41. Ahern, E.C., Stolzenberg, S.N., & Lyon, T.D. (In Press). Do Prosecutors Use Interview Instructions Or Build Rapport With Child Witnesses? Behavioral Sciences And The Law., 2015 University of Southern California
41. Ahern, E.C., Stolzenberg, S.N., & Lyon, T.D. (In Press). Do Prosecutors Use Interview Instructions Or Build Rapport With Child Witnesses? Behavioral Sciences And The Law., Thomas D. Lyon
Thomas D. Lyon
This study examined the quality of interview instructions and rapport-building provided by prosecutors to 168 5- to 12-year-old children testifying in child sexual abuse cases, preceding explicit questions about abuse allegations. Prosecutors failed to effectively administer key interview instructions, build rapport, or rely on open-ended narrative producing prompts during this early stage of questioning. Moreover, prosecutors often directed children’s attention to the defendant early in the testimony. The productivity of different types of wh- questions varied, with what/how questions focusing on actions being particularly productive. The lack of instructions, poor quality rapport-building, and closed-ended questioning suggest that children ...
It’S Not Called Conduct Therapy; Talk Therapy As A Protected Form Of Speech Under The First Amendment, 2015 College of William & Mary Law School
It’S Not Called Conduct Therapy; Talk Therapy As A Protected Form Of Speech Under The First Amendment, Warren Geoffrey Tucker
William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal
No abstract provided.
The Future Of Emotional Harm, 2015 Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law at Arizona State University
The Future Of Emotional Harm, Betsy J. Grey
Fordham Law Review
Why should tort law treat claims for emotional harm as a second-class citizen? Judicial skepticism about these claims is long entrenched, justified by an amalgam of perceived problems ranging from proof difficulties for causation and the need to constrain fraudulent claims, to the ubiquity of the injury, and a concern about open-ended liability. To address this jumble of justifications, the law has developed a series of duty limitations to curb the claims and preclude them from reaching the jury for individualized analysis. The limited duty approach to emotional harm is maintained by the latest iteration of the Restatement (Third) of ...
Tmi? Why The Optimal Arhitecture Of Disclosure Remains Tbd, 2015 New York University School of Law
Tmi? Why The Optimal Arhitecture Of Disclosure Remains Tbd, Ryan Bubb
Michigan Law Review
We are inundated with disclosures in our daily lives. In one of the more evocative passages in their stimulating new book, More Than You Wanted to Know, Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider imagine a day in the life of someone who actually reads all those disclosures (pp. 95–100). During a commercial on the morning news, the protagonist hits pause on the TiVo to catch the fine print that would otherwise fly by. Breakfast is a slog, requiring close reading of the toaster’s ominous label and the disheartening nutrition facts on the butter and jam. More of the ...
California’S Good Samaritan Law: Correcting Ambiguities To Induce Action, 2015 University of California - Davis
California’S Good Samaritan Law: Correcting Ambiguities To Induce Action, Sara Popovich
This Note argues that California should amend its Good Samaritan law by either creating a duty to assist or clarifying the statute. It first outlines the history of Good Samaritan law in California and describe developments in the law through today. It then argues that Good Samaritan law in California is ineffective because citizens still fear legal liability and thus refuse to assist during emergencies. Finally, it proposes specific changes to the California Good Samaritan law.
The Failure Of The Federal Courts To Incorporate O'Connor's Dangerousness Requirement Into The Standards Utilized In Actions Challenging Wrongful Civil Comments, 2015 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center
The Failure Of The Federal Courts To Incorporate O'Connor's Dangerousness Requirement Into The Standards Utilized In Actions Challenging Wrongful Civil Comments, Svetlana Walker
Touro Law Review
No abstract provided.
Criminal Infliction Of Emotional Distress, 2015 Harvard Law School
Criminal Infliction Of Emotional Distress, Avlana K. Eisenberg
Michigan Law Review
This Article identifies and critiques a trend to criminalize the infliction of emotional harm independent of any physical injury or threat. The Article defines a new category of criminal infliction of emotional distress (“CIED”) statutes, which include laws designed to combat behaviors such as harassing, stalking, and bullying. In contrast to tort liability for emotional harm, which is cabined by statutes and the common law, CIED statutes allow states to regulate and punish the infliction of emotional harm in an increasingly expansive way. In assessing harm and devising punishment, the law has always taken nonphysical harm seriously, but traditionally it ...
0n Executing Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenics: Identity And The Construction Of “Synthetic” Competency, Theodore Y. Blumoff
Theodore Y. Blumoff
Since 2003, death penalty jurisdictions have been permitted to use psychotropic drugs to “restore” the competency of schizophrenics so they can execute them. Exactly why it is permissible to execute a “synthetically” or “artificially” competent individual is unclear in light of Ford v. Wainwright, a 1986 decision in which the United States Supreme Court, following ancient custom and common law rule, held that the cruel and unusual prohibition of the Eighth Amendment prohibited execution of the insane. The lack of clarity follows from the inability of the Court to agree on the reason the tradition persists. Nonetheless, health care providers ...
Trends In The Efficacy Of Parental Alienation Allegations In Child Custody Cases And Their Implications For Tortious Action, 2015 Lincoln Memorial University, Duncan School of Law
Trends In The Efficacy Of Parental Alienation Allegations In Child Custody Cases And Their Implications For Tortious Action, Bruce L. Beverly
Bruce L. Beverly
As the second of a series, this paper attempts to further explore the phenomenon of parental alienation in domestic relations cases by exploring the often frustrating position that many courts take with regard to blatant and obvious violations of the fundamental rights of parents to raise and know their children. Ofttimes, where courts have found the most blatant interference and harmful manipulation by one parent of the other parent's formerly close relationship with a child, the court either forces a detrimentally aligned child into the custody of the wrongfully vilified parent, thereby harming possible the child and that injured ...
Dumping Daubert, Popping Popper And Falsifying Falsifiability: A Re-Assessment Of First Principles, 2015 Foundation of Law and Science Centers, Inc.
Dumping Daubert, Popping Popper And Falsifying Falsifiability: A Re-Assessment Of First Principles, Barbara P. Billauer Esq
barbara p billauer esq
The Daubert mantra demands that judges, acting as gatekeepers, prevent para, pseudo or bad science from infiltrating the courtroom. To do so, the Judges must first determine what is ‘science’ and what is ‘good science.’
It is submitted that Daubert is deeply polluted with the notions of Karl Popper who sets ‘falsifiability’ and ‘falsification’ as the demarcation line for that determination. This philosophy has intractably infected case law, leading to bad decisions immortalized as stare decisis, and an unworkable system of decision-making, which negatively impacts litigant expectations. Among other problems is the intolerance of Popper’s system for multiple ...
Foresight Bias In Patent Law, 2015 Vanderbilt University
Foresight Bias In Patent Law, Sean B. Seymore
Notre Dame Law Review
Much of patent reform has focused on efforts to make it harder to obtain and enforce low-quality patents. The most straightforward way to achieve this goal is to raise the substantive standards of patentability. What is often ignored in discussions about raising patentability standards is that high-quality inventions can slip through the cracks. What is more troubling is that sometimes this happens because of bias. This Article draws attention to foresight bias, which occurs when a decision-maker lets over-pessimism and an oversimplified view of the future influence the patentability determination. Foresight bias leads to a patent denial regardless of the ...
Excuses In Exile, 2015 Thomas Jefferson School of Law
Excuses In Exile, Anders Kaye
University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform
Suppose that I have intentionally killed another person and that I have done so without any justification. At first glance, it appears that I am guilty of murder, a very serious crime. Since I am guilty of this very serious crime, the state may inflict a very serious punishment on me—at least many years in prison, if not my whole life or the death penalty. But suppose that one of the following is also true in my case: (A) At the time that I killed my victim, I suffered from a mental disease and, as a result, lacked the ...
Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder And Mental Illness In Criminal Offenders, 2015 University of Houston - Main
Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder And Mental Illness In Criminal Offenders, Jayme M. Reisler
Jayme M Reisler
The high rate of comorbid substance use disorder and other mental illness (“dual diagnosis”) poses an enormous obstacle to public policy and sentencing in criminal cases. It is estimated that almost half of all Federal, State, and jail inmates suffer from dual diagnosis – a significantly higher prevalence than in the general population. Yet such inmates lack access to proper and effective treatments for their conditions. Several etiological theories have been put forth to explain the occurrence of dual diagnosis in general. However, virtually no studies have explored possible etiological reasons for the higher prevalence of dual diagnosis specifically in criminal ...
Free Expression, In-Group Bias, And The Court's Conservatives: A Critique Of The Epstein-Parker-Segal Study, 2015 University of Iowa College of Law
Free Expression, In-Group Bias, And The Court's Conservatives: A Critique Of The Epstein-Parker-Segal Study, Todd E. Pettys
Todd E. Pettys
In a recent, widely publicized study, a prestigious team of political scientists concluded that there is strong evidence of ideological in-group bias among the Supreme Court’s members in First Amendment free-expression cases, with the current four most conservative justices being the Roberts Court’s worst offenders. Beneath the surface of the authors’ conclusions, however, one finds a surprisingly sizable combination of coding errors, superficial case readings, and questionable judgments about litigants’ ideological affiliations. Many of those problems likely flow either from shortcomings that reportedly afflict the Supreme Court Database (the data set that nearly always provides the starting point ...
Would The Implementation Of The Un Crpd Help The Disabilities Enjoy Fair Human Rights In The Us?, 2015 University of Pennsylvania (2012)
Would The Implementation Of The Un Crpd Help The Disabilities Enjoy Fair Human Rights In The Us?, Ashley H. Song Ms.
Hyein Ashley Song Ms.
Modern discrimination is implicit. The paper finds out the implicit discrimination which comes from the mindset. So called, the ‘cognitive discrimination’ excludes the explicit discrimination prohibited by the legal language of the anti-discrimination law in the US. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) Article 12 states the fair recognition of disabilities. The paper tests if the UN CRPD can extend its meaning of fair recognition to reduce the hidden prejudice.
All Together Now: Using Principles Of Group Dynamics To Train Better Jurors, 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law
All Together Now: Using Principles Of Group Dynamics To Train Better Jurors, Sara G. Gordon
We ask juries to make important decisions that have a profound impact on people’s lives. We leave these decisions in the hands of groups of laypeople because we hope that the diverse range of experiences and knowledge in the group will lead to more thoughtful and informed decisionmaking. Studies suggest that diverse groups of jurors have different perspectives on evidence, engage in more thorough debate, and more closely evaluate facts. At the same time, there are a variety of problems associated with group decisionmaking, from the loss of individual motivation in group settings, to the vulnerability of groups to ...
The Danger Zone: How The Dangerousness Standard In Civil Commitment Proceedings Harms People With Serious Mental Illness, 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law
The Danger Zone: How The Dangerousness Standard In Civil Commitment Proceedings Harms People With Serious Mental Illness, Sara G. Gordon
Almost every American state allows civil commitment upon a finding that a person, as a result of mental illness, is gravely disabled and unable to meet their basic needs for food and shelter. Yet in spite these statutes, most psychiatrists and courts will not commit an individual until they are found to pose a danger to themselves or others. All people have certain rights to be free from unwanted medical treatment, but for people with serious mental illness, those civil liberties are an abstraction, safeguarded for them by a system that is not otherwise ensuring access to shelter and basic ...
Clients Want Results, Lawyers Need Emotional Intelligence, 2015 Whittier Law School
Clients Want Results, Lawyers Need Emotional Intelligence, Christine C. Kelton
Cleveland State Law Review
Thinking requires emotions and emotions enhance thinking. This Article suggests that the emotionally intelligent lawyer is more likely to serve the needs of clients and the legal community than the lawyer who has less understanding of, and control over, emotions. Part II introduces two “emotionally unintelligent” lawyers, Amanda and Rick, and considers how their emotional “unintelligence” affects their new client, psychologist, Dr. Ray Randolph. Part III provides some background on the relevant research on emotional intelligence, including the history of intelligence, from general intelligence, to social intelligence, to multiple intelligences, and to emotional intelligence. Part IV defines and explores the ...
Duty To Revolt, 2015 University of Washington - Seattle Campus
Duty To Revolt, Katherine Crabtree
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights not only prescribes universal rights but also individual duties, stating “everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.” This paper examines the nature of the right to revolution and considers whether an individual’s duty to uphold human rights includes a moral duty to revolt when the current social structure permits or requires intolerable systematic human rights violations. Four subsections discuss (1) the development and nature of disciplinary power that a government imposes on citizens in order to force conformity to the laws ...
"Continually Reminded Of Their Inferior Position”: Social Dominance, Implicit Bias, Criminality, And Race, 2015 University of Florida Levin College of Law
"Continually Reminded Of Their Inferior Position”: Social Dominance, Implicit Bias, Criminality, And Race, Darren L. Hutchinson
Washington University Journal of Law & Policy
This Article contends that implicit bias theory has improved contemporary understanding of the dynamics of individual bias. Implicit bias research has also helped to explain the persistent racial disparities in many areas of public policy, including criminal law and enforcement. Implicit bias theory, however, does not provide the foundation for a comprehensive analysis of racial inequality. Even if implicit racial biases exist pervasively, these biases alone do not explain broad societal tolerance of vast racial inequality. Instead, as social dominance theorists have found, a strong desire among powerful classes to preserve the benefits they receive from stratification leads to collective ...