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Natura 2000 - The European Union Mechanism For Nature Conservation. Some Legal Issues., Maria Kenig-Witkowska 2018 University of Warsaw

Natura 2000 - The European Union Mechanism For Nature Conservation. Some Legal Issues., Maria Kenig-Witkowska

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Water Shortage And Water Law: The Impending Crisis In Semi-Arid Climates, Bonnie Persons 2018 Georgia State University College of Law

Water Shortage And Water Law: The Impending Crisis In Semi-Arid Climates, Bonnie Persons

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Water is a business driver and a substantial source of both wealth and risk. Water is also under increasing statutory and legislative pressure as jurisdictions strive to manage water resources more holistically by addressing both surface and groundwater together, but on a more decentralized and sustainable basis. The potential collapse of the municipal water system in Cape Town, South Africa serves as a stark alarm for cities in arid and semi-arid, Mediterranean-like environments. This risk is especially true of cities like Marseilles, France and regions like California. By comparing the impacts of the water law in these different jurisdictions, this ...


Three Cases In Point: A Comparison Of Legal Access To Housing For Low-Income And Homeless Populations In Cape Town, Marseille And Miami, Leila Lawlor 2018 Perimeter College of Georgia State University

Three Cases In Point: A Comparison Of Legal Access To Housing For Low-Income And Homeless Populations In Cape Town, Marseille And Miami, Leila Lawlor

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Miami, Cape Town, and Marseille have taken dissimilar approaches in their attempts to legislate and supply affordable housing to those in need. One of these cities has no justiciable right whatsoever, one has a right set out in its national constitution, and one has a right set out in its national law. These cities have had different degrees of success in aiding those in need of adequate housing; however, each of these cities continues to suffer from both a lack of affordable housing and a widening income gap. Examining the frameworks and the efforts of these three port cities establishes ...


Ten Years Of The French Dalo And The Catalan Right To Housing Act: European Innovation In The Fields Of Land Use Planning And Housing, Camille Mialot, Juli Ponce 2018 Sciences Po Paris Law School

Ten Years Of The French Dalo And The Catalan Right To Housing Act: European Innovation In The Fields Of Land Use Planning And Housing, Camille Mialot, Juli Ponce

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

The main objective of this article is to give an overview for an international audience of the results of two acts which were passed the same year, 2007 - the French Enforceable right to housing (Droit au logement opposable, later referred as DALO) Act, and the Catalan Right to Housing Act (Llei catalana del dret a l´habitatge, CRHA). Both acts are good examples of legal innovations regarding land use and housing at the beginning of the 21st Century. The first one established an enforceable right to housing in France for the first time in French history. The second one is ...


Social Dimensions And Social Function Born In Latin America: Property Limits In The U.S. And The European Union Legal Systems, Wellington Migliari 2018 University of Barcelona

Social Dimensions And Social Function Born In Latin America: Property Limits In The U.S. And The European Union Legal Systems, Wellington Migliari

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

This article is a comparative analysis of property systems and their social dimensions between the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (EU). Throughout the article, we show how the fees and development taxes applied in the U.S. refer to an ex ante rationale assumed by private owners to compensate communities for land transformation or environmental impacts, while inside the EU, the political consensus is responsible for the imposition of limits in ex post abuses of ownership. Either in public administrations, or in the Council of Ministers of the EU, the social function of property is better understood ...


Regional Public/Private Partnerships As Entrepreneurial Bricolage, John F. McArdle 2018 Salem State University

Regional Public/Private Partnerships As Entrepreneurial Bricolage, John F. Mcardle

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Entrepreneurial development of contaminated or blighted land, commonly referred to as “brownfield,” carries significant enterprise risk. When considering competing opportunities, capital tends to flow in an adverse direction from higher-risk activity where outcomes are less certain. In addition, a complicated regulatory landscape can increase transaction costs which further limit the desirability of these projects. Often, that leaves the remediation of environmentally compromised property in the hands of the public sector. Yet, in industrialized nations with significant brownfield presence, government is often unable to solely cure defects due to limited fiscal resources and competing policy imperatives. One solution to the problem ...


The Emergence Of Metropolitan Areas As A New Form Of Interfederative Governance: A Comparative Study Of Aix-Marseille-Provence And The Metropolitan Region Of Rio De Janeiro, Aricia Fernandes Correia, Romulo S.R. Sampaio 2018 Universidade Do Estado Do Rio De Janeiro

The Emergence Of Metropolitan Areas As A New Form Of Interfederative Governance: A Comparative Study Of Aix-Marseille-Provence And The Metropolitan Region Of Rio De Janeiro, Aricia Fernandes Correia, Romulo S.R. Sampaio

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

The exponential demographic increase of the last century and the transformation of the cities, from industrial to service providers, added to the phenomenon of conurbation. In addition, the new social, environmental, economic, political and cultural dynamics of close cities, challenged the traditional municipal power and required a collaborative new management framework. Global cities became metropolitan areas. Issues of local urban interest are now of regional preoccupation. Governmental institutional frameworks and urban planning were not designed to match this new socioeconomic and environmental metropolitan order. This paper deals with the legal challenges of creating metropolitan governance structures comparing France and Brazil ...


The French Metropole: How It Gained Legal Status As A Metropolis, Janice Griffith 2018 Suffolk University Law School

The French Metropole: How It Gained Legal Status As A Metropolis, Janice Griffith

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

France’s long history of centralized governance has generated debates as to what powers should remain with the State and what powers should devolve to sub-national governments. To ameliorate the fragmentation resulting from the small size of France’s 36,000 plus municipalities, called communes, the State authorized the creation of general-purpose, inter-communal public institutions to perform municipal functions on behalf of the communes on a greater economy of scale. The article examines the trajectory that led to the creation in 2010 of the métropole, or metropolis, the most recent of these inter-communal bodies that is designed to undertake public ...


The Future Of French Metropolis, Anne-Claire Mialot 2018 Georgia State University College of Law

The Future Of French Metropolis, Anne-Claire Mialot

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer, Karen Johnston 2018 Georgia State University College of Law

Introduction, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer, Karen Johnston

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Courtrooms And Classrooms: A Legal History Of College Access, 1860-1960, Mark A. Addison 2018 Brown University

Book Review: Courtrooms And Classrooms: A Legal History Of College Access, 1860-1960, Mark A. Addison

Journal of College Access

Issues of college access are increasingly met with resolutions within social and economic contexts. Models such as cost of production output, and race and socioeconomic-conscious strategies form the basis of such analyses (Jenkins & Rodriguez, 2013; Henriksen, 1995; Treager Huber, 2010; Schmidt, 2012). We can expect retooling and reinventing of such models with increasing college costs and changes in student demographics.


Response Regarding Bureau Rulemaking Processes (Docket No. Cfpb-2018-0009), Patricia A. McCoy, Financial Regulation and Consumer Protection Scholars and Former Regulators 2018 Boston College Law School

Response Regarding Bureau Rulemaking Processes (Docket No. Cfpb-2018-0009), Patricia A. Mccoy, Financial Regulation And Consumer Protection Scholars And Former Regulators

CFPB Comments by Scholars & Regulators

Response discussing whether the Consumer Federal Protection Bureau should alter its procedures for adopting new rules to protect consumers.


Guerrina V. State, 134 Nev. Adv. Op. 45 (June 7, 2018), Xheni Ristani 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Guerrina V. State, 134 Nev. Adv. Op. 45 (June 7, 2018), Xheni Ristani

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court affirmed Lyons v. State, which gives the courts discretion to reject a defendant’s request for self-representation if the request is untimely. Further, the Court affirmed the Mendoza v. State test, which allows a single incident to sustain convictions for both robbery and kidnapping if any movement or restraint creates a risk to the victim substantially exceeding what is necessarily present in the crime of robbery. Finally, the Court held that the State must satisfy NRS § 193.165 to sustain deadly weapon charges.


Medicaid Reform Through Setting Health Care Priorities, Robert L. Schwartz 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Medicaid Reform Through Setting Health Care Priorities, Robert L. Schwartz

Robert L. Schwartz

The face of American health care has changed since the creation of the two largest government funded health programs, Medicare and Medicaid. Whatever positive cultural benefits those programs have provided, they have carried with them one overwhelming defect: a language with obscure and untreatable words and phrases which has added to the mystery and impenetrability of the underlying substantive law. This article discusses Oregon’s proposal for prioritization, reviews legal arguments, a policy argument against the proposal, and finally concludes that any priority list that generalizes from condition-treatment pairs necessarily overgeneralizes, that the range of cost-utility ratios for any condition-treatment ...


Setting Limits On Autonomy: Saving Money In An Aging Society, Robert L. Schwartz 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Setting Limits On Autonomy: Saving Money In An Aging Society, Robert L. Schwartz

Robert L. Schwartz

In Setting Limits Dr. Daniel Callahan poses a solution: the termination of some kinds of treatment for the very elderly. His solution undercuts autonomy of the individual. This Article describes the values served by autonomy and explains why autonomy is so basic to making health care decisions and why its importance is especially great in the United States. Of course, autonomy is not absolute. This Article will define those classes of cases in which autonomy can be trumped by other interests. The Article will next determine whether the class of cases defined by Dr. Callahan fits within that definition. Finally ...


Institutional Review Of Medical Research: Cost-Benefit Analysis, Risk-Benefit Analysis, And The Possible Effects Of Research On Public Policy, Robert L. Schwartz 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Institutional Review Of Medical Research: Cost-Benefit Analysis, Risk-Benefit Analysis, And The Possible Effects Of Research On Public Policy, Robert L. Schwartz

Robert L. Schwartz

It is reasonable to expect IRBs to develop and apply policy as other public policy agencies do. In fact, the risk-benefit analysis now required of IRBs appears to be analogous to the cost-benefit analysis adopted by public policy analysts. But, as we shall see, the new risk-benefit criterion is far less comprehensive and valid than the traditional cost-benefit model.


Teaching Physicians And Lawyers To Understand Each Other: The Development Of A Law And Medicine Clinic, Robert L. Schwartz 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Teaching Physicians And Lawyers To Understand Each Other: The Development Of A Law And Medicine Clinic, Robert L. Schwartz

Robert L. Schwartz

The discomfort doctors and lawyers feel with one another is not a consequence of the perceived medical malpractice crisis or any other single area of substantive disagreement. Rather, it is a reflection of the different epistemologies of the professions. The truth seeking activities of the two professions are very different, and these differences are reflected in the widely divergent professional educations provided to medical and law students. Much of the animosity which has developed between doctors and lawyers could be avoided, and members of each profession could have a much better understanding of the substance and analytic methods of the ...


Time Management, Sherri L. Burr 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Time Management, Sherri L. Burr

Sherri L. Burr

Three blog articles looking at time management when lateness can lead to missed deadlines, or "stupid malpractice".


The Piracy Gap: Protecting Intellectual Property In An Era Of Artistic Creativity And Technological Change, Sherri L. Burr 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

The Piracy Gap: Protecting Intellectual Property In An Era Of Artistic Creativity And Technological Change, Sherri L. Burr

Sherri L. Burr

This Essay explores what Mark Twain, Bill Gates, and Live Crew have in common with other artistic and informational pioneers. Their creative visions and works challenge society to develop new legal methods for regulating the artistic and technological expansion. As this Essay demonstrates, law follows technology, albeit slowly. The author predicts that the next twenty-five years will pose more challenges to intellectual property laws than the last fifty. As new forms of art are created, reflected in the case of rap music, and new forms of communication evolve onto the information highway, new methods of piracy will abound. The challenge ...


Reflections On A Scholarly Agenda For The Beginning Law Professor, Sherri L. Burr 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Reflections On A Scholarly Agenda For The Beginning Law Professor, Sherri L. Burr

Sherri L. Burr

This article looks at developing a scholarly agenda from the perspective of a recently admitted member of the academy. The topic is divided into three parts: developing a scholarly agenda; choosing what to write from the agenda; and deciding where to publish the article that you write.


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