The States' Interest In Federal Procedure,
University of Chicago Law School
The States' Interest In Federal Procedure, Diego Zambrano
No abstract provided.
Puerto Rico And The Right Of Accession,
Duke Law School
Puerto Rico And The Right Of Accession, Joseph Blocher, Mitu Gulati
On June 11, 2017, Puerto Rico held a referendum on its legal status. Although turnout was low, 97% of ballots favored statehood, rather than independence or the status quo. The federal government, however, has financial and political reasons to resist this preference: Puerto Rico would bring with it a massive, unpayable debt, and the potential to swing the current balance of power in Congress. That then raises the two questions of whether Congress could decide expel Puerto Rico (give it “independence”) or is legally required to give it statehood (“accession”).
The answers are not obvious. International law, we argue, suggests ...
U.S. War Powers And The Potential Benefits Of Comparativism,
Duke Law School
U.S. War Powers And The Potential Benefits Of Comparativism, Curtis A. Bradley
There is no issue of foreign relations law more important than the allocation of authority over the use of military force. This issue is especially important for the United States given the frequency with which it is involved in military activities abroad. Yet there is significant uncertainty and debate in the United States over this issue — in particular, over whether and to what extent military actions must be authorized by Congress. Because U.S. courts in the modern era have generally declined to review the legality of military actions, disputes over this issue have had to be resolved, as a ...
Reforming The Law On Police Use Of Deadly Force: De-Escalation, Pre-Seizure Conduct, And Imperfect Self-Defense,
George Washington University Law School
Reforming The Law On Police Use Of Deadly Force: De-Escalation, Pre-Seizure Conduct, And Imperfect Self-Defense, Cynthia Lee
GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works
No abstract provided.
A Complex Analysis Of The World Of Student Loans,
Seton Hall University
A Complex Analysis Of The World Of Student Loans, Aiyana Gallardo
Law School Student Scholarship
No abstract provided.
Civil Asset Forfeiture Abuse: Can State Legislation Solve The Problem?,
University of Idaho College of Law
Civil Asset Forfeiture Abuse: Can State Legislation Solve The Problem?, David Pimentel
Civil asset forfeiture is an extraordinarily powerful tool for law enforcement, allowing the seizure of assets without proof of wrongdoing, and with few safeguards in place to protect innocent owners. The incentives to overreach are powerful as police are usually able to keep whatever they seize for their own use. Federal reform in 2000 was largely ineffective to rein in the abuses, and with public outrage against the practice rising, states are starting to weigh in with reforms of their own. But this is a complex area of law, and the financial incentives to perpetuate it are powerful. Accordingly, many ...
Breathing Air With Heft: An Experiential Report On Environmental Regulation And Public Health In Urban China,
Florida State University College of Law
Breathing Air With Heft: An Experiential Report On Environmental Regulation And Public Health In Urban China, Erin Ryan
This article explores the gritty intersections of daily life and environmental law in modern China, an industrial powerhouse still struggling to reconcile economic opportunity with breathable air, clean water, healthy food, and safe products. With comparative perspective on analogous challenges in the United States, the article reports on these critical domestic challenges for China at a pivotal moment in its reemergence as a dominant world power. China’s continued geopolitical rise may well hinge on its ability to respond successfully to the environmental causes of growing social unrest.
In 2011, in the midst of this maelstrom, I brought my husband ...
Should The Rules Committees Have An Amicus Role?,
University of California Hastings College of Law
Should The Rules Committees Have An Amicus Role?, Scott Dodson
Despite its formal status as promulgator of federal-court rules of practice and procedure, the Supreme Court is a suboptimal rule interpreter, as recent groundbreaking but flawed rules decisions illustrate. Scholars have proposed abstention mechanisms to constrain the Court in certain rule-interpretation contexts, but these mechanisms disable the Court from performing its core adjudicatory functions of dispute resolution and law interpretation. This article urges a different solution: bring the rulemakers to the Court. It argues that the Rules Committees—those bodies primarily responsible for studying the rules and drafting rule amendments—should take up a modest amicus practice in rules cases ...
Polar Opposites: Assessing The State Of Environmental Law In The World’S Polar Regions,
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Polar Opposites: Assessing The State Of Environmental Law In The World’S Polar Regions, Mark P. Nevitt, Robert V. Percival
Mark P Nevitt
Climate change is fundamentally transforming both the Arctic and Antarctic polar regions. Yet they differ dramatically in their governing legal regimes. For the past sixty years the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), a traditional “hard law” international law treaty system, effectively de-militarized the Antarctic region and halted competing sovereignty claims. In contrast, the Arctic region lacks a unifying Arctic treaty and is governed by the newer “soft law” global environmental law model embodied in the Arctic Council’s collaborative work. Now climate change is challenging this model. It is transforming the geography of both polar regions, breaking away massive ice sheets ...
Active Judging And Access To Justice.Pdf,
University of Tulsa College of Law
Active Judging And Access To Justice.Pdf, Anna E. Carpenter
Anna E. Carpenter
Active judging, where judges step away from the traditional, passive role to assist those without counsel, is a central feature of recent proposals aimed at solving the pro se crisis in America’s state civil courts. Despite growing support for active judging as an access to justice intervention, we know little, empirically, about how judges interact with pro se parties as a general matter, and even less about active judging. In response, this Article contributes new data and a new theoretical framework: the three dimensions of active judging. These dimensions capture a judge’s role in adjusting procedures, explaining law ...
What Conflict Minerals Rules Tell Us About The Legal Transplantation Of Corporate Social Responsibility Standards Without The State: From The United Nations To The United States To Taiwan,
National Tsinghua University
What Conflict Minerals Rules Tell Us About The Legal Transplantation Of Corporate Social Responsibility Standards Without The State: From The United Nations To The United States To Taiwan, Chang-Hsien (Robert) Tsai, Yen-Nung Wu
Chang-hsien (Robert) TSAI
To resolve global political and scholarly concerns over conflict minerals (“CM”) produced in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and neighboring regions, two kinds of CM-related disclosure rules (or “CM rules”) come into play in regulating their use: government-mandated laws such as Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act in the United States (hereinafter “Sec. 1502”) and transnational voluntary codes such as the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (“EICC”) Code of Conduct. The creation of both of these CM rules could be attributed to the promotion of such concerns by the United Nations. This article is the first attempt to unpack and ...
Constitutions And Bills Of Rights: Invigorating Or Placating Democracy?,
University of Dundee
Constitutions And Bills Of Rights: Invigorating Or Placating Democracy?, Brian Christopher Jones
Brian Christopher Jones
Champions of constitutions and bills of rights regularly portray them as possessing significant, sometimes mysterious, powers. One characterisation is that newly implemented constitutions may invigorate a democracy, particularly at the ballot box. This article challenges that notion. In particular, it examines a number of jurisdictions that have recently implemented constitutions and bill of rights, finding that in many of them, voter turnout decreased after passage, sometimes significantly. As the argument for a codified British constitution endures, the findings of this paper provide provisional evidence that those advocating for such a device should be wary of touting its potentially invigorating democratic ...
Private Law Exceptionalism? Part Ii: A Basic Difficulty With The Argument From Formal Equality,
Tel Aviv University Faculty of Law
Private Law Exceptionalism? Part Ii: A Basic Difficulty With The Argument From Formal Equality, Avihay Dorfman
Contemporary discussions of private law theory often assume that parties in a private law interaction can relate as equals if, and only if, equality is cast in terms of formal equality (sometimes called transactional equality). I devote these pages to refute this conceptual view, showing that it does not draw correctly the map of the logical space in which conceptions of private law equality are located. Negatively, I argue that the formal conception of equality, most comprehensively defended by certain influential corrective justice theories, does not exhaust this space. Affirmatively, I argue that this space provides room for at least ...
Security In A Liberal Union: Eu Asylum And Migration Control Policies,
Security In A Liberal Union: Eu Asylum And Migration Control Policies, Gregor Noll
In this contribution I argue that the asylum and migration control policies of the EU are usefully analysed as an expression of liberal thought. I will show how the roots of these policies go all the way back to the creation of the Union in the 50s and illustrate how this heritage affects the prevailing rules in the areas of migration and asylum. I shall also highlight how this order was paradoxically strengthened during the crisis of 2015 and 2016. I will explain why the concept of solidarity in EU law is poorly constructed and map possible solutions. If the ...
Evaluating Corporate Speech About Science,
Oklahoma City University School of Law
Evaluating Corporate Speech About Science, Shannon Roesler
How should courts evaluate the truth or falsity of corporate speech about science? This question is critical to antifraud actions like the ongoing state investigations into whether ExxonMobil misrepresented scientific knowledge regarding global climate change. ExxonMobil claims that these investigations chill scientific inquiry and burden speech on a matter of public concern in violation of the First Amendment. Of course, the notion that scientific progress depends on the free exchange of ideas is uncontroversial. But although the free-market approach to scientific discourse has firm foundations, this Article suggests that it is a misguided approach to the question of when corporate ...
Contingent Judicial Deference: Theory And Application To Usury Laws,
FGV Law School in Sao Paulo
Contingent Judicial Deference: Theory And Application To Usury Laws, Bernardo Guimarães, Bruno Meyerhof Salama
Bruno Meyerhof Salama
Legislation is less likely to be enforced when courts disagree with it. Building on this premise, we propose a model of Bayesian adjudicators that use their own prior knowledge to evaluate the appropriateness of legislation. The model yields a non-monotonic relation between written rules and effectively enforced rules. Hence the enactment of legislation prohibiting something raises the probability that courts will allow related things not expressly forbidden. Moreover, legal uncertainty is greater with legislation that commands little deference from courts than with legislation that commands none. We discuss examples of e§ects of legislated prohibitions (and, in particular, usury laws ...
Of Brutal Murder And Transcendental Sovereignty: The Meaning Of Vested Private Rights,
Of Brutal Murder And Transcendental Sovereignty: The Meaning Of Vested Private Rights, Adam Macleod
The idea of vested private rights is divisive; it divides those who practice law from those who teach and think about law. On one side of the divide, practicing lawyers act as though (at least some) rights exist and exert binding obligation upon private persons and government officials. On the other side of the divide, scholars of law and jurisprudence have generally proceeded, since at least the rise of English positivism in the nineteenth century and the American legal realist movement in the early twentieth, as if the concept of vested right has little real meaning. This article attempts to ...
Personal Jurisdiction And Aliens,
University of California Hastings College of Law
Personal Jurisdiction And Aliens, Scott Dodson, William Dodge
The increasing prevalence of noncitizens in U.S. civil litigation raises a fundamental question for the doctrine of personal jurisdiction: how should the alienage status of a defendant affect personal jurisdiction? This fundamental question comes at a time of increasing Supreme Court focus on personal jurisdiction, in cases like Bristol-Myers Squibb v. Superior Court, Daimler AG v. Bauman, and J. McIntyre Machinery, Ltd. v. Nicastro. We aim to answer that question by offering a theory of alienage personal jurisdiction. Under this theory, alienage status broadens the geographic range for minimum contacts from a single state to the whole nation. This ...
Making Innovation More Competitive: The Case Of Fintech,
Boston University School of Law
Making Innovation More Competitive: The Case Of Fintech, Rory Van Loo
This Article examines recent financial technology (“fintech”) developments to diagnose the federal regulatory institutional framework surrounding innovation. Startups offer artificially intelligent financial assistants, touchless payments, and other potentially game-changing products for individuals. Yet unlike more lightly regulated industries such as retail goods, in consumer finance barriers to entry have insulated the largest businesses from competition. Regulatory insulation helps explain why “Too Big To Fail” banks have become bigger, U.S. innovation has lagged that of foreign countries, and consumers pay higher prices. Taking an institutional lens to this problem reveals an overlooked shortcoming in financial regulation: the organizational design of ...
The Maker Movement: Copyright Law, Remix Culture, And 3d Printing,
Queensland University of Technology
The Maker Movement: Copyright Law, Remix Culture, And 3d Printing, Matthew Rimmer
3D printing is a process of making physical objects from three-dimensional digital models. 3D printing is a form of additive manufacturing – rather than a traditional form of subtractive manufacturing. 3D printing is a disruptive technology, which promises to transform art and design, science and manufacturing, and the digital economy.
The Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science, the Hon. Christopher Pyne, has highlighted the key role of 3D printing for manufacturing and material science in Australia: ‘Manufacturing remains a key driver in our economy, but as the industrial landscape changes, the sector needs to transition to more innovative and economically viable ...