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What Conflict Minerals Rules Tell Us About The Legal Transplantation Of Corporate Social Responsibility Standards Without The State: From The United Nations To The United States To Taiwan, Chang-hsien (Robert) TSAI, Yen-nung WU 2017 National Tsinghua University

What Conflict Minerals Rules Tell Us About The Legal Transplantation Of Corporate Social Responsibility Standards Without The State: From The United Nations To The United States To Taiwan, Chang-Hsien (Robert) Tsai, Yen-Nung Wu

Chang-hsien (Robert) TSAI


To resolve global political and scholarly concerns over conflict minerals (“CM”) produced in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and neighboring regions, two kinds of CM-related disclosure rules (or “CM rules”) come into play in regulating their use: government-mandated laws such as Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act in the United States (hereinafter “Sec. 1502”) and transnational voluntary codes such as the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (“EICC”) Code of Conduct. The creation of both of these CM rules could be attributed to the promotion of such concerns by the United Nations. This article is the first attempt to unpack and ...


Constitutions And Bills Of Rights: Invigorating Or Placating Democracy?, Brian Christopher Jones 2017 University of Dundee

Constitutions And Bills Of Rights: Invigorating Or Placating Democracy?, Brian Christopher Jones

Brian Christopher Jones

Champions of constitutions and bills of rights regularly portray them as possessing significant, sometimes mysterious, powers. One characterisation is that newly implemented constitutions may invigorate a democracy, particularly at the ballot box. This article challenges that notion. In particular, it examines a number of jurisdictions that have recently implemented constitutions and bill of rights, finding that in many of them, voter turnout decreased after passage, sometimes significantly. As the argument for a codified British constitution endures, the findings of this paper provide provisional evidence that those advocating for such a device should be wary of touting its potentially invigorating democratic ...


Private Law Exceptionalism? Part Ii: A Basic Difficulty With The Argument From Formal Equality, Avihay Dorfman 2017 Tel Aviv University Faculty of Law

Private Law Exceptionalism? Part Ii: A Basic Difficulty With The Argument From Formal Equality, Avihay Dorfman

Avihay Dorfman

Contemporary discussions of private law theory often assume that parties in a private law interaction can relate as equals if, and only if, equality is cast in terms of formal equality (sometimes called transactional equality).  I devote these pages to refute this conceptual view, showing that it does not draw correctly the map of the logical space in which conceptions of private law equality are located.  Negatively, I argue that the formal conception of equality, most comprehensively defended by certain influential corrective justice theories, does not exhaust this space.  Affirmatively, I argue that this space provides room for at least ...


Security In A Liberal Union: Eu Asylum And Migration Control Policies, Gregor Noll 2017 Selected Works

Security In A Liberal Union: Eu Asylum And Migration Control Policies, Gregor Noll

Gregor Noll


In this contribution I argue that the asylum and migration control policies of the EU are usefully analysed as an expression of liberal thought. I will show how the roots of these policies go all the way back to the creation of the Union in the 50s and illustrate how this heritage affects the prevailing rules in the areas of migration and asylum. I shall also highlight how this order was paradoxically strengthened during the crisis of 2015 and 2016. I will explain why the concept of solidarity in EU law is poorly constructed and map possible solutions. If the ...


Evaluating Corporate Speech About Science, Shannon Roesler 2017 Oklahoma City University School of Law

Evaluating Corporate Speech About Science, Shannon Roesler

Shannon Roesler

How should courts evaluate the truth or falsity of corporate speech about science? This question is critical to antifraud actions like the ongoing state investigations into whether ExxonMobil misrepresented scientific knowledge regarding global climate change. ExxonMobil claims that these investigations chill scientific inquiry and burden speech on a matter of public concern in violation of the First Amendment. Of course, the notion that scientific progress depends on the free exchange of ideas is uncontroversial. But although the free-market approach to scientific discourse has firm foundations, this Article suggests that it is a misguided approach to the question of when corporate ...


Contingent Judicial Deference: Theory And Application To Usury Laws, Bernardo Guimarães, Bruno Meyerhof Salama 2017 FGV Law School in Sao Paulo

Contingent Judicial Deference: Theory And Application To Usury Laws, Bernardo Guimarães, Bruno Meyerhof Salama

Bruno Meyerhof Salama

Legislation is less likely to be enforced when courts disagree with it. Building on this premise, we propose a model of Bayesian adjudicators that use their own prior knowledge to evaluate the appropriateness of legislation. The model yields a non-monotonic relation between written rules and effectively enforced rules. Hence the enactment of legislation prohibiting something raises the probability that courts will allow related things not expressly forbidden. Moreover, legal uncertainty is greater with legislation that commands little deference from courts than with legislation that commands none. We discuss examples of e§ects of legislated prohibitions (and, in particular, usury laws ...


Personal Jurisdiction And Aliens, Scott Dodson, William Dodge 2017 University of California Hastings College of Law

Personal Jurisdiction And Aliens, Scott Dodson, William Dodge

Scott Dodson

The increasing prevalence of noncitizens in U.S. civil litigation raises a fundamental question for the doctrine of personal jurisdiction: how should the alienage status of a defendant affect personal jurisdiction? This fundamental question comes at a time of increasing Supreme Court focus on personal jurisdiction, in cases like Bristol-Myers Squibb v. Superior Court, Daimler AG v. Bauman, and J. McIntyre Machinery, Ltd. v. Nicastro. We aim to answer that question by offering a theory of alienage personal jurisdiction. Under this theory, alienage status broadens the geographic range for minimum contacts from a single state to the whole nation. This ...


Civil Asset Forfeiture Abuse: Can State Legislation Solve The Problem?, David Pimentel 2017 University of Idaho College of Law

Civil Asset Forfeiture Abuse: Can State Legislation Solve The Problem?, David Pimentel

David Pimentel

Civil asset forfeiture is an extraordinarily powerful tool for law enforcement, allowing the seizure of assets without proof of wrongdoing, and with few safeguards in place to protect innocent owners. The incentives to overreach are powerful as police are usually able to keep whatever they seize for their own use. Federal reform in 2000 was largely ineffective to rein in the abuses, and with public outrage against the practice rising, states are starting to weigh in with reforms of their own. But this is a complex area of law, and the financial incentives to perpetuate it are powerful. Accordingly, many ...


Forward, Curtis E.A. Karnow 2017 California Superior Court (San Francisco)

Forward, Curtis E.A. Karnow

Curtis E.A. Karnow

This Forward to a new book on artificial intelligence (AI) and the law begins by describing how law changes over time. It explains how technological development and economic investment influence these changes as judges are compelled to choose analogies from precedent. The Forward summarizes recent developments in self-teaching systems and outlines some of the legal issues AI is likely to pose.


Religious Belief And The Queer Classroom.Pdf, Donn Short 2017 University of Manitoba Faculty of Law

Religious Belief And The Queer Classroom.Pdf, Donn Short

Donn Short

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This study examines the influence of religious affiliation on lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, two
spirit, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ)-inclusive practices. Using data from a national survey of
educators from pre-kindergarten to grade 12, multivariate analyses of variance models were
employed in order to test the effects of religious affiliation on several LGBTQ-inclusive outcome
measures. Results show that religious affiliation does have a significant impact on the likelihood
that educators will (or will not) practice LGBTQ-inclusive education, however, the pathways to
such practices vary considerably ...


Digg, Debra Moss Curtis 2017 Nova Southeastern University

Digg, Debra Moss Curtis

Debra Moss Curtis

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Of Brutal Murder And Transcendental Sovereignty: The Meaning Of Vested Private Rights, Adam MacLeod 2017 Faulkner University

Of Brutal Murder And Transcendental Sovereignty: The Meaning Of Vested Private Rights, Adam Macleod

Adam MacLeod

The idea of vested private rights is divisive; it divides those who practice law from those who teach and think about law. On one side of the divide, practicing lawyers act as though (at least some) rights exist and exert binding obligation upon private persons and government officials. On the other side of the divide, scholars of law and jurisprudence have generally proceeded, since at least the rise of English positivism in the nineteenth century and the American legal realist movement in the early twentieth, as if the concept of vested right has little real meaning. This article attempts to ...


Making Innovation More Competitive: The Case Of Fintech, Rory Van Loo 2017 Boston University School of Law

Making Innovation More Competitive: The Case Of Fintech, Rory Van Loo

Faculty Scholarship

This Article examines recent financial technology (“fintech”) developments to diagnose the federal regulatory institutional framework surrounding innovation. Startups offer artificially intelligent financial assistants, touchless payments, and other potentially game-changing products for individuals. Yet unlike more lightly regulated industries such as retail goods, in consumer finance barriers to entry have insulated the largest businesses from competition. Regulatory insulation helps explain why “Too Big To Fail” banks have become bigger, U.S. innovation has lagged that of foreign countries, and consumers pay higher prices. Taking an institutional lens to this problem reveals an overlooked shortcoming in financial regulation: the organizational design of ...


The Maker Movement: Copyright Law, Remix Culture, And 3d Printing, Matthew Rimmer 2017 Queensland University of Technology

The Maker Movement: Copyright Law, Remix Culture, And 3d Printing, Matthew Rimmer

Matthew Rimmer

3D printing is a process of making physical objects from three-dimensional digital models. 3D printing is a form of additive manufacturing – rather than a traditional form of subtractive manufacturing. 3D printing is a disruptive technology, which promises to transform art and design, science and manufacturing, and the digital economy.

The Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science, the Hon. Christopher Pyne, has highlighted the key role of 3D printing for manufacturing and material science in Australia: ‘Manufacturing remains a key driver in our economy, but as the industrial landscape changes, the sector needs to transition to more innovative and economically viable ...


Estate Of Adams V. Fallini, 132 Nev. Adv. Op. 81 (December 29, 2016), Krystina Viernes 2017 Nevada Law Journal

Estate Of Adams V. Fallini, 132 Nev. Adv. Op. 81 (December 29, 2016), Krystina Viernes

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considered whether a party may appeal a district court’s order granting an NRCP 60(b) motion to set aside a final judgment for fraud upon the court. The Court held the district court’s order interlocutory and may not be appealed until a final judgment is entered.The Court held that the district court was not barred from considering the NRCP 60(b) motion and the district court did not abuse its discretion in granting relief based on fraud upon the court.


The Jewish Family – Between Family Law And Contract Law, yehezkel Margalit 2017 Netanya Academic College

The Jewish Family – Between Family Law And Contract Law, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

Traditional Jewish family law has persevered for hundreds of years and rules covering marriage, the raising of children, and divorce are well established; yet pressures from modern society are causing long held views to be re-examined. The Jewish Family: Between Family Law and Contract Law examines the tenets of Jewish family law in the light of new attitudes concerning the role of women, assisted reproduction technologies, and prenuptial agreements. It explores, through interdisciplinary research combining the legal aspects of family law and contract law, how the Jewish family can cope with both old and modern obstacles and challenges. Focusing on ...


Income Tax Concerns With Purpose Trusts, Thomas E. Simmons 2017 University of South Dakota School of Law

Income Tax Concerns With Purpose Trusts, Thomas E. Simmons

Thomas E. Simmons

No abstract provided.


Making The Most Of Cooperative Federalism: What The Clean Power Plan Has Already Achieved, Gabriel Pacyniak 2017 University of New Mexico

Making The Most Of Cooperative Federalism: What The Clean Power Plan Has Already Achieved, Gabriel Pacyniak

Faculty Scholarship

The fate of the EPA's Clean Power Plan-the signature Obama Administration action to reduce greenhouse gas ("GHG") emissions from existing power plants under the Clean Air Act-is uncertain at best given pending litigation and the opposition of President Donald Trump. Despite this uncertainty, the development of the Clean Power Plan provides an important case study of how rulemaking under a cooperative federalism statutory structure can prompt broad, beneficial policy engagement by states and stakeholders, even in a contentious regulatory action. In the development of the Clean Power Plan, active state and stakeholder engagement and an iterative process of "trying ...


Macroeconomic Modeling Of Tax Policy: A Comparison Of Current Methodologies, Itai Grinberg, Alan J. Auerbach, Thomas A. Barthold, Nicholas Bull, W. Gavin Elkins, Pamela J. Moomau, Rachel Moore, Benjamin Page, Brandon Pecoraro, Kyle Pomerleau 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

Macroeconomic Modeling Of Tax Policy: A Comparison Of Current Methodologies, Itai Grinberg, Alan J. Auerbach, Thomas A. Barthold, Nicholas Bull, W. Gavin Elkins, Pamela J. Moomau, Rachel Moore, Benjamin Page, Brandon Pecoraro, Kyle Pomerleau

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The macroeconomic effects of tax reform are a subject of significant discussion and controversy. In 2015, the House of Representatives adopted a new “dynamic scoring” rule requiring a point estimate within the budget window of the deficit effect due to the macroeconomic response to certain proposed tax legislation. The revenue estimates provided by the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) for major tax bills often play a critical role in Congressional deliberations and public discussion of those bills. The JCT has long had macroeconomic analytic capability, and in recent years, responding to Congress’ interest in macrodynamic estimates for ...


A Destination-Based Cash Flow Tax Can Be Structured To Comply With World Trade Organization Rules, Itai Grinberg 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

A Destination-Based Cash Flow Tax Can Be Structured To Comply With World Trade Organization Rules, Itai Grinberg

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

This paper briefly outlines alternative approaches to enacting a destination-based cash flow tax that are more clearly compatible with the World Trade Organization rules than the approach that has previously been described in the literature. The first structural alternative involves expanding the universe of businesses subject to the tax by clearly defining both the base of the new U.S. business tax and its tax nexus requirement as domestic consumption, and thereafter treating foreign importers and other sellers equivalently, rather than imposing a deduction disallowance or an import tax. The second alternative involves adopting a business activities tax, and then ...


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