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Corporate Conspiracy: How Not Calling A Conspiracy A Conspiracy Is Warping The Law On Corporate Wrongdoing, Josephine Sandler Nelson 2015 SelectedWorks

Corporate Conspiracy: How Not Calling A Conspiracy A Conspiracy Is Warping The Law On Corporate Wrongdoing, Josephine Sandler Nelson

J.S. Nelson

The intracorporate conspiracy doctrine immunizes an enterprise and its agents from conspiracy prosecution based on the legal fiction that an enterprise and its agents are a single actor incapable of the meeting of two minds to form a conspiracy. The doctrine, however, misplaces incentives in contravention of agency law, criminal law, tort law, and public policy. As a result, harmful behavior is ordered and performed without consequences, and the victims of the behavior suffer without appropriate remedy.

Especially in the wake of the financial crisis, prosecutors and the public are searching for new tools to combat corporate conspiracy. The most ...


Countering Hate On The Internet, raphael cohen-almagor 2014 SelectedWorks

Countering Hate On The Internet, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

Hate speech is designed to threaten certain groups publicly and act as propaganda for offline organizations. Hate groups use websites to share ideology and propaganda, to link to similar sites and to recruit new converts, advocate violence and to threat others. The aim of this paper is to analyse the ways hate mongers are utilizing the Internet, and to ask what can be done to counter their activities. The paper discusses the targets of hate on the Internet and offers practical proposals to address this increasing problem and fight against it.


Bringing Down An Uprising: Egypt's Stillborn Revolution, Sahar Aziz 2014 SelectedWorks

Bringing Down An Uprising: Egypt's Stillborn Revolution, Sahar Aziz

Sahar F Aziz

On January 25, 2011, the world watched in awe as millions of Egyptians poured into the streets demanding bread, freedom, and social justice. All of which they had been denied for three decades under Mubarak’s deeply embedded authoritarian regime. That Egyptians had persevered economic and political indignities for so long without mass protest made the events of January 25 all the more striking. Once it became clear that Egypt’s despised security forces could not quash the masses, thousands of news articles, blogs, and tweets declared that Egyptians were finally revolting. After sixty years of authoritarianism led by retired ...


The Origins Of Affirmative Fiscal Action, Mirit Eyal-Cohen 2014 SelectedWorks

The Origins Of Affirmative Fiscal Action, Mirit Eyal-Cohen

Mirit Eyal-Cohen

This article highlights an anomaly. It shows that two tax rules aimed to achieve a similar goal were introduced at the same time. Both meant to be temporary and bring economic stimuli, but received a dramatically different treatment. The less efficient or economically inferior survived. Its superior counterpart did not. The article reviews the reasons for this paradox. It shows that the reason is both political and an agency problem. The article not only enriches an important and ongoing debate that has received much attention in recent years, but also provides important lessons to policymakers.


On The Public-Law Character Of Competition Law: A Lesson Of Asian Capitalism, Michael Dowdle 2014 SelectedWorks

On The Public-Law Character Of Competition Law: A Lesson Of Asian Capitalism, Michael Dowdle

Michael Dowdle

This article argues that competition law is best seen as a form of public law – ‘the law that governs the governing of the state – and not as simply a form of private market regulation. It uses the experiences of ‘Asian capitalism’ to show how capitalist economies are in fact much more variegated than the orthodox model of competition law presumes, and that this variegated character demands a form of regulation that is innately political rather than simply technical. Orthodox competition regimes address this complexity by segregating non-standard capitalisms into alternative doctrinal jurisprudences, but this renders conceptually invisible the political balancing ...


After Shelby County: Getting Section 2 Of The Vra To Do The Work Of Section 5, Christopher S. Elmendorf, Douglas M. Spencer 2014 SelectedWorks

After Shelby County: Getting Section 2 Of The Vra To Do The Work Of Section 5, Christopher S. Elmendorf, Douglas M. Spencer

Christopher S. Elmendorf

Until the Supreme Court put an end to it in Shelby County v. Holder, Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act was widely regarded as an effective, low-cost tool for blocking potentially discriminatory changes to election laws and administrative practices. The provision the Supreme Court left standing, Section 2, is generally seen as expensive, cumbersome and almost wholly ineffective at blocking changes before they take effect. This paper argues that the courts, in partnership with the Department of Justice, could reform Section 2 so that it fills much of the gap left by the Supreme Court’s evisceration of Section ...


Regulatory Institutions Of The Global South: Why Are They Different And What Can Be Done About It?, Yugank Goyal 2014 SelectedWorks

Regulatory Institutions Of The Global South: Why Are They Different And What Can Be Done About It?, Yugank Goyal

Yugank Goyal

Developing countries suffer from underperforming regulatory agencies compared to those in the developed world. The paper attempts to theorize general reasons behind such divergence. It argues that the differences lie in developing countries’ (a) higher priorities for redistribution, (b) structurally different institutional endowments, especially at informal level, and (c) limited informational channels. The paper proposes that a multi-stakeholder (with increased emphasis on judiciary and civil society) approach has potential to address the shortcomings. It tests these claims through studying cases of telecom and electricity regulation in India.


The Rise And Rise Of The One Percent: Getting To Thomas Piketty's Wealth Dystopia, Shi-Ling Hsu 2014 SelectedWorks

The Rise And Rise Of The One Percent: Getting To Thomas Piketty's Wealth Dystopia, Shi-Ling Hsu

Shi-Ling Hsu

Thomas Piketty's Capital in the Twenty-first Century, which is surely one of the very few economics treatises ever to be a best-seller, has parachuted into an intensely emotional and deeply divisive American debate: the problem of inequality in the United States. Piketty's core argument is that throughout history, the rate of return on private capital has usually exceeded the rate of economic growth, expressed by Piketty as the relation r > g. If true, this relation means that the wealthy class – who are the predominant owners of capital – will grow their wealth faster than economies grow, which means that ...


The Road Most Travel: Is The Executive’S Growing Preeminence Making America More Like The Authoritarian Regimes It Fights So Hard Against?, Ryan T. Williams 2014 SelectedWorks

The Road Most Travel: Is The Executive’S Growing Preeminence Making America More Like The Authoritarian Regimes It Fights So Hard Against?, Ryan T. Williams

Ryan T. Williams

Since September 11, 2001, the Executive branch of the Unites States government continues to accumulate power beyond which is granted to it under the U.S. Constitution. This Article examines how the Executive wields this additional power through a secret surveillance program, the indefinite detention of terror suspects, and the implementation of a kill list, where Americans and non-Americans alike are targeted and killed without any judicial determination of guilt or innocence. Moreover, Congress and the Judiciary have condoned the Executive’s unconstitutional power accumulation by not only remaining idle and refusing to challenge this taking, but by preventing other ...


After Shelby County: Getting Section 2 Of The Vra To Do The Work Of Section 5, Christopher S. Elmendorf, Douglas M. Spencer 2014 SelectedWorks

After Shelby County: Getting Section 2 Of The Vra To Do The Work Of Section 5, Christopher S. Elmendorf, Douglas M. Spencer

Christopher S. Elmendorf

Until the Supreme Court put an end to it in Shelby County v. Holder, Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act was widely regarded as an effective, low-cost tool for blocking potentially discriminatory changes to election laws and administrative practices. The provision the Supreme Court left standing, Section 2, is generally seen as expensive, cumbersome and almost wholly ineffective at blocking changes before they take effect. This paper argues that the courts, in partnership with the Department of Justice, could reform Section 2 so that it fills much of the gap left by the Supreme Court’s evisceration of Section ...


The Rationalization Of Policy: On The Relation Between Democracy And The Rule Of Law, ofer raban 2014 SelectedWorks

The Rationalization Of Policy: On The Relation Between Democracy And The Rule Of Law, Ofer Raban

ofer raban

What is the relation between democracy and the rule of law? Why did they develop more or less simultaneously, and why do we tend to conjoin them in describing good government? After all, the two are theoretically distinct: a non-democratic regime may operate with a robust rule of law (think of 18th Century England), and a government elected by popular vote may flout rule of law principles (think of Russia or Turkey or Pakistan). And yet, to repeat, there seems to be some mutual reinforcement—perhaps even some interdependence—between these two systems of political organization. This article will ...


Revenue, U.S. Government, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Revenue, U.S. Government, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of U.S. Government revenue receipts and spending during the early years of national history. Presents revenue generation statistics, information on revenue sources, and information on domestic and international political and economic factors affecting government revenue receipts.


Trade, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

Trade, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of analysis of U.S. foreign trade policy during the early decades of the country's history. Examines bilateral U.S. trade relations with France and Great Britain, provides import and export statistics, details on commodities and products imports and exported, trade statistics, and information on the political and economic factors shaping U.S. trade during this period.


But We Were Born Free: The Racial & Sexual Quota As A Constitutiional Bill Of Attainder, David D. Butler 2014 SelectedWorks

But We Were Born Free: The Racial & Sexual Quota As A Constitutiional Bill Of Attainder, David D. Butler

David D. Butler

Racial & Sexual Quota Schemes meet or equal every constitutionial forbidden practice ennumerated in the bar against government's use of bills of attainder or bills of pains and penalities.


Presentation Slides - Have Impoverished Families Been Guaranteed The Right To Adequate Food In The Legal Amazon Region?, Claudia Ribeiro Pereira Nunes 2014 SelectedWorks

Presentation Slides - Have Impoverished Families Been Guaranteed The Right To Adequate Food In The Legal Amazon Region?, Claudia Ribeiro Pereira Nunes

Claudia Ribeiro Pereira Nunes

Brazil is one of the largest food-exporting countries in the world. The economic development of the country depends on the export of food. On the other hand, the Brazilian Federal Constitution guarantees the Adequate Food Right to the Brazilian population and was created the National Food and Nutrition Security. Against this background, in which the foods has dual aspect - law and economic development instrument, the overall aim of the research is to investigate whether there is food and nutrition security, specially to the single-parent families headed by women from 18 to 25 years, with the least 3 or 4 children ...


Environmental Law Outside The Canon, Todd S. Aagaard 2014 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

Environmental Law Outside The Canon, Todd S. Aagaard

Indiana Law Journal

It is time to rethink the domination of environmental law by a canon of major federal statutes enacted in the 1970s. Environmental law is in a malaise. Despite widespread agreement that existing laws are inadequate to address current environmental problems, Congress has not passed a major environmental statute in more than twenty years. If it is to succeed, the environmental law of this new century may need to evolve into something that looks quite different than the extant environmental law canon. The next generation of environmental laws must be viable for creation and implementation even in an antagonistic political climate ...


Crimea And The International Legal Order, William W. Burke-White 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Crimea And The International Legal Order, William W. Burke-White

Faculty Scholarship

A key balance between two of the most fundamental principles of the post-World War II international legal and political order is at stake today in Ukraine. Particularly in its annexation of Crimea, Russia has exploited the tension between a fundamental principle that prohibits the acquisition of territory through the use of force and an equally fundamental right of self-determination. Russia’s reinterpretation of these two principles could well destabilize the tenuous balance between the protection of individual rights and the preservation of states’ territorial integrity that undergirds the post World War II order. In determining the precedent that will be ...


The Continuing Battle Of Fda Regulation Of Dietary Supplements And Their Adverse Affect On Young Adults And Other Individuals, Andrew Bernard Jaffe 2014 SelectedWorks

The Continuing Battle Of Fda Regulation Of Dietary Supplements And Their Adverse Affect On Young Adults And Other Individuals, Andrew Bernard Jaffe

Andrew Bernard Jaffe

THE CONTINUING BATTLE OF FDA REGULATION OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS AND THEIR ADVERSE AFFECT ON YOUNG ADULTS AND OTHER INDIVIDUALS

Abstract

Ever since the enactment of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA) the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has struggled to regulate dietary supplements. This is due to the definition of dietary supplements as foods in the act. This gives supplement manufacturers greater loopholes when introducing supplements on the market. The FDA’s inability to regulate dietary supplements efficiently has been present for decades. Multiple battles are still occurring today which is proven to have an adverse ...


Natural Law, Natural Rights, And Same Sex Marriage, Shannon Holzer 2014 SelectedWorks

Natural Law, Natural Rights, And Same Sex Marriage, Shannon Holzer

Shannon Holzer

ABSTRACT

The Definition of Rights and Same-Sex Marriage

The claim that same-sex couples have the right to be married needs to be explained according to particular theories of rights. This presents a problem for same-sex marriage (SSM) advocates for two reasons. First, if SSM advocates suggest that they have a natural right to be married (as rights were understood by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence), then they have the burden to prove that this is the case. Yet, Natural Rights entail Natural Law (NL), and NL tends to support teleological definitions of marriage. Thus, the SSM advocate must ...


Campaign Finance And Political Gerrymandering Decisions In The October 2005 Term, Burt Neuborne 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Campaign Finance And Political Gerrymandering Decisions In The October 2005 Term, Burt Neuborne

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


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