new governance “modular” – that is, does it still confer benefits when ...
Principles-Based Securities Regulation In The Wake Of The Global Financial Crisis, 2010 Columbia Law School / University of British Columbia Faculty of Law
Principles-Based Securities Regulation In The Wake Of The Global Financial Crisis, Cristie L. Ford
Cristie L. Ford
This paper seeks to re-examine, and ultimately to restate the case for, principles-based securities regulation in light of the global financial crisis and related developments. Prior to the onset of the crisis, the concept of more principles-based financial regulation was gaining traction in regulatory practice and policy circles, particularly in the United Kingdom and Canada. The crisis of course cast financial regulatory systems internationally, including more principles-based approaches, into severe doubt. This paper argues that principles-based securities regulation as properly understood remains a viable and even necessary policy option, which offers solutions to the real-life and theoretical challenge that the ...
Why Human Rights Fail To Protect Undocumented Migrants, 2010 Lund University, Faculty of Law
Why Human Rights Fail To Protect Undocumented Migrants, Gregor Noll
In this article, I depart from the factual difficulties of undocumented migrants to access a state’s protection mechanisms for avowedly universal human rights. I relate this aporia to two competing conceptions of territorial jurisdictions. Drawing on the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Migrant Workers Convention, I separate the sphere of the political community (the polis) and that of the household (the oikos) in developing a political theory of undocumented migration. It rests two central tenets: one is a tributary transaction between sending state and host state, in the course of which the undocumented migrant worker ...
China In Context: Energy, Water, And Climate Cooperation, 2010 SelectedWorks
China In Context: Energy, Water, And Climate Cooperation, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson
Prof. Elizabeth Burleson
Climate resilient communities can be achieved with the support of global research, development, deployment, and diffusion of environmentally sound low GHG emission technologies and processes. Technology cooperation should lower emissions remaining mindful of biodiversity, ecosystem services and livelihoods. China and the United States need to respond effectively to both economic and climate crises and can do so in part by cooperating on environmentally sound technology that transforms the global use of energy.
Collaborative Community-Based Natural Resource Management, 2010 SelectedWorks
Collaborative Community-Based Natural Resource Management, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson
Prof. Elizabeth Burleson
This article analyzes the importance of increasing civil society actor access to and influence in international legal and policy negotiations, drawing from academic scholarship on governance, conservation and environmental sustainability, natural resource management, observations of civil society actors, and the authors’ experiences as participants in international environmental negotiations.
Emerging Law Addressing Climate Change And Water, 2010 SelectedWorks
Emerging Law Addressing Climate Change And Water, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson
Prof. Elizabeth Burleson
The World Economic Forum recognizes that while restrictions on energy affect water systems and vice versa, energy and water policy are rarely coordinated. The International Panel on Climate Change predicts that wet places will become wetter and dry places will become dryer. Transboundary water, energy and climate coordination can occur through international consensus building.
Redeeming The Missed Opportunities Of Shady Grove, 2010 University of Pennsylvania
Redeeming The Missed Opportunities Of Shady Grove, Stephen B. Burbank, Tobias Barrington Wolff
Shady Grove Orthopedic Associates v. Allstate Insurance Co., a closely watched case decided in the 2009–10 Term, presented the Court with an opportunity to speak to two related problems under the Rules Enabling Act that have languished for decades without proper resolution. The first involves a broad interpretive question: How can the limitations on rulemaking authority contained in the Act be applied in a manner that reflects the separation-of-powers concerns that animated them while also exhibiting respect for the state regulatory arrangements that govern much of our economic and social activity? The second problem involves the intersection of the ...
The Distortionary Effect Of Evidence On Primary Behavior, 2010 University of Pennsylvania
The Distortionary Effect Of Evidence On Primary Behavior, Gideon Parchomovsky, Alex Stein
In this Essay, we analyze how evidentiary concerns dominate actors’ behavior. Our findings offer an important refinement to the conventional wisdom in law and economics literature, which assumes that legal rules can always be fashioned to achieve socially optimal outcomes. We show that evidentiary motivations will often lead actors to engage in socially suboptimal behavior when doing so is likely to increase their likelihood of prevailing in court. Because adjudicators must base decisions on observable and verifiable information—or, in short, evidence—rational actors will always strive to generate evidence that can later be presented in court and increase their ...
International Idealism Meets Domestic-Criminal-Procedure Realism, 2010 University of Pennsylvania
International Idealism Meets Domestic-Criminal-Procedure Realism, Stephanos Bibas, William W. Burke-White
Though international criminal justice has developed into a flourishing judicial system over the last two decades, scholars have neglected institutional design and procedure questions. International criminal-procedure scholarship has developed in isolation from its domestic counterpart but could learn much realism from it. Given its current focus on atrocities like genocide, international criminal law’s main purpose should be not only to inflict retribution, but also to restore wounded communities by bringing the truth to light. The international justice system needs more ideological balance, more stable career paths, and civil-service expertise. It also needs to draw on the domestic experience of ...
Access To Justice In A World Of Expanding Social Capability, 2010 Fordham Law School
Access To Justice In A World Of Expanding Social Capability, Marc Galanter
Fordham Urban Law Journal
"Access to Justice" was one of a set of intellectual triplets that appeared in the 1970s; its siblings were the dispute perspective in legal studies and the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) movement. This article describes the evolution of access to justice and its companions and explores their expanding frontiers in the modern world.
Access To Justice: Some Historical Comments, 2010 Fordham Law School
Access To Justice: Some Historical Comments, Lawrence M. Friedman
Fordham Urban Law Journal
This article sets out some preliminary thoughts on what "access to justice" might mean, and comment on how access to justice has fared historically.
The Tragedy Of Urban Roads: Saving Cities From Choking, Calling On Citizens To Combat Climate Change, 2010 Fordham Law School
The Tragedy Of Urban Roads: Saving Cities From Choking, Calling On Citizens To Combat Climate Change, Christian Iaione
Fordham Urban Law Journal
This Article argues that the best response to the tragedy of road congestion has to rely on market-based regulatory techniques and public policies aimed at controlling the demand-side of transportation congestion. Among market-based regulatory techniques, economists seem to favor price-based instruments over quantity-based instruments. This Article argues instead that quantity instruments, such as tradable permits of road usage and real estate development, can better internalize all the externalities that road congestion produces. This Article also advances the idea that quantity instruments are more successful tools in addressing urban congestion for four reasons: (1) they respond better to equity concerns; (2 ...
Contingent Valuation Studies And Health Policy, 2010 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Contingent Valuation Studies And Health Policy, Matthew D. Adler
This short comment argues that both cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) should be seen as imperfect tools for evaluating health policy. This is true, not only for extra-welfarists, but even for welfarists, since both CBA and CEA can deviate from the use of social welfare functions (SWF). A simple model is provided to illustrate the divergence between CBA, CEA, and the SWF approach. With this insight in mind, the comment considers the appropriate role of contingent-valuation studies. For full text, please see: http://www.law.upenn.edu/cf/faculty/madler/workingpapers/578A59B6d01.pdf.
Real Copyright Reform, 2010 University of Michigan Law School
Real Copyright Reform, Jessica D. Litman
A copyright system is designed to produce an ecology that nurtures the creation, dissemination, and enjoyment of works of authorship. When it works well, it encourages creators to generate new works, assists intermediaries in disseminating them widely, and supports readers, listeners, and viewers in enjoying them. If the system poses difficult entry barriers to creators, imposes demanding impediments on intermediaries, or inflicts burdensome conditions and hurdles on readers, then the system fails to achieve at least some of its purposes. The current U.S. copyright statute is flawed in all three respects. In this Article, I explore how the current ...
Summary Judgment, Pleading, And The Future Of Transsubstantive Procedure, 2010 Univ of Penn Law School
Summary Judgment, Pleading, And The Future Of Transsubstantive Procedure, Stephen B. Burbank
No abstract provided.
Documentation, Documentary, And The Law: What Should Be Made Of Victim Impact Videos?, 2010 University of Pennsylvania
Documentation, Documentary, And The Law: What Should Be Made Of Victim Impact Videos?, Regina Austin
Since the Supreme Court sanctioned the introduction of victim impact evidence in the sentencing phase of capital cases in Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 (1991), there have been a number of reported decisions in which that evidence has taken the form of videos composed of home-produced still photographs and moving images of the victim. Most of these videos were first shown at funerals or memorial services and contain music appropriate for such occasions. This article considers the probative value of victim impact videos and responds to the call of Justice John Paul Stevens, made in a statement regarding ...
Organizational Guidelines For The Prosecutor's Office, 2010 New York University School of Law
Organizational Guidelines For The Prosecutor's Office, Rachel E. Barkow
New York University Law and Economics Working Papers
The modern era of corporate criminal law enforcement is dominated by an entity-based approach of compliance. There is broad agreement among prosecutors that this is the right way to deter misconduct within a company. Indeed, it is the official policy of the Department of Justice, and one of the key principles behind the United States Sentencing Commission’s Organizational Guidelines.
Prosecutors should be equally enthusiastic for using this framework to address wrongs that place within a similar organization: the prosecutor’s office itself. Prosecutorial misconduct, whether intentional or negligent, is not an infrequent occurrence. Although most prosecutors follow the law ...
Game Over? Why Recent State Supreme Court Decisions Should End The Attempted Expansion Of Public Nuisance Law, 2010 Shook, Hardy & Bacon, LLP
Game Over? Why Recent State Supreme Court Decisions Should End The Attempted Expansion Of Public Nuisance Law, Victor E. Schwartz, Phil Goldberg, Corey Schaecher
Oklahoma Law Review
No abstract provided.