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The Performance Disclosures Of Credit Rating Agencies: Are They Effective Reputational Sanctions?, Lin (Lynn) Bai 2010 University of Cincinnati College of Law

The Performance Disclosures Of Credit Rating Agencies: Are They Effective Reputational Sanctions?, Lin (Lynn) Bai

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

The SEC has recently added new provisions to the credit rating agency regulation. These provisions require credit rating agencies to disclose publicly their rating actions and performance measurements. The new requirements seek to achieve two goals: (1) deter conflicts of interest in the credit rating industry by invoking the reputational sanction power of performance statistics, and (2) help new entrants to the industry build a track record so they can compete with established agencies. This paper reveals empirical evidence that the current disclosure requirements cannot achieve these goals and makes recommendations on how the regulation should be improved in light ...


Social Justice Feminism, Kristin (Brandser) Kalsem, Verna L. Williams 2010 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Social Justice Feminism, Kristin (Brandser) Kalsem, Verna L. Williams

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

For the past three years, women leaders from national groups, grassroots organizations, academia and beyond have gathered to address dissonance in the women's movement, particularly dissatisfaction with the movement's emphasis on women privileged on account of their race, class, or sexuality. At these meetings of the New Women's Movement Initiative (NWMI), advocates who no longer want to do feminism have articulated a desire for social justice feminism. This article analyzes what such a shift might mean for feminist practice and legal theory.

Drawing on history, specifically the work of the women behind the Brandeis brief in the ...


Introduction: The Sec At 75, Barbara Black 2010 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Introduction: The Sec At 75, Barbara Black

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

This Introduction begins with a brief look back at the creation of the SEC and then examines the present-day agency's expression of its mission. It next reviews the Blueprint's assessment of the agency and its proposal for reform and then turns to the Obama Administration's Financial Regulatory Reform and its proposals relating to the SEC. Finally, this Introduction describes five issues to which the panelists paid particular attention: the SEC's mission, competition among financial markets, the proposal to merge the SEC and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), the role of financial market networks in systemic ...


California Women: Trying To Use Federal Taxes To Put The 'Community' In Community Property, Stephanie H. McMahon 2010 University of Cincinnati College of Law

California Women: Trying To Use Federal Taxes To Put The 'Community' In Community Property, Stephanie H. Mcmahon

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

Community property is thought to be a more equitable marital property regime than the common law because we assume that providing each spouse with an interest in fifty percent of the family’s income also provides a substantial amount of equality between spouses. Historically, however, as the regime operated in the United States, it was not especially favorable to wives. Although the concept implied a partnership between spouses, in practice wives were denied rights a partner would expect to enjoy. This article examines how women lobbied to enlarge the protection California wives enjoyed under the state’s community property regime ...


Revisiting The Lyons Den: Summers V. Earth Island Institute's Misuse Of Lyons's Realistic Threat Of Harm Standing Test, Bradford Mank 2010 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Revisiting The Lyons Den: Summers V. Earth Island Institute's Misuse Of Lyons's Realistic Threat Of Harm Standing Test, Bradford Mank

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

In Summers v. Earth Island Institute, 129 S. Ct. 1142 (2009), the majority and dissenting opinions disagreed about how to apply the “realistic threat” test set forth in Los Angeles v. Lyons, 461 U.S. 95, 107 (1983)). According to Justice Scalia’s majority opinion in Summers, the plaintiff organizations did not have standing to obtain injunctive relief because they failed to prove that their members were likely in the near future to hike on government land on which the Forest Service conducted allegedly illegal sales of timber without public notice and comment and that the facts alleged by the ...


A Modern Theory Of Direct Corporate Liability For Title Vii, Sandra F. Sperino 2010 University of Cincinnati College of Law

A Modern Theory Of Direct Corporate Liability For Title Vii, Sandra F. Sperino

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

Something is missing from Title VII-a modern and fully functional theory of direct employer liability for individual discrimination claims. Courts largely focus on finding employers indirectly liable for discrimination through the acts of their agents, rather than viewing the employer as the culpable actor in appropriate circumstances. This Article posits that five major problems with Title VII can be eliminated or reduced by once again recognizing the importance of direct employer liability and by re-theorizing direct liability using modern conceptions of corporate character.

Borrowing the emerging concept of corporate character from criminal law and corporate law scholarship, this Article attempts ...


Standard Of Care For Students With Disabilities: The Intersection Of Liability Under The Idea And Tort Theories, Ralph D. Mawdsley 2010 Cleveland State University

Standard Of Care For Students With Disabilities: The Intersection Of Liability Under The Idea And Tort Theories, Ralph D. Mawdsley

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This article explores issues of legal liability for school personnel where students with disabilities are injured in school settings or cause injuries to employees and other students in schools. While questions related to legal liability are varied, they tend to fall within two broad areas: standard of care relating to injuries to or by students; and, standard of care for employees working with students with or training others to work with students with disabilities. In both areas, the legal issue revolves around the concept of heightened standard of care, especially where framed by the language of students' IEPs (Individualized Education ...


The Gaza Strip: Israel, Its Foreign Policy, And The Goldstone Report, Milena Sterio 2010 Cleveland State University

The Gaza Strip: Israel, Its Foreign Policy, And The Goldstone Report, Milena Sterio

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

At the end of 2008, Israel launched a three-week military offensive in the Gaza Strip (Operation Cast Lead), during which Israel carried out over 2,360 air strikes and numerous ground assaults over Gaza, causing the death of approximately 1,300 Palestinians, and wounding over 5,000 individuals. The Gaza conflict sparked numerous allegations of war crimes and international humanitarian law violations by both Israel and Hamas. Thus, the Human Rights Council (HRC) appointed a U.N. Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict (Goldstone Mission) led by prominent international jurist Richard Goldstone. The Goldstone Mission issued the Goldstone Report ...


Express Yourself: Striking A Balance Between Silence And Active, Purposive Opposition Under Title Vii's Anti-Retaliation Provision, Matthew W. Green Jr. 2010 Cleveland State University

Express Yourself: Striking A Balance Between Silence And Active, Purposive Opposition Under Title Vii's Anti-Retaliation Provision, Matthew W. Green Jr.

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

In short, although the article determines that while Crawford should not open the door to silent opposition, the active, purposive requirement that Justice Alito championed and that some courts pre- and post-Crawford have adopted goes too far the other way. There is a swath of opposition conduct that stands between silence and the standard that Justice Alito and some courts advocate. This article explores where that line should be drawn.


Much Ado About Possibly Pretty Little: Mccarran-Ferguson Repeal In The Health Care Reform Effort, Christopher L. Sagers 2010 Cleveland State University

Much Ado About Possibly Pretty Little: Mccarran-Ferguson Repeal In The Health Care Reform Effort, Christopher L. Sagers

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Since 1945, the McCarran-Ferguson Act (MFA) has shielded the “business of insurance” from antitrust liability, so long as the challenged conduct is “regulated by State Law” and does not constitute “boycott, coercion, or intimidation.” This law, like the dozens of other statutory antitrust exemptions that still exist for other industries, has more or less always been controversial, and efforts to repeal it date back more than thirty years. This Essay asks two questions: (1) what consequences the pending repeal measures might have if one of them becomes law; and (2) what a close examination of this effort might teach us ...


Contraception, Abortion, And Health Care Reform: Finding Appropriate Moral Ground, Dena S. Davis 2010 Cleveland State University

Contraception, Abortion, And Health Care Reform: Finding Appropriate Moral Ground, Dena S. Davis

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

In this essay, I make the argument that abortion and contraception are fundamentally different actions that occupy fundamentally different moral space, and that justify fundamentally different political action. I conclude that, while it is morally licit, even morally obligatory, for people who believe that embryos are people like us, to attempt to impede access to abortion, it is morally illicit to attempt to block access to contraception (including sterilization).


The Promissory Character Of Adequate Assurances Of Performance, Michael J. Borden 2010 Cleveland State University

The Promissory Character Of Adequate Assurances Of Performance, Michael J. Borden

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Part I provides the reader with an account of the development of the doctrine of adequate assurances from its earliest roots in the doctrine of anticipatory repudiation. Part II explains the workings of the modern doctrine in the context of a recent case. In Part III, I argue that promises made in response to a demand for adequate assurances can be understood as a class of enforceable promises. In Parts IV and V, I attempt to work out the back-end consequences that would result from treating assurances as enforceable promises.


Property In Crisis, Nestor M. Davidson, Rashmi Dyal-Chand 2010 Fordham University School of Law

Property In Crisis, Nestor M. Davidson, Rashmi Dyal-Chand

Fordham Law Review

Property law generally develops gradually, with doctrine slowly accreting in the interstices of daily conflict and the larger culture of property likewise emerging at a glacial pace. In times of crisis, however, fundamental questions about the nature of ownership and the balance between the individual and the state instantiated in the structure of property rise rapidly to the surface. Our current economic crisis—the deepest since the Great Depression—is no exception. This economic crisis, more than many in our history, began with property, sparked in no small measure by structural flaws in the residential market and an ownership society ...


The Fourth Quadrant, Jonathan Zittrain 2010 Fordham Law School

The Fourth Quadrant, Jonathan Zittrain

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Compatibility Of Patent Law And The Internet, Jeanne C. Fromer 2010 Fordham University School of Law

The Compatibility Of Patent Law And The Internet, Jeanne C. Fromer

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


Judge Or Jury? Determining Deception Or Misrepresentation Under The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, Christian Stueben 2010 Fordham Law School

Judge Or Jury? Determining Deception Or Misrepresentation Under The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, Christian Stueben

Fordham Law Review

This Note explores the conflict among the federal circuit courts as to whether a judge or jury should decide if the language contained in a collection letter is false, misleading, or deceptive to the least sophisticated consumer under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA). Some circuits, such as the Second and Ninth Circuits, hold that this issue is a question of law, appropriate for the judge to decide. In contrast, the Seventh Circuit finds this to be a question of fact, and requires the plaintiff to submit extrinsic evidence in the form of professional surveys in order to reach ...


Extensions On The Twenty-Fifth Amendment: The Influence Of Biological Factors On Assessments Of Impairment, Rose McDermott 2010 Fordham Law School

Extensions On The Twenty-Fifth Amendment: The Influence Of Biological Factors On Assessments Of Impairment, Rose Mcdermott

Fordham Law Review

Because the framers of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment were so prescient in their creation of this legislation, it behooves subsequent scholars to examine additional potential concerns that would not have entered the debate forty years ago. Huge advances have been made in the area of biological and genetic medical knowledge, and this progress could not have been foreseen at the time the original Amendment was written. Yet in the interim, such information has become much more accessible. It becomes important to raise these questions moving forward because political opponents may take advantage of these new concerns, as they arise, and use ...


Presidential Succession: The Art Of The Possible, James E. Fleming 2010 Fordham Law School

Presidential Succession: The Art Of The Possible, James E. Fleming

Fordham Law Review

This essay advocates for reforming the presidential succession system by working with the system we have, tweaking it in politically feasible ways to make it better, given an understanding of politics as the art of the possible. It defends the line of succession statute on constitutional and policy grounds before advancing recommendations for improving the succession system. The Essay calls for reforms to ensure that legislative successors are members of the president’s political party. It also suggests the creation of a vice Vice President or a body of successors appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate


Vx In Tx: Chemical Weapons Incineration And Environmental Injustice In Port Arthur, Texas, Victoria R. Danta 2010 Fordham University School of Law

Vx In Tx: Chemical Weapons Incineration And Environmental Injustice In Port Arthur, Texas, Victoria R. Danta

Fordham Environmental Law Review

No abstract provided.


Should We Go Green For The Waxman-Markey Bill?, Nadine Etienne 2010 Fordham University School of Law

Should We Go Green For The Waxman-Markey Bill?, Nadine Etienne

Fordham Environmental Law Review

No abstract provided.


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